Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Food Culture
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 2, Issue 2 - Dec 1987
Volume 2, Issue 1 - Jun 1987
Selecting the target year
Moving Distance of Laborer in the Kitchen for Systematic of the Korean Foods
Park, Hyung-Woo ; Koh, Ha-Young ; Kang, Tong-Sam ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 2, issue 1, 1987, Pages 1~8
In order to develop a convenient Korean food service system in commercial kitchen, processing procedure and recipe of 10 kinds of Korean food to be served as a convenient foods were decided. Moving distance and required energy of laborer in the commercial and model restaurants which have the area of
, respectively, were measured by arranging these machinery. The results obtained were summarized as follows. In case of restaurant with the area of
, moving distance, working hours and required energy of laborers were 1,922m, 2,986min and 4,704kcal in C-store, 2,134m, 3,173min and 5,001.7kcal in T-store, and 1,704m, 2,808min and 4,414.5kcal in model restaurant, respectively. Therefore energy requirements of the model restaurant were less 289.5kcal (4.5%) and 587.2kcal (10.1%) than those of C and T store. In case of restaurant with the area of
, moving distance, working hours and required energy of laborer in S store were 1,277m, 2,926min and 4,588kcal, 1,425m, 3,108min and 4,873.8kcal in H restaurant and 1,167m, 2,798min and 4,381.4kcal in model restaurant, respectively. Therefore energy requirements of the model restaurant were less 206.6kcal (4.7%) and 492.4kcal (11.2%) than those of S store and H restaurant. When 6 kinds of convenient foods and 4 kinds of direct cooking foods were produced, moving distance, working hours and required energy of laborer in S store were 554.7m, 972min and 1,586.0kcal, 684.7m, 991min and 1,579.2kcal in H restaurant, 523.1m, 938min and 1,479.5kcal in model restaurant. Therefore energy requirements of the model restaurant were less 99.7kcal(6.7%) and 106.5kcal(7.2%) than those of S store and H restaurant. In case of the energy saving system kitchen, moving distance and required energy were saved less by 42% and by 20.4% than those of model kitchen, respectively.
Historical Review of Fermented Condiments in Korea -Monosodium glutamate and nucleotides-
Rim, Bun-Sam ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 2, issue 1, 1987, Pages 9~16
In early 1956, MSG (monosodium glutamate) had been produced by hydrolysis of the vegetable proteins in Korea. In accordance with development of fermentation technology mainly led by the Japanese scientists, its major production method has been changed to microbial fermentation since 1962. Meanwhile, 5'-ribonucleotides which are nucleic acid-related condiments have been produced by the enzymic hydrolysis of yeast RNA and/or the direct fermentation by Miwon Co. and Cheil sugar Co., respectively since 1977. At the technological viewpoints, Korean fermentation level seems relatively highly-reputated over the world in terms of production yield and unit-consumption level. For further progress of technology, our emphasis on this research area should be laid on both improvement of bacterial strain by means of modern biotechnology and process development through the immobilization and/or computerized control technics, etc.
A Study on Wine of Yi Dynasty in 1600
Choi, Jong-Hee ; Lee, Hyo-Gee ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 2, issue 1, 1987, Pages 17~24
As people know how to brew a wine from fruits and cereals, they continued to develope various wines good to their taste. Korean wines are also ones made from cereals and they have long been eager to improve the delicate taste. They used to drink Takju, raw rice wine, made from nonglutinous rice and Nuruk, a kind of yeast starter. During Koryo Dynasty, Soju a liquor was imported from Won(the Chinese dynasty). Nowadays this traditional folk wine, which had been developed variously and drunk all over the country, is decreasing year after year. The purpose of this study was to review on the wines ; its kinds, raw materials, brewing method, manufacturing utensils, measuring units and devices and the terms for wine making based on 20 documents published in 1600, in the middle of Yi dynesty. The results of review were as follows. 1. There were 121 kinds of wines at that time in Korea. 2. Among the raw materials for wines, major materials were glutinous rice, nonglutinous rice, wheat flour, wheat, mung bean, and black soybean. And minor materials were pepper corn, Lycium chinenisis, cinnamon, pine needles, pine nuts, jujube, mugwort leaves, lotus leaves, pine corn, pine bud, chrysanthemum, pine flowers, honey, Acanthopanox seoultenses, bamboo-root, marrowbone of blak cow, sweet flag, Ciprus noblis, Saurea lappa, honey suckle, Tricho santhes, azalea, the leaves of the paper mulberry, and bark of chungum tree. 3. There were several kinds of wines such as a wine without using Nuruk, a wine made from glutinous rice, nonglutinous rice, or glutinous and nonglutinous rice with flour. 4. There were several brewing methods for wines such as a wine boiled with ring rice cake, a wine brewed with loaves of rice cake, a wine brewed with hard boiled rice, a wine brewed with rice gruel, and a wine brewed with powdered rice gruel. 5. There were 23 kinds of utensils including measuring devices for weight and volume.
The Taste Compounds of Damchi-jeotguk -Concentrated Sea Mussel Extract-
Lee, Eung-Ho ; Ahn, Chang-Bum ; Oh, Kwang-Soo ; Kim, Jin-Soo ; Jee, Sung-Kil ; Kim, Jeong-Gyun ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 2, issue 1, 1987, Pages 25~31
We have examined to evaluate the taste compounds of damchi-jeotguk(concentrated sea mussel extract) which is a kind of traditional processed sea food in Korea. The contents of such compounds as free amino acids, nucleotides their and related compounds, non-volatile organic acid and fatty acid composition were analyzed. The content of total free amino acids was 10520.5mg/100g on dry basis and the major ones were glycine, arginine, aspartic acid and glutamic acid. These amino acids were resulted as 55.7% of total free amino acids in damchi-jeotguk. Hypoxanthine was the highest content(
, dry basis) of nucleotides and their related compounds. Free amino acid-N was the most abundant, resulting 53.3% of extractive nitrogen which was 3490.2mg/100g on dry basis and next ammonia-N, nucleotide-N and TMAO-N in order. The major non-volatile organic in damchi-jeotguk were succinic acid(125.5mg/100g, dry basis) and lactic acid 91.9mg/100g, dry basis). In this fatty acid composition of total lipid, polyenoic acid was abundant holding 45.5%. The major fatty acids were 16 : 0, 18 : 2, 22 : 6, 18 : 1 and 20 : 5. It was concluded from the omission test and chemical analysis that the major taste compounds of damchi-jeotguk were free amino acids and non-volatile organic acids.
The Bibliographical Study on Development of Yackwa
Cho, Shin-Ho ; Lee, Hyo-Gee ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 2, issue 1, 1987, Pages 33~43
The cooking processes of Yackwa writen in 27 Korean books were reviewed. The changes of the names, shapes, materials and methods of dough, and the methods of frying, the materials and methods of soaking, garnishes were reviewed based on the historical literatures. 1. The changes of names of Yackwa were Yackwa, Kwajul, Chokwa and the shapes were bird, animal, round or cubic. The diameter was about 3.5cm, and thickness was from 0.5cm to 1.5cm. 2. The major ingredients of Yackwa were flour, honey, sesame oil and alcohol beverages. Sometimes, soybean powder and rice powder were used instead of flour, and chochung, sugar water, sugar syrup were used instead of honey. Sesame oil was usually used but salad oil were used occasionally. Usually pure liquor, distilled spirits, rice wine, cloudy and coarse rice wine, whisky were used as alcoholic ingredient and water was used at boiling state. Sesame and sesame salt, ginger and ginger juice, pepper powder, pine nuts powder, salt were used as minor ingredients. 3. Though the flour was kneaded extensively or gently, the latter was peculier since 1940. 4. The dough was fried in oil at
minutes. at that time, The shape will be broken if temperature of oil is too low and too harden if temperature is too high. 5. Fried dough was soaked in honey before 1940, but thereafter other sweeteners, such as chochung, syrup were also used. Ginger juice, dried ginger, citron juice were used for flavor. 6. For enhancing the flavor and softening excess oil was removed from the fried Yackwa, and then it was soaked in honey. 7. The garnishes of Yackwa were pine nuts powder, cinnamon powder, sugar, etc.
A Study on the Regional Characteristics of Korean Chotkal -The kinds and materials of chotkal-
Suh, Hye-Kyung ; Yoon, Seo-Seok ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 2, issue 1, 1987, Pages 45~54
This paper is a part of the regional characteristics of Korean chotkal. The kinds and materials of Korean chotkals are studied by interviewing local people living in 142 different regions which are bigger than 'myon' in size. Regions are classified according to the structural style of commoner's house. Regional characteristics of chotkal are analyzed and interpreted with natural environmental factor. The rest of my further interested subject will be followed in later issues ; the ways of preservation, period of fermentation according to the regional characteristics and uses of Korean chotkal. The results of this study can be summerized as follows, 1. There are 145 different kinds. 2. Raw materials of 145 kinds of chotkal are devided roughly into five groups ; (1) fishes in 87 kinds (2) Pelecypoda and Gastropoda in 14 kinds (3) Cephalopoda in 10 Kinds (4) Crustacea in 32 kinds and (5) Holothuroidea and Echinoidea in 2 kinds. They can also be classified according to the parts of individual material ; (1) body or flesh in 118 kinds (2) internal organs in 15 kinds and (3) eggs in 12 kinds. Regions are devided into four provinces ; 'Kwanso', 'Chungbu', 'Nambu', and 'Kwanbuk' in which the number of different kinds of chotkal are 32, 41, 99 and 34, respectively. Raw materials vary because of the distribution of marine life in different regions. Fishes and Cephalopoda are used in all four regions, Pelecypoda and Gastropoda in 'Kwanso', 'Chungbu' and western part of 'Nambu' regions. Different species of Crustacea used in each different regions ; sea crab and sea shrimp in the western coastal area, fresh water crab in the field area, fresh water shrimp in 'Chollado', mantis crab at 'Shihung-gun' in 'Kyonggi-do', Holothuroidea and Echinoidea are used in 'Nambu' regions. Chotkal are not used at all in six local districts which are located in inland areas where the transportation is inconvenient.
A Literature Review on Traditional Korean Cookies, Hankwa
Lee, Cherl-Ho ; Maeng, Young-Sun ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 2, issue 1, 1987, Pages 55~69
A literatural survey on Hankwa, traditional Korean cookies, was made in order to identify the state of scientific understanding on these products and the future study needs for the modernization of the products. The type of Hankwa varies with the raw materials used and the processing methods and is classified into 7 groups, i.e. Yumilkwa, Ganjung-Sanja, Dasik, Jeonkwa, Suksilkwa, Kwapyun and Yutgangjung. The recipe and processing characteristics of 7 types of Hankwa were discussed and the scientific findings on these products were reviewed.
Studies on the Sensory Characteristics of traditional Korean Cookies, Hankwa
Lee, Cherl-Ho ; Maeng, Young-Sun ; Ahn, Hyun-Suok ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 2, issue 1, 1987, Pages 71~79
The sensory quality characteristics of 5 different types of traditional Korean cookies, i.e. Yackwa, Gangjung, Sanja, Dasik and Yutgangjung were investigated. A total of 77 questionnaires were collected and over 90 different terms describing the sensory characteristics of Hankwa were appeared, among which 58 terms were explained in Korean Dictionary. The important quality characteristic of Korean cookies were identified from the frequency of the appearance of sensory describing terms. The cookies were stored at room temperature for 10 days in various relative humidity of
, and the changes in the quality characteristics were examined organolleptically by scalar scoring test. The changes in overall acceptance were evaluated by hedonic test. The results were shown by quantitative descriptive analysis(QDA) diagram The QDA diagram could visualize the effects of storage relative humidity on the sensory quality profile of the cookies.
Socio economic Approach to the Chronic State of Famine and Exploitation of Famine Relief Food in the Later Half of Chosun Period
Kim, Hee-Sun ; Kim, Sook-Hee ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 2, issue 1, 1987, Pages 81~92
This treatise deals with chronic state of famine and exploitation of famine relief food in the later half of Chosun Period and especially in relation with socio-economic changes. There with the impact of socio-economic factors on the chronic state of famine and exploitation of famine relief food is studied mainly with a literary approach. The influential factors which lead to the chronic state of famine were not only climatic restrictions such as flood and drought but socio-economic factors such as foreign invasion (Japanease invasion and Ching's invasion), frequent breaking out of revolt and technological development of agriculture (rice transplantation). And disorder of land system and cultivation of cash crops by the richer peasantry, lowering the economic status of the poorer peasantry who were a major constituents of the population, aggravated the famine state. Because the poorer peasantry were under the shortage of food, they had to seek something edible in the fields and mountains. In this process various kinds of famine relief foods were exploited by the poorer peasantry. The majority of famine relief foods were wild vegetables. Consequently the Chronic state of famine was a cause to introduce various edible wild vegetables into Korean food, which influenced modern vegetarian food habits and firmed the Korean's favorite taste to be hot and salty. These wild vegetables couldn't have a marvelous effect on the relief of starved people. Potatoes and sweet potatoes, which were newly introduced foreign crops, were encouraged to be cultivated for famine relief. But these tubers, unable to be staple food, didn't contribute to an increase in population.
A Report on Korean Food Items I -Bab.Jouk.Mieum.Kuksu.Tokkuk.Sujebi-
Yoon, Seo-Seok ; Kim, Mi-Kyung ; Han, Kyung-Sun ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 2, issue 1, 1987, Pages 93~102
It is quite natural that the preference of food should be changed by the effect of the social environments and economic conditions of each period, however, the Korean traditional food has been enrooted firmly as one of the fundamental elements in our life which has been formed in harmony with the natural surroundings and the human life patterns in Korea. As a result of my study on Korean food through various documents and papers which were published in the part from Yi Dynasty till now, about 4,000 items were collected. This paper is prepared to report some of those items with a brief summary.