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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Food Culture
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Volume & Issues
Volume 17, Issue 5 - Dec 2002
Volume 17, Issue 4 - Oct 2002
Volume 17, Issue 3 - Jul 2002
Volume 17, Issue 2 - Feb 2002
Volume 17, Issue 1 - Feb 2002
Selecting the target year
The Menu Preference of Middle School Student in Contracted Management Middle School Foodservice
Hong, Sook-Hyun ; Han, Kyung-Soo ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 17, issue 1, 2002, Pages 1~15
This research aimed to find out menu preference for middle school students and was conducted in a form of questionnaire sampled form middle school students in 10 schools where the meal program under commission was operating in Seoul. The questionnaire was distributed from Dec. 1 to 20, 2000 and gathered menu preference of staple, soup or stew, side dishes and dessert by each meal, season, gender. Statistical data analysis was completea using the SAS package, such as average and standard deviation, frequency analysis and T-test. The results can be summarized as follows : Most of the schools provided rice for lunch, while the students preferred noodles, mandu and bread. Most of students preferd beef rib soup. Gimchi stew with clear soup was favored for breakfast and stews for lunch and dinner. Side dishes were more favored by female students, in which shows the differences between male and female students. Students preferred dessert the most with fruits(4.49). It is required that the quality of school meals should be improved through the service of various kinds of desserts.
Measuring Fast Food Restaurant Attractiveness: A multi attribute approach
Kang, Jong-Heon ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 17, issue 1, 2002, Pages 16~29
This study had two major purposes: 1) to establish a quantitative measure of the overall restaurant attractiveness for each of the selected restaurants. 2) to examine the implications of the findings from the above concerning the operating initiatives necessary to improve the restaurant attractiveness. A multi attribute model was employed to obtain a numerical index of the attractiveness for each of the three fast food restaurants. It was found that certain of the attributes selected were clearly established as determinant variables(p<0.05). The research plotted the location of Attributes on a graph where the axes are the salience and importance scores to indicate approximate positions in four cells. Finally, the implications of these findings concering marketing and develpment initiatives to improve the perceptual attractiveness of the three fast food restaurant1.s are discussed.
Effects of Methanol Extracts from Bamboo(Pseudosasa japonica Makino) Leaves extracts on Lipid Metabolism in Rats Fed High Fat and High Cholesterol Diet
Han, Sung-Hee ; Shin, Mee-Kyung ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 17, issue 1, 2002, Pages 30~36
The effects of Bamboo(Pseudosasa japonica Maki) extracts on serum lipid concentrations were evaluated in rats. Ninety-eight male Sprague-Dawley rats weighing
were divided into fourty groups and fed high fat diets for four weeks. Experimental groups were administered with following diets; basal fat diet(control), basal and high fat diets with 1% cholesterol and Bamboo(Pseudosasa japonica Maki, -1%, -3%, -5%) extracts. The concentrations of serum triglyceride in rats fed the Bamboo(Pseudosasa japonica Maki) extract, high fat, 1% cholesterol, and Pseudosasa japonica Maki, -1%, -3%, -5% were lower than those in other groups. The concentrations of total cholesterol in the Pseudosasa japonica Maki, -1%, -3%, -5% groups were lower than those in fat diet groups. The concentrations of HDL-cholesterol in serum of the Pseudosasa japonica Maki, -1%, -3%, -5% groups were significantly higer than those of other groups. The levels of LDL-cholesterol in serum of the Pseudosasa japonica Maki, -1%, -3%, -5% groups were tended to be lower than those of other groups. These results suggest that Bamboo(Pseudosasa japonica Maki) extract may reduce elevated levels of serum lipid concentrations in rats fed high fat diets.
A Study on Children's Satisfaction with Food Service in Elementary Schools in Seoul Area(Side Dishes)
Bae, So-Youn ; Park, Shin-In ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 17, issue 1, 2002, Pages 37~48
The purpose of this study is to investigate children's satisfaction with side dishes served in elementary school food service program in Seoul area. Two hundreds and thirty two children participated in this study through a questionnaire developed by the researchers. Conclusion drawn from the results of this study is that there seems no significant problems in school food service program since children are generally satisfied with food provided by school. However, minor problems such as hot and salty food, inappropriate temperature of warm dishes, and excessive amount of food, need to be improved through a newly developed menu, cooking method, and food distribution method.
Analysis of Staff Satisfaction with Staff Foodservice Quality in Hospitals
Lee, Min-Ji ; Lee, Yeon-Kyung ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 17, issue 1, 2002, Pages 49~56
The purpose of this study was to analyze staff satisfaction with staff foodservice in hospitals. The study compared the hospital staff's expectations and perceptions of foodservice. The quality satisfaction values were indicated as the differences between their expectations and perceptions. The subjects were 643 hospital staff in 11 Daegu . Kyungpook hospitals. Written questionnaires were used to collect the data. The completion rate was 76.9%. There were 17 attributes for foodservice quality, which were divided by factor analysis into four main quality factors; sensory, nutrition, sanitation and service. The high expectation and low perception items on the expectation and perception grid were: seasoning of the meals, taste of the meals, variety of the menu, nutritional considerations, cleanliness of the dishes, and prompt handling of meal complaints. On all the attributes measured, expectations were higher than perceptions. The quality satisfaction values were all negative. There were highly significant(p<0.001) correlations between quality satisfaction and variety of the menu(r=0.783), nutritional considerations(r=0.770), prompt dealing with meal complaints(r=0.762), cleanliness of meals(r=0.689), and courtesy of employees (r=0.653). There is a need to improve taste, menu variety, nutrition, sanitation, speed of handling meal complaints, and courtesy.
A Study on the Food Habits and the Dietary Behaviors of University student in Seoul
Chung, Nam-Yong ; Yun, Mi-Eun ; Choi, Soon-Nam ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 17, issue 1, 2002, Pages 57~63
This study was to investigate the food habits and the dietary behaviors of university students. Questionnaires were completed by 492 students in five different departments. The data were analyzed by SAS program. The results are summarized as follows: Fifty(10.2%) of respondents were vegetarians, 81(16.4%) were heavy meat eaters and all the others were light meat eaters. All students had their biggest meal at supper. Three hundred and ninety-three(79.9%) of the respondents usually had rice for breakfast. Three hundred -sixteen(64.2%) ate 3 meals a day, 155(31.5%) ate 2 meals and all the others ate 1 meal or more than 3 meals. The length of mealtime was 30 minutes in 268(54.5%), 10 minutes in 209(42.5%) and more than 1 hour in all the others. Respondents considered taste the most important meal factor with nutrition, hygiene, and amount ranked accordingly. A majority(63.0%) of respondents ate occasionally ate between meals, while 28.1% snacked frequently, and 8.9% ate no snacks. Although nutrition dept. students had studied nutrition subject, some results of nutrition dept. students were desirable and others were undesirable in dietary behaviors. Therefore they should have a nutritional education program to improve their food habits and the dietary behaviors for students' health. And nutritional education program should be organized practically and systematically.
Effects of Methanol Extracts from Rhynchosia nulubilis on serum Lipid Concentrations in Rats fed High Fat and High Cholesterol Diet
Han, Sung-Hee ; Shin, Mee-Kyung ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 17, issue 1, 2002, Pages 64~69
The effects of the Rhynchosia nulubilis extracts on serum lipid concentrations were evaluated in rats. Forty-two male Sprague-Dawley rats weighing
were divided into six groups and fed high fat and high cholesterol diets for four weeks. Experimental groups were administered with following diets; basal fat diet(control) and basal and high fat diets with 1% cholesterol and Rhynchosia nulubilis extract(40mg/kg, 400mg/kg and 4000mg/kg). The concentrations of serum triglyceride in rats fed the Rhynchosis mulubilis extract, high fat, 1% cholesterol, and RN-HFC(-40, -400, -4000mg/kg) groups were lower than those in other groups. The concentrations of total cholesterol in the RN-HFC (-40, -400, -4000mg/kg) groups were lower than those in fat diet groups. The concentrations of HDL-cholesterol in serum of the RN-HFC(-40, -400, 4000mg/kg) groups were significantly higer than those of other groups. The levels of LDL-cholesterol in serum of the RN-HFC(-40, -400, -4000mg/kg) groups were tended to be lower than those of other groups. These results suggest that Rhynchosia nulubilis extract may reduce elevated levels of serum lipid concentrations in rats fed high fat diets.
Optimization for Pretreatment Condition according to Salt Concentration and Soaking Time in the Preparation of Perilla Jangachi
Lee, Hye-Ran ; Nam, Sang-Min ; Lee, Jong-Mee ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 17, issue 1, 2002, Pages 70~77
Jangachi(salted and fermented vegetable) has been made by Korean traditionally using several kinds of vegetables, which is a good source of variety of nutrients and vitamins. There are many methods for making Jangachi. Generally soy sauce Jangachi is made through two steps. First, as a pretreatment, vegetables are soaked in salt water. Second, soaked vegetables are fermented in various ingredients like soy sauce, sugar, garlic, ginger and so on. This study was performed to observe changes in contents of chemical components and sensory evaluation of pretreated perilla leaf. Perilla leaf was soaked in water with different levels of salt concentration(2, 5 and 8 %) and soaking time(1, 3 and 5 days). The optimal level of salt and soaking time was determined with the results of sensory evaluation by response surface methodology and analysis of composition. The moisture contents decreased as the levels of salt and soaking time increased. The moisture content of untreated sample was 87.5 % and when soaked for 5 days in the water of 8 % salt concentration, it became 78.27 %. pH of Perilla leaf was high in high levels of salt concentration and short soaking time. Total acidity was so opposite to pH that was low in high levels of salt concentration and short soaking time. In the water of 8 % salt concentration, total acidity was 0.14 % when soaked for 1 day, 0.20 % for 3 days and 0.30 % for 5 days. Salt contents became greater as the soaking time increased. As the results of puncture test, soaked Perilla leaf's toughness increased as the levels of salt increased and soaking time decreased. Among the sensory attributes, greenness increased as the levels of salt concentration increased when soaked for more than 3 days. Saltiness and bitterness became greater as the levels of salt concentration increased. Perilla flavor decreased with the short soaking time. Off-flavor increased with the increased levels of soaking time and decreased salt concentration when soaked for more than 3 days. Toughness decreased as the levels of soaking time increased. Crispness increased with the increased levels of salt concentration. The condition of pretreated Perilla was optimum when it soaked for 42 hours in 4 % salt concentration.
Food Preferences of the Elderly Living in Incheon Area
Woo, Kyung-Ja ; Chyun, Jong-Hee ; Choe, Eun-Ok ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 17, issue 1, 2002, Pages 78~89
Preferences of 814 elderly living in Incheon for dishes, food materials and cooking methods were investigated. The survey was conducted from Dec. 2000 to Jan. 2001 by questionnaires. Subjects preferred cooked rice with beans, kalkooksoo(hot noodle), gomtang(soup with beef), bibimbap(rice with assorted mixture) to other staple dishes. However, preference for hashed rice or curried rice was very low. More than 50% of the subjects liked soybean paste soup and stew, and the ratio of elderly who liked Chinese cabbage kimchi was 68.7%. There was no significant difference in preference for pan-fried foods according to food materials in them. Subjects liked injolmi(waxy rice cake), shikhye(fermented rice drink) and coffee the most. Most subjects preferred plant foods like vegetables, legumes and seaweeds to animal foods. Preference of elderly for milk and yoghurt was reatively high; however, that for ham, butter and cheese was low. Elderly in Incheon liked roasted beef, beef soup and roasted pork the most. Chicken was preferred when it was boiled in water with garlic, ginseng, and so on. Cooked and seasoned vegetables (Namul) were the most preferred type by elderly. Preferences for dishes and food materials were more affected by living places of the subjects than by sex, and the reverse was true in preference for cooking method of food materials.
Quality Characteristics of Nochaborijook Changes According to the Different Type of Thawing and Storage
Choi, Nam-Soon ; Oh, Ji-Eun ; Lee, Jong-Mee ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 17, issue 1, 2002, Pages 90~95
This study was conducted to determine the desirable thawing method and storage time of Nokchaborijook(gruel made of barley, rice powder and Green tea) which made of optimum conditions as the 5.8% Green tea and 15 seconds grinding time. Decision on desirable storage time(10, 20, 30, 40, 50days), thawing method(water bath, microwave oven) of frozen Nokchaborijook were determined by sensory evaluation and physicochemical attributes. As the storage time became longer, moisture and flavonoid contents were decreased. Viscosity, the ratio of water seperation, spreadability of Nokchaborijook which stored at 30 days showed great differences between the two thawing method. Among the sensory characteristics, desirability for overall, flavor, and texture were decreased as the storage time became longer. As a result of consumer test, Nokchaborijook thawed at water bath was more desirable than Nokchaborijook thawed at microwave oven. According to the results, frozen Nokchaborijook can be using as a supplement of dietary fiber and flavonoid for the health and be using convenience food.