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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Food Culture
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Volume & Issues
Volume 18, Issue 6 - Dec 2003
Volume 18, Issue 5 - Oct 2003
Volume 18, Issue 4 - Aug 2003
Volume 18, Issue 3 - Jun 2003
Volume 18, Issue 2 - Apr 2003
Volume 18, Issue 1 - Feb 2003
Selecting the target year
Effects of Personal and Job Characteristics on Organizational Commitment and Job Satisfaction of Daegu.Gyeongbuk Area Dietitians by Foodservice Employment Type
Sin, Eun-Kyung ; Lee, Yeon-Kyung ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 18, issue 2, 2003, Pages 75~88
The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of personal and job characteristics on the organizational commitment and job satisfaction of dietitians employed in different foodservice settings. The subjects were dietitians(n=830) employed by schools, hospitals, and industries in Daegu Gyeongbuk area. A questionnaire was used to determine personal and job characteristics, commitment and satisfaction. Organizational commitment scores were the highest for hospital dietitians, and the lowest for industry dietitians (p<0.05). Industry dietitians felt significantly less loyal to their organizations than did the other dietitians(p<0.05). School and hospital dietitians were significantly more likely to say they cared about the fate of their organizations and thought their organizations were the best to work for. Age, education, length of employment, and wages were positively associated with hospital dietitians' commitment(p<0.05). For all dietitians, the fewer the work hours, the higher the commitment(p<0.05). When asked to rate their satisfaction with various aspects of their jobs, dietitians expressed the most satisfaction with co-workers, and the least satisfaction with promotion opportunities. School dietitians were significantly less satisfied with pay and promotion than were the other dietitians. Organizational commitment was associated with wages(0.05), autonomy(0.08), feedback(0.16), dealings with others(0.07), and task identity(0.09). Job satisfaction was affected by educational level(-0.13), wages(0.10), autonomy(0.18), friendship opportunities(0.14), feedback(0.16), task identity(-0.11) and organizational commitment(0.40) (Lisrel program).
Oxidative Stability of the Pine Needle Extracted Oils and Sensory Evaluation of Savored Laver Made by Extracted Oils
Chung, Hae-Kyung ; Choe, Chang-Suk ; Lee, Ji-Hyun ; Chang, Moon-Jeong ; Kang, Myung-Hwa ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 18, issue 2, 2003, Pages 89~95
In order to evaluate the oxidative stability and sensory evaluation for the pine needle extracted oils, we prepared the pine needle extracted oils by the autoclave method with soybean and/or olive oils. The lipid peroxidation was monitored by measuring the formation of 2-thiobarbituric acid reactive substances(TBARS). In addition, the secondary reaction products of lipid oxidation were measured by fluorescence spectroscopy. A weight changing was decreased in oils added pine needle during storage periods. The formation of TBARS was the lowest in olive pine needle oils after 14 days storage, whereas it was the highest in soybean oil. The levels of fluorescent products in extracted oils added pine needle were also decreased in organic layers. According to the sensory evaluation, the scores of fragrance, taste and overall preference in savored laver using an pine needle extracted oils were no significant differences. Overall results suggest that the pine needle extracted oils can be developed to functional oil resources.
Effect of Starter and Salt-Fermented Anchovy Extracts on the Quality of Kimchi Sauce and Geotjeori Kimchi
Choi, Taek-Kwon ; Park, So-Hee ; Yoo, Jin-Hyun ; Lim, Ho-Soo ; Hwang, Sung-Yeon ; Jo, Jae-Sun ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 18, issue 2, 2003, Pages 96~104
This study was performed in order to investigate the effect of Leuconostoc mesenteroides, Lactobacillus plantarum and salt fermented anchovy extracts on Kimchi sauce. The sauce was fermented more rapidly by addition of Leu. mesenteroids or salt fermented anchovy extracts on the early fermentation stage than the control, but it was fermented slowly on the late fermentation stage. When L. plantarum was added to the Kimchi on the early fermentation stage, the acidity of Kimchi didn't show a significant difference from the control, but acidity was remarkably increased on the late stage. Coliform group was disappeared when acidity of sauce was higher than 0.8% during fermentation. It was controlled by Leu. mesenteroides but not by L. plantarum. Total count and lactic acid bacterial count of the sauces with starter were
, respectively, but those of the control sauce were
, respectively. Those count of the sauce with starter were higher than those of the control sauce on the later stage of fermentation. Organoleptic quality of the sauce with Leu. mesenteroides was superior to that with L. plantarum.
Effect of Freezing Methods for Kimchi Storage Stability on Physical Properties of Chinese Cabbage
Yang, Jin-Han ; Park, So-Hee ; Yoo, Jin-Hyun ; Lim, Ho-Soo ; Hwang, Sung-Yeon ; Jo, Jae-Sun ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 18, issue 2, 2003, Pages 105~110
This study was conducted to investigate the effect of freezing methods, slow freezing at
and rapid freezing at
, on physical properties of Chinese cabbage in frozen Kimchi during storage at
. Elasticity of midrib of Chinese cabbage in frozen Kimchi was decreased until 15 days and did not changed thereafter during storage at
. Hardness of that was not changed during storage. Those results of elasticity and hardness of slow frozen sample are similar to rapid frozen sample. By the morphological observation through transmission electron microscope, more of cellular structure of Chinese cabbage in slow frozen was destructed than that of rapid frozen sample. Drip loss was more in slow frozen sample than that in rapid one.
Quality Properties of Gangha-ju Liquor According to the Preparation Method
Yu, Young-Ju ; Jung, Soon-Teck ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 18, issue 2, 2003, Pages 111~122
This studies were performed to develop a Korean traditional folk liquor namely Gangha-ju has been prepared at Bosung district in Korea, and manufacturing conditions and anti-oxidation activity and anti-microbial activity of Gangha-ju were investigated. Ethyl-alcohol 20% and 30% Gangha-ju were brewed with glutinous rice wine, distilled liquor and 6 herbs of ginger, cinnamon, etc. Chemical and physical properties of 30% Gangha-ju were acidity 0.22, pH 4.31, amino acidity 3.26, transmittance 59 and conductivity
, and 20% Gangha-ju were 0.43, 4.20, 6.26, 62 and
. Volatile flavor compounds of ethyl alcohol, acetic acid, butanol, n-amyl alcohol, iso-pentyl alcohol, ethyl acetate, butyl acetate, acetaldehyde and furfural were detected, and main aroma compounds of Gangha-ju were isopentyl alcohol and ethyl acetate. Anti-oxidation activity by DPPH method was evaluated 31.32%, and nitrite scavenging effect was 31.79%. Anti-microbial activity against several microorganisms was pronounced strong activity over a wide range of test organisms, and Leuconostoc mesenteroids and Salmonella Ttyphimurium, Staphylococcus epidermidis were found to be more sensitive to Gangha-ju than Escherichia coli and Aspergillus flavus.
Risk factors of a Complex Disease for the Diabetes Mellitus Group and the Hypertension Group in the Geoje Community
Park, Phil-Sook ; Jeong, Gi-Man ; Kim, Jong-Hyun ; Paik, Ji-Hyun ; Park, Mi-Yeon ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 18, issue 2, 2003, Pages 123~133
The purpose of this study is to compare the correlation of clinical characteristics and patterns of disease. Subjects of the study were the adults(207) living in Geoje City, the diabetes mellitus and the hypertension patients(166) and the normal people(41). In the diabetes mellitus group and the hypertension group, blood pressure, blood glucose, total cholestero LDL-cholesterol and atherogenic index(AI) were significantly high. As the obesity index was getting higher, the blood pressure of the diabetes mellitus group was high, and the HDL-cholesterol of the hypertension group was low, but AI of it was significantly high. The AI was significantly high as serum lipid index were getting higher in both groups. The rate of the prevalence was very high in the diabetes mellitus group(74.3%) and the hypertension group(73.7%). The pattern in the diabetes mellitus group was in order of the hypertension, the hyperlipidemia, and the obesity but, in the hypertension group was the hyperlipidemia, and the obesity. The obesity index and serum lipid index of complex patient group were higher than single patient group.
Quality Stability of the Herb Pill Coated with Edible Oils Containing Rosemary Essential Oil
Kwak, Yi-Sung ; Choo, Jong-Jae ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 18, issue 2, 2003, Pages 134~138
Quality stability of the herb pill coated with edible oils containing rosemary was investigated. Herb pills were made of herb powders such as Panax ginseng, Cinnamomum cassia, Lycium chinense, Zyzyphus jujuba and Zingiber officinale. Rapeseed oil and lubriol were used as edible coating oil. After herb pills coated with edible oils with or without rosemary were stored at
for 180 days, the microbial viable cell counts and peroxide values(POV) of the herb pill were investigated. After 180 day storage, POVs of herb pills with only rapeseed oil or lubriol were 0.51 and 0.49 meq/kg, respectively. However, when rosemary was added in herb pills the POVs were decreased to 0.30 and 0.39 meq/kg, respectively. The addition of rosemary to the rapeseed oil and lubriol tended to decrease the microbial viable cell counts of the herb pill. The microbial viable cell counts of rapeseed oil and lubriol were 940 and 820CFU/g, respectively after 180 days of storage. However, these levels were suppressed to 720 and 640CFU/g by the resemary addition. On the other hand, the ginseng saponin content of herb pills was not affected by the rosemary addition during storage.
A Study on Utilization and Consumption Promotion of Seafood in Elementary School Lunch Program
Cho, Mi-Yeon ; Lee, Min-June ; Lee, Young-Mee ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 18, issue 2, 2003, Pages 139~150
The objective of this study consists in promoting seafood consumption by increasing its intake opportunities for children through analysis of seafood using frequency in the elementary school lunch program. For that purpose, randomly sampled out from elementary schools through the county were 155 dietitians and 5th grade 3581 children, on whom a mail survey was conducted to analyse their seafood using frequency, and preference, and lunch menu by seasons. Results of this study are as follows : The seafood using frequency of the respondents represented the highest value in one or two times a week, while obstacles in seafood use presented high values in the safety of food by 71.6% and children preference by 68.4%. The seafood intake frequency of the respondents showed the highest value in three or four times a week by 34.5% and the places of seafood intake indicated the highest response in the home by 43.5% and then school lunch and dining out. The dietitians responded that children for the most part had not a preference for seafood, whereas the children pointed out average by 46.2%. As for reasons for avoidance of seafood, the dietitians expressed the highest response in it depends cooking methods by 45.8%, while the children because of its peculiar taste and smell by 42.1%. Their required improvement showed the highest response in the taste improvement by 51.8%. The children most preference for seafood that dietitians thought included fried Alaska pollack and shrimp cutlet, while dislikes braised mackerels and seasoned cold jelly fish. Cooking methods frequently used were represented in order of soup, hot soup, and stew, and the children's preferred cooking method was from fried food. Above results suggested that the intention to increase seafood using frequency is needed to at the time of planning the menus so that more seafood-providing opportunities can be given. The development of cooking methods is urgently needed that can change the taste or the smell of seafood, and concurrently with this conveniences be taken into account in eating such as elimination of bones, etc. as early as the states of purchase or checking of seafood. The reflection of the preferred cooking methods is thought to contribute to the enhancement of satisfaction with the seafood as well as to the reduction of food remnants. The recommendation of intake of low preference but nutritionally good seafood is required to be expanded in nutrition education.
A Survey on Eating Behaviors of Preschool Children for Development Snack
Park, Hye-Jin ; Park, Seon-Min ; Lee, Jong-Mee ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 18, issue 2, 2003, Pages 151~159
This study was conducted to investigate eating behaviors of preschool children for development their snack. Eating habit, preference and nutritional state were investigated using a questionnaire answered by teachers of day-care centers, 548 preschool children(aged 4 to 6 years old) and their mothers. It was found that 93.6% of subjects thought children need to eat snacks not only at day-care center but also at home. For children, snacks clearly played an important role in dietary nutritional intake The frequency and rate of consuming Milk as snack were high
, 53.2% of calcium intake from Milk. The most favorite snack foods of children were fresh fruits, milk, yoghurt, juice. The correlation between frequency of eating food as snack and children's preference for food was low; because choosing food as children's snack was not by themselves but by their mothers and teachers, and variety of food(a taste, kinds) as snack was very weak. Subjects showed rather dissatisfactory view about commercial snack, and wanted new development of nutritionally balanced and natural-tasted snack for preschool children; they preferred dducks, biscuits and snacks as the form of newly-developed snack for preschool children.
Dietitians' Perception and Application of Festival Foods in the School Foodservice in Busan Area
Lyu, Eun-Soon ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 18, issue 2, 2003, Pages 160~171
We surveyed dietitians' perception on application of festival foods in the school foodservice in Busan area. The questionnaires were distributed to 244 dietitians working in elementary(143 individuals), middle(50 ind.), and high schools(51 ind.). The mean scores of dietitians' perception for the succession of the festival foods are 4.57/5.00 at Seolnal, 4.28/5.00 at Jeongwoldaeboreum, 4.12/5.00 at Dongji, 4.02/5.00 at Chuseok, 3.91/5.00 at Sambok, 3.27/5.00 at Dano, 3.00/5.00 at Chopail, 2.67/5.00 at Samjitnal, and 2.65/5.00 at YuDu. The dietitians have frequently practice the Sambok foods to the school foodservice menu, followed by the foods for Dongji, Jeongwoldaeboreum, Seolnal, and Chuseok. About two third of dietitians(72.2%) answered that it is needed to provide festival foods as the school foodservice menu for festive days. However, the survey indicate that putting festival foods on the school foodservice is hampered by the facts that foods do not appeal to the students' taste and it is difficult to cook the foods by school foodservice facilities. Mean scores of dietitians' acquaintance with about the origins and contents of festive days are Dongji(3.67/5.00), Seolnal(3.63/5.00), Sambok(3.60/5.00), Jeongwaldaeboreum(3.58/5.00), Chuseok(3.39/5.00) and Dano(3.23/5.00). When the dietitians provided lunch for the students, 80.1% of them occasional give the information on the festival foods to the students. Therefore, it is recommended to hand down festival foods that the dietitians develope the recipe for foods applicable in school foodservice and e government adopt a policy and education programs.
A Survey on Weight Control and Eating Behavior in Reproductive Women by BMI
Lee, Eun-Jung ; Kim, Mi-Hyun ; Kim, Wha-Young ; Cho, Mi-Sook ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 18, issue 2, 2003, Pages 172~180
This study was performed to document the weight loss diet practice and dietary habit related to weight control in child-bearing Korean women. The subjects were 1,434 women aged 17-39 years. The subjects were classified into 3 groups based on BMI: low weight(LW) BMI < 18.5; normal weight(NW), 18.5 BMI 22.9; and overweight(OW), 23.0 BMI. Anthropometric, general characteristics, weight control practice, and the quality of diet were assessed by a questionnaire. LW group had higher rate of smoking and drinking. They also complained more subjective symptom of anemia and used less nutritional supplementation. Weight loss diet had been practiced by about 40% of subjects and the percent was increased with increasing BMI. The reason of weight loss diet were significantly different by BMI groups(p<0.05); LW to keep body in shape, OW for health. Low BMI group had experienced more side effects after weight loss diet(p<0.05). LW group usually used inappropriate method to control weight such as skipping meals and some of OW group reported using drug to lose weight. All subjects have been skipped their meals of 3.9 times per week, especially 4.3 times in LW group. By mini dietary assessment, most of the subjects did not have regular meals. LW group tended to eat what they like and OW group preferred fried food. This study showed that child-bearing aged women make a ceaseless effort apart from their weight, and LW group have a matter of grave concern because of their dietary habit and weight control practice. Additional research should be necessary to assess the relation of health and weight loss diet in young women.
A Study on the Oxidative Stability and Cooking Scientific Characteristics of Fat Substitute MCT
Ahn, Myung-Soo ; Woo, Na-Ri-Yah ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 18, issue 2, 2003, Pages 181~191
This study was carried on the oxidative stability and the real practice possibilities in cooking of fat replacer MCT. Nowadays, it was known that fats and oils had become causes for cardiac disease, obesity and cancer, so the new materials were needed for fat substitute that has less fat contents and low calories. The food industry concerned about fats and oils had been researched and developed new and various kinds of substitute fats. MCT(medium chain triglycerides) is one of the fat based fat substitutes used as fat replacers. The POV of com germ oil(CO), soybean oil(SO), shortening(ST), butter(BT), their blended oil with MCT 10-50%(w/w), and MCT were determined and oxidative stability by POV was compared MCT with those of them. MCT has shown higher oxidative stability than CO, SO, ST, BT, so oxidative stabilities in all kinds of blended oils become higher and higher by the increased substitution ratios. In case of bread, the volume of bread prepared with MCT(MCT bread) substituted for ST at 10-40% level(w/w) were increased a little comparing to that made of shortening(ST bread). But degree of gelatinization of MCT bread were a little lower than ST bread, at the substitute ratio above 40%, the degree of gelatinization were reduced greatly. These phenomena were sustained in 9 stored days. While baking losses of MCT breads were almost same as ST bread until 30% substitute ratio, and the appearances of MCT breads were similar to ST bread until 40% substitute ratio. Also rheological properties and color(Lab) of MCT breads had shown no different significantly from ST bread until 20% substitute ratio, but by the results of sensory evaluation, overall acceptance including appearance, color, flavor, taste, texture of MCT breads were recognized almost same as ST bread by panel until 40% substitute ratio. Depends on the above results, we can suggest that 30-40% of MCT will substitute for shortening in making bread in order to reduce fat and calories intake amounts.