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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Food Culture
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 20, Issue 6 - Dec 2005
Volume 20, Issue 5 - Oct 2005
Volume 20, Issue 4 - Aug 2005
Volume 20, Issue 3 - Jun 2005
Volume 20, Issue 2 - Apr 2005
Volume 20, Issue 1 - Feb 2005
Selecting the target year
A Survey on the Meal Management Attitudes of Housewives Who Had Elementary Schoolchildren in a Remote Rural Country in Korea
Kim, Jin-Yang ; Kim, Sun-Hyo ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 20, issue 2, 2005, Pages 131~143
This study is performed to examine the meal management attitudes of housewives who had elementary schoolchildren in the remote rural areas(RA: n = 318,
years of age) in comparison to those in their vicinity urban area(UA: n = 349,
years of age) in the Chungnam province in Korea. The subjects were asked to fill out the questionnaire on their attitudes of meal management for their families. The results obtained in this study were as followings: (1) Most husbands of the subjects had a farming job in the RA while they had salaried workers in the UA(p<0.001). Education levels of both subjects and their husbands were lower in the RA than in the UA. Nuclear families were dominated by both groups, however single parent-family and step parent-family were more prevalent in the RA than in the UA. (2) in terms of ways of getting foods such as grains, meats, eggs, vegetables and fruits, the RA housewives relied more often on self-production than did the UA housewives(p<0.001). (3) The frequency of purchasing unprocessed foods was lower in the RA than in the UA(p<0.001). The RA housewives purchased the convenient foods such as instant noodles(p<0.05), ready to eatsoups(p<0.001), retort pouch foods(p<0.05) and instant teas(p<0.05) more frequently than did the UA housewives, while tuna, canned in oil(p<0.01), milk and their products(p<0.001), soybean products(p<0.001) and snacks(p<0.01) were purchased less often by the RA housewives. (4) Family members except housewives engaged more often in meal preparation in the RA than did those in the UA(p<0.001), which was more strongly observed for dinner. The time spent in preparing the dinner was shorter in the RA than in the UA(p<0.001). (5) The degrees of endeavor to provide the subjects' offspring with balanced meal(p<0.001) and nutrition education(p<0.01) were lower in the RA than in the UA. The RA housewives had more difficulty for performing meal management because of 'over work-related fatigue', 'insufficient money to purchase foods' and 'far distance from grocery' than the UA housewives(p<0.001). The RA housewives had lower score on nutritional knowledge(p<0.001) and wanted more strongly nutritional knowledge to improve the quality of family's meal than did the UA housewives(p<0.01). Therefore, the RA housewives had various problems regarding meal management such as 'over work related to fatigue', 'food-purchasing inconvenience', 'low economic status of family' and 'lack of nutritional knowledge'. As a consequence the RA housewives relied on cheap convenient foods more often in order to prepare the meal easily than did the UA housewives. These findings emphasize the need in the RA for nutrition education for housewives and a range of nutrition policies that focus upon the social and economic determinants of food choice within families to improve the nutritional status of the RA residents.
A Study on the Late of Chosun Dynasty Food Culture in Giroyeon Paintings
Koh, Kyung-Hee ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 20, issue 2, 2005, Pages 144~151
This study examined food culture appearing in Giroyeon paintings in the late Chosun Dynasty (early
century), a period under political and economical difficulties in overcoming frustrations and looking for self-restoration methods after Imjinweran
. Paintings related to Giroyeon include Lee Gi-ryong's
painted in 1629 under the reign of King Injo
painted jointly by Kim Jin-yeo et al. in 1720, the first year of King Gyeongjong
and Kim Hong-do's
painted in 1804 under the reign of King Sunjo
in the early
century. These paintings over three centuries of the late Chosun show changes in the character of Giroyeon, food culture and tableware culture, etc. According to these paintings, the character of Giroyeon was expanded from a feast held for high civil officials to a banquet comprehending general civil servants. These paintings show Hyangeumjueui, which means the decorum of respecting and sowing the aged men of virtue with alcohol beverage, table manner, seated culture represented by cushions and mats and individual-table culture. In addition, the expansion of demand for sunbaikja and chungwhabaikja and the diversification of vessels and dishes are demonstrated in Giroyeon paintings after Imjinweran in 1592. in this way, Giroyeon paintings show the historical characteristics of the late Chosun Dynasty, such as the collapse of Yangban-centered political system, the disintegration of the medieval system due to the emergence of the Silhak and the diversification of food culture.
A Survey on the Perception of Housewives in Seoul Area toward Korean Traditional Holiday Foods
Yoon, Sook-Ja ; Choi, Eun-Hi ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 20, issue 2, 2005, Pages 152~171
This study was to investigate the perception of Korean traditional festival/holiday foods among the housewives in their 20's, 30's, 40's, and 50's residing in Seoul. Out of 350 questionnaires, 282 respondents were results The results were summarized as fellows: The most familial traditional holiday was Seollal on the New Year's Day(100%), and the most favored foods for respective traditional holidays are as fellows: tteokguk, rice paste soup, (98.23%) for Seollal on the New Year's Day; ogokbap, cooked rice mixed with five cereals (98.23%) for Daeboreum on the New Moon's Day of January 15; neuttitteok, zelkova ricecake, (20.64%) for Chopail on Buddha's Birthday; charyunbyeong cake (20.21%) for Dano on May 5; gyesamttang, chicken broth with ginseng, (89.72%) for Sambok, the hottest period of summer; songpyeon, pine cake, (96.45%) for Chuseok on August Moon Festival; patjuk, redbean stew, (98.94%) for Dongji on the winter solstice; and mandu, bun, (16.37%) for Seotdalgeumeum on the year-end day. Most of the respondents said that they ate traditional festival foods in compliance with the traditional manners and customs and that they made such traditional foods at home. They added that they wanted to team more about various recipes of the traditional foods and pointed out that traditional holiday foods had to be modernized in some way.
An Analysis on the Factors of Adolescence Obesity
Han, Young-Sil ; Joo, Na-Mi ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 20, issue 2, 2005, Pages 172~185
This study was carried out to investigate the information concerning dietary patterns and analysis of the various factors that influence obesity. The subjects of this study were 1,020 middle and high school students in Seoul. Subjects were classified into under weight, normal weight and over weight group by body mass index. We investigated eating habits, life habits, food behavior and food consumption. Data were collected by questionnair and analysed with the SAS program. The results of this study way are summarized and concluded as fellows; In the case of dietary pattern, over weight group showed significantly higher in skipping a meal than the other group. Also over weight group tend to eat fast. There were significant differences of food intake frequency score by body mass index. From the results of factor analysis of variable related to obesity, 4 factors were generated and the factors were named 'Food behavior related to obesity', 'Snack consumption pattern', 'Life habit', 'Family environment related to food habit'. These factors were associated with obesity. To maintain nutritional balance and health, we should implement to ensure good dietary patterns.
The Antioxidative and Antimicrobial Activities of the three Species of Leeks(Allium tuberosun R.) Ethanol Extracts
Ahn, Myung-Soo ; Kim, Hyun-Jeung ; Seo, Mi-Sook ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 20, issue 2, 2005, Pages 186~193
The antioxidative and antimicrobial activities were carried on the leeks (Allium tuberosun R.) ethanol extracts in order to find out new food functional components. Three species of leeks used in this study were Chinese leek(long type, LL), general leek(medium type, LM), and medicinal leek (short type, LS). Total amounts of polyphenol compounds in LS was shown as the highest (436.60mg%) value. All of ethanol extracts of these leeks were shown to be had good electron donating ability(EDA) and nitrite scavenging activity. Specialty, the ethanol extract of LS(LSEx) had the highest EDA 30.47% and nitrite scavenging activity 77.24% and the lowest was LMEx. The antioxidative activities of these ethanol extracts on the corn germ oil were measured by peroxide values(POV) and conjugated diene values (CDV) storaging for 30 days at
. The antioxidative activities of these extracts by POV and CDV were determined as following order as LSEx> LLEx) LMEx. The antioxidative activities of all extract were presented as high tendency by increasing adding amounts (0.02%>0.05%>0.1%). When the antioxldative activities were compared with BHT and
, the degree of the antioxidative activities of these extracts were certified as lower than BHT and higher than
. And also LSEx, LMEx, and LLEx had antimicrobial effects on the several micro organisms, especially the effect on the Pseudomonas aeruginasa was remarkable. While LMEx had shown inhibit effect on most of micro organism used in this study.
Effect of Feeding Chitosan, Hibiscus Extract and L-Carnitine Mixture on Body Weight and Lipid Metabolism in Rats
Park, Ji-Young ; Kim, Kyung-Jin ; Lee, Jin-Hee ; Lee, Kang-Pyo ; Kim, Mi-Kyung ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 20, issue 2, 2005, Pages 194~203
This study was peformed to investigate effect of feeding experimental mixture containing chitosan, hibiscus extract and L-carnitine on body weight and lipid metabolism in rats. Forty-eight male rats(Charles River CD) of eight weeks old and weighing
were raised for five weeks with high fat diet(40% fat as calorie) to induce obesity. After induction of obesity, rats weighing
were blocked into four groups according to body weight and raised for eight weeks with diet containing either 0.09%(+1D group), 0.9%(+10D group) or 4.5%(+50D group) of experimental mixture. Aspartate aminotransferase(AST) and alanine aminotransferase(ALT), total protein and albumin were normal levels in plasma. Body weight gain and epididymal fat pad weight were lower in experimental mixture groups than control group However, weights of perirenal fat pad and brown adipose tissue were not significantly different among all groups. There was no significant difference in plasma and hepatic lipid levels among all groups. Liver citrate lyase and camitine acyltransferase activities were not significantly different among all groups, however, citrate lyase activity was tended to be decreased with increasing experimental mixture level in diet. Fecal total lipid and total cholesterol excretions were highest in +50D group, and triglyceride excretion was highest in +1D group. in conclusion, intake of experimental mixture containing chitosan, hibiscus extract and L-camitine was effective in reducing body weight and body fat, and its inhibitory effects might lead to obesity improvement.
A Survey on Uses, Preference and Recognition of Apple
Choi, Young-Hee ; Lee, Su-Jin ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 20, issue 2, 2005, Pages 204~213
This study was focused on the analysis of questionnaire that surveyed the uses, preference and recognition on apple. The subjects of this study consisted of 452 female(married 238, unmarried 214) in Daegu area. Among those respondents, 49.1% answered that they ate apple after dinner. Respondents preferred as purchase place fruits store(34.5%), traditional market(22.6%), and big discount store(21.7%), in order. Taste(46.0%) was the most important as purchase criterion. 49.1% of respondents preferred small amount below 2-3kg every one purchase. In preference survey on apples, 80.5% of total subjects responded 'like' or 'very like', and 73.6% of those subjects who favorably responded liked the 'taste' of apples. The preference survey study on apple foods revealed that respondents preferred the most apple juice(M=3.47), fellowed by apple jam(M=3.35) and apple vinegar(M=3.21). On the other hand, apple bab(M=2.29) and apple jook(M=2.23) had the most low preference score. The recognition survey study on apple revealed that respondents knew relatively well the followings: apple is natural food(M=4.25), apple is good for body and apple is good for beauty(M=4.20). Respondents required apple to be fresher(41.0%) and taster(37.4%). 89.4% of respondents expected that consumption of apples would be increased or maintain at the present level.
Preperation and Flavor Characteristics of Seasoning Oil for Chinese Dish
Koo, Bon-Soon ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 20, issue 2, 2005, Pages 214~220
Seasoning oil (SO) for Chinese dish was manufactured from the combination of Maillard reaction for methionine and xylose with autoclaving method. Volatile compounds were determined by GC, GC-MSD for this SO and 3 kinds of seasoning jajang samples which was obtained from restaurant. From this SO 61 kinds-404.92ppm volatile compounds were separated and identified. And from 3 samples of restaurant, 39 kinds-333.52ppm, 42 kinds-330.01ppm, 42 kinds-393.18ppm obtained respectively. Major volatile components of SO were diallyl disulfide, pentane, diallyl trisulfide, t,t-2,4-decadienal and zinngiberene. Those contents were 40.15ppm, 32.32ppm, 19.57ppm, 15.06ppm and 13.23ppm, respectively. Major volatile components in 3 kinds samples were pentane, propenal, hexanal, t-2-heptanal, 2,4-heptadienal, t,t-2,4-decadienal and unknown components. The volatile components of SO were very similar to 3 samples,
The Physico-chemical Changes and Sensory Characteristics of Kimchi Added with the Mashed Red Pepper
Hwang, Sung-Yeon ; Park, So-Hee ; Kang, Geun-Ok ; Lee, Hyun-Ja ; Bok, Jin-Heuing ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 20, issue 2, 2005, Pages 221~231
We investigated the physico-chemical and sensory characteristics of Kimchi made with red pepper that was washed and mashed. The pH of juice from Kimchi made with red pepper powder was the highest on the day of Kimchi preparation. In the case of Kimchi made with mashed red pepper, the pH of juice and liquid was lower than that of other samples. A similar decrease in pH of juice and liquid was observed up to the second week of fermentation, but the significant difference between both samples wasn't found. The total acidity of Kimchi with mashed red pepper was significantly increased during early fermentation, but was similar during the second week, compared with that of Kimchi with red pepper powder. From the third week of storage, both juice and liquid from Kimchi made with red pepper powder was relatively increased. L and a value of liquid was highest in the case of Kimchi made with mashed red pepper, but b value was lowest during fermentation. In the case of organic acids, acetic acid and lactic acid contents were increased in Kimchi made with mashed red pepper while fermentation progressed. In addition, citric acid content was constant up to the second week in Kimchi made with mashed red pepper but from the third week wasn't detected in both Kimchi made with mashed red pepper and Kimchi made with red pepper powder. In the case of QDA(Quantitative Descriptive Analysis) profiles, the values of Kimchi made with mashed red pepper were significantly higher than those of Kimchi made with red pepper powder in respect to redness, pungency and fresh flavor immediately after the preparation of Kimchi and during the second week of fermentation, but during the fifth week the values were higher in respect to redness and fresh flavor of Kimchi. Appearance and overall acceptability was remarkably increased in Kimchi made with mashed red pepper, compared with that of Kimchi made with red pepper powder immediately after pickling, during the second and the fifth week of fermentation. Therefore, these results indicate that mashed red pepper increased more citric acid content, L and a value of Kimchi in comparison with red pepper powder, resulting in the good effects on overall acceptability due to the significant increase of redness and fresh flavor.
Implication of Co-Branding in Hotel Foodservice Department
Kim, Young-Kyu ; Choi, Young-Joon ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 20, issue 2, 2005, Pages 232~242
It is the aim of this study to identify and develop improved management practice and competitive edge through co-branding which has been adopted extensively in the States. There is no universally accepted definition of co-branding. The term has been used interchangeably with labels such as brand alliance and composite branding. This study is exploratory in nature and at best a pilot study as few academic research are found dealing with actual cases between hotels and restaurant companies in Korea. Through related literatures reviews and research findings, this study will provide valuable insight as to the methods and activities of co-branding and a framework to help industry professions identify co-branding opportunities to enhance the productivity.
Family Restaurant Customers' Attitude toward Yield Management Strategies
Park, Hee-Kyung ; Sohn, De-Hyun ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 20, issue 2, 2005, Pages 243~252
This study identified how family restaurant customers' attitude toward yield management strategies, which include reservation, time, menu, and service factors. Generally, yield management explains how price and dining duration maximize the revenue of family restaurants. There are three ways to improve family restaurant yield; improving table turns, upgrading seat occupancy, increasing price per customer. The 45 items of yield management strategies are developed by literature reviews, web sites analysis, and interviews with family restaurant employers. Factor analysis and reliability analysis from present study found out 11 important factors, which represent the study's dependent variables. Regression analysis may be helpful to test whether demographic and socio-economic factors have relationships with family restaurant customers' attitude toward yield management strategies. As a regression result, gender, family size, age in demographic factors and education and occupation in socio-economic factors have relationships with family restaurant customers' attitude toward yield management strategies significantly.
Physicochemical Properties of Cooked Rice as Affected by Cooking Methods and Thawing Conditions
Ha, Joo-Young ; Lee, Jong-Mee ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 20, issue 2, 2005, Pages 253~260
This study was conducted to investigate performance of methods for cooking and thawing frozen cooked rice to retard retro-gradation of cooked rice. For this research, That was executed rice's physicochemical and sensory characteristics test through the way of boiling rice or thawing, and found out best way for retro-gradation and taste. This study showed the rice cooked by pressure rice pot has less dehydration during freezing and thawing, and thawed rice by micro wave has less dehydration. Repetition of freezing and thawing resulted increasing of hardness and chewiness, and decreasing of adhesiveness and cohesiveness. The rice cooked by convotherm oven or pressure rice pot has less increased hardness while freezing and thawing. Adhesiveness was superior when rice was cooked by pressure rice pot. The rice thawed by microwave had more hardness than thawed in room temperature.
A Study on the Website Color Analysis of the Foodservice Brand: Concentrated on Homepage of Family Restaurants
Lee, U-Joo ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 20, issue 2, 2005, Pages 261~272
The color and its coordination should intensify the customer's memory and awareness in a brand website, through the consistent communication strategy by which a variety of brand identification in the offline could be expressed efficiently. We evaluated top 5 brand-valuable family restaurants in this study, how they made the best use of the website as a new communication channel, and how they constructed the brand identification by the coloring of a website. We found out that they employed colors with a dynamic and lilting feelings matching the concept of a family restaurant. In addition, A color scheme was well designed for the specific character of a brand, though web-safe colors were seldom employed. This report can be a guide to a corporation for the color and its coordination in the website, when existing brand images need to be intensified and enhanced, or when a new brand image need to be constructed.
A Survey on the Seasonal Menu and Consumer Acceptance Test of Free Meals for the Elderly Facility in Sungnam Region
Kim, Hye-Young L ; Kang, Nam-E ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 20, issue 2, 2005, Pages 273~282
The purpose of this study was to nut a survey on the seasonal menu and consumer's acceptance test of free meals for the elderly facility in Sungnam Region. The elderly meals of the free lunch meal service were mainly composed of staple food, hot soup, and three kinds of side dishes. Questionare for accentance test was developed based on the seasonal menu including 13 kinds of cooked rices, 43 kinds of soups and 94 kinds of side dishes. The test was run for 104 elderly living and receving the service in the area. Average age of the subjects was 75.9 and 43% was male 57% was female. The 81% and 88% of the subject answered 'yes' on the intake of breakfast and dinner respectively representing high percentages of regular meal habits of the elderly. The cooked rice with black beans had significantly the highest acceptance score among the rice group and soups prepared with chunggukjang and cabbage had higher accentance scores(P<0.05). In the side dish groups, broiled eed, croakers, and various kinds of namuls had relatively higher scores than the others with significant difference at P<0.05.
A Study on the Satisfaction for the Menu Quality of Korean Traditional Food of Japanese Tourists
Lee, Yeon-Jung ; Seo, Yun-Jung ; Joo, Hyun-Sik ; Choi, Su-Keun ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 20, issue 2, 2005, Pages 283~291
This study was peformed by questionnaire to investigate satisfaction for the menu qualify of Korean traditional food of Japanese tourists. The subjects of this study consisted of 280 Japanese tourists using the Gyeongju and Busan hotel. The results were summarized as follows: 63.9% of the subjects responded that frequency of visiting was 1-2 times a year and 42.1% responded that motivation of visiting was for tour and understanding of korea. Companion with friend scored high as 40.4%, and intention of revisiting was high on 'normal'. On overall satisfaction on korean traditional foods, 'satisfy' scored high as 43.2%. 61.1% of the subjects responded that the taste was the most important factor of food. On frequency of eating, 'over 8 times' scored high as 27.9%, and on motivation of eating, 'with visiting Korea' scored high as 48.2%. On satisfaction for the menu quality of korean traditional food, the highest item was 'taste(3.82 point)' and 'nutrition(3.82 point)', and but 'Japanese mark on menu(2.47 point)', 'Japanese mark on ingredient(2.61 point)' scored low. Overall satisfaction for korean traditional food had an effect on intention of revisiting, and therefore, improving the quality of the traditional food and the strategy for the classification of desires are earnestly requested.