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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Food Culture
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 22, Issue 6 - Dec 2007
Volume 22, Issue 5 - Oct 2007
Volume 22, Issue 4 - Sep 2007
Volume 22, Issue 3 - Jun 2007
Volume 22, Issue 2 - Apr 2007
Volume 22, Issue 1 - Feb 2007
Selecting the target year
A Study on the Vegetables Mentioned in the Bible
Woo, Ja-Won ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 22, issue 1, 2007, Pages 1~9
This paper is intended to study what kinds of the vegetables are mentioned in the Bible and how they were used in those days. While one hundred and twenty-eight different plants are mentioned in the Bible, there are today 2,384 plant species in modem Israel, most of which have been introduced in recent centuries. These plants obviously did not exist there in biblical times and were only recently introduced from Australia and South America, respectively. This article will study only the vegetables mentioned in the Bible and known to have existed in the old and new testament times. Since the first book devoted exclusively to biblical botany was that of Levinus Lemmens in 1566, the modem systematic study of biblical plants, began with F. Hasselquist, a student of Linnaeus, the founder of modem botany. In 1928, Immanuel Loew approached the subject differently, reviewing all known data pertaining to biblical plants. His work not only discussed biblical plants, but also plants in later Jewish literature, particularly the Talmud. The British scholar G. E. Post provided a broad field study of modem plants in Palestine, Syria, Lebanon, and Jordan. More recent major treatments of the subject include those of A. and H. Moldenke (1952), M. Zohary (1982), N. Hareuveni (1984), and Y. J. Choi(1996). Today, articles on specific biblical plants listed in the Bible can be found in any number of encyclopedias. This study attempts to provide a synthesis of the work of a number of scholars who studied the vegetables and plants mentioned in the Bible. As a preliminary study on the culture of food in the biblical period, this study has focused on the identity and features of the vegetables of the Bible. In only a limited number of instances, because of the paucity of the informations and the broad and generic descriptions of the plants, we can't be certain about the identification of the vegetables named in the Bible. In many instances the traditions established by the Greek, Aramaic, and English translations are helpful, although sometimes they are misleading. This paper subdivides the vegetables into broad areas, the general vegetables and the flavoring herbs. Vegetables formed very important part of the diet in the biblical times. Two main types were used: those whose nutritious seeds could be easily stored and those which were eaten freshly gathered from gardens. Pulse seeds provided a useful source of vegetable protein, while fresh green vegetables were vitamin rich. Pulses could be eaten boiled, or their dried seeds could be ground up into flour and then made into nutritious soups. Fresh vegetables were eaten either raw or lightly cooked, usually by boiling in water. The general vegetables in the Bible are herbs(garden rocket), cucumber(snake cucumber), watermelon, leeks, chicory, and onions. Also the flavoring herbs in the Bible are rue, dill, cummin, black cummin, frankincense, cinnamon, cassia, myrrh, black mustard, coriander, mint, saffron, ginger grass, syrian hyssop, aloes(eagle wood), manna which have the flavor, aroma, and medical values.
A Study on the Housewives' Consumption Pattern and Preference of the Korean Rice Cake as a Substitute for Meal
Noh, Kwang-Seok ; Han, Kee-Young ; Yoon, Sook-Ja ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 22, issue 1, 2007, Pages 10~21
The purpose of this study was to investigate the housewives’ consumption pattern and preference of the Korean rice cake asa substitute for meal. The rate of housewives who had eaten rice cake as a substitute for meal were 75.30% and those who had not were 20.83%. Usually 62.03% of them ate rice cake for breakfast, and 34.21% did them within one time per a week. Reasons for eating rice cake for meal were investigated on ‘easy to eat(54.51%)’, ‘good taste (24.44%)’ and ‘healthy food(14.29%)’. The older housewives wanted healthy rice cake for meal and ate with tea and Kimchi(Dongchimi). The younger ones ate rice cake for meal with tea and milk. Thawing methods of frozen rice cake for meal were different between the older and the younger, respectively, steaming and using microwave. Kinds of rice cake as a substitute meal were Injeolmi(50.75%), Backsulgi(49.62%), Chaltteok (47.74%) and Yaksik(46.44).
A Study of Evaluation for Service Quality Importance of the Korean Cold Noodle Restaurant in Seoul
Kim, Tae-Hyoung ; Oh, Yu-Jin ; Lee, Young-Mee ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 22, issue 1, 2007, Pages 22~31
The purpose of this study was to analyze evaluation variables of service quality of Korean restaurant especially focused on cold noodle restaurants(CNR). The data were analyzed about customer’s expectation of food service quality, service quality was improved by employee’s service in restaurant and employee education in the focus on CNR. The survey was carried out 423 customers and 50 employees in Seoul and Kyunggi province. All statistical data analyses were conducted using the Statistical Package for the Social Science(SPSS version 10.0). The consumer’s evaluation score of service quality were significantly different by consumer’s characteristics. The well planned service at CNR must be developed according to consumer variables such as sex and age group. The evaluation score of service quality were not significantly different by seasonal variation and consumer’s menu selection. The evaluation score of service qualities in CNR were significantly different between customer variables with employees variables. All of the evaluation points of service quality in employees were significantly higher than customers. This result was show that well-trained employees were important factors in consumer satisfaction. Through the employee education program, consumer oriented service mind mort be to developed in employees and employees’ recognition about the importance of service increased the satisfaction of customer using CNR.
Perceived Risk, Perceived Quality, Multi-dimensional Menu Value, Satisfaction and Loyalty - Antecedents and Consequences of Multi-dimensional Menu Value -
Yoo, Young-Jin ; Ha, Dong-Hyun ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 22, issue 1, 2007, Pages 32~42
The purpose of this study was to investigate how menu quality, human
amenity service quality, perceived risk affected quality
price menu value, social
emotion menu value and how quality
price menu value and social
emotion menu value influenced satisfaction. Also this study investigated how satisfaction affected loyalty. The model was tested in hotel restaurants settings of five-star hotels using a sample of customers visiting and enjoying menus in Daegu metropolitan city and Gyeongju city. Empirical results confirmed that not only do menu quality and human
amenity service quality increase quality
price menu value and social
emotion menu value but that perceived risk reduces social
emotion menu value. It was also found that significant antecedents of satisfaction were quality
price menu value and social
emotion menu value. Also, loyalty was also found to be a significant consequences of satisfaction.
A Study on the Ready-to-Eat Street-Foods Usage of Customers in a College-Town in Northern Part of Seoul
Kim, Heh-Young ; Lim, Yaung-Iee ; Kim, Hyun-Jin ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 22, issue 1, 2007, Pages 43~57
This study was designed to identify the actual state of ready-to-eat street-foods usage in a college-town in northern part of seoul. For the empirical study, data was collected from customers who had eaten street-foods and a survey was conducted from 16 to 30, May 2006. The results showed that many respondents had irregular eating habits. More than 60% of them responded they usually skipped breakfast and the reason was no time. It was shown that they have had Frequent snacks and unbalanced diet. The results of survey are as follows ; 1. The major time for street-foods usage: p.m 3-5 (28.77%). 2. The frequency of street-foods usage: 1-2 times/week (43.85%). 3. The street-foods usage days of the week: weekday (52.79%). 4. The mean cost for the onetime purchase of street-foods usage: 1000-3000won (71.79%). 5. The monthly cost for the purchase of street-foods usage: below 50000won (81.84%). 6. The reason for street-foods usage: mainly convenience (60.61%). 7. The reason for minding street-foods : mainly insanitary (40.50)%. 8. Factors considered when choosing street-foods: tastes of the foods (65.08%). Also, it was shown that over 50% of respondents have considered the street-foods as the worth of meal replacement, and taken effective factor on eating habits for influx of new culture. It was indicated that problems of street-foods usage was the unbalanced nutrition for 81.8% of respondents and suggestions for improving the street-foods were sanitary controls for products for 63.4% of respondents.
A Study on the Recognition on Ethics Management of Employees in the Foodservice Industry
Jung, Hyo-Sun ; Yoon, Hye-Hyun ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 22, issue 1, 2007, Pages 58~69
The objective of this study was to analyze the actual situation of ethics management in foodservice industry and its employees’ recognition on corporate ethics management. Self-administrated questionnaires were completed by 342 employees, and the data were analyzed by frequency, chi-square, t-test, and one-way ANOVA. The results showed that the employees consider the corporate ethics management to be very important and it has been much more improved in foodservice industry. However, they are still skeptical about the continuous and consistent practice of ethics management. In addition, the survey revealed that the ethics management was regarded to be critically important to improve the value and the culture of the corporation. It also showed that the recognition of the improvement of ethics management in foodservice industry has been affected by the work environment of the whole society too. The result concluded that the taking the initiative by CEO is the most important factor for introducing the ethics management, while the propagation of ethics management requires the volition of the employees inside the corporation.
Measuring the Effects of Food Neophobia, Nausea, and Learned Food Aversion on Food Rejection and Appetite
Ko, Beom-Seok ; Kang, Jong-Heon ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 22, issue 1, 2007, Pages 70~76
The purpose of this study was to measure the effects of food neophobia, nausea, and learned food aversion on food rejection and appetite. A total of 250 questionnaires were completed. Path analytic model was used to measure the relationships between variables. Results of the study demonstrated that the path analysis result for the data also indicated excellent model fit. The effects of food neophobia on nausea and food rejection were statistically significant. The effect of food neophobia on learned food aversion and appetite was not statistically significant. As expected, nausea had a significant effects on learned food aversion and appetite. Moreover, nausea played a perfect mediating role in the relationship between food neophobia and appetite. Nausea played a perfect mediating role in the relationship between food neophobia and learned food aversion. Learned food aversion played a partial mediating role in the relationship between nausea and appetite. Learned food aversion did not play a mediating role in the relationship between food neophobia and appetite. In conclusion, based on path analyses, a model was proposed of interrelations between variables. It should be noted that the original model was modified and should, preferably, be validated in future research.
Effects of Roots Powder of Balloonflowers on General Composition and Quality Characteristics of Sulgidduk
Kim, Jong-Wook ; Hwang, Su-Jung ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 22, issue 1, 2007, Pages 77~82
The general composition like moisture content, and the physical and sensory characteristics of the steamed rice cake added with powder of roots of balloonflowers were as follows. The moisture content in the roots was 4.13
0.01%, crude protein 9.24
0.11%, crude fat 3.07
0.04%, crude fiber 33.82
0.01%, and crude ash 8.16
0.02%. The moisture content of the cake was decreased with increase of the root’s powder added. In physical characteristic, the hardness of the cake was increased with increase of the powder. The control cake was the highest in the cohesiveness. The springiness tended to be increased with increase of the powder. The gumminess was higher with increase of the powder, being 530.33% in the control and 284.44% in the sample with 12.0% powder added. The adhesiveness was decreased with increase of the powder. The color change was significantly decreased with increase of the powder. With increase of the powder, the value a was decreased, while the value b showed to be increased. In a sensory test, the favorite degree to color, flavor, bitter taste, moistness, soft-ness and overall acceptability was measured to get the follow result. To color, the lot with 6% of the balloonflower powder added showed the highest accept-ability with the same highest result also to flavor and bitter taste. The moistness and the softness were revealed as the highest at the control, and the chewiness was also highest at the lot with 3% of the powder added. The overall acceptability was highest as 5.75 at the lot with 6% of the powder added, coming out to be higher in order of the 3% added-lot, the control, the 9%-lot and the 12%-lot.
Changes of Korean Traditional Yu-gwa Flavor and Characteristics during Storage
Yoo, Seung-Seok ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 22, issue 1, 2007, Pages 83~90
The changes of the color, texture and volatile flavor compounds of Yu-gwa were investigated that affected by the oxidation during storage to characteristic Yu-gwa quality. Among the proximate compositions, carbohydrate was the most abundant component, and followed by lipid and moisture. Although the change of the color showed different pattern by the packaging materials during the storage period, the value of yellowness(b) increased but that of lightness(L) decreased dramatically after 3 month storage. In the textural properties reported closely related with the moisture content, hardness was fairly affected on the period of the storage rather than the type of packaging materials. The flavor compounds of Yu-gwa were analyzed to evaluate the change of distinct volatile compounds during storage. Of the twenty one separated volatile compounds, major volatiles were aldehydes, alcohols and alkenes. The results also showed that polyethylene(PE) contained less volatiles than polypropylene(PP) by the oxidation process during storage.2,4-Decadienal was gradually increased with the period of the storage, whereas octane and furan were decreased. The results provided that the change of the flavor distribution during the storage, and also the possibility of the volatiles such as hexanal, nonanal and 2,4-decadienal as the indicator for the oxidation process.
The Physico-Chemical Characteristics of Modified Starch Made by Chemical Treatment
Song, Eun-Seung ; Woo, Na-Ri-Yah ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 22, issue 1, 2007, Pages 91~96
Developing carbohydrate fat replacer as materials for low-calorie and low-fat food made of Korean potato, it is expected that the new demand of fat replacer will be created. Potato starch was modified by chemical modification. Observing modified starch(treated in different method) by SEM, EZ(treated by enzyme) showed shape of deformed round oval, AC(treated by acetylation,), HPR(treated by hydropropylation) showed shape similar to that of NL(N-Lite), the commercial fat replacer. In the modified starch such as AC, peak in B and C type similar to those of general starch was found, but EZ showed non-crystalline shape. Compared to other modified starch, HPR, the chemically produced denatured starch showed very peculiar peak and structure in V-form. While the order of contents of amylopectin was in the order HPR > EZ > AC showed extremely high contents. Measuring the degree of gelatinization per the modified method, the degree of gelatinization of HPR as much higher than others. The water binding activity of modified starch was 240% in HPR. Measuring viscosity by producing general starch and modified starch as gel of 10% concentration, the CPS showed very high viscosity of 30.30
cp. Showing viscosity of 38.60, 31.60 10
cp, the modified starch was in the order of HPR. While the calorie of starch of GPS was measured to be 3.0 Kcal/g, very low calorie those of chemically modified starch, HPR showed 2.5 Kcal/g respectively, suggesting that calorie is decreased by modified treatment. The appropriateness of processing food was experimented by substituting the existing oil and fat containing food with saturated gel of starch and modified starch in constant rate through utilization of modified starch. Therefore, research and development for materials and related products which maintain the existing quality and reduce fat contents will be constantly performed in the future.
A Study on the Physicochemical Properties and Antioxidative Activity of Whey Protein Isolate
Ahn, Myung-Soo ; Kim, Chan-Hee ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 22, issue 1, 2007, Pages 97~103
In this study, physicochemical properties and the antioxidative activity of whey protein isolate(WPI) for com germ oil were measured. The pH of WPI was 6.26, and the titrable acidity was 0.18%. The WPI’s moisture content was 5.2% and each of the other element content such as lactose, crude protein, crude ash and crude fat was found to be 0.8%, 90.7%, 2.7% and 0.6%, respectively. The amounts of active SH group in WPI 9
M-g and total colony counts of bacteria was 5.9
-lactoglobulin and bovine serum albumin(BSA) were shown in WPI as major protein by electrophoresis. The antioxidative effect of WPI and other antioxidants on com germ oil used as substrate was determined by peroxide value(POV) and conjuqated dienoic acid value(CDV). By these results, the order of antioxidative effects could be defined as BHT 0.02%>ascorbic acid 0.1%>WPI 0.1%>WPI 0.02%>ascorbic acid 0.02%>control>tocopherol 0.02%>tocopherol 0.1%, respectively. Also the induction period of com germ oil added with WPI was longer by 1.6 times than that of control(none added any antioxidant). Therefore the fact suggested that WPI could be utilized as a good antioxidative agents.
A Survey of Research Papers on Korean Kimchi and R&D Trends
Lee, Myung-Ki ; Rhee, Kyoung-Kae ; Kim, Joong-Kwan ; Kim, Su-Mi ; Jeong, Jin-Woong ; Jang, Dai-Ja ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 22, issue 1, 2007, Pages 104~114
This research entailed collecting domestic and overseas research papers on technologies for fermentation of Kimchi, which is widely considered the national dish of Korea, creating a technology classification structure and conducting quantitative analysis on each technology component and schematization. Five research papers were published in domestic journals in 1990. Afterwards, the number increased by six to nine papers a year. There was no clear increase after the year 2000, but an average of around 20 papers have been Published every year, indicating that Kimchi research is now becoming widespread. An analysis on researchers entailed determining the percentage of research papers published by the top ten authors. The percentage was 76% in the early-1990s; 63% in the late-1990s; and 52% in the 2000s, indicating that Kimchi has been more and more widely researched and Kimchi research has become professionalized. Universities were found to be leading the research as 52% of researchers belonged to universities. Another 9% were at research institutions. Analysis of technologies showed that domestic research mainly focused on the Kimchi fermentation process and an additive for the development of new Kimchi ingredients and types, preservation and quality improvements. Most of the research papers published overseas dealt with the functions of bacteria strains isolated from Kimchi; and improvements in the Kimchi fermentation and ripening processes. And most of the research papers have been published in a field of microorganism and biotechnology.
Physicochemical and Sensory Characteristics of Gangjung Containing Sorbitol during Storage
Baik, Eun-Young ; Lee, Hye-Seong ; Lee, Kyung-Sook ; Lee, Jin-Won ; Kim, Haeng-Ran ; Cho, Mi-Sook ; Kim, Kwang-Ok ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 22, issue 1, 2007, Pages 115~126
This study was conducted to preserve the quality of Gangjung (Traditional Korean cookies) during storage with the addition of sorbitol in Gangjung dough. Sorbitol was added with different levels (0, 1.5, 3%) in the Gangjung dough and the Gangjung samples were stored for different periods (1, 16, and 31 days). Compared to the control group, the Gangjung samples with sorbitol groups had higher moisture content, expansion ratio, and ceil size. As the storage was extended, peroxide values, hardness, fracturability, chewiness and stickiness to teeth were increased, while cohesiveness, moistness, and degree of melting were decreased. From the PCA in the sensory analysis, Gangjung with addition of 3% sorbitol stored for 1, 16, and 31 days showed high levels in moistness, cohesiveness, degree of expansion, cell size, and degree of melting, whiie Gangjung in control group stored for 16 and 31 days showed high levels in fracturability, heated oil flavor, chewiness, and stickiness to teeth. The moisture content of Gangjung was significantly increased as the level of sorbitol was increased. The changes of physicochemical and sensory characteristics by storage were increased in control groups the most, 1.5% sorbitol groups the next, and 3% sorbitol groups the least. Therefore, the sorbitol added groups could be delayed in the quality deterioration during storage, especially in the texture, and could be increased in the preservation of Gangjung.
The Effect of Follow-up Nutrition Intervention Programs Applied Aged Group of High Risk Undernutrition in Rural Area( I )
Park, Phil-Sook ; Chun, Byung-Yeol ; Jeong, Gu-Beom ; Huh, Churl-Hyoi ; Joo, Soon-Jae ; Park, Mi-Yeon ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 22, issue 1, 2007, Pages 127~139
This research was peformed to investigate the anthropometric data, blood profiles, and nutrient intakes of elderly persons living in a rural area. The subjects were 67 undernourished people who participated in follow-up nutrition intervention programs for9 weeks. Anthropometric data showed that the mean heights and weights in the management group were 157.6 cm and 59.1 kg, respectively, for the males and 152.6 cm and 51.0 kg, respectively, for the females. The mean BMIs of the management group were 23.8 kg/m
in the males and 22.4 kg/m
in the females. The total cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol, and albumin levels of the subjects were 181.7-191.4mg/dL, 48.3-53.0mg/dL, and 3.85-4.00g/dL, respectively. Energy, ash, P, Na, vitamin B
, vitamin B
, vitamin B
, and niacin increased significantly after intervention for the management group. The mINQ, however, did not significantly increase after intervention. Also after intervention, there was no significant difference in mINQ between the management group and the comparison group. MAR (14) in the management group was significantly increased from 0.62
0.2 before intervention to 0.68
0.2 after intervention (p=0.022), and it was significantly different between the management group and the comparison group (p=0.017). MAR (8) in the management group was not significantly different (p=0.915) before and after intervention. However, MAR (8) between the management group and the comparison group did show a significant difference (p=0.031). MAR (3) in the management group was significantly increased from 0.48
0.2 before intervention to 0.55
0.2 after intervention (p=0.045), however, MAR (3) was not significantly different between the management group and the comparison group (p=0.093). For the probability of nutrient insufficiency, in the management group the probability of nutrient values below the EAR (except for Fe) decreased after intervention compared to before intervention. On the other hand, the probabilities of values above the RI, or EAR
RI, were increased
Effect of Supplementation of Dietary Sea Tangle on the Renal Oxidative Stress in Diabetic Rats
Park, Min-Young ; Kim, Kyung-Hee ; Jeong, Kyu-Shik ; Kim, Hyeon-A ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 22, issue 1, 2007, Pages 140~148
Diabetic nephropathy has been increasing, although blood glucose and blood pressure can be controlled by angiotensin converting enzyme(ACE) or advanced glycosylation end products(AGE) inhibitors in the diabetic patients. We investigated the effect of dietary supplementation of sea tangle on the blood glucose, and pathological scoring of diabetic kidneys in the streptozotocin(STZ) induced diabetic rats. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into normal rats fed control diet and diabetic rats fed control diet or control diet supplemented with powder or oater extract of sea tangle. Diabetes was induced by a single injection of STZ(60mg/kg, ip) in citrate buffer. The animals were fed the experimental diet and water for 13 weeks. Dietary supplementation of sea tangle decreased blood glucose in the diabetic rats. However, dietary supplementation of sea tangle did not affect the antioxidant enzyme activities, MDA content and pathology of diabetic kidneys. These results indicate that decreased blood glucose by sea tangle could not delay the progression of diabetic kidney disease.
Effect of Food Commodity Supplementary Program for Low Income Elderly People
Park, Hee-Jung ; Lim, Bo-Kyung ; Kim, Wha-Young ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 22, issue 1, 2007, Pages 149~156
This study was performed to evaluate the effectiveness of food commodity supplementary program for low-income, living alone elderly people. The subjects were 57 low income aged females who lived alone in Bucheon city. The food commodity supplementary program lasted for 6 months, supplying one meal per day consisting with grains, meat, vegetables, dairy and fruit. Dietary intake, anthropometric measurements, and blood profiles were assessed. After 6 months of food commodity supplemented period, dietary intakes of protein(p<0.05), calcium(p<0.05), iron(p<0.05) and vitamin B(p<0.001) were significantly increased. The mean weight(p<0.05) and BMI(p<0.05) were increased, and the frequency of BMI over 25kg/m
was also raised from 54.4% to 59.7%. Serum concentrations of total protein(p<0.001) and albumin(p<0.001) were significantly increased, indicating improvement of protein status. The frequency of anemia was decreased from 45.6% to 26.3%. However, the proportion of dyslipidemia was increased. In general the stable food commodity supplementary program was effective to improve general nutritional status of the poor aged who lived alone, however, nutrient intakes still did not meet RDA for the elderly and the rates of obesity and dyslipidemia were increased. Therefore, local government should provide more active food support program and the selection of food items for commodity should be evaluated at regular intervals.
Effect of Feeding with Different Source of Carbohydrate and Fiber on Carbohydrate and Lipid Metabolism in Type 2 Diabetic Rats
Kwon, Sang-Hee ; Jeong, Hye-Jin ; Shim, Jee-Ae ; Son, Young-Ae ; Kim, Mi-Kyung ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 22, issue 1, 2007, Pages 157~165
This study was designed to evaluate the effects of fructose(F) or sucrose(S) and guar gum intake on carbohydrate and lipid metabolism in 15-week-old male Goto-Kakizaki(GK) rats. Fifty rats were randomly assigned to 5 groups which were different in carbohydrate(25% of carbohydrate) and fiber(5% w/w) sources. The carbohydrate(CHO) sources of each group were comstarch(control group, 100% of CHO), fructose with cellulose(F), fructose with guar gum(FG), sucrose with cellulose(S), and sucrose with guar gum(SG). Each group was fed exterimental diet for 4 weeks. We measured food intake, body weight gain, adipose tissues weight and organs weight. We conducted oral glucose tolerance test(OGTT) and measured plasma insulin concentration to examine carbohydrate metabolism. To evaluate lipid metabolism, we measured the lipid profile of plasma, liver and feces. Food intake and weight gain of FG or SG groups tended to be less than those of F or S groups. Perirenal and epididymal fat pad weights of SG group were significantly lower than those of S group and those of FG group tended to be lower than those of F group. In OGTT, blood glucose values of F or S groups were significantly higher than those of C group, and FG or SG groups tended to be lower than those of F or S groups during the experimental time. The area under the curve(AUC) of C group was significantly highest among the groups, AUC and plasma insulin concentration of FG or SG groups tended to be lower than those of F or S groups. Plasma and hepatic triglyceride (TG) of FG and SG groups were significantly lower than those of F and S groups, plasma and hepatic total lipid(TL) and total cholesterol(TC) of FG and SG groups tended to be lower than those of F and S groups. Fecal TL, TG and TC of FG or SG groups tended to be higher than those of F and S groups. In conclusion, intake of guar gum should improve carbohydrate and lipid metabolism in partial substitution of fructose or sucrose for cornstarch in GK rats.