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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Food Culture
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Volume & Issues
Volume 21, Issue 6 - Dec 2006
Volume 21, Issue 5 - Oct 2006
Volume 21, Issue 4 - Aug 2006
Volume 21, Issue 3 - Jun 2006
Volume 21, Issue 2 - Apr 2006
Volume 21, Issue 1 - Feb 2006
Selecting the target year
Analysis of Food and Nutritional Informations in Articles and Advertisements in Children's Daily Newspapers in Korea
Kim, Ji-Eun ; Lee, Kyoung-Ae ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 21, issue 3, 2006, Pages 233~240
This study was intended to help children to cultivate and develop a sound attitude toward food consumption and eating habits through the analysis of food and nutritional information in news articles and advertisements in three major daily children's newspapers in Korea: The Chosen Children's Daily Newspaper, The Hankook Children's Daily Newspaper, and The Donga Children's Daily Newspaper. The monitoring period was for twelve months, January to December 2003. Two hundred seventy-nine articles and three hundred thirty-five advertisements were analyzed. The results were as follows. 'Cooking and health' were the most frequent subject in food and nutrition articles. The articles' contents are evaluated positively in morality and explanation; but negatively in fairness, specialization, and objectiveness. The articles were insufficient in the explanation of professional terms, scientific bases, and practical measures for real life. It therefore seems that they were difficult for children to understand well. The most frequent themes in the advertisements were 'processed fats and sugars' such as chocolate, candies, and cookies. Frequently, they were exaggerated and accompanied by phrases promoting consumption. They did not provide sufficient well-grounded information, and focused too much on events or gifts to instigate consumer sentiment. In conclusion, the most serious problem was that most food and nutrition information in these children's newspapers was lacking in specialization. More specialized and objective information should be provided in order to enhance the educational value of children's newspapers and their utilization in school education programs. Continuous monitoring should be carried out to discover those news articles and advertisements that contain correct food and nutrition information.
The Modern Food Consumption Phenomena and It's Meaning in Context of Consumption Culture
Sohn, Sang-Hee ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 21, issue 3, 2006, Pages 241~246
The purpose of this study was to understand current food consumption phenomena in the context of Korea's consumption culture and economy. For this purpose, food consumption phenomena and the underlying meaning of consumption culture were investigated. The study indicated that current food consumption phenomena were characterized by increased eating habits away from home, consuming more fast food and processed foods, westernized diet, eager for taste, and overwhelming well-being products, which could result in environmental problems as well as malign physical and mental defects. It was argued that current food consumption phenomena had been mainly affected by the commercial food industry and consumers' cultural consideration. Finally, this paper discussed several approaches to motivate consumers' awareness and how to change their food consumption culture, and further government policy efforts.
The Effects of Menu Price, Human Service, Amenity, Menu Quality on Menu Value and Revisit Intention
Yoo, Young-Jin ; Ha, Dong-Hyun ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 21, issue 3, 2006, Pages 247~253
The purpose of this study was to investigate how comparative menu price, human service, amenity, and menu quality affected menu value, and how menu value influenced revisit intention. The model was tested in a family restaurant setting using a sample of customers visiting and enjoying menu in Daegu metropolitan city. Empirical results confirmed that not only do human service, amenity and menu quality increase menu value but that comparative menu price reduces menu value. Menu value was also found to be a significant antecedent of revisit intention. The results obtained have major implications for family restaurant marketers as well as for future research. First, family restaurant marketers should pay attention to menu pricing, as menu price decreased menu value. Second, family restaurant marketers should try to increase menu value through training of human service. Third, family restaurant marketers should try to add menu value by way of recruiting high-skilled cook. Fourth, family restaurant marketers should make efforts to attract customers through interior design.
A Case Study on Price Elasticity Measurement and Identification of Factors Affecting Price Elasticity of a Family Restaurant
Lee, Bong-Shik ; Yang, Il-Sun ; Shin, Seo-Young ; Choi, Mi-Kyung ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 21, issue 3, 2006, Pages 254~261
The purposes of this study were to measure price elasticities of menu items of a family restaurant, identify differences of price elasticity between subgroups, and provide a comprehensive understanding on price elasticity. 3 menu items of a salad buffet family restaurant in Seoul were selected for analyses, and a questionnaire was developed through literature review and modified after pilot test. The questionnaires for main survey were distributed to 250 customers on their visit to the restaurant, and a total of 139 questionnaires were used for analyses (55.6%). Statistical analyses were conducted using SPSS Win (12.0) for descriptive analyses, t-test, ANOVA, and the main results of this study were as follows. The demands were expected very elastic to the changes in prices of all 3 menu items, and there were significant differences between groups of different company types. In addition, the changes in use were less affected by the changes in menu price when customers were satisfied with each menu item. On the basis of these results, it was concluded that price increases of menu items should be companied by quality improvement of products and services, and differentiated marketing strategy for each segments of customers would be helpful to profitability of the restaurant. Overall, measurement of price elasticity could help to predict customer behaviors on price changes, and give much useful information for managers and marketers of foodservice organizations in development of price strategies.
Development and Acceptance Test of Protein Enriched Menu for the Aged
Kim, Hae-Young ; Back, Su-Ryon ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 21, issue 3, 2006, Pages 262~269
The purpose of this study was to develop protein enriched menu for the aged and running an acceptance test on the protein enriched menu. Four kinds of the menu were developed with emphasis on protein enriched food materials of chicken and beans for menu1, chunggukjang for menu2, pork for menu3, beef and mackerel for menu4. one portion of calorie, polysaccharide, protein and fats for the aged were calculated at 567kcal, 92.8g, 21.3g and 12.6g respectively based on recommended daily allowances for adults. Protein content increased in the menus 1, 2, 3 and 4 were 13.2%, 17.5%, 12.4%, and 13.3%, respectively. In the result of the acceptance test, the cooked rice with black beans and chicken soup of menu1 had significantly the highest acceptance score among the rice and soup groups, respectively (p<0.05). In the side dish, bean curd, cucumber and onion salad in menu1 had relatively higher acceptance scores than the others with significant difference at p<0.05. Overall acceptance of menu 1 had significantly the highest acceptance scores of all. Female showed significantly the higher scores of overall acceptance on menu 2 and 4 than those of male from the t test results of acceptance test.
Menu Analysis Using Menu Engineering and Cost/Margin Analysis - French Restaurant of the Tourism Hotel in Seoul -
Lee, Eun-Jung ; Lee, Young-Sook ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 21, issue 3, 2006, Pages 270~279
This study was designed to : (a) analyze the menus of the French restaurant in tourism hotel using the menu analysis techniques of Kasavana & Smith and Pavesic, (b) compare the characteristics of the two analysis techniques. The calculations for the menu analysis were done using the MS 2000 Excel spreadsheet program. The menu mix % and unit contribution margin were used as variables by Kasavana & Smith and weighted contribution margins (WCM) and potential food cost % (PFC%) by Pavesic. In two cases, a four-cell matrix was created and menu items were located in each according they achieved high or low scores with respect to two variables. The items that scored favorably on both variables were rated in the top category (e.g., star, prime) and those that scored below average on both were rated in the lowest category (e.g., dog, problem). While Kasavana & Smith's method focused on customer's viewpoints, Pavesic's method considered the manager's viewpoints. Therefore, it is more likely to be desirable for decision-making on menus if the menu analysis techniques chosen is suited to its purpose.
Wine Consuming Behavior by Demographic Characteristics of Wine Consumers
Chong, Yu-Kyeong ; Jung, Won-Hee ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 21, issue 3, 2006, Pages 280~289
The purpose of this study is to investigate exploratory wine consuming behavior based on demographic characteristics of wine consumers. A questionnaire was organized and distributed widely to a thousand of wine consumers who could be easily met at wine bars or restaurants, retail stores, wine expositions and wine sampling parties. Total of 793 completed questionnaires (Male: 48.4%, Female: 51.6%) were obtained and analyzed using SPSS package (v.10.0) program. The results of the present study discuss general demographic characteristics of participated subjects, the expenditure for wine, frequency and amount for wine taking, preference of the origin of wines, and preferred wine style. The results also show that why the consumers purchase wine, where they drink or purchase the wine, and what makes they prefer a particular wine bar. Consumers' information search behavior and important factor on wine selection process are presented at the end of the results as well. The current research suggests that gender and age are critical factors to understand wine consuming behavior of customers and improving the knowledge and service level of wine specialists is powerful marketing tool at practical fields.
Quality Characteristics of the Walnut Bread with Varied Levels of Resistant Starch
Kang, Nam-E ; L.Kim, Hye-Young ; Lee, In-Seon ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 21, issue 3, 2006, Pages 290~296
Physicochemical and sensory characteristics of the walnut bread with various levels of resistant starch were investigated in this study. Water contents of dough had significantly the largest value of 44.91% with 10% substituted sample group and the control group had significantly the lowest value (p<0.05). Volume of 10 and 20% substituted sample groups and control group were not significantly different. The 10 and 20% substituted groups had significantly the lower hardness compared to those of control group. Results of sensory characteristics showed significantly higher savory aroma, astringent flavor with 30% substituted sample group at p<0.05. Savory aroma was not significantly different among the walnut breads. Acceptance test of walnut bread with 10% substituted sample group showed the higher appearance, savory flavor, texture, and overall acceptability and they did not show significant differences with the 20% substituted sample groups. Quality characteristics of walnut bread with 10% and 20% substituted sample groups indicated significantly similar or higher values compared to those of control.
Physicochemical Characteristics of Ethanol Extracts from Each Part of the Pleurotus eryngii
Ahn, Myung-Soo ; Kim, Hyun-Jeung ; Seo, Mi-Sook ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 21, issue 3, 2006, Pages 297~302
This study has examined the physicochemical properties of the Pleurotus eryngii, including their proximate components, amount mineral content, total dietary fiber, total sugar, reducing sugar and free sugar. Additionally, it measured the P. egii ethanol extracts and the total amounts of polyphenol compounds as well as its electron donating ability (EDA) of the substance fraction (SF). The P. eryngii powder's moisture content was 9.0% and each of the other element content such as carbohydrate, crude protein, crude ash and crude fat was found to be 63.06%, 20.70%, 5.20% and 2.0% respectively. Potassium (K) was shown to be the greatest inorganic content and manganese (Mn) was the lowest. Furthermore fructose, galactose, glucose lactose and maltose free sugar content was found in this order. 387 mg% of the total amounts of polyphenol was found in the P. eryngii whole body ethanol extract, 158 mg% in the stipe extract, 593 mg% in the pileus extract and 607 mg% in the substance fraction (SF). Electron donating ability (EDA) was highest at 91.12% in the whole body extract and lowest at 62.90% in the stipe extract. Additionally, the EDA for substance fraction (SF) 0.02%-0.1% was found to be 57.78-77.33%, which was lower than the 0.02%-tocopherol (93.92%) and BHT (96.72%). From these results, it can be assumed that P. eryngii offers superior antioxidative effects with its high content of fiber, inorganic materials and total amounts of polyphenol as well as high electron donating ability (EDA), thereby making it ideal for use in functional foods and industrial materials.
A Study on the Satisfaction and Preference on the Menu of Japanese Restaurant Customers
Jeong, Woo-Seok ; Lee, Yeon-Jung ; Bong, Jun-Ho ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 21, issue 3, 2006, Pages 303~310
This study was performed by questionnaire to investigate the satisfaction and preference on the menu of Japanese restaurant customers in Seoul. The subjects were consisted of 386 participants in Seoul. The results are as follows: Respondents consider that the preferred menu of Japanese restaurants' foods is menus such as 'assorted raw fish', 'sushi', and 'dessert' rather than menus such as 'jin mi', 'seasonal appetizer', 'raw fish with vinegar' and 'clean soup'. The higher intake Japanese cuisine menus was 'dessert' (3.71 point), 'noodle and soup' 'sushi' 'fried dishes', and but 'jin mi' (1.91 point), 'seasonal appetizer' scored the lowest. In result of analyzing difference between importance and satisfaction of the menu, importance is much higher than satisfaction. In terms of IPA analysis on Japanese cuisine menu, it was noteworthy that the 2nd quadrant with high fulfillment but low importance for customers included 'noodle and soup'. The menus that need continuous keeping management with high importance and high fulfillment included 'assorted raw fish', 'roasted dishes', 'fried dishes', 'beef and seafood casserole', 'sushi', 'deopbap', 'dessert'.
Rheological Properties of Dough and Quality Characteristics of Bread Added with Pumpkin Powder
Bae, Jong-Ho ; Woo, Hi-Seob ; Jung, In-Chang ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 21, issue 3, 2006, Pages 311~318
This study aims to investigate the quality characteristics of breads with the addition of sweet pumpkin powder. Farinogram showed that the absorption rate of the dough decreased, the development time and stability became shortened, and the degree of attenuation tended to be grown along with increasing the amount of pumpkin powder. From the amylogram, it was found that the gelatinization starting temperature and the maximum viscosity of pumpkin powder added dough seemed to be decreased as the amount of pumpkin powder was increased. Extensogram showed that there was a decrease in the degree of extension of the dough added with increasing the amount of pumpkin powder, while an increase in the degree of resistance and resistance/extensibility. The lightness (L value) and redness (a value) of bread was found to be decreased with increasing the amount of pumpkin powder, while the yellowness (b value) increased. In terms of the dough texture, for which the hardness, cohesiveness and gumminess of the dough were measured, there were no significant differences between groups, while the dough added with 8.0% pumpkin powder showed a significant decrease in the elasticity. The results of sensory evaluation showed that the highest score of color (p<0.05) and taste (p<0.05) were obtained from the bread added with 6.0% and 8.0% pumpkin powder, while the highest score of texture in control and 3.0% pumpkin bread. In addition, the highest score of flavor (p<0.05) and overall acceptance (p<0.05) were observed in bread added with 6.0% pumpkin powder. Upon the results of this study, it was assumed that the development of food products using pumpkin are prospective in response to health-oriented consumers.
Characterization of Volatile Compounds in Low-Temperature and Long-Term Fermented Baechu Kimchi
Kim, Ji-Yun ; Park, Eun-Young ; Kim, Young-Suk ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 21, issue 3, 2006, Pages 319~324
Volatile compounds in low-temperature and long-term fermented Baechu kimchi were extracted by high vacuum sublimation(HVS), and then analyzed by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry(GC-MS). A total of 62 compounds, including 7 sulfur-containing compounds, 8 terpenes, 5 esters, 8 acids, 15 alcohols, 2 nitrites, 2 ketones, 11 aliphatic hydrocarbons and 4 miscellaneous compounds, were found in low-temperature and long-term fermented Baechu kimchi. Among them, acetic acid and butanoic acid were quantitatively dominant. Aroma-active compounds were also determined by gas chromatography/olfactometry(GC-O) using aroma extract dilution analysis(AEDA). A total of 16 aroma-active compounds were detected by GC-O. Butanoic acid was the most potent aroma-active compound with the highest FD factor(
) followed by linalool, acetic acid, 2-vinyl-4H-1,3-dithin and 3-methyl-1-butanol. The major aroma-active compounds, such as acetic acid and butanoic acid, were related to sour and rancid or notes.
The Effect of Red Ginseng Powder on Quality of Dasik
Yun, Geun-Young ; Kim, Myoung-Ae ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 21, issue 3, 2006, Pages 325~329
This study was to investigate the effect of the addition of red ginseng powder in Dasik. The addition of red ginseng powder in Dasik that we used with was in the ratio of 0%, 2%, 4%, 6% and 8% of red ginseng powder to Dasik in weight. Also, we used two different kinds of Dasik. One was made of starch and the other was made of flour. The physic-chemical analysis and sensory test were performed on the Dasik. The red ginseng powder added flour and starch Dasik showed lower moisture content and higher ash content compared with the non-added control group. In color analysis, whereas L value lowed at the addition of red ginseng powder, a and b value increased at the addition of red ginseng powder. In mechanical texture test, addition of red ginseng powder starch Dasik showed high hardness, cohesiveness and brittleness. Addition of red ginseng powder flour Dasik showed high springiness and gumminess. In the sensory test, the addition of the red ginseng powder reduced the sweetness and increased the surface color and the flavor. There was no difference in preference between the Dasik with up to 4% of red ginseng powder added and the control group, but the Dasik with 6% or more red ginseng was found undesirable (p<0.05). In conclusion, the Dasik with up to 4% addition of red ginseng powder would be the useful method to fulfill the traditional quality of Dasik. It was also found that the flour Dasik was to be more preferable than the starch Dasik.
The Effects of the Addition of Orange and Grape Concentrates, and Fructose on the Quality Characteristics of Soy Kefir
Lee, Sook-Young ; Na, Sung-Hoon ; Lee, See-Young ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 21, issue 3, 2006, Pages 330~335
The objectives of this study were to characterize the quality of soy kefir made with soymilk in combination with fructose (5%, 10%) and one of the extracts from orange (10%, 15%) and grape (5%, 10%) with differently adjusted amounts as defendant variables. The lactic acid bacteria, yeast and total microbial counts of soy kefir were respectively
CFU/ml, soy kefir was propered to drink. pH of soy kefir mixed by orange and grape extracts was decreased significantly according to add fructose 5%. Acidity became significantly high when orange and grape extracts were added, which means acidity showed similar tendency in the opposite direction. The saccharinity of soy kefir was not significantly in orange extract, but soy kefir added fructose 10% was high more than fructose 5% in grape extract. In sensory evaluation, soy kefirs added orange extract 15%, fructose 5% and grape extract 10%, fructose 5% were estimated highly on color, astrigent taste, sour taste, mouth feel and overall quality.
University Students' Consumptive Perceptions of Bread and Cookies with Added Herbs and Sensory Characteristics of Herb Baguettes
Kim, Hyun-Duk ; Jeong, Myeong-Sook ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 21, issue 3, 2006, Pages 336~343
This study examined the consumptive perceptions of herb added breads and cookies with 436 male and 444 female university students. Also this study tested sensory preference of baguette. The results of this study were as follows: First, the intention rate of herb added breads and cookies were high with 85.5% (N=752) and female was higher with 89.6% than male with 81.2%. In terms of consumption prospect, 48.0% of them responded with increasing, 45.6% of them responded quite positively with 'average'. The 4.4% of them responded with decreasing. There was significant difference about consumption between male and female. Second, 45.8% of them responded herb added breads and cookies consumption rate will be increased due to consumers are seeking new tastes. The 59.0% of them responded consumption rate will be decreased due to they are not familiar with new taste. Third, in terms of sensory preference of rosemary added baguette, appearance, flavor, taste, overall acceptability was high with 2% added group. The texture was high with 1% added group. The appearance and flavor preference of mint added baguette breads was high with 1% added group. The taste, texture, and overall acceptability was high with control group. Fourth, while male preferred rosemary 1% on appearance, flavor, taste, texture, overall acceptability, female preferred rosemary 2% on appearance, flavor, taste, overall acceptability. Both of them evaluated mint 4% as the least preferred.
Effects of Leisure Type on Health Status and Obesity Index of Senior Citizens in Suwon Area
Kim, Yun-Hye ; Lee, Bog-Hieu ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 21, issue 3, 2006, Pages 344~350
The study aims to examine whether regular leisure activity of the elderly with active and passive types has a beneficial effect to enhance their health condition. The elderly subjects of 164 (82 of elderly who do active leisure and 82 of elderly who do passive leisure) aged over 60 years in Suwon area were employed. Survey questionnaires were administered to investigate general characteristics, life style, and health status along with anthropometric measurement. From the findings, the elderly who do active leisure were highly educated and better in living status. The elderly who do passive leisure showed higher drinking and smoking rates as well as higher obesity and overweight rates in comparison to the other counterpart. Furthermore, the elderly who do passive leisure were poor in health status. 'Painful knee and eye', 'lower back pain', and 'fatigue' were the most prevalent among subjective symptoms of the elderly. In conclusion, the elderly with active leisure activity seemed to have better life style and maintain good health status. Therefore, it is critically important to establish the health program combined with various leisure activity for the seniors to promote and energize the later years of life.