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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Food Culture
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 20, Issue 6 - Dec 2005
Volume 20, Issue 5 - Oct 2005
Volume 20, Issue 4 - Aug 2005
Volume 20, Issue 3 - Jun 2005
Volume 20, Issue 2 - Apr 2005
Volume 20, Issue 1 - Feb 2005
Selecting the target year
Menu Development and Evaluation through Eating Behavior and Food Preference of Preschool Children in Day-Care Centers
Sin, Eun-Kyung ; Lee, Yeon-Kyung ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 20, issue 1, 2005, Pages 1~14
This study was conducted to develop and evaluate food menus after investigating eating behaviors and food preferences of preschool children. Parents of the preschool children In 2 Gumi City day-care centers completed questionnaires in July 2003, which were used to assess eating behaviors and food preferences of their preschool children. Analysis of the questionnaires led to the development of the menus. Menus (n=10) were developed for five different categories (two menus were developed for each category) including general menu, unbalanced menu, anemia menu, obese menu, and traditional menu. The preschool children(n=656) evaluated the menus as they were provided with each them throughout October 2003. The five score scale method was used to evaluate taste, smell, looks, texture and general preference of each menu. Results in eating behaviors showed that 70.7% of preschool children had unbalanced eating behaviors. No gender based differences in eating behaviors were found, but in regard to food preferences boys tended to prefer carbonated drinks more than girls. Results indicated that among all menus, fruit ranked highest
for food preference, and vegetables ranked lowest for food preference
. Food preference in regard to cooking process indicated the highest preference was for fried foods
and the lowest preference was for raw vegetables
. Preference for taste ranked the highest
but preference for looks recorded the lowest
. Of all the foods in the menus, steamed tofu rated the highest for individual food item preference, while tuna sesame leaf rice rated the lowest preference. Statistical analysis of interrelationships among food taste, smell, looks, texture and general preference were significant (p<0.0l). Results from this study suggest that various factors including food taste, smell, looks, and texture influence the food preferences of preschool children. Therefore, it is concluded that by developing a variety of appetizing menus for use at home and in day-care centers, containing varied food items and cooking methods, preschool children will be encouraged to increase their food preferences and to establish appropriate eating behaviors.
The Dietary Habits and Preference of Foods on Skin Types of Woman College Students
Seo, Dong-Hee ; Park, Geum-Soon ; Shin, Young-Ja ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 20, issue 1, 2005, Pages 15~20
This study seeks to classify the skin types and determined the relation between the dietary habit and preference of foods targeting college women in Daegu and Gyeong-Buk Province. Skin types of the subjects were 31% of combination skin, 25% of dry skin and 22% of normal, oily skin. College women mostly had two meals a day, and those who had less frequent meals developed more combination skin. Many of them did not exercise, and women with normal skin who did not exercise showed the lowest at 13.9%, supporting the significance (p<.05). It was exposed that don't have breakfast and have irregular meal and don't have easy meal in all skin types. Instant foods was exposed that ingested the most in dry skin and the least in oily skin, supporting the significance(p<.05) and fruit or vegetable ingested much in dry skin. It was exposed that considered atmosphere at meal and meal helps in health in all skin types, normal skin type considered balanced diets the most and supporting the significance(p<.01) Food preference in all skin types showed the strongest in drinks and showed strong in greenish yellow vegetables, fruits, confectioneries, drinks, milk and dairy goods. On the other hand, it showed low in nuts and salted fishes. In sum, regular and balanced meals give the skin a healthy status, and intake of protein, vitamins and minerals has impact on the skin status. Thus, sufficient quality nutrition is crucial in staying a healthy skin.
The Requirement analysis of Food service statistical indicator on Food service Industry
Han, Kyung-Soo ; Hong, So-Ya ; Seo, Kyung-Mi ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 20, issue 1, 2005, Pages 21~34
The purpose of the study to examine the requirement of food service statistical account. the questionnaire was composed of two part: the traits of food service statistical accounts by USA and Japan and demographic characteristics. 325 questionnaires were distributed by mail to the member of Korean Food service Management Society and Korea university and college Culinary Management Faculty Association and 92 questionnaires were returned. the data was completed using the SPSS for frequency, mean, t-test, and ANOVA test. As a result of the follows. the 23 traits showed a high priority placed. Seeing the category, Number of customer, unit volume, solid waste, and information technology and application were higher than employee information. Comparing company members to academic members, both of them thought that dimension of unit, sales result, and number of customer. However, company member group indicated that employee information was important.
Korean Traditional Food Perception and Cultural Aspect of Korean Mongolian Housewives
Park, Young-Sun ; Chung, Young-Sook ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 20, issue 1, 2005, Pages 35~43
The purpose of this study was to identify the perceptional dimensions and patterns of Korean traditional food and to find the determinants of the patterns. Data were collected from 305 Korean housewives living in Mongol, and were factor and cluster analyzed. The results revealed two different dimensions and patterns i.e., high involved vs. low involved groups. Descriptive statistics showed that perceptional pattern types are likely to vary depending on socio-demographic and cultural background of Korean traditional food. Similarities and differences in perceptional patterns between high and low involved groups of Korean Mongolian are discussed, and future implications for globalization of Korean traditional food culture are provided.
Korean Youths' Use of Fastfood and Family Restaurants in Different Regions: a Comparison among Cities and Rural Towns
Jo, Hye-Young ; Kim, Sun-Ah ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 20, issue 1, 2005, Pages 44~52
This study was conducted to investigate Korean youths' use of fastfood and family restaurants in different regions, especially among cities and rural towns. Total 1,600 questionnaire surveys were distributed to Junior high and Senior high school students and 1,487 were used for the analysis. In order to consider regional differences as well as overall characteristics of youths' fastfood and family restaurant visiting behaviors, the subjects were evenly sampled from north Seoul, south Seoul, big cities, middle/small cities and small towns. As for the frequency of visiting fastfood restaurants, 58.3% of the respondents answered 'once to five times' a week. South Seoul area showed the highest frequency. 'Easiness' was the main reason of eating fastfood, which was up to 57.8% of the overall respondents while 42.8% of the small town youth ate fastfood because of the 'good taste.' As for the concepts on fastfood, 42.7% understood it as 'easy to eat' while 33.6% responded as 'easy to get fat.' For the question of getting channel of fastfood information, 44.8% answered 'TV' and 28.3% responded 'from friends.' Coupons were found to affect fastfood restaurant visits, highest in south Seoul, and lowest in small cities. For the question of the relationship of Koreanized menus and fastfood restaurant visits, small towns showed the highest frequency, while South/North Seoul had the lowest frequency. For the percentage of visiting family restaurants, respondents answered in the order of South Seoul(59.7%), North Seoul(44.5%), Big cities(39.5%), small cities(19.4%), and small towns(13.1%). Most of youth visited family restaurants because of the taste, while youths of middle/small cities visited due to the atmosphere. The effect of coupons on visiting family restaurants were found to be lower than the one of fastfood restaurants. Korean youths were found to visit fastfood restaurants very frequently in all regions and the tendency of visiting family restaurants is also increasing. At this point, balanced menus and education for healthy eating habits are urgently needed for the youth.
Development of Descriptive Analysis Procedure for Evaluating the Sensory Characteristics of Yeast Leavened Breads
Lee, So-Yeon ; Suh, Dong-Soon ; Lee, Myung-Koo ; Kim, Kwang-Ok ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 20, issue 1, 2005, Pages 53~60
This study was conducted to develop the descriptive analysis procedures for evaluating the sensory characteristics of yeast leavened breads. Eleven highly trained panelists identified the following 23 sensory attributes in the bread and defined the terminology for each attribute; yellowness of crumb, roughness of surface, uniformity of cell, density of cell, brownness of crust for appearance characteristics, yeast fermented, chemical, roasted flour, buttery, milky, boiled flour, sweet, and salty for flavor characteristics, springiness, ease to tear, moistness on surface, adhesiveness to lip, hardness, stickiness, cohesiveness of mass, moisture absorption, chewiness, and loose particles for textural characteristics. Reference samples for the flavor attributes were determined. There were significant differences in all of the 23 sensory attributes of commercial bread samples. The principal component analysis (PCA) was performed to summarize the sensory data. The first two principal components explained 89% of the variation of the original variables indicating reliability of procedure developed in this study.
Optimization of Homemade Pasta with Addition of Basil using Response Surface Methodology
Choi, Eun-Young ; Joo, Na-Mi ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 20, issue 1, 2005, Pages 61~67
The purpose of study was to determine the organoleptic characteristics of homemade basil-pasta made in various compounding ratio according to central composite design. The optimum mixing condition for basil-pasta was optimized by response surface methodology. The texture, including color, flavor, elasticity and overall quality, was measured as sensory evaluation. The optimum mixing rates of durum wheat semolina, basil and egg were 73.97g, 5.95g and 36.17g for color, 53.14g, 4.52g and 35.85g for flavor, 48.75g, 2.95g and 36.85g for elasticity. The organoleptic overall quality of basil-pasta showed the maximum score in the mixing condition of 55.52 g durum wheat semolina, 4.55g basil paste and 35.51g egg.
A Study on the Improvement of the Internship Program for the Dietetic Students
Joo, Na-Mi ; Yoon, Ji-Young ; Kim, Ok-Sun ; Jung, Hyeon-A ; Park, Sang-Hyun ; Ko, Young-Joo ; Cho, Ki-Won ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 20, issue 1, 2005, Pages 68~76
This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of current dietetic internship program. The survey sample was dietetic practitioners who were charged with a training for dietetic students. The questionnaire requested information about demographic information, experience of guidance for the dietetic student, self evaluation as trainer, fortification Items in university education, and difficulties of the internship program. Data was analyzed using SAS for windows(version 6.12), Descriptive statistics were used such as means, standard deviations, frequency distribution and percentages. Comparison of mean differences was analyzed using t-test and ANOVA. Participants identified how effective the current internship program was. Result indicated that the effectiveness was not high(2.81), and under 29 years old age group, under 6 years work experience group, and contracted foodservice group had positive opinion of the program significantly. Under 29 years old age group, evaluated themselves as a good trainer. The results revealed that respondents wanted to be fortified the practical training courses in school curriculum.
Antioxidant Activities of Rhubarb Extracts Containing Phenolic Compounds
Kim, Chul-Jai ; Suh, Hee-Ji ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 20, issue 1, 2005, Pages 77~85
Development of Nutritional Education Program for Nutrition Teacher in Elementary school
Choi, Eun-Young ; Joo, Na-Mi ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 20, issue 1, 2005, Pages 86~95
Teachers who are responsible for children's education are very important to help the school age children to have right nutrition knowledge, they are confronted with difficulties to teach due to the lack of nutrition knowledge as well as materials that can be easily understood by children. The purpose of this study was to look into the basic knowledge of elementary school teachers on nutrition. The elementary school teachers investigated didn't get good marks in nutritional knowledge, food and cooking method knowledge and sanitary knowledge, as the collective averages in those areas were respectively
. Sixty seven percent of respondents the largest group, acquired nutritional information through mass media, but they wanted to be given teaching information in the form of educational materials(49.0%). More than 70 percent believed that nutrition should be educated by nutrition teachers (p<0.01), and as for what should be handled in nutrition education, they thought that students should be educated to build the right eating habits (59.5%). Based on the results, a sequential nutrition education program for the lower grades of school children was developed. This program consisted of five different categories, and according to the results, that was designed to deal with the knowledge of teachers on nutrition, food, cooking method and hygiene, table manners and food-borne illness.
Effect of Agar, Sodium Alginate and Carrageenan on Quality of Yugwa(Busuge)Base
Kim, Joong-Man ; Jeon, Ye-Jeoung ; Park, Hyo-Suk ; Song, Young-Ae ; Baek, Seung-Hwa ; Kim, Myung-Kon ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 20, issue 1, 2005, Pages 96~102
This study was to evaluate effects of agar, sodium alginate and carrageenan on quality of Yugwa(Busuge) base. In the base preparation agar, sodium alginate and carrageenan were added 0.0, 0.1, 0.5, 1.0 and 3.0%(w/w), respectively. Volume, shape, hardness, color(L, a and b value), crude lipid content and sensory evaluation(taste and crispness) of the Yugwa base was measured. Volume of the base was higher than control in case of 0.1-0.5%(w/w) agar, sodium alginate and carrageenan, of which sodium alginate was the highest. Shapes were similar to control. Hardness and crude lipid content was decreased proportional to amount of addition of the three seesweed polysaccharides, the whiteness(L-value) was increased but the yellowness(a-value) and the redness(b-value) decreased. Taste and crispness were increased in the case of 0.1-1.0%(w/w) of sodium alginate, but agar and carrageenan decreased.
The Effect of Green Tea Powder on Yackwa Quality and Preservation
Yun, Geun-Young ; Kim, Myoung-Ae ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 20, issue 1, 2005, Pages 103~112
The objective of this study was to clarify the effect of addition of green tea powder(0%, 2%, 4%, 6%, 8%) to Yackwa on quality and preservation. Addition of 4% green tea powder turned out to give positive effect on expansion. In test of physical characters, addition of green tea powder had a tendency to lower hardness, cohesiveness, springness and gumminess but to enhance brittleness. Considering the rancidity of oil within Yackwa, addition of green tea powder tended to show lower acid value and peroxide value than non-added treatment but its difference was slight. At the sensory test, surface color, bitterness and green tea flavor were strong but sweet and savory taste weak when green team powder was added(p<0.05). Overall quality appeared to have improved to 5.55 points which is compared to non-addition when the powder was added 4%(p<0.05). In conclusion, 4% addition of green tea powder would be the usefull method to enhance preference and quality of Yackwa.
Effects of Water in Extracts of Pueraria Radix on Serum Enzymes Activities and Hormone in Aluminum-Administeredrats
Han, Sung-Hee ; Shin, Mee-Kyung ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 20, issue 1, 2005, Pages 113~122
This study was designed to investigates the effects of Korean pueraris radix water extract in Al(Aluminum) administered rats. Forty-eight male Sprague-Dawley rats weighing
were used for this experiment and divided into following 6 groups; control group, 3% pueraria radix in water extract group, 1000 and 2000ppm Al group, 1000 and 2000ppm Al group with 3% pueraria radix in water extract group. The Al administered rats were given 1000 and 2000 ppm of
disoved in the distilled water. The Al content in the rats tissue of Al administered group was lower than in the rats tissue of Al group with 3% pueraria radix in water extract group. Plasma levels of renin and aldosterone activity was increased by Al administration group, compared with 3% pueraria radix in water extract group and Al administred group. Glutamate oxaloacetate transaminase(GOT) and Glutamate pyruvate transaminase(GPT) were increased in Al-administered group and lower in the 3% extracts of pueraria radix in water extract group. Lactate dehydrogenase(LDH) was lower in the 3% extracts of pueraria radix-Al group than in the Al group. This results suggested that pueraria radix in water extract group has a lowering effects on the accumulation of Al and it is belived that the pueraria radix in extracted water group has some protective effects to Al administered in rats, but the mechanism of these effects was obscure.
Effects of Dietary Bong-ip(Morus alba L.), Gam-chei(Glycyrrhizae glabra), Sol-ip(Pinus densiflora) and Dang-gi(Angelica gigas) on Serum Composition in Rats
Cho, Young-Ja ; Hou, Won-Nyoung ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 20, issue 1, 2005, Pages 123~129
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of dietary Morus alba L.(Bong-ip, B), Glycyrrhizae glabra(Gam-chei, C), Pinus densiflora(Sol-lp, S) and Angelica gigas(Dang-gi, D)powder on serum composition in rats(Sprague-Dawley male rats, 100-110g). Serum TG(triglyceride, p<0.01), total cholesterol, glucose, total protein, albumin, GGT
transferase, p<0.05) were significantly increased D group than that of nomal and other groups, but UA(uric acid, p<0.05) was significantly decreased, and C group(p<0.05) was significantly increased. but C group of urine(p<0.05) was significantly decreased. Also, B and S groups(p<0.05) of BUN(blood urea nitrogen), S group(p<0.05) of ALP(alkaline phosphokinase, Band C(p<0.05) of CPK(creatinine phosphokinsae, p<0.05) were significantly increased. B, S and C groups were better than D group for lipid metabolism, and pretection to liver. Also, B and C groups of glucose were same as normal diet, so Morus alba L. was good food for lipid metabolism and hypoglycemic effect.