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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Food Culture
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Volume & Issues
Volume 21, Issue 6 - Dec 2006
Volume 21, Issue 5 - Oct 2006
Volume 21, Issue 4 - Aug 2006
Volume 21, Issue 3 - Jun 2006
Volume 21, Issue 2 - Apr 2006
Volume 21, Issue 1 - Feb 2006
Selecting the target year
Perceptional Trend and Preference for Korean Traditional Holiday Food of China-Korean in Yanbian Area
Park, Young-Sun ; Chung, Young-Sook ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 21, issue 1, 2006, Pages 1~7
The purpose of this study was to identify the perceptional patterns of Korean traditional food for China-Korean housewives in Yanbian area and to compare the preference for traditional food of Korean national holidays between the perceptional patterns. Data were collected from 261 China-Korean housewives in the Yanbian area and cluster analysis was used. The results revealed two different patterns, i.e., tradition-oriented vs. modem-oriented. Descriptive statistics showed that perceptional patterns were likely to vary depending on socio-demographic background. Also, perceptional patterns were significantly related with the preference of traditional food of national holidays i.e., new years day, first full moon of January, thanksgiving day, han-shik (the 105th day after the winter solstice), and dong-gi (the coldest winter solstice). Similarities and differences in perceptional patterns as well as preference of traditional food of national holidays were discussed, and future implications for food nutritionists and Asia marketers were provided.
A Study on the Preference and Intake Frequency of Korean Traditional Beverages
Lee, Yeon-Jung ; Byun, Gwang-In ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 21, issue 1, 2006, Pages 8~16
This study was performed by questionnaire to investigate the preference and intake frequency of Korean traditional commercial beverages. The subjects were consisted of 320 participants in Daegu and Kyungpook area. 'Chain market' scored 49.4% as purchasing place of traditional beverages. 'Tea bag' scored 31.6% as the favorite package of traditional beverages. On the reasons of drinking traditional beverage 'good for health' scored the highest with 31.3% respondents, followed by 'good smell' with 14.4%. Coffee and traditional tea were the choice of beverage after having a rich meal and on occasion of entertaining guests. The favorite foods in ordinary days were 'tea', 'alcohol', 'ice cream', 'nuts' and 'cookie'. More than thirty percent of the respondents, both male and female, raised the need of improvement in taste of traditional beverage. In the intake frequency, Korea traditional beverages obtained 1.80 points as a whole. 'Green tea' scored highest(3.40points) while 'mulberry-leaf tea' received the lowest score of 1.31 points. The preferred Korean traditional drinks were 'greed tea', 'shick hae', 'citron tea', 'misitgaru', 'maesil tea', 'rice tea' in the order. On the other hand, the preference for 'mulberry-leaf tea', 'boxthom tea', 'ginger tea', 'chrysanthemum tea' and 'omija tea' was very low. The people who are on twenties preferred 'shick hae', 'honey tea', 'citron tea', 'black tea' and 'misitgaru' more than the other generation.
Recognition and Preference to Korean Traditional Food of Chinese at Seoul Residence
Kweon, Seok-Yim ; Yoon, Sook-Ja ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 21, issue 1, 2006, Pages 17~30
This survey was conducted to find out the familiarity and preference of Chinese residing in Korea on Korean food. They were composed of Chinese students studying in Korea and Chinese staffs working at the Chinese Embassy in Seoul. About 65.60% of the respondents liked Korean food while 28.00% disliked it. The reason for liking Korean food was its taste. The frequency of having Korean food a week was 46.80%, which meant Chinese had Korean food quite often. Their interest in Korean food was derived from their own personal taste and food programs of mass communication media. The most familiar food was kimchi (90.40%), followed by bulgogi (89.60%), samketang, chicken stew with ginseng (75.60%) and bibimbap, rice with vegetables (74.80%). The the most favored dish was bulgogi (64.40%), which showed that bulgogi was the most representative dish to them among Korean dishes. The area where Korean food needed innovation, Chinese pointed out, was some changes in cooking. That is, traditional Korean food needs, although maintaining its original tastes, to change its preparation of spices catering to foreigners' taste.
The Use of Korean Traditional Liquors and Plan for Encouraging It
Kim, Young-Joo ; Han, Young-Sil ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 21, issue 1, 2006, Pages 31~41
The purpose of this study was to examine the use of different sorts of Korean traditional liquor among male and female adults in Seoul and Gyeonggi province, their awareness of them and their preference in an effort to discuss what problems Korean traditional liquors were faced with and how they could gain popularity among people in general. First, It is investigated of drinking frequency by gender, 51.3 percent of the male adults drunk once or twice a week, and 33.2 percent of the female adults drunk once or twice a month. Thus, the men drunk more often than the women. By age, the adults who were in their 20s and 30s were far different from those who were in their 50s above in drinking frequency. Second, regarding what kind of liquor they enjoyed, the men enjoyed Soju the most, followed by beer and traditional liquors. The women enjoyed beer the most, followed by Soju and wine. The favorite liquor of the men was Soju, followed by beer and traditional liquor, and the women most liked for beer, followed by wine and Soju. The female adults preferred low-proof liquor more than the male adults. Third, concerning their awareness of traditional liquor, Andong-soju was most widely viewed as traditional liquor, which were followed by Munbaeju, Gyeongju-gyodongbeopju, Gyeongju-beopju, Gukhwaju, Ssal- makgeolri, and Geumsan-insamju. Overall, they were rarely aware what traditional liquor was. Fourth, as to purchase experience, the men and the older people had more experience to buy traditional drinks than the women and the younger ones. Fifth, as for anju (dishes for traditional drinks), they believed that panfried food and Kimchi should be served with coarse liquor. Panfried and streamed dishes were considered to be good complements to Takju (rice wine) and Cheongju (clear strained rice wine), and pot stew and soup were looked upon as good complements to distilled liquor. The above-mentioned findings illustrated that in order to step up the development of the traditional liquor industry, perpetual research efforts should be put into adding new tastes to unique traditional liquor drinks. And it's required to commercialize those drinks, and multiple P.R. and marketing strategies should be prepared to promote their sales.
Job Satisfaction of Employees in F&B Department: Domestic Independent Deluxe Hotel vs. International Chain Deluxe Hotel
Lee, So-Jung ; Myung, Me-Sun ; Yang, Il-Sun ; Lee, Hae-Young ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 21, issue 1, 2006, Pages 42~50
The purposes of this study were to measure the job satisfaction levels of F&B(Food & Beverage) personnel in hotel by using JDI(Job Descriptive Index), to investigate relationships between demographic variables or job type and job satisfaction, to determine the relative importance of the five facets and to identify the effects of job satisfaction on turnover intention by hotel. Questionnaire was developed and distributed to 660 employees who are currently working in food & beverage department of hotel A (Domestic independent deluxe hotel) and hotel B(international chain deluxe hotel). A total of 498 questionnaires were usable; resulting in 75.5% response rate. The survey was conducted between March 16 to 27, 2000. As a result of analysis on job satisfaction, total JDI score was 136.57 out of full mark 210. Personnel of Hotel A was more satisfied significantly with work itself (p<.01), supervision (p<.001), co-worker (p<.01), total JDI (p<.001) than those of hotel B. Total JDI and work itself score were higher on employees of front of the house than those of back of the house in both of hotels. Payroll was the most important facet on job satisfaction. Finally, work itself (p<.001) and payroll (p<.05) had a significant effect on turnover intention in hotel A and work itself (p<.001), supervision (p<.05) and promotion (p<.05) did in hotel B. The findings indicated the necessity of human resource management apt to the vision of enterprise and the organizational culture.
Family Restaurant Customers' Quality Evaluation and Satisfaction Depending on the Physical Environmental Variables
Byun, Gwang-In ; Cho, Woo-Je ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 21, issue 1, 2006, Pages 51~56
This research suggests critical and specific decisive variables that affect general service quality of the products in family restaurants, considering features of services in which consumption and production happens simultaneous by collecting the raw data through point of sales. It also analyses the factors and helps to offer them practical strategies by providing managers of the restaurants and marketers with empirical viewpoints based on the research. Generally, family restaurants need their own physical environment and are required to encourage customers to revisit themselves by maintaining pleasant environment as well as, considering space for customers and for employees' working routes and effective maintenance of the facilities. The result of the study also tells that even if the unimportant factors did not affect much on the restaurants, management over these factors can be a differentiated strategy for competitive advantage over the other businesses.
Estimation of Attributes Affecting University Students to Select the Pizza Restaurant by Gender
Kang, Jong-Heon ; Jeong, In-Suk ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 21, issue 1, 2006, Pages 57~64
The purpose of this study was to measure the pizza purchasing behavioral characteristics of respondents and importances of factors affecting pizza purchase, to estimate the effects of attributes on pizza restaurant choice, and to predict probability of selecting a particular pizza restaurant. The questionnaire consisted of two parts: The paired experimental profiles, purchasing behavior and importances of factors affecting pizza purchase. This study generated profiles of 16 hypothetical pizza restaurant based on the seven attributes. The profiles comprised 16 discrete sets of variables, each of which had two levels. For this study, researcher randomly selected 150 students of university as respondents. Twenty students did not complete the survey instrument, resulting in a final sample size of 129. All estimations were carried out using frequencies,
, independent samples t-test, phreg procedure of SAS package. The results are as follows. Some purchasing behavioral characteristics and importances of factors affecting pizza purchase were significantly different by gender. Based on the estimated models developed for male student group and female student group, the Chi-square statistics were significant at p<0.001. The parameter estimate for late delivery time with male student group was highest, and the parameter estimate for price with female student group was highest. The pizza restaurant that charged \20,000, offered 100% discount on eleventh pizza, promised to deliver pizza in 40 mins, usually delivered the pizza as promised time, offered only 1 type of pizza crust, delivered warm pizza, offered the money-back guarantee was favored by each of male student group and female student group. The results from this study suggested that there was an opportunity to increase market share and profit by improving operations so that customers receive discount and money-back guarantee simultaneously, and by reducing price, delivery time.
The Difference of Hotel Brand Personality Perceived by F&B and Kitchen Employees between Local and International Deluxe Hotels in Seoul
Choi, Mi-Kyung ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 21, issue 1, 2006, Pages 65~70
The purpose of this study were to measure brand personalities of deluxe hotels in Seoul, and to identify the difference of brand personality between local and international hotels. The questionnaires developed for this study were distributed to 460 employees in kitchen and F&B departments of 11 deluxe hotels in Seoul. A total of 398 questionnaires were used for anaylsis(86.5%) and the statistical analyses were completed using SPSS Win(12.0) for descriptive analysis, reliability analysis and t-test, and AMOS(5.0) for confirmatory factor analysis. The results of this study showed that deluxe hotels have brand personalities relatively strong at 'affection', 'sophistication', 'competence' dimensions, and there was a significant difference by hotel nationality. The brand personality scores of international brand hotels perceived by employees were high at the 'excitement'(p<0.001), 'sophistication'(p<0.001), and 'competence'(p<0.01) dimensions, whereas local hotels were considered more obedient(p<0.01). Overall, it could be a key factor for successful brand management that establish a distinctive brand personality, and a localized brand personality measure will lead to more desirable decision making.
Eliminatory Effect of Health Drink Containing Hovenia Dulcis Thunb Extract on Ethanol-Induced Hangover in Rats
Park, Eun-Mi ; Ye, Eun-Ju ; Kim, Soo-Jung ; Choi, Hyun-Im ; Bae, Man-Jong ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 21, issue 1, 2006, Pages 71~75
This study was conducted to investigate the eliminatory effect of health drink containing Hovenia dulcis Thunb extract on ethanol-induced hangover in rats. Male Sprague-Dawley rats weighing
were given health drink (10 mL/kg) or other company product(10 mL/kg) 30 min before or after 40% ethanol (5 g/kg body weight) ingestion. To study the effect of health drink on blood ethanol concentration, blood was taken from caudal artery at 1, 3, 5 hr and the animal were sacrificed 24 hr after ethanol ingestion. From 1 to 5 hr, health drink pre- or postdosing significantly decreased the ethanol levels in the blood. The acetaldehyde concentration showed decrement in health drink group and other company product group. The activities of ethanol, alcohol dehydrogenase and aldehyde dehydrogenase measured at postdosing, were also not altered by the administration of health drink. Alanine aminotransferase and aspartate aminotransferase activities showed unaltered resulted in all experimental groups compared with the normal group. These results suggest that oral intake of health drink containing Hovenia dulcis Thunb is effective on elimination of ethanol-induced hangover.
A Study on Quality Characteristics of Demi-glace Sauce with Added Fresh Basil
Choi, Soo-Keun ; Kim, Dong-Seok ; Lee, Yeon-Jung ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 21, issue 1, 2006, Pages 76~80
This study investigated the quality characteristics of demi-glace sauce that is used widely in western cuisine depending on adding volume of basil which has a specific aroma, taste and some functional ability. Analysis of color differences of demi-glace sauce was showed that a-value of demi-glace sauce decreased with adding basil, whereas viscosity of the demi-glace sauce was decreased. There were no significant differences in color, aroma, taste, appearance, viscosity, feel in mouse and general acceptability with sex and age of subjects. Demi-glace sauce with 2% basil showed best score in sensory evaluation. From theabove results, our data suggest that addition of 2% basil to demi-glace sauce is recommend for commercial use.
on Flavor and Oxidation Stability in Seasoning Oil
Koo, Bon-Soon ; Kim, Jong-Seung ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 21, issue 1, 2006, Pages 81~85
Seasoning oil(SO-1) was manufactured from soybean oil, with
, oleoresin paprika and 3 kinds of flavors. Color of it's SO-1 was red. Total content of trans fatty acid of SO-1 was low level 0.84%, compare to the butter's and margarine's 1.35%, 28.31%, respectively. Total volatile components of SO-1 was 201,313.11ppm, was higher than soybean oil's, butter's, margarine's and SO-2's(removed 3 kinds of flavors from SO-1), it's value of 63.54ppm, 481.24ppm, 168.95ppm and 205.73ppm, respectively. And smoke point(SP) of SO-1 was higher than others. SP of SO-1, after 6 months later at room temperature, was 240, in contrast with soybean oil's 228. This SO-1, added
and flavor components, had a masking effect of burnt flavor. From these results, SO-1 can be replaced of butter or margarine as a substituted oil.
Bone Density and Related Factors of Vegetarian and Non-vegetarian University Students in Seoul Area
Chung, Nam-Yong ; Choi, Soon-Nam ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 21, issue 1, 2006, Pages 86~98
This study was conducted to investigate factors affecting bone density of food and nutrition vegetarian and non-vegetarian university students in Seoul area. Data for food habits, dietary and health-related behaviors were obtained by self administered questionnaires. BQI(bone quality index) of the subjects was measured by an Quantitative Ultrasound (QUS). The results are summarized as follows: The average height, weight, BMI and osteopenia percentage of the vegetarian and non-vegetarian male and female student were 172.61cm, 62.42kg, 20.98 and 24.2%; 175.38cm, 72.52kg, 23.71 and 16.7%; 160.47cm, 55.76kg, 21.66 and 55.9%; 161.77cm, 56.34kg, 21.53 and 37.6%, respectively. The BQI of the subjects were 101.73 and 107.43 in male student group, and 84.15, 89.64 in female student group, respectively. The BQI, Z-score value of bone density was significantly different in female group. Weight and BMI were positively related with BQI in male and female group. BQI was positively affected by nutrition supplement and negatively affected by seafood in vegetarian male student group. In vegetarian female student group, amount of meal was positively related with BQI and meal regularity was negatively related BQI. The result of this study revealed that the desirable food habits, dietary behaviors and health-related lifestyles may have a beneficial effect on bone density. They should have practically and systematically organized nutritional education on optimum body weight, good eating habits, weight bearing exercise and intakes of good quality nutrient for higher bone density level.
Effects of Dietary Dae-Chu (Rhamnace ziziphus), Onion (Allium cepa L.), Mixture Extract on Serum Composition in Rats
Cho, Young-Ja ; Park, Hee-Jin ; Ju, Sung-Mee ; Hou, Won-Nyoung ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 21, issue 1, 2006, Pages 99~106
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of dietary dae-chu(Rhamnace ziziphus, A), onion(Allium cepa L., O), mixture extracts (mulberry leaf, licorice root, pine needle, angelica gigas, jujube, onion, M) on serum glucose, lipid, enzyme, phosphorus levels in rats (Sprague-Dawley male rats,
). Serum calcium of onion group was significantly decreased (p<0.05), but mixture extracts group of Cl (p<0.05) and TBIL (total bilirubin, p<0.05) were significantly increased. Serum glucose, total cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol and triglyceride were increased experimental rats than those of the normal rats. Mixture extracts was better than other groups for lipid metabolism. Also, GPT(glutamic pyruvic transaminase) and GOT(glutamic oxaloacetate transaminase) of onion extracts were protected to liver. So mixture and onion extracts were good drink for health.