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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Food Culture
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Volume & Issues
Volume 16, Issue 5 - Dec 2001
Volume 16, Issue 4 - Oct 2001
Volume 16, Issue 3 - Jul 2001
Volume 16, Issue 2 - May 2001
Volume 16, Issue 1 - Feb 2001
Selecting the target year
The Recipe Standardization and Nutrient Analysis of Broiled Black Goat Meat
Kim, Sang-Ae ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 16, issue 4, 2001, Pages 269~275
The present research was designed to collect recipe of set up a standard recipe and analyze the nutrients of broiled black goat meat (a kind of native local foods in Busan and south province). The results of the study are summarized as follows. The recipe for goat(lamb) meat was recorded in Sanlimkyounggae and Jungbosanlimkyounggae between 1715 and 1827. The goat meat was explained as food for health, rejuvenation and recuperation Since late 1800, it has been utilized for such use. The flavor of broiled black goat meat is influenced by seasonings, fruit juice, heating treatment and cooker. And it also could be affected by the method of slaughter and the sex of the goat. There are lot of element in seasoning. Red pepper paste, garlic and ginger holdback the bad smell and make the taste better. Onion help to retain the water and improve the flavor. Starch syrup, sugar and sesame oil make the meat smoother, glossier and more tasty. The meat is usually roasted on grill over charcoal. It helps to remove or suppress the bad smell and make the taste better. Softness and scent of the meat depend largely on the way to butcher. Female goat meat tastes smoother and smells better. Fruit juice also improve the softness of the meat. Energy per 100g of the 'broiled black goat meat' is 170kcal. There are protein (23g), fat(2.4g), Ca(159mg), Fe(1.1mg) and so on. Amino acid is mainly comprised of essential amino acid such as cystine, lysine, leucine, and arginine. Fatty acid consists primarily of unsaturated fatty acid like oleic acid, linoleic acid.
A Comparative Study on Korean's Dining-Out Behaviors Classified by Age and Gender
Park, Joo-Won ; Ahn, Sook-Ja ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 16, issue 4, 2001, Pages 276~295
In this paper, Korean's dining-out behaviors were compared and investigated according to gender and age. The change and the problem of dietary pattern in Korea were understood and we intend to provide the basic information for guidelines of Korean's dietary habits. The subjects are composed of 46.5% male and 53.5% female. According to age, groups aged
are 26.3%, 20's are 24.6%, 30's are 16.8%, 40's are 18.7%, and 50 and over age group is 13.6%. All of the age groups ate out for celebration of a special day or for social purposes. When dining-out, the most important criteria for selecting a restaurant was the taste of food. All age groups liked Korean-style restaurants the most. All age group eat a house meal at breakfast. At lunch, age groups 40 and below go to a restaurant in school or company and 50 and over age group eats house meal. In general, all age groups ate a house meal at dinner. At breakfast, all the age groups do not eat out. For lunch, they eat out four or five times a week. For dinner, the most of age groups except the 20's eat out two or three times a month and for the 20's age group, two or three times a week. The reason for selecting a Korean-style restaurant is that the food is 'well matched with one's appetite'. According to the above results, the dietary habits of 30 and over age groups are relatively good. On the other hand, in 10's and 20's age groups, they have an irregular meal and the ratio of skipping a meal is high. And they frequently use fast-food restaurants. In the future, the unbalance of nutrition in these age groups is expected. Therefore, the correct nutritional facts should be educated so that these age groups have a healthy dietary habit.
Consumers' Recognition and Information Need About Food Safety - Focused on Pesticide Residues, Foodborne Illness, and Food Additives -
Kim, Hyo-Chung ; Kim, Mee-Ra ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 16, issue 4, 2001, Pages 296~309
This study was conducted to investigate the consumers' recognition and information need for food safety, especially focused on pesticide residues, foodborne illness, and food additives. The data were collected from 350 adults living in Taegu and Pusan by the self-administered questionnaire. Frequencies and chi-square tests were conducted by SPSS. The results of the survey were as follows: (1) the consumers' concerns about food safety were high, (2) many respondents worried about eating vegetables, fruits and grains in turn because of pesticide residues, and did not trust the results from food-safety tests, (3) the major factor for foodborne illness was regarded as unfreshed or contaminated food stuffs, (4) many consumers concerned highly about preservatives among food additives, and tried to consume food containing less food additives, and (5) many respondents wanted to get the information about harmfulness of pesticide residues in foods, method to choose fresh food, and safety of food additives.
Inclusion on the Flavor of Chungkookjang (Korean Traditional Fermented bean paste)
Lee, In-Seon ; Kim, Soon-Mi ; L. Kim, Hye-Young ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 16, issue 4, 2001, Pages 310~315
Flavor modifing effects of
on the flavor of Chungkookjang(Korean traditional fermented bean paste) were investigated with varied substitution levels of 10, 20, and 30%. The 20% substituted sample groups showed significantly lower amount of protein and ash contents compared to those of control. The L value of brightness had significantly the largest value of 53.99 with 30% substituted sample group, and lower a and b values. Internal structures of control group observed using the scanning electronic microscope, had irregular round type shape with viscous materials, and they had tendencies to be less rough and organized making even and ordered internal cell structures as the substituted levels were increased. Results of sensory characteristics showed significantly lower off-odor and salty flavor with the 20% substituted sample groups compared to those of control. Results of this study showed the possibilities of flavor moderating effects of
when it was used as one of the flavor modifier of the Chungkookjang. Future studies of finding the optimum level of substitution is further required.
inclusion on the flavor of Doenjang
L. Kim, Hye-Young ; Kim, Soon-Mi ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 16, issue 4, 2001, Pages 316~322
This study was performed to investigate flavor modification effects of
inclusion complex on the flavor of Doenjang (Korean traditional fermented soy paste) with various substitution levels of 10, 20, and 30%. Water and protein contents of the substituted samples showed significantly lower values compared to those of control(p<0.05). Results of DSC(Differential Scanning Calorimetry) showed that significantly higher
values (386.03 and 304.23) in the 20 and 30% substituted samples represented the stabilized internal cell structures(p<0.05). Internal structures observed with the scanning electronic microscope tended to be less rough and organized making even and ordered internal cell structures as the substitution levels were increased. Results of sensory evaluation showed significantly higher savory flavor and significantly lower bitter and astringent flavors with the substituted samples compared to those of control(p<0.05). Results from this study showed the substitutions of
could possibly modify unfavored flavors of Doenjang while keeping the unique, nutritional and functional properties when
was used as a flavor modifier.
Study on the Structure of Expanded Rice with Deep-Frying for Salyeotgangjung
Kim, Myoung-Ae ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 16, issue 4, 2001, Pages 323~329
This study was carried out to observe the character change of expanded rice grain for Salyeotgangjung at various gelatinization methods. The expansion and structure change of rice grain was different at conditions of heating methods and gelatinization, respectively. The boiling showed good expansion compared to other heating methods by electric rice-cooker, pressure cooker, and steam cooker. There was not difference in expansion of rice grain between the boiling and the boiling after soaking. Rice grain did greatly expand as the boiling time was extended. But the quality for Salyeotgangjung would be not good because of crack of expanded rice grain surface when the boiling time was too long.
A Study on the Customers' Expectation & Satisfaction for Food and Service Quality in Restaurants
Cho, So-Young ; Ryu, Si-Hyun ; Kim, Heh-Young ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 16, issue 4, 2001, Pages 330~340
This study is to select food offered with higher frequency at restaurants such as hamburger, pizza, chicken, gimbap(boiled rice rolled in laver with seasonings stuffed), and calgooksu(Korean traditional noodles); identify customers' expectation and satisfaction levels on food and service quality and analyze correlation according to each food. The survey was conducted from March 1 to March 24, 2000, by distributing questionnaires. Statistical data analysis was completed using SPSS for t-test, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation analysis. The results of this study were as follows: 1) It is revealed that overall average satisfaction levels on food quality according to individuals' trait came out significantly low compared to their expectation levels, and that balance in nutrition and reasonable prices had problems in relation to food quality. 2) Customers' expectation levels on food quality came out the highest with calgooksu and gimbap, and their satisfaction levels came out the highest with pizza. 3) Customers' overall average expectation levels on service quality showed a very high point, while their satisfaction levels showed a low point with significance. 4) Hamburger was poor in hygiene; pizza showed the highest satisfaction levels over its quality with significance, and calgooksu and gimbap showed very low satisfaction levels over their service quality. 5) Correlation between customers' expectation and satisfaction levels over the nutritional balance and proper taste of the food quality came out significant. 6) Pizza and chicken showed significant correlation with regard to atmosphere, service, and hygiene variables (p<0.01).
Comparative Study on Dietary Patterns of Korean - Chinese and Koreans
Paik, Hee-Young ; Kim, Joung-Soon ; Wen, Yong ; Joung, Hyo-Jee ; Li, Shan-Ji ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 16, issue 4, 2001, Pages 341~353
This study was conducted to investigate dietary patterns and assimilation of dietary culture of Korean descendants in Yanbian, China compared to Korean. A dietary survey was conducted using one 24-hour recall method from 730 adults over 30 years of age in Yanbian, China and 695 adults over 25 years of age in Kuri, Korea. The average number of food items consumed per day was 14 in Yanbian and 20 in Kuri and there was a significant difference between the two regions(p<0.001). The foods consumed most frequently were rice, salt, the M.S.G. in Yanbian and rice, green onion and garlic in Kuri. The foods consumed most by amount were rice, cucumber, Soju in Yanbian and rice, Kimchi and grape in Kuri. The average number of dishes consumed per day was 6.4 in Yanbian, 9.4 in Kuri and the difference between the two regions was significant(p<0.001). Total number of dishes appeared in the survey was 253 in Yanbian and 494 in Kuri. The dishes consumed most frequently were cooked-rice, beverages, Kimchi, stir-fried eggplant in Yanbian and cooked-rice, Kimchi, coffee, soybean paste stew, in Kuri. The dish groups appeared most frequently were rice, stir-fried foods, vegetables and Kimchi in Yanbian and rice, Kimchi, beverages and fruits in Kuri. Male subjects in Yanbian Consumed alcohol frequently while adults in Kuri consumed coffee more frequently than Yanbian. The major meal patterns were rice+side dish, rice+soup, rice+side dish+Kimchi in Yanbian and rice+soup+side dish+Kimchi, rice+side dish+Kimchi, rice+soup+Kimchi in Kuri. Stir-fried foods, which were consumed 46.6% of all the meals, were dominant side dish in Yanbian, but stir-fried food, seasoned vegetables and grilled food appeared aver 10% in Kuri. There results show that variety of diet of Korean-Chinese in Yanbian was lower than Kuri. Korean-Chinese tend to keep traditional Korean dietary patterns of consuming rice as staple but were adapted to Chinese dietary patterns of consuming stir-fried side dishes. Efforts should be directed toward preserving Korean traditional patterns of dietary culture among Korean-Chinese population.
Effect of Prepared by Enterococcus sp. and Lactobacillus sp. on the Quality of Barley Bread - I. Identification of Bacterial Strain from Barley Powder and Rheological Properties of Sourdough -
Hong, Jeong-Hoon ; Kim, Kyoung-Ja ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 16, issue 4, 2001, Pages 354~360
A Lactic acid bacterium for barley bread was isolated from barley powder and was identified as Enterococcus sp. It was used as a starter for barley bread and quality of bread was compared with the bread prepared by conventional starter 1. The pH of bread making process using Lactobacillus sanfrancisco starter was the lowest among tested starters. while the titratable acidity(TTA) of the strain was the highest, followed by Enterococcus sp.. 2. In valorimeter value(v/v), control was 70, but dough using all starter was 60. The peak time and stability of dough using Lactobacillus sanfrancisco were the highest among tested starters. 3. Extensibility of dough using Enterococcus sp. was the highest among tested starters, followed by Lactobacillus sanfrancisco. Proper extensibility and maximum resistance were observed in Lactobacillus sanfrancisco.
Effect of Barley Bread Using Sourdough Prepared by Enterococcus sp. and Lactobacillus sp. - II. Physicochemical and Rheological Properties of Barley Bread -
Hong, Jeong-Hoon ; Kim, Kyoung-Ja ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 16, issue 4, 2001, Pages 361~370
To investigate the effect of sourdough on the characteristics of quality of barley bread, sourdough starter with Lactobacillus plantarum, Lactobacillus sanfrancisco and Enterococcus sp. were added to baking after 48 hours incubation at
. 1. The pH of bread using Lactobacillus sanfrancisco starter was the lowest among tested starters. while the titratable acidity(TTA) of the strain was the highest, followed by Enterococcus sp.. 2. In bread, moisture contents of control were 38%. It was decreased during 6 days. The moisture contents of bread using Lactobacillus sanfrancisco starter were the highest among tested starters, followed by Enterococcus sp.. 3. Oneset temperature
, peak temperature
were increased during storage of 6 days. The enthalphy of bread using Lactobacillus sanfrancisco starter was the lowest among tested starters, followed by Enterococcus sp..
Quality Characteristics and Brewing of Li
Kim, Seon-Jae ; Jung, Soon-Teck ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 16, issue 4, 2001, Pages 371~377
Li was a sweet beverage containing
percents ethyl alcohol made from malt by spontaneous fermentation from ancient custom to fifteenth century. Li was changed to the rice wine being a sweet beverage of low alcohol content using nuruk as starter and the sikhae which is non-alcoholic fermented beverage. Li was made for drinking and ceremony in Korea, China and Japan. It disappeared from the beverage items along with its method of manufacture from malt, but in Korean had made Li using nuruk until recent. We made Li according to Book of Imwon-Keongjae Ji (The book of country economy) methods for reappearance of Li. Fermentation characteristics for the production of Li with Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Saccharomyces bayanus and Saccharomyces sake were investigated. Among the yeast strains tested, Li fermented with S. sake showed higher alcohol production. Total sugar decreased considerably during the whole period of fermentation(30 hours), while ethyl alcohol content increased at
. As the fermentation progressed, the pH decreased until the 30 hours of fermentation, while total acid increased during the same period. In fermentation of 36 hours, Li consisted of about
of alcohol content,
of total sugar,
of reducing sugar and total acidity were reached up to
for Li manufactured with S. cerevisiea sake, S. bayanus and S. sake.
A Study of Female College Students' Breakfast Behavior and Ideal Breakfast Type
Chung, Hea-Jung ; Lee, Jin-Sil ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 16, issue 4, 2001, Pages 378~387
This study was carried out to investigate breakfast behaviors of female college students. 500 questionnaires were distributed and 417 were used for statistical analysis(SAS program). This survey was conducted from June, 2000 to October, 2000. 44.7% of the respondents considered lunch to be the most important meal. 51.6% students thought that people must eat breakfast. 41.6% of the students always eat breakfast but 22.1% do not eat breakfast. Conventional type of breakfast was found to be the most popular (67.6%). But ￦400,000 monthly allowance group(P<0.05) and self prepared breakfast group preferred Western style breakfast. The main reason for eating breakfast was for health(34.6%). The group of students with less monthly allowance were more likely to skip breakfast due to lack of time (p<0.01). Physical discomforts after skipping breakfast were: lack of strength(42.5%), stomach ache(36.3%), giddiness(9.1%), and recovered temper(12.1%). In conclusion, it is needed that a convenient and nutritional education should be developed for college students' health.
Change of Biologically Functional Compounds of Pimpinella brachycarpa(Chamnamul) by Blanching Conditions
Oh, Sang-Suk ; Lee, Jong-Mee ; Choi, Nam-Soon ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 16, issue 4, 2001, Pages 388~397
Wild edible plants are consumed as raw and/or processed. Analytical data for raw biologically functional compounds were relatively well established. The changes on functional compounds during processing are, however, not well studied. This study was carried out to investigate the change of the quality of wild edible plants, Pimpinella brachycarpa(Chamnamul) at various conditions. Samples were blanched at the salt concentration of 0%, 1% or 2% for 1, 2, and 3 minutes each. The biologically active compounds, vitamin C,
, chlorophyll, flavonoids, polyphenols and minerals were analyzed. The concentration of vitamin C in Chamnamul decreased as blanching time increased. Beta-carotene in Chamnamul showed high concentration when Chamnamul was treated under longer blanching time. Higher salt concentration of blanching water, however, resulted in the increased concentration of
in the blanched Chamnamul. Higher salt concentration of blanching water also reduced the loss of total flavonoids and total polyphenols from the blanched Chamnamul. The change of colors in the blanching water seemed to be corresponding to those of total flavonoids and total polyphenols concentrations in the blanching water.