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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Food Culture
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Volume & Issues
Volume 15, Issue 5 - Dec 2000
Volume 15, Issue 4 - Oct 2000
Volume 15, Issue 3 - Jul 2000
Volume 15, Issue 2 - May 2000
Volume 15, Issue 1 - Mar 2000
Selecting the target year
Effect of Sikhye Manufacturing Conditions on the Rice Shape
Kim, Su-Kweon ; Kim, Joong-Man ; Choi, Yong-Bae ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 15, issue 1, 2000, Pages 1~8
This study was to investigate the effects of concentration of malt extract in Sikhye manufacture on saccharification time, shapes of saccharified rice(the cooked rice) and sensory evaluation score of Sikhye. The optimum concentration of malt extract to reduce saccharification time and to keep desirable shapes of saccharified rice was 4 times (rice 24g, malt 28g and D.W. 240ml) as suitable as base composition formula(rice 6g, malt 7g and D.W. 240ml). The shapes of saccharified rice were influenced by the concentration of malt extract, the saccharification time and the shapes of steamed rice before saccharification. A good taste(softness) of Sikhye rice and the desirable shapes of saccharified rice were more suitable in the case of a small amount of unsaccharified starch than in the case of finishing saccharification. The optimum saccharification time to keep the desirable shapes of saccharified rice was 240min and also was desirable between 210 and 270min. To keep a good taste(softness) and the desirable shapes of saccharified rice, and to reduce the manufacturing time, it is desirable to in mass production of Sikhye add 3 times more water after making Sikhye in the ratio of rice 24g, malt 28g and water 240ml. In this case the whole amount will become 4 times as much as the original one.
Antimicrobial Activity of Grapefruit Seed Extracts and Polylysine Mixture Against Food-borne Pathogens
Choi, One-Kyun ; Noh, Yong-Chul ; Hwang, Seong-Yun ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 15, issue 1, 2000, Pages 9~15
This study was conducted to investigate the antimicrobial activity of grapefruit extracts and polylysine mixture against food-borne pathogens. The mixture was showed a potent and quick antibacterial activity for 5 major bacteria causing food poisoning i.e. Escherichia coli, Escherichia coli O-157, Salmonella typhi, Staphylococcus aureus, Vibrio cholerae. The antibacterial effect of the mixture on the ordinary bacteria inhibiting on the surface of lettuce was lasted even 6 hrs after the treatment, however the mixture was non-effective on the color, smell and taste of lettuce. The treatment with 10% mixture solution of the foods such as fish, meat, rice and bread suppressed the growth of the bacteria and kept the foods more freshly than the untreated foods.
Dietary Behaviors of Adults for Health in Ulsan City
Shin, Ae-Sook ; Kim, Kwang-Kee ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 15, issue 1, 2000, Pages 17~28
This paper is an effort to describe dietary behaviors to keep them healthy among adults. A probability sample was drawn from residents aged between 15 and 60 living in Ulsan City area through a multi-staged cluster sampling method. The data collected by face-to-face interview includes 1,232 respondents. Both univariate and bivariate analyses were employed to describe the dietary behaviors. The dietary behaviors in this study includes preference of taking fat-part of meat, fried food, salty food, hot-taste food, drinking coffee and milk, and taking supplementary medicine. About half of the respondents reported to take fat removed when eating meat, and more than 68% of them preferred not to take any kinds of fried food. With respect to preference of salty and hot-taste food, 39.6% of the respondents take medium-salty and 39.4% do hot-taste food. A third of the respondents drink two-four cups of coffee a day. Those who reported not to drink milk at all were prevalent(37.4% of the respondents) than expected. However, less than 20% of the respondents reported to have any kinds of supplementary health food in a year. These dietary behaviors were examined by sociodemographic characteristics for bivariate analyses.
A Study on Plate Waste and Nutrient Intake of School Lunches in Elementary School
Kim, June ; Ko, Sung-Hee ; Kim, Ji-Young ; Kim, Heh-Young ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 15, issue 1, 2000, Pages 29~40
The purposes of this study were to (a) measure plate waste of school lunches, (b) evaluate the nutrients actually consumed by students in elementary school foodservice. The survey was conducted between May 11 and July 1, 1998 through the practical measurement and questionnaires. Statistical data analysis was completed using SAS program for descriptive analysis and T-test. The results were summarized as follows: 1. The mean plate waste of menu group were soup, vegetable side dishes, kimchi, and meat side dish in order. 2. There was little difference between estimation and weighing of plate waste. 3. The satisfaction of children with school lunches were significantly higher for boys(73.55%) than for girls(71.13%). The highest level of the satisfaction was meat side dishes among boys and girls. 4. The majority reasons for leaving leftover were 'too big portion' and 'food is not tasty'. 5. There was significant negative correlation between plate waste and student's satisfaction. In summary, increased satisfaction with school lunches in most menus resulted in decreased plate waste rate. 6. Comparison of
RDA, energy, vitamin A and calcium were below recommended allowances for boys while energy vitamin A, calcium and iron were for girls. In general, the nutrient intake was more adequate for boys than girls because of the girl's lower allowances.
Analysis of the Customers' Expectation and Satisfaction for Service Quality in Restaurants
Yang, Il-Sun ; Kim, Heh-Young ; Shin, Seo-Young ; Kim, Sung-Hye ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 15, issue 1, 2000, Pages 41~49
The effort to understand customer is essential and customer satisfaction measurement tool is needed in today's intensively competitive environment of restaurants. The objectives of this study were to measure customers' expectation and satisfaction of service quality attributes and to identify relatively important attributes for overall satisfaction in restaurants. The questionnaires were distributed to 232 customers at 78 family-style, pizza and fast food restaurants. Statistical data analysis was completed using SPSS for t-test, ANOVA, factor analysis, Pearson's correlation and regression analysis. The results of this study were as follows: 1) four and six- dimensional structures were established from 25 expectation and satisfaction attributes, respectively. 2) Demographic variables and usage characteristics didn't affect on service quality expectation, but expectations were significantly different according to the types of restaurant. 3) Expectation/satisfaction matrix showed different patterns in 3 types of restaurant. 4) 'Quality of food' and 'atmosphere' were the most relatively important attributes for overall satisfaction in restaurants.
Constructing Strategic Management Plan for University Foodservice Using Conjoint Analysis and Multidimensional Scaling
Yang, Il-Sun ; Shin, Seo-Young ; Lee, Hae-Young ; Lee, So-Jung ; Chae, In-Sook ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 15, issue 1, 2000, Pages 51~58
This study is designed to 1) understand customers' choice behavior and preference of foodservices in campus and 2) provide recommendation on management strategies for university foodservice manager. Individual interview and focus group interview were used to identify important selection attributes. The questionnaire was developed and distributed to 480 Yonsei university students and statistical data analysis was completed using SPSS WIN/7.5 for descriptive analysis, multidimensional scaling and conjoint analysis. The results of this study were summarized as follows: Students evaluated four foodservices in different ways, and strength/weakness points could be identified from the evaluation patterns. Most students(51.1%) were frequently used 'A' foodservice, though they preferred other foodservices, and cost, mainly, caused the difference. Perceptual map from multidimensional scaling showed that preference and patronage were close with different attributes. Cost was most relatively important attribute to select foodservice in campus from conjoint analysis. Therefore, relative importance of attributes should be considered in customer preference survey for constructing management plan.
A Survey on the Usage of Wild Grasses
Cho, Eun-Ja ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 15, issue 1, 2000, Pages 59~68
This survey investigated on the degree of acknowledgment, intake frequency and using methods of wild grasses of the residents in Kyeonggi, Kangwon, Chunnam, Chungbook, Kyeongnam & Cheju area. The results were as follows: 1. An answer that impression of wild grasses is 'nature food' was the highest(42.6%). It was founded that interest of nature food has been increasing. 2. It has been shown that the most common method for elimination of astringent taste is to blanch and then wash several times with water.(62.9%) 3. The most common obtaining routes was traditional market. It has been shown that rate of gathering in the fields is higher in rural community and the group of over 60 years old than that of urban community and the other groups. 4. In rural area, people(28.7%) ate wild grasses more frequently than in urban area. Family with the old and the group of over 40 years old eat wild grass often. 5. More than 95% of answerers were familiar with the names of wild grasses, codonopsis lanceolata, chinese bellflower, braken, mugwort, wild rocambole and edible shoots of a fatsia & Korean lettuce are known to them with over 88.6%, 85.1% respectively. Frequently eaten wild grasses were braken, chinese bellflower, wild tocambole, codonopsis lanceolata, mugwort and korean lettuce orderly. But in Chunnam & Kyeongnam, they were braken, chinese bellflower, mugwort, wild rocambole and Korean lettuce orderly. 6. Wild grasses eaten with rice were total 25 species, and mugwort had the highest usage rate with 41.9%. Mugwort was used for
(rice cake)(77.8%), T'wigim
(deep fat fried dish swallow fat fried dish)(50.1%) and liquor(4.6%). In the cooking of Guk(soup), Chigae(stew), Sengch'ae(raw vegetable) and kinds of wild grasses for Namul(cooked seasonal vegetable) & Bokkum(saute) are the most various with 58 species, especially braken was most commonly used for saute. Sedum & Korean lettuce were the common ingredients of Kimch and codonopsis lanceolata was used in liquer & Jangachis(pickle) with 40%, 46% each. Chinese bellflower was used with the most variable cooking method. 7. 43 species of wild grasses were stored by blanching and drying, and braken had the highest rate(32.3%) then aster scaber, flowering fern, Pimpinella brachycarpa, mugwort and ligularia orderly.