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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Food Culture
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 18, Issue 6 - Dec 2003
Volume 18, Issue 5 - Oct 2003
Volume 18, Issue 4 - Aug 2003
Volume 18, Issue 3 - Jun 2003
Volume 18, Issue 2 - Apr 2003
Volume 18, Issue 1 - Feb 2003
Selecting the target year
A bibliographical study of Yeolgujatang
Song, Hae-Lim ; Lee, Hyo-Gee ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 18, issue 6, 2003, Pages 491~505
Yeolgujatang is traditional casserole with meat, fish and vegetables in special pot. Name of Yeolgujatang was in 1800s, as yeolgujatang, yeolgujatangbang, yeolguja, in 1900s, Yeolgujatang, royal feast food in Yi Dynasty was yeolgujatang, Meon-sinseolro, tangsinseolro. Yeolgujatang frame has legs and a lid, and a cylinder that can contain charcoal at the center of its rounded pot. with this charcoal, food can be cooked. Its material has changed from brazier to brassware, stainless steel, and silver. Nowdays electric sinseolro was also launched, which uses electric power instead of charcoal. Materials in yeolgujatang are beef, intestines, pork, chicken, pheasant, fish, sea bream, abalone, shrimps, vegetables, mushroom, ddock, guksu, cooked rice, seasening and garnish. Nutrition of Yeolgujatang per capita contains 221.5kal of calory, 17.3g of protein, 16.5g of fat, 6.1g of carbobydrates, 2g of fiber, 57.6mg of calcium, 208mg of phosphorus, 4.3mg of ferrum,
of vitaminA, 1.58mg of vitamin
, 0.3mg vitamin
, 6.6mg of vitaminC and 5.26mgNE of niacin. Yeolgujatang is excellent in nutrition, except for calcium and vitaminC.
Effect of Japanese Apricot(Prunus mume Sieb. et Zucc.) Flesh on Baking Properties of White Breads
Hong, Kyung-Hyun ; Park, Shin-In ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 18, issue 6, 2003, Pages 506~514
The effects of Japanese apricot(Prunus mume Sieb. et Zucc.) flesh on baking properties of white breads were investigated by evaluation of specific loaf volume, pH, acidity, rheological property, color and sensory quality. Bread was processed by adding 4.7%, 9.4%, 14.1% and 18.8% of Japanese apricot flesh to basic formulation. The compositions of Japanese apricot flesh were 88.19% moisture, 0.45% crude ash, 4.10% dietary fiber, 4.04% citric acid and 0.41% total sugars. The specific loaf volume of the breads was decreased from 3.274mL/g to 1.857mL/g as Japanese apricot flesh contents increased from 0% to 18.8%. The pH of the breads decreased but the acidity of those increased as the percentage of Japanese apricot flesh to wheat flour increased. Lightness(L value) of the breads decreased by the addition of Japanese apricot flesh, while yellowness(b value) and redness(a value) increased. Texture measurement showed that springiness, cohesiveness and resilience decreased with increase of Japanese apricot flesh contents. While, hardness, gumminess and chewiness were the lowest in the bread with 9.4% Japanese apricot flesh, and increased in the bread with 4.7%, 14.1% and 18.8% Japanese apricot flesh contents. In sensory evaluation, the highest sensory scores for flavor, taste, aftertaste and overall acceptability were obtained when Japanese apricot flesh content was 4.7%, and softness and chewiness was the best when 9.4% of Japanese apricot flesh was added. The moisture content of the breads containing Japanese apricot flesh was higher than that of the control to add no flesh during storage at
. Based on physical, rheological and sensory evaluation, addition of
Japanese apricot flesh suggested to be acceptable for processing bread.
The Relationship between the Eating Habits of Elementary School Students and Parenting Behavior Characteristics
Nam, Sang-Myoung ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 18, issue 6, 2003, Pages 515~526
The object of this study was to investigate the relationship between the eating habits of high(4th, 5th, 6th) grade elementary school students and parental behavior characteristics(affection, rational guidance, overprotect and neglect). The parenting behavior scale and demographic variables, eating habits and food frequency were administered to the subjects. In this investigation, the subjects were 396 boys and 337 girls in Chunju city in Korea, 50.1% of the mothers was in the age from 35 to 39 years and 57.8% of the mother had an occupation. Data were analyzed by using a SPSS PS package. Significant differences and correlation among variables were determined by the frequency,
and pearson's correlation coefficient. Eating habits was significantly influenced by mother's employment status, but was not affected by the levels of mother's education and income. Parental behavior characteristics was significantly related to the children's snacks habits(p<0.05, p<0.01), but have no connection with dietary habits and the eating out. The survey revealed higher percentage of the children who had taken affectionate, reasonable and positively reinforced child care, answered they enjoy meals and the other groups answered they did not. Also frequency of having soup, green vegetables, fruits, dairy products had positive relationship with affective, reasonable rearing attitude, but negative relationship with neglective rearing attitude. And the survey showed children who were reared in overprotect had chocolate, candy and the like in large quantities.
Quality Characteristics of Wet Noodle with Maesil(Prunus mume) Juice
Lee, Hyun-Ae ; Nam, Eun-Sook ; Park, Shin-In ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 18, issue 6, 2003, Pages 527~535
This study was conducted to investigate the properties of wet noodle when different concentrations of Prunus mume juice were added to the wheat flour. The characteristics of wet noodle including cooking properties, color, mechanical texture properties, and sensory quality were determined. The compositions of Prunus mume were 88.19% moisture, 0.45% crude ash, 4.04% citric acid and 0.41% total sugars. The pH of Prunus mume was 2.76. The moisture absorption rate, weight, volume and turbidity of cooked noodles added with Prunus mume juice were lower than reference sample. When the amount of Prunus mume juice increased, the Hunter L(brightness) value, a(redness) value of cooked noodles decreased but b(yellowness) value increased. Instrumental rheological characteristics of wet noodle containing Prunus mume juice were measured with a texture analyzer. The hardness, adhesiveness, cohesiveness, springiness and gumminess of wet noodle with 20% Prunus mume juice were higher than others. However, the hardness of cooked noodle decreased with the increase in the amount of Prunus mume juice into noodle. The adhesiveness, cohesiveness, springiness and gumminess of cooked noodles added with Prunus mume juice were higher than reference sample. The results of sensory evaluation of cooked noodles containing Prunus mume juice indicated that the appearance, color, taste and chewiness of the cooked noodle with 10% Prunus mume juice showed the higher preference than others. Based on cooking properties, rheological and sensory evaluation, addition of 10% Prunus mume juice suggested to be acceptable for processing wet noodle.
A Study on the Food Culture of the Festival for Elderly Person's
Birthday (Hoegap) and Marriage Anniversary (Hoehon) Appearing in the 18th Century Painting of the Chosun Period
Koh, Kyung-Hee ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 18, issue 6, 2003, Pages 536~543
The Chosun Dynasty in the
century was a period of revival for science, art, and culture, bringing about Silhak(practical science), a new trend in the history of Chosun thoughts. In the history of fine arts, realistic landscape paintings and genre paintings were popular as realism became prevalent. From the aspect of food culture, in particular, the luxurious and elegant Korean-styled food culture was completed during this period. Iwanwasuseoksihoedo was painted by Jeong Hwang (1735-1800) in 1789, depicting a banquet on an elder's
birthday. It is classified as a genre painting in the late Chosun Period but it contains things that comes into our heart, which are white porcelain with blue celadon pictures, white porcelain bowls, busy atmosphere of a banqueting house where food is being carried in a hurry and elders' serene appearance. All these things show the abundance of life, the room and comfort of old ages, and the beauty and relish of life in the well-arranged living ground. Hoehonyedo was painted on an elder's
marriage anniversary by an unknown artist presumably in the
century is a painting as realistic as a documentary photograph. The work gives viewers pleasure and comfort because it describes not a mighty clan but the superb later years of an official who had lived right and upright life. In the aspect of food culture, it displays the food culture of the splendid sixtieth marriage anniversary of a Korean official through noble etiquette among family members, seat planning, unique table culture and high quality tableware including white porcelain with celadon pictures and pure white porcelain.
Effects of Extracts of Shanshuyu(Cornus officinalis sieb) on Removal of Lead in Rat
Shin, Mee-Kyung ; Lee, Sang-Bok ; Han, Sung-Hee ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 18, issue 6, 2003, Pages 544~550
This study was designed to investigate the effects of Korean 1% Shanshuyu extract in Pb administered rats. Forty male Sprague-Dawley rats weighed 100 l0g were used for this experiment and divided into following 4 groups; Con(control group), Shan(1% Shanshuyu extract), Pb(1,000ppm alone lead administered group), Pb-Shan(1,000ppm alone lead administered group with 1% Shanshuyu extract group). Food intake weight and FER(Food efficiency ratio) were remarkably decreased in lead added group. Tissue weight of liver, lung, stomach, heart, kidney and spleen of lead exposed rats were reduced by 1% Shanshuyu extract group. The lead content in the rats tissue of lead alone administered group was lower than in the rats tissue of lead administered group with 1% Shanshuyu extract group. AST(Asparatate transferase) and ALT(Alanine transferase) were increased in lead-administered group and lower in the 1% Shanshuyu extract group. These results suggested that 1% Shanshuyu extract may have some protective effects from of tissue demage induce with Lead.
Quality Properties of Chonggak Kimchi Fermented at different Combination of Temperature and Time
Kang, Jeong-Hwa ; Kang, Sun-Hee ; Ahn, Eun-Sook ; Chung, Hee-Jong ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 18, issue 6, 2003, Pages 551~561
To determine the conditions of the fermentation and storage for Chonggak kimchi in kimchi refrigerator, prepared Chonggak kimchi took into kimchi refrigerators which were controlled at four different modes of the fermented temperature and time, and fermented and kept for 16 weeks. The pH in Chonggak kimchi fermented at
for 24 hours/stored at
dropped greater than all of kimchi fermented at other combinations, and the changes of pH at any combinations were not greater than those in Baechu kimchi, because pH in Chonggak kimchi did not dropped below 4.5. Acidities in Chonggak kimchi were greatly increased at higher temperature. The acidity in Chonggak kimchi during the first week of fermentation was lower than that in Baechu kimchi and then it was rather higher because of the addition of waxy rice paste. In texture, puncture force of Chonggak kimchi was decreased slowly until 8 weeks of fermentation and then did not changed much and the highest values showed in Chonggak kimchi stored directly at
without any fermentation. In sensory evaluation, the scores for the carbonated flavor and the sourness were the highest in Chonggak kimchi fermented at
for 24 hours/stored at
, but the lowest in Chonggak kimchi stored directly at
without any fermentation because of some undesirable flavors. The lowest hardness showed in Chonggak kimchi fermented at highest temperature and the best hardness was in Chonggak kimchi fermented at
for 3 days or 6 days/stored at
. The appearance was the best in Chonggak kimchi fermented at
for 24 hours/stored at
and the worst was in Chonggak kimchi stored directly at
without any fermentation. The overall acceptability of Chonggak kimchi fermented at
for 24 hours/stored at
was good after 4 weeks of fermentation, but in Chonggak kimchi fermented at
for 3 days or 6 days/stored at
it was good after 6 weeks. Total microbial counts in most of Chonggak kimchi were reached to a maximum number within 7 days, and then decreased similarly at all modes. Leuconostoc spp. and Lactobacillus spp. increased to maximum number of
, respectively, in Chonggak kimchi fermented for 7 days. Yeast counts showed a increasing trend not depends on fermenting temperature and they were lower counts than those in Baechu kimchi. Waxy rice paste which added to Chonggak kimchi resulted in increasement of glucose as a carbon source and stimulated to reproduce the microbes in Chonggak kimchi.
Removal Efficiency of Residual Pesticides During Processing of Perilla Jangachi preparation
Nam, Sang-Min ; Lee, Hye-Ran ; Lee, Jong-Mee ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 18, issue 6, 2003, Pages 562~568
This study was performed to study the removal efficiency of residual organophosphorus pesticides with process for making Perilla Jangachi. Two organophosphorus pesticides(chlorpyrifos-methyl and fenitrothion) were artificially attached to Perilla leaves. Then Perilla leaves were washed with detergent solution for 1minute and rinsed 2 times each for 1 minutes. After washing with neutral detergent solution, Perilla Jangachi was made with 2 steps of optimal condition. As a pretreatment, when soaked with 2% salt concentration solution for 42hours, the removal rate of residual pesticides was 81.75% of chlorpyrifos-methyl and 76.82% of fenitrothion. When Perilla leaves were steamed for 72 seconds after soaking, it became 88.94% and 82.19%, respectively. Finally, after making optimal Perilla Jangachi with 27% onion contents, removal rate was 89.12% of chlorpyrifos-methyl and 82.76% of fenitrothion. Consequently, it appeared that the process for making Perilla Jangachi effectively removed the residual pesticides of Perilla leaves.
Physical properties and antioxidant activities of Lycii fructus beer
Kang, Myung-Hwa ; Choi, Chang-Suk ; Chung, Hae-Kyung ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 18, issue 6, 2003, Pages 569~574
This study was conducted to investigate the effect of physical properties and antioxidant activities of the beer made by Lycii fructus for development of functional beer. Physical properties such as
, pH and hunter values were determined and compared with commercial beer. L(lightness) value was not significant difference among beer, although a(redness) and b(yellowness) values were higher in Lycii fructus beer than those of the commercial beer. Total phenolic acid contents were 0.790 mg/mL in Lycii fructus beer and 0.603 mg/mL in commercial beer. Electron donatin ability was 93% in Lycii fructus beer and 87% in commercial beer. Lycii fructus beer showed higher SOD-liked activities than in the commercial beer. The relative antioxidant effects of the Lycii fructus beer showed 19% inhibitory effect on the peroxidation of egg yolk lecithin.
The Effects of Cereal Supplementation on the Iron Nutritional Status in the Korean Institutionalized Children
Chung, Hae-Kyung ; Kang, Myung-Hwa ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 18, issue 6, 2003, Pages 575~583
To evaluate the effect of cereal supplementation on children's iron nutritional status of Korean institutionalized was designed. Dietary survey was carried out methods of food weighting in the breakfast or/and dinner, and record interview in lunch (n=74). A nutritional intervention study was carried out through supplementing cereal for 4 weeks in 24 children of 1 institution from 4 to 12 years. The children received 3.6mg elemental Fe(as 100g cereal) per day. Blood samples were drawn before and after supplementation. Nutrients which children's intake was less than two-thirds of Korean RDA were Vit A, Vit B1, Vit B2, Ca and Fe. The mean daily intakes of iron were 5.1mg for male and 4.9mg for female and 52.3% for male and 45.4% for female of Korean RDA. The proportions of children with iron depletion assessed by TIBC(>360mg/dl) and serum ferritin(<20ng/ml) were 56.6% and 58.7%, respectively. The proportions of children with the iron deficient erythropoiesis assessed by serum iron(<70ml/dl), Hb(<12g/dl), and Hct(<36%) were 76.0%, 58.7%, and 64.0%, respectively. After cereal supplementation, in anemic children, levels of Hct(p<0.001), serum iron(p<0.001) and transferrin saturation(p<0.001) were significantly increased. The effect of cereal supplementation in children with iron deficient erythropoeisis was more effective to improve the iron nutritional status than children with iron depletion. It was concluded that cereal supplementation program in anemic children was also effective to improve iron nutritional status.
Development and Taste Components Composition of Naengmyun Broth using Edible by-products of Chicken
Lee, Hye-Ran ; Na, Seung-Min ; Lee, Jong-Mee ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 18, issue 6, 2003, Pages 584~591
The objective of this study is to develope natural and economical Naengmyun broth using stock prepared with chicken heads. Proper mixing ratio of chicken head stock and chicken breast broth was determined through the sensory evaluation. In order to find out the attributes of chicken head-chicken breast broth(CH-CB broth), chicken breast broth and beef brisket(BB) broth were mixed to the chicken head stock and compared the preference and chemical elements between the broths were compared. The appropriate mixing ratio for reinforcing the meat broth and savory flavor, of was determined to 3:7(w:w). The comparison of CH-CB broth's and CH-BB broth's elements showed that the amount of crude protein and ash was the same and, in the case of crude lipid, CH-BB broth had 0.01% more than CH-CB broth. In the case of the total amount of free amino acids, CH-CB broth had 1.6 times more than CH-BB broth. A survey with 50 consumers showed that was prefered between CH-CB broth and CH-BB broth. CH-CB broth with significance.
Comparative Growth Performance and Physiological Function of Physically Modified Rice Starch and Gelatinized Rice Starch in Growing Rats
Chang, Moon-Jeong ; Kim, Myung-Hwan ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 18, issue 6, 2003, Pages 592~600
Male rats were fed a purified diet containing one of 3 experimental diets, gelatinized rice starch that was not modified physically (RC), gelatinized physically modified rice starch using ultrasonic homogenizer(RU), gelatinized physically modified rice starch using hydroshear homogenizer(RH) during 28 days. RC was used as the rice starch control. Feeding a physically modified rice starch (RU) caused an increase in liver weight and RH increased RNA and protein contents in kidney significantly although there were no differences in food intakes compared to feeding a RC diet. The wet weight of liver, kidney and heart were higher in RU. The wet weights of fecal output of the rats fed RH was greater than in rice control group. The gut transit time was longer in the rats fed RH than in the rice control group significantly. Serum GOT, GPT, total bilirubin concentration were tended to be lower and blood urea nitrogen was significantly lower in RH group. The maturation index of kidney was higher in RU than in RC. These results suggest that physically modified rice starch improved growth performance and physiological functions in organs of growing rats.
A study of intakes of vegetables in Korea
Cho, Mi-Sook ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 18, issue 6, 2003, Pages 601~612
In Korean history, vegetables were the major side dishes of meals and originally korean diets were based on vegetables. But recently people prefer meat dishes rather than vegetables and traditional vegetable cooking seems to be disappeared. So it is needed to be positioning the importance of vegetables in food culture of Korean. In present study, history of vegetable eating was reviewed and recent consumption pattern were analyzed. 1. Since the era of the three Kingdom's and Koryo dynasty, the kinds of vegetables varied and at Chosun Dynasty people used similar kinds of vegetables as nowadays except a few things. A Garlic and mug wort had been used from the age of tribes to present and an egg, apple, cucumber, lettuce from the three Kingdom and a bamboo sprout, a taro, a burdock, a radish, a turnip, a stone-leek, a scallion, a Chinese cabbage, a marsh mallow, a spinach and a crown daisy from Koryo Dynasty and a pepper, a pumpkin, a tomato, a cabbage, a salary, a kale, a turnip and a beet from Chosun Dynasty to present. A guard, a water shield plant, a yam and wild plants would have been used before but they would not use any more. 2. Current vegetable consumptions of Korean is 232.2kg/person/yr and comparing with world mean consumption(101.9kg), Koreans still eat the largest amount of vegetables than any other countries and among Asian countries, Koreans consume more vegetables than China(203.5kg) and Japanese people(111.6kg) do. 3.The most frequently consumed vegetables were vegetables for seasonings such as a garlic or stone-leek and for kimchi such as a Chinese cabbage, radish, and carrot. But from data of Korean National Health and Nutrition Survey(2001), kinds of vegetables which people had were only 72 items showing that the kinds of vegetables were limited. 4. A lot of wild plants that would have been used for famine relief are now disappeared and on the other hand, it is increasing of some new and foreign vegetables and herbs. Cooking methods and intake pattern of vegetables are changed and varied so a traditional cooking method such as namuel is less preferred than before. But vegetable wrapping and green vegetable juice, eating uncooked vegetables(sang-sik) are very popular.