Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Food Culture
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 27, Issue 6 - Dec 2012
Volume 27, Issue 5 - Oct 2012
Volume 27, Issue 4 - Aug 2012
Volume 27, Issue 3 - Jun 2012
Volume 27, Issue 2 - Apr 2012
Volume 27, Issue 1 - Feb 2012
Selecting the target year
Influence of the Healthy Image of Meat and Animal Products on Preference and Intake Frequency
Park, Eo-Jin ; Park, Mo-Ra ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 27, issue 1, 2012, Pages 1~11
DOI : 10.7318/KJFC.2012.27.1.001
This study investigated the effects of a healthy image on the preference and intake frequency of meat and animal products. The study looked into beef, pork, chicken, sausage, mackerel, cutlass fish, croaker, tuna, squid, shrimp, clams, fish cakes, eggs, milk, yogurt, ice cream, and cheese. A total of 359 usable surveys given to elementary school students, college students, and adults were collected using a convenient sampling method. While milk had the healthiest image, sausage had the least healthy image. The respondents preferred yogurt the most and sausage the least. The intake frequency of eggs was the highest and clams the lowest. The healthy image, preference, and intake frequency for all studied foods showed significant differences across both gender and age. The relationship between healthy image and preference was significant for all foods, and a healthy image always had a positive influence on preference. The relationship of healthy image and intake frequency was significant in 14 foods except for mackerel, cutlass fish, and tuna. Also a healthy image created a positive effect on the intake frequency of 14 foods.
Recognition of Medicinal Efficacy of Pepper as an Introduced Species in Traditional Medicine
Oh, Jun-Ho ; Kwon, Oh-Min ; Park, Sang-Young ; Ahn, Sang-Woo ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 27, issue 1, 2012, Pages 12~18
DOI : 10.7318/KJFC.2012.27.1.012
The aim of this study is to look at how pepper was used in traditional medicine. In other words, this study aims to take a look at the process by which the medicinal nature & efficacy of pepper in traditional society was perceived and arranged through the aspects of the use of pepper as an exotic crop for treating diseases. This study investigated cases of using pepper for medical treatments by referring to books on traditional medicine in Korea. The old records about pepper are mainly in empirical medical books from the late Chosun dynasty. Nevertheless, the records about pepper tend to decrease in medical text as time goes by. Such a phenomenon can be attributable to the fact that people began to use pepper for daily food life rather than for medicinal purposes. Pepper was used mostly for digestive trouble such as vomiting, diarrhea, and stomachaches, and it was also applied to mental and aching diseases caused by the sound of body fluids remaining in the stomach. In addition, there were many cases where pepper was used externally for surgical disorders. Such symptoms for treatment are linked to, or in a complementary relationship with, research results in modern times. Boiled pepper was generally taken in the traditional herbal decoction method, and in the case of surgical diseases, it was applied externally. The cases of using old pepper, using pepper with seeds or without seeds, and using pepper mixed with sesame oil belong to a sort of herbal medicine processing, which usually aimed at changing the medicinal nature of pepper. In addition, in relation to the eating habits at that time, pepper was used as seasoning and to make red pepper paste with or without vinegar. There are two words used for pepper in the medical textbooks, 苦椒 (gocho) and 烈棗 (yeoljo). These words are translated into Korean as gochu, so we can identify this word as a nickname for pepper.
Study on the Effects of Switching Cost in Family Restaurant Upon Customer Satisfaction and Switching Focused on the Moderating Effects of Customer Knowledge and Variety Seeking Orientation
Jung, Hyo-Sun ; Yoon, Hye-Hyun ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 27, issue 1, 2012, Pages 19~29
DOI : 10.7318/KJFC.2012.27.1.019
The purpose of this study was to understand interrelationships among switching costs, customer satisfaction, and switching intent in a family restaurant. Based on a total of 427 customers obtained from empirical research, this study reviewed the reliability and fitness of the research model and verified a total of five hypotheses using the Amos program. The hypothesized relationships in the model were tested simultaneously by using a structural equation model (SEM). The proposed model provided an adequate fit to the data,
=137.881 (df=50); p< .001; CMIN/df 2.758; GFI= .947; AGFI= .919, NFI= .965; IFI= .978; TLI= .970; CFI= .978; RMR= .047; RMSEA= .064. The results showed that switching cost (
= .123) in a family restaurant had a positive (+) influence upon customer satisfaction. Further, switching cost had a significantly negative (-) effect on switching intent (
= -.414). In addition, there were moderating effects related to customer knowledge and variety seeking orientation in terms of the causal relationships between switching costs, customer satisfaction, and switching intent. Limitations and future research directions are also discussed.
Preferences of U.S. consumers for setting quality factors of Bibimbap
Seo, Sang-Hee ; Kim, Eun-Mi ; Kwock, Chang-Keun ; Wie, Seung-Hee ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 27, issue 1, 2012, Pages 30~37
DOI : 10.7318/KJFC.2012.27.1.030
The purpose of this study was to identify U.S. consumers' preferences for Bibimbap and to determine whether or not Bibimbap can be adopted into the American palate. A total of 214 people tasted a controlled amount of Bibimbap and Gochujang sauce (red chili pepper sauce) and then completed a preference test. Bibimbap was highly rated overall in the areas of appearance, color, smell, and taste. Gochujang sauce was also well-accepted in terms of taste and spiciness. Most of the participants disliked the seaweed and shiitake mushrooms, which means that Bibimbap can improve its garnish taste and aroma by removing them. Further, a more watery sauce was served as foreigners are not familiar with mixing food culture. Therefore, by offering diverse ingredient options, the acceptance of traditional Bibimbap can be increased in the U.S.
Investigation of Dietary Behaviors According to Residence Status and Ethnicity of University Students in Yanbian, China
Choe, Ja-Young ; Cho, Mi-Sook ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 27, issue 1, 2012, Pages 38~48
DOI : 10.7318/KJFC.2012.27.1.038
This study was conducted to examine dietary behaviors according to residence status and ethnicity of university students in Yanbian, China. For the subjects, 334 university students (Male=141, Female=193) answered a questionnaire about perception of weight control, dietary patterns, health habits, residence status, and ethnicity. Perception of weight, meal frequency, favorite kind of food, meal finishing time, skipping breakfast, type of breakfast, snack frequency, late-night snack frequency, exercise frequency, regular life, and sleeping time were all significantly associated with residence status. Motivation of weight control, meal frequency, regularity of meal time, meal volume, favorite kind of food, exercise time, and regular life were all significantly associated with ethnicity. University students who lived with their parents perceived their weight more properly, exhibited a more positive dietary pattern, and lived a more regular life than those students who lived in a dormitory with their friends. Chinese students exhibited a more regular dietary pattern and lived a more regular life than the Korean-Chinese students. As a result, both environmental and inherent factors are related with the dietary behaviors of university students in Yanbian, China. These data could be used to help university students in Yanbian, China attain a healthy diet.
Effects of Instant Noodle (Ramyun)'s Selection Attribution upon Satisfaction - Focus on Children and Adolescents -
Jung, Hyo-Sun ; Yoon, Hye-Hyun ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 27, issue 1, 2012, Pages 49~56
DOI : 10.7318/KJFC.2012.27.1.049
The purpose of this study was to understand the influence of instant noodle's selection attribution on satisfaction and to empirically analyze whether or not grade (elementary schoolchildren, middle school students, high school students) plays a moderating role in the relationship between selection attribution and satisfaction. Further, this study examined the differences in demographic characteristics among two groups of subjects divided by instant noodle's selection attribution. Based on a total of 1021 samples, this study verified a total of 3 hypotheses using the SPSS program. Data were analyzed by frequency analysis, chi-square, t-test, factor analysis, reliability analysis, cluster analysis, discriminant analysis, and hierarchical regression analysis. Results of the study were as follows. There were three different instant noodle's selection attributions among the children and adolescents investigated: internal element, external element, and company reliability. The multiple regression results show that internal element (=.391), external element (=.239), and company reliability (=.063) among customers' selection attributions had significant positive effects on satisfaction. In addition, the effect of selection attribution upon satisfaction was partially moderated according to grade. Further, cluster analysis divided subjects into two groups according to instant noodle's selection attribution: high-selection group vs. low-selection group. The wo groups of subjects classified by instant noodle's selection attribution were also different from each other in demographic characteristics. Limitations and future research directions are also discussed.
Optimum Amounts of Vegetables to Flavor Chicken Head Soup Base
Choi, Sung-Eun ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 27, issue 1, 2012, Pages 57~65
DOI : 10.7318/KJFC.2012.27.1.057
The purpose of this study was to determine the optimum amounts of vegetables to use for flavoring chicken head soup base. The effects of the amounts of ginger and onion on the sensory properties of chicken head soup base were examined, and the optimum amounts were determined using response surface methodology. Sensory properties that were evaluated were yellowness, turbidity, bloody flavor, chicken-brothiness, organ meat-like flavor, and sweet taste. The increased amounts of ginger and onion led to a decrease in bloody flavor and organ meat-like flavor. The optimum levels of ginger and onion were determined to be 40g and 50g, respectively. Chicken head soup base prepared with optimum amounts of vegetables contained more arginine, tryptophan, inosine monophosphate (IMP), and hypoxanthine than plain chicken head soup base. It also had less hexanal, which is related to fat rancidity.
Comparison of Physicochemical Properties and Antioxidative Activities of Sunflower Sprout According to Germination Day
Roh, Kyung-Rea ; Ko, Seong-Hee ; Kim, Chul-Jai ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 27, issue 1, 2012, Pages 66~74
DOI : 10.7318/KJFC.2012.27.1.066
It is well known that sunflower (SF) sprout has more beneficial effects than SF seed due to increased levels of phytochemical components such as vitamins, total phenolics, and isoflavones during germination. This study investigated the physicochemical properties and antioxidative activities of SF seed during both germination and cultivation. In a proximate analysis, the water content of SF groat was 9.17% and then increased to 15.32% on the 11th day after seeding. On a dry weight basis, crude fat content decreased while the contents of carbohydrates, crude protein, and crude ash increased. As cultivation proceeded, the contents of minerals were in decreasing order of K, Mg, Ca, Na, Zn, Fe, Mn, and Cu, in which SF sprout cultivated for 9 or 11 days contained the highest mineral contents. Though vitamin C was not detected on SF groat, the content of vitamin C continuously increased up to the 5th day of cultivation and then decreased gradually. Vitamin E content in SF groat was higher than that in SF sprout. It was also found that the vitamin E content in SF sprout was the highest on the 5th day of cultivation. Daidzin was not detected in SF groat, but its concentration reached a maximum on the 5th day of cultivation in SF sprouts. Furthermore, higher amounts of daidzein were observed on the 3rd, 5th, and 9th days of cultivation. The highest total isoflavone content was observed on either the 3rd or 5th day of cultivation. The highest content of total phenolics was observed on the 5th of cultivation. When DPPH radical and peroxyl radical scavenging activities of SF sprout were measured in order to measure antioxidant efficacy, it was found that 5 day-cultivated SF sprout had the highest scavenging activities. In conclusion, SF sprout cultivated for 9 or 11 days was found to be a good source of minerals. Furthermore, the fifth-day after seeding was the optimal time for the production of SF sprout with effective natural antioxidant activity and high amounts of functional components such as vitamins, total phenolics, and isoflavones.
Physiological Activity of Acai Berry (Euterpe oleracea Mart.) Extracted with Different Solvents
Chung, Hai-Jung ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 27, issue 1, 2012, Pages 75~81
DOI : 10.7318/KJFC.2012.27.1.075
This study was conducted to investigate the physiological activity of acai berry (Euterpe oleracea Mart.) extracts from three different solvents (water, methanol, and ethanol). We measured total polyphenol and total flavonoid content, DPPH radical scavenging activity, nitrite scavenging activity, metal chelating effect, and reducing power. The extraction yield from water, methanol, and ethanol was 17.10, 9.50, and 37.51%, respectively. The highest total polyphenol content (10.54 mg/100 g) and total flavonoid contents (1.88 mg/100 g) was observed in water extract. DPPH radical scavenging activity was the highest in both water extract (72.03%) and methanol extract (74.79%) at levels of 5 mg/mL, which was similar to that of BHT (78.90%). Water extract yielded the highest metal chelating effect (92.54%) and reducing power (1.09) at levels of 5 mg/mL. Taken together, these findings suggest that extracts of acai berry can be used as functional food materials with antioxidative and nitrite scavenging activities.
Quality Characteristics of Cookies Containing Yacon (Smallanthus sonchifolius) Leaf Powder
Shim, Eun-Ah ; Kwon, Yong-Min ; Lee, Jin-Sil ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 27, issue 1, 2012, Pages 82~88
DOI : 10.7318/KJFC.2012.27.1.082
In this study, the effects of yacon (Smallanthus sonchifolius) leaf on the quality characteristics of cookies were examined. In order to investigate its effects, four different amounts (0%: Control, Y-0.5, Y-1.0, Y-1.5) of yacon leaf powder were added to the cookie dough. Among the physicochemical and sensory characteristics, the density and pH of the dough, spread factor, color value, firmness, consumer acceptability, and Pearson's correlation coefficients were measured. Although there was no significant difference in pH of the doughs among the groups, density significantly decreased with increasing amount of yacon leaf powder (p<0.05). While the L, a, b values, and hardness decreased significantly, DPPH free radical scavenging activity increased significantly as the content of yacon leaf powder increased (p<0.05). Overall acceptability, appearance, taste, and texture between the control and Y-0.5 groups showed no significant differences. This study suggests the possibility of yacon leaf as an ingredient that increases the functionality of cookies.
Effects of Sweet Pumpkin Powder on Quality Characteristics of Cookies
Park, In-Duck ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 27, issue 1, 2012, Pages 89~94
DOI : 10.7318/KJFC.2012.27.1.089
This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of sweet pumpkin (Cucurbita Maxima D.) powder on the quality characteristics of cookies. The cookies were made with various sweet pumpkin powder levels (10%, 20%, and 30%). The pH of the dough increased while the density of the dough decreased as the amount of sweet pumpkin powder increased. The width of cookies determined by water content in dough increased with increasing sweet pumpkin powder level. The L value of cookies was significantly the largest in the control group. The b value was the highest for the 30% substituted sample group. According to textural measurements, the hardness, cohesiveness, springiness, and brittleness of the cookies with sweet pumpkin powder were higher in concentration than those of the control group. According to the sensory evaluation, the appearance, color, flavor, and texture of cookies with 10-20% sweet pumpkin powder were higher compared to those of the control group. The overall most acceptable cookie group was that with 10% added sweet pumpkin powder.