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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Food Culture
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 15, Issue 5 - Dec 2000
Volume 15, Issue 4 - Oct 2000
Volume 15, Issue 3 - Jul 2000
Volume 15, Issue 2 - May 2000
Volume 15, Issue 1 - Mar 2000
Selecting the target year
Chemical Properties of Pine Sprout Tea and Identification of the Related Yeasts
Kang, Jeong-Hwa ; Yoo, Maeng-Ja ; Chung, Hee-Jong ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 15, issue 4, 2000, Pages 233~239
In order to optimize the quality of pine sprout tea, its chemical properties were analyzed and the yeasts associated with the quality of pine sprout tea during the storage were isolated and identified. In proximate composition moisture content was 20.13%, but other components except sugar were relatively low. Sugars such as glucose(30.15%), fructose(19.57%), and sucrose(9.27%) were major sugars which contained up to 76.73%. Total vitamin C and soluble tannin contents were 11.31 mg% and 68.31 mg%, respectively. Thirteen kinds of free amino acids were detected, but they were contained only in trace. In fatty acid composition 64.69% of fatty aids composed mainly of saturated fatty acids and major fatty acids were oleic acid, palmitic acid, and tricosaenoic acid. Among 8 mineral elements detected, calcium content was highest with 79.00 mg% and followed by potassium(45.16 mg%) and magnesium(8.93 mg%). The sweetness of pine sprout tea was gradually decreased from
and 3.2% of ethanol at the initial concentration was increased to 6.0% during the storage of 40 days. The yeasts associated with the quality and alcohol formation of pine sprout tea during the storage were identified by Biolog MicrostationlTM system, as Zygosaccharomyces rouxii, Kluyveromyces lodderae, Kluyveromyces wickerhamii, and Pichia fluxuum.
The Analysis of Education Needs of Dietitians and Cooks According to the Type of Hire and Education Background in Contracted Foodservice Management Company
Lee, Eun-Jung ; Han, Kyung-Soo ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 15, issue 4, 2000, Pages 241~251
This study was designed to develop the education and training program of dietitians and cooks in contracted foodservice management company. The instruments were developed by reviewing extensive literatures on education programs and by interviewing with dietitians and cooks who were working in contracted foodservice management company. A total of 400 questionnaires were hand delivered at the fourteen contracted foodservice management companies by designated coordinators. A total of 286 questionnaires were usable; resulting in a 70.0% response rate. Statistics data analysis was completed using the SPSS for frequency analysis, reliability, mean value, t-test and ANOVA. The results of this study were summarized as follows: 1. The dietitians wanted to take a management course. The cooks wanted to take a culinary education. The dietitians and cooks took an emphasis on service education, foodborne illness & HACCP and sanitation & safety. Service as well as the taste of food and sanitation was emphasized according to the flow of customer satisfaction. 2. Contracted foodservice management company should provide dietitians and cooks with an education for the job to accomplish customer satisfactions.
The Chemical Components of Korean Rice Germ
Choi, One-Kyun ; Yun, Seung-Kil ; Hwang, Seong-Yun ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 15, issue 4, 2000, Pages 253~258
The chemical components of Korean rice germ were analyzed. Proximate compositions of rice germ were as follows; crude lipid 21.18%, crude protein 16.50%, crude fiber 2.95%, crude ash 6.23% and carbohydrate 44.45%. Free sugar compositions were as follows; fructose 50.20mg/100g, glucose 68.80mg/100g, maltose 569.00mg/100g. Major amino acids of rice germ are glutamic acid (1920.9mg/100g), arginine (1503.7mg/100g), aspartic acid(1208.7mg/100g) and leucine (1039.7mg/100g). Fatty acid compositions of rice germ lipid extracted by chloroform-methanol (2:1) were palmitic (22.2%), linoleic acid (38.9%), oleic acid (24.7%) and palmitic acid (22.2%). Mineral elements were phosphorus (1766.22mg/100g) and potassium (1217.80mg/100g). Vitamins were composed of Vit E (11.96mg/100g) Vit B1 (5.69mg/100g) and niacin (2.96mg/100g). 16 flavonoids and 9 phenolic acids in rice germ were not detected. Above the chemical components of rice germ were compared with that of rice endosperm and wheat germ.
Market goods substitution of housework and the determinants on it in the domain of food: Focused on the married female home-based workers
Kim, Hyo-Chung ; Kim, Mee-Ra ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 15, issue 4, 2000, Pages 259~268
The purpose of this study was to describe the levels of market goods substitution of housework and find out the determinants on it in the domain of food among married female home-based workers. The data were collected from 169 married female home-based workers in Pusan and Kyungnam province, by self-administered questionnaires. Frequencies, percentiles, Cronbach's alpha, Pearson's correlations, and multiple regression were used to analyze the data. In the convenience foods, frozen foods had the highest substitution level, whereas prepared stew had the lowest. The substitution level of Korean traditional storage foods was the middle. And in dining-out service, the substitution level was mostly high: the level of delivery service was higher than that of dining-out. Compared to the previous research, these results showed that market goods substitution tended to increase, and its level in the domain of food will promote continually over time. The variables affecting the substitution level of convenience food were the number of family members, occupation, the existence of elderly/disabled person in the family, sex-role attitude, and weekly hours at home-based work. The substitution level of Korean traditional storage foods was influenced by sex-role attitude, occupation, education, monthly household income, and the existence of elderly/disabled person in the family. The significant variables affecting the substitution level of dining-out service were weekly hours at home-based work, the number of family members, occupation, monthly household income, education, and sex-role attitude.
Food Majoring College Students' Knowledge and Acceptance of Irradiated Food
Nam, Hye-Seon ; Kim, Kyeung-Eun ; Yang, Jae-Seung ; Ly, Sun-Yung ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 15, issue 4, 2000, Pages 269~277
A survey was conducted to examine the knowledge and acceptance of food irradiation in order to provide baseline data required in the development of food irradiation education programs for college students. 150 students majoring in food and nutrition or food technology in the Chungnam National University were chosen for a survey. The results are as follows. First, college students' knowledge about food irradiation is scanty. Knowledge assessment showed that 56% of the participants had previously heard of food irradiation. 68% of the respondents thought that radioactivity remains in food after irradiation and 25.3% of them were not sure whether radioactivity remains in food after irradiation or not. Only half of the respondents thought that nutrient loss due to irradiation is equal to or lower than that due to cooking or freezing. Second, approximately 56% of the respondents showed that food irradiation is somewhat or strongly needed for meat or fish; whereas, over 60% of them showed that food irradiation is not needed for grain, vegetable and fruit. Almost 40% of the respondents were seriously concerned about irradiation of vegetables and fruits; whereas, they showed less concern about spice irradiation. More than half of the respondents were not willing to use irradiated food in all the six food groups. Third, the correlation analysis showed that the need of food irradiation is negatively correlated with concerning about the irradiated fish and fruits, but positively correlated with willingness to use irradiated food in all the five food groups, except in spices. Concern about the irradiated food is negatively correlated with willingness to use irradiated food from all the six food groups. Fourth, almost all the respondents (over 90%) agreed that the irradiated food labeling is required as well as the development of proper methods to identify irradiated foods.
Effect of Food Irradiation Education on Food Majoring College Students' Knowledge and Acceptance of Irradiated Food
Nam, Hye-Seon ; Kim, Kyeung-Eun ; Yang, Jae-Seung ; Ly, Sun-Yung ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 15, issue 4, 2000, Pages 279~285
A survey was conducted to examine the effect of food irradiation education on college students' knowledge and acceptance of food irradiation. The instrument for the knowledge and acceptance of food irradiation was administered before and after food irradiation education, to 150 students majoring in food and nutrition or food technology in the Chungnam National University. Before the education approximately 93% of the respondents did not know that radioactivity dose not remain in food after irradiation; whereas, after education half of them thought that radioactivity dose not remain in irradiated food. Knowledge about food irradiation has improved through education. The education significantly increased all the mean scores of need for food irradiation and willingness to use irradiated foods for the six food groups (p<0.01). The education significantly decreased the mean scores of concern about the irradiated food for all the six food groups (p<0.01). Although the responses to irradiated foods are, in general, negative or neutral even after education, the mean scores of acceptance of the irradiated foods have improved through education in all the six food groups (p<0.01). In conclusion, this study showed that food irradiation education may positively affect the college students' knowledge and acceptance of food irradiation, and that the development of both the appropriate detection methods to identify irradiated foods and the education programs to enlighten the college students are needed.
Fast Food Consumption Patterns of College Students in Busan
Shin, Ae-Sook ; Roh, Sung-Bae ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 15, issue 4, 2000, Pages 287~293
This study was designed to assess food habits and fast food eating patterns of college students in Busan area. The subjects are 191 males and 149 females. The collected data were analyzed by SPSS package program. The summary of the results are follows : 1. The 83.3% of college students were used fast food in Busan area. Among them 77.6% are males and 90.3% are females and comparing their age, 88.1% of them were under 19 years old and 87.7% of students were living in their own house. 2. Utilized time to fast food chain, 44.7% are any time, 24.7% are evening time. There was statistical significance of difference by gender(p<0.01) and residence state(p<0.01) in fast food consumption pattern. 3. They expended 3,000 won most commonly and as their age and monthly expenditure increase, they spend more money for fast food. 4. 64.5% of the subjects selected menu depending on their food preferences, and 80.1% of females students selected favorable food at fast food restaurants. 5. The most popular fast food restaurant of college students was M, and tue gender (p<0.001), age (p<0.01) and residence status (p<0.001) affected significantly the preference of specific fast food restaurant.
A study on Preference Value of Utilizing University Foodservices by Female Students in Northern Part of Seoul
Kim, Heh-Young ; Kim, Hyun-Jin ; Song, Young-Hey ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 15, issue 4, 2000, Pages 295~306
The purpose of this research is to compare the university foodservices with exterior restaurants, to investigate the fact regarding the use and the preference, to evaluate the expectation and the satisfaction of eaters, and to establish the foundation to improve the quality of the university foodservices. 2 women's universities were chosen and 300 copies of survey were distributed to the students. The data were statistically analyzed by SAS. The frequency was compared with the percentage by using Chi-square, and Spearman Correlation was calculated to see the correlation between the expectation and the satisfaction. The results of this research are as below: 1) As students move to upper grades, have enough monthly allowance, have irregular dietary habit and have snacks often and spend much time on eating, and as the BMI index is low, the survey shows that students use exterior restaurants more frequently than the university foodservices. 2) Analysis of main factor in utilizing university foodservices and exterior restaurants Is 'the taste', 'the price', 'the variety of menu'. 3) The survey also shows that the satisfaction is greater than the expectation for exterior restaurants while the satisfaction is not greater than expectation with the university foodservices. 4) The matters like 'more delicious-food' and 'more various menu' were pointed out to be improved.
A Study on Chinese Noodles
Shin, Kye-Sook ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 15, issue 4, 2000, Pages 307~312
The purpose of this study is to understand the Chinese noodles(mian tiao). Wheat seems to have been cultivated 3-4,000 years before according to the archaeological evidences from the neolithic sites. The five grains(rice, millet, beans, barley, barnyard millet) already appeared in the period prior to Chin dynasty and were used as whole grain, but it was not until Chun Chu Zhan Guo period that the introduction of the flouring method stimulated the cultivation of wheat. In Chin-Han period, when water power and animal force were put into usage to facilitate the mass production of wheat flour, 'Bing', a designation for all the food made of wheat first appeared in the literature, and it was this 'Bing' that had later developed into noodles. In Wei Chin Nan Bei Chao period, roasted 'Bing', namely 'Kao-Bing' made its first appearance, and in Tang period, various noodles were created with the increase of restaurants specialized in noodles. In Song dynasty, 'La-Mian', the noodles stretched and beat from noodle dough, was first introduced, and in Yuan period, invention of drying method made the appearance of dried noodles, 'Gua-Mian', possible, which was good for easy and long preservation. Qing dynasty developed the noodles with a variety of assorted ingredients. The Chinese noodles are classified by various standards such as main ingredients, cooking methods, kinds of sauce, secondary ingredients, shape, eating method, flavor, and look.
Nutrition and Health Status of Day-Care Center Children
Cho, Mi-Sook ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 15, issue 4, 2000, Pages 313~323
Although it is rapidly increasing the number of day-care centers in Korea, the quality of food and nutrition services is not improved sufficiently. The purpose of this study was to investigate the nutrition and health status of children in day-care center. Menus for lunch of 253 centers were collected and the content of nutrients was analyzed. Nutrient intakes from lunch and snacks of 90 children were investigated using weighing method and those from breakfast and dinner by 24-hour recall method surrogated from their mothers. Anthropometric indices of height, weight, skinfold thickness, the ratio of fat were measured. The lunch menus for children contained
. Energy, Ca and Fe supplied were below one third of RDAs. Mean daily calorie intake of children aged 3 years was
in aged four,
in aged five and
in six year of age. Intake of iron, vitamin A and vitamin
were below RDAs.