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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Food Culture
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Volume & Issues
Volume 27, Issue 6 - Dec 2012
Volume 27, Issue 5 - Oct 2012
Volume 27, Issue 4 - Aug 2012
Volume 27, Issue 3 - Jun 2012
Volume 27, Issue 2 - Apr 2012
Volume 27, Issue 1 - Feb 2012
Selecting the target year
Food Culture of the late Chosun dynasty in 『Jusiksiui (酒食是儀)』
Gha, Gyung-Hee ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 27, issue 6, 2012, Pages 553~587
DOI : 10.7318/KJFC/2012.27.6.553
In this study, the Korean cookbook, Jusiksiui, which was published in the late 1800s, was investigated. The results revealed that Jusiksiui contained more than 100 foods. Specifically, 12 staple foods were foods recorded including five types of porridge, three types of noodles, and four kinds of dumplings. Moreover, 49 side dishes were present, among which Jjim (steamed food) was most common, being recorded ten times. Additionally, seven types of Jeon (pancake) & Gui (roasted food) and Kimchi & Jangajji (pickled vegetables), four kinds of soup and Jeongol (stew), stir-fry, Sukyuk (boiled beef), and three types of Sukchae and Sashimi were found. Moreover, 14 recipes for rice cakes, two recipes for Korean cookies and three recipes for drinks were found. Seven recipes for wine, including plain rice wine, medicated wine and flavored wine, were also found. Finally, four different soy sauces Jibjang (a kind of soy sauce paste), hot pepper paste, Cheonggukjang (fast-fermented been paste), and Jeupjihi and roasting hot pepper paste were observed.
An Exploratory Study on Kwa-Jung-ryu of Head Families
Kwon, Yong-Seok ; Kim, Young ; Kim, Yang-Suk ; Choe, Jeong-Sook ; Lee, Jin-Young ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 27, issue 6, 2012, Pages 588~597
DOI : 10.7318/KJFC/2012.27.6.588
This study was to examine Kwa-Jung-ryu, a traditional Korean confectionery, made by head families. We examined the materials and recipes of Kwa-Jung-ryu, which were classified into Yumilgwa, Yugwa, Jeonggwa, Dasikgwa, Yeot-Gangjeong, Dang (Yeot), and others. There were 13 head families that introduced Kwa-Jung-ryu, two each from Gyeonggi-do, Jeolla-do, and Chuncheong-do, and seven from Gyeongsang-do. There are 33 types of Kwa-Jung-ryu, which averages to about 2.5 types per family. But the Pungsan Ryu, Yeoju Lee, and Andong Kwon families introduced the most Kwa-Jung-ryu with 5 types each. The most popular types of Kwa-Jung-ryu were Yumilgwa, introduced by 7 families (Yakgwa by 6 and Maejakgwa by 1), then Jeonggwa by 6 families (Jeonggwa by 3, Pyeon-gang by 1, and Jeonggwa and Pyeon-gang by 2), and Dasikgwa and other Kwa-Jung-ryu by 5 families (Gotgam-mari by 4 and Seopsansam by 1). Classifying Kwa-Jung-ryu by recipe, the most frequently introduced were 8 types of Jeonggwa-ryu, 7 types of Yumilgwa, 5 types of Dasikgwa, 3 types of Yeot-Gangjeong and Dang (Yeot), and 2 types of Yugwa.
Comparison of Bulcheonwijerye Food Cultures in Shrines of Admiral Yi Sun-sin
Park, Mi-Yeon ; Kang, Min-Kyung ; Cho, Myung-Hee ; Choi, Seo-Yul ; Park, Pil-Sook ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 27, issue 6, 2012, Pages 598~606
DOI : 10.7318/KJFC/2012.27.6.598
The aim of this study was to comparatively analyze the differences in Jinseol (ritual table-setting) and Jesu (ritual food) from the cultural perspective of ancestral ritual formalities regarding Bulcheonwijerye of Admiral Yi Sun-Sin, which is being held in Asan-hyeonchungsa shrine, Tongyeong-changnyangmyo and Namhae-chungyeolsa. The results are summarized as follows. A total of 32 types of Jemul (ritual food) in 6 rows in Asan-hyeonchungsa shrine, a total of 30 types of jemul in 6 rows in Tongyeong-changnyangmyo, and a total of 12 types of jemul in 2 rows in Namhae-chungyeolsa were prepared for the ritual table. In the Asan-hyeonchungsa shrine and Tongyeong-changnyangmyo, cooked foods have been used for jesu, whereas raw, uncooked foods have been used for jesu in Namhae-chungyeolsa. In the Asan-hyeonchungsa shrine, Gaeng (Kook) for liquid soup of Tang (stew) and Tang (5-tang) for the solid ingredient of stew have been prepared for a ritual table. In Tongyeong-changnyangmyo, fish Kook for Gaeng and So-tang (tofu stew) for Tang have been prepared for the ritual table. In Asan-hyeonchungsa shrine, Yukjeok (beef slices broiled on a skewer), Gyejeok (chicken jeok) and Eojeok (fish jeok) have been stacked together as Dojeok on a ritual table whereas in Tongyeong-changnyangmyo, Yukjeok, Sojeok and Eojeok have been placed on the ritual table as Pyunjeok (one by one). In Namhae- chungyeolsa, raw pork meat has been placed on the ritual table. As Po (a dried meat or fish), dried fish and dried seafood have been used in Tongyeong-changnyangmyo, whereas raw beef meat has been used in Namhae-chungyeolsa. Although Namul (cooked vegetables) and Mulkimchi (watery plain kimchi) are placed on ritual table for Asan-hyeonchungsa shrine, only Namul and Saengchae (raw vegetables) is used in Tongyeong-changnyangmyo and Namhae-chungyeolsa, respectively. Bulcheonwijerye for the same person, Admiral Yi Sun-Sin, has different characteristics according to the shrines. Accordingly, there is a need to preserve and succeed bulcheonwijerye of Admiral Yi because it is a traditional culture in ancestral rituals.
A Literature Review on the History of the Jeon (Korean Pancake) in the Modern Cookbooks
Cho, Joo-Hyung ; Chang, Young-Eun ; Kim, Jin-Sook ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 27, issue 6, 2012, Pages 607~626
DOI : 10.7318/KJFC/2012.27.6.607
This study examined the historical changes in Jeon. The Korean dictionary was analyzed to analyze the modern definition of Jeon. To investigate the change in the type and cooking methods of Jeon, 36 cookbooks from the late 1800s to 1999 were analyzed. The cooking method for Jeon, such as the ingredient, quantity and how to cooking were presented systematically since 1935. The main ingredients of jeon in modern cookbooks are seafood 36.0%, vegetables 30.2% and meat 20.3%. Jeon made with seafood or vegetables, chopped meat put in each main ingredient or meatballs with minced meat, etc. meat was used to make Jeon in a variety of ways. The cooking method for Jeon in a frying pan is the most basic method. After trimmed materials, adding flour, eggs and oil are the most common way. Making dough with grain flour or ground potatoes, green beans, legumes, etc., and mixing the ingredients in a pan-frying methods appeared to be under the influence of other countries recipes. Modern food culture, introducing new ingredients and cookware, has changed. As a result, jeon cooking methods and the application of the material have varied. The type of jeon and cooking methods are expected to increase further and become more diverse.
Foreign student`s Preference and Recognition of Makgeolli in Korea
Lee, Young-Soon ; Kim, Ji-Yeon ; Park, Ji-Hee ; Shim, Min-Jung ; Moon, Gap-Soon ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 27, issue 6, 2012, Pages 627~635
DOI : 10.7318/KJFC/2012.27.6.627
This study was conducted to investigate the preference for and recognition of Makgeolli by foreign students to determine its potential for export. From March 15 to 29, 2010, 300 students from four universities (Kyung-Hee University, Hankuk University of Foreign Studies, Yonsei University, Chung-Ang University) were surveyed and data from 287 subjects were used for subsequent analyses. The recognition of Makgeolli was as follows: 40.3% knew that Makgeolli`s was fermented alcohol; 49.5% knew its proof; 85.7% knew that rice and wheat were the main ingredients of Makgeolli; 72.8% knew it was Korean traditional alcohol. The preference for Makgeolli`s was as follows: flavor (3.46), color (3.43), aroma (3.30), texture (3.28), reverberation (3.36), shape of glass (3.51) and Korean bar (3.72), which were slightly high. However, hangover (3.02) and plastic bottle (3.08) had lower values than the other variables. Overall, participants were likely to recommend Makgeolli to others (Male 3.57, Female 3.72), but they did not think that it is a good ingredient for food (2.91). The opportunity for the globalization of Makgeolli appeared to be high (Male 3.57, Female 3.74). To improve the export of Makgoelli, respondents reported that a better marketing strategy (37%) and new type of bottle (42.8%) were needed.
A Study on the Differences in Dietary Satisfaction with Age in North Korean Refugees
Lee, Eun-Jung ; Pei, Yong-Qin ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 27, issue 6, 2012, Pages 636~645
DOI : 10.7318/KJFC/2012.27.6.636
The purpose of this study is to investigate factors influencing dietary satisfaction, and their perceived importance and performance, in North Korean refugees according to age. Questionnaires were completed by 220 North Korean refugees and data was analyzed with SPSS software. From our study we determined that fresh food, clean dishes, and proper vegetable oil are of high importance but considered poorly performed. `Taste` and `comfort` were factors with low importance but considered well-performed. The IPA technique proved that 8 items including Q4, Q5, Q6, Q7, Q8, Q9, Q11, Q13 were in `Doing great, keep it up` and no items that got high importance and low performance were in `Focus here`. North Korean refugees like Korean food more than Chinese, Japanese, and Western food. They specifically want to learn how to cook Korean casseroles, soups, and side dishes(e.g. Myeolchibokkum, Kongjorim). The North Korean refugees who resided in South Korea under a year have difficulties in understanding menus and Western table manners.
Parental Perception and Dietary Behaviors of Preschool Children with Environment-friendly Food Service in Kindergarten
Bae, Ji Won ; Oh, Myung Suk ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 27, issue 6, 2012, Pages 646~658
DOI : 10.7318/KJFC/2012.27.6.646
This study was conducted to investigate the differences in households, parental perception, and dietary behaviors of preschool children from kindergartens with environment-friendly food service (environment-friendly food service group; EFG) versus children from kindergartens with general food service (general food service group; GFG). We sought this basic information to examine the impact of environment-friendly agricultural products in preschool food services. Age, education level, and monthly family income of the EFG were significantly higher than the GFG. The frequency of purchasing environment-friendly agricultural products was significantly higher in the EFG than the GFG, with the most frequently purchased items in both groups being vegetables. The GFG had a significantly higher perception than the EFG in the superior quality of environment-friendly agricultural products; however, a greater proportion of the GFG than the EFG thought environment-friendly products were too expensive. The most frequent reason for purchasing environment-friendly agricultural products in both groups was safety. When purchasing environment-friendly agricultural products, the most important selection factor for the majority of both groups was the label certifying quality assurance. Both groups also considered price reduction as essential for promoting environment-friendly agricultural products. In regard to parental perceptions on food service in kindergarten, the EFG had a significantly higher satisfaction with the nutritional adequacy of the menu compared to the GFG. Both groups considered food safety and health as primary reasons for using environment-friendly foods in the preschool food service, with a greater proportion of the EFG than the GFG responding this way. There were significant differences between the EFG and GFG, as the main satisfaction from using environment-friendly foods in the EFG was safety, freshness, and good hygiene, whereas the main satisfaction in the GFG was a good food service menu, freshness and good hygiene. Dietary behaviors of preschool children in the EFG were also significantly superior to the GFG. Thus, environment-friendly agricultural products have positive effects on the dietary behaviors of preschool children and should be increased in the preschool food service. Lowering prices and a strict supervision of quality assurance is also necessary to promote consumption of environment-friendly food materials.
Study on Dietary habits and Body Composition in University Students According to Salty Taste Preference
Kim, Kyung-Hee ; Cho, Hee-Sook ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 27, issue 6, 2012, Pages 659~665
DOI : 10.7318/KJFC/2012.27.6.659
This study investigated the effect of salt preference on dietary habits and the body composition of university students. The subjects were divided into two groups: 85 students who dislike salt (salt-dislike (SD) group) and 104 students who like salt (salt-like (SL) group). We found that the SL group showed a higher preference for sweet, sour, spicy, and bitter flavors compared to the SD group. There was no significant difference in the frequency of eating breakfast according to the salt taste preference. The meal speed of the SL group was significantly higher than the SD group (p<0.01) and the body mass index of the SL group (
) was higher than SD group (
). The fat mass of the SL group (15.30 kg) was higher than the SD group (12.80 kg) (p<0.01). Salt preference and snack intake frequency had a significant and positive correlation with fat mass. The frequency of eating breakfast, and meal speed also showed a significant and positive correlation with subcutaneous fat. In conclusion, the SL group eats relatively more, speedily and frequently intakes snacks and carbonated drinks, likely resulting in higher body and subcutaneous fat. These results suggest salt preference is related to food choice, influences unreasonable eating habits, and possibly changes body composition. Taste preferences should therefore be considered for dietary consulting and nutritional education.
Foreign Customers` Attitudes Towards Overseas Korean Restaurants - Focusing on Korean Restaurant Experiences and Cross-national Differences -
Ahn, Jee-Ahe ; Yang, Il-Sun ; Shin, Seo-Young ; Lee, Hae-Young ; Chung, Yoo-Sun ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 27, issue 6, 2012, Pages 666~676
DOI : 10.7318/KJFC/2012.27.6.666
The purpose of this study was to propose effective marketing communication strategies for overseas Korean restaurants through a multilateral comparison analysis of American, Chinese, and Japanese consumers` attitudes towards communication media and Korean restaurants. The survey was written in English, Chinese, and Japanese, with guideline for surveyors, and conducted using both online and offline methods. Samples were collected from five major cities - Los Angeles, New York, Tokyo, Beijing and Shanghai, which are the foothold for the globalization of Korean food. When it comes to attitudes towards communication media, word-of-mouth showed a high mean value, indicating it as the most useful and reliable media recognized by consumers who visited Korean restaurants. Furthermore, the necessity of recognizing the importance of visual communication in the physical environment of Korean restaurants and specialized websites, featuring restaurants and gourmet food, was observed. Consumers in all three nations chose word-of-mouth as the most useful and reliable media for learning about Korean restaurants. In addition, American consumers highly depended on signage and restaurant exteriors. Chinese consumers highly recognized the usefulness and reliability of offline media, such as newspapers, magazines, and events, while Japanese consumers considered online media, such as gourmet websites, blogs and social networks, as useful and reliable sources. A significantly positive attitude and high value was observed in all who had visited Korean restaurants. American and Japanese consumers had a significantly higher rate of intention to visit Korean restaurants in the future and to tell others about their satisfaction with Korean restaurants. Meanwhile, the average rate of prior preference for Korean restaurants (when choosing restaurants) was the lowest in all three countries. This study is useful for both the Korean government and food enterprises abroad to plan and develop marketing communication strategies properly for overseas Korean restaurants.
Study of the Job Satisfaction and Characteristics of Dietitians Working in the Elderly Health Care Facility
Kwak, Yoon Seoe ; Han, Myung Joo ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 27, issue 6, 2012, Pages 677~685
DOI : 10.7318/KJFC/2012.27.6.677
This study examined the job satisfaction and characteristics of dietitians working in an elderly health care facility. The subjects for the study were 116 dietitians who work in an elderly health care facility across the country. The following lists the items affecting the total satisfaction on each element of the job: the nature of work (4.20), coworkers (4.02), supervision (3.83), communication (3.81), pay (3.22), operating conditions (3.16), fringe benefits (3.05) and promotion (2.78). Regarding supervision, regular employees (3.90) had higher satisfaction than non-regular employees (3.11), and for fringe benefits, regular employees (3.10) had higher satisfaction than non-regular employees (2.52). Regarding fringe benefits, those with less than 10 years experience showed higher satisfaction than with more than 10 years`. In terms of the job characteristics, the following were found to affect job satisfaction: the task identity (3.33), variety (3.27), autonomy (3.18), feedback (3.05), friendship opportunities (3.01) and dealing with others (2.82) were listed in the highest order. For task identity, more than 41 years old (3.53) had a significantly higher score. Regarding diversity, graduate schools (3.37) had a significantly higher score. In terms of income, those earning more than 2 million won (3.37 and 3.26) showed higher scores in autonomy and friendship opportunities than those earning less than 1.5 million won (2.79 and 2.57).
Optimal Conditions for Extraction of Anthocyan from Celosia cristata L., Brassica juncea czerniak et coss, Beta vulgaris L. for manufacture of Color Dongchimi
Kim, Mi-Hye ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 27, issue 6, 2012, Pages 686~694
DOI : 10.7318/KJFC/2012.27.6.686
This study was conducted to develop a method to change the color of traditional Dongchimi using natural dyes to meet changing consumer demands. It was intended to improve the manufacturing process ability for color Dongchimi, and the best optimum extraction solvent and method from the natural dyes were proven to be confirmed and valid. The extraction process was evaluated using different solvents including distilled water, 20% ethyl alcohol, and 1% citric acid, and the quantity of the extracted anthocyanin was then measured based on the absorbance. The greatest absorbance was observed when 1% citric acid was used. Based on these findings, it would be most efficient to allow the traditional Dongchimi to produce citric acid naturally instead of using artificial additives during its production. Celosia cristata L. was extracted in its largest quantity when reacted with 20% ethyl alcohol. Therefore, instead of applying Celosia cristata L. to Dongchimi as the sub-ingredient during the preparatory stage, it will be more efficient to use Celosia cristata L. as the fractional ingredient in order to first extraction.
Changes in the Quality Characteristics of Kongsulgidduk According to the Amount of Sugar Added and the Type of Sweeteners Used
Kweon, Seok-Yim ; Kim, Jeong-Mee ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 27, issue 6, 2012, Pages 695~701
DOI : 10.7318/KJFC/2012.27.6.695
This study was conducted to improve the quality of Kongsulgidduk prepared with soyflour and sweeteners. The quality was affected by the type of sweeteners used (sugar, syrup, honey), as well as the amount used (5-20%). Rheological properties showed that when more sugar was added to Kongsulgidduk, the hardness, gumminess and brittleness were lower. In addition, more than 10% sugar led to a significant decrease in hardness, gumminess and brittleness. The addition of honey increased the hardness, but decreased cohesiveness and brittleness of Kongsulgidduk. When color was evaluated, the L-value and a-value decreased, but the b- value increased as sugar was added. The addition of honey resulted in a decreased L-value. Sensory evaluation revealed that the addition of sugar resulted in better overall quality. The color score was highest when 5% sugar was added, while the flavor, moisture and chewiness scores were best when 10% sugar was added. Sweetness and consistency were good when 20% sugar was added. Honey improved the color, flavor and chewiness of Kongsulgidduk; however, sugar produced the best moisture, consistency and overall scores.
Study on the Correlation between Sensory Attributes and Physicochemical Characteristics of Seollengtang
Hong, Sang Pil ; Lee, Nam Hyouck ; Kim, Young Ho ; Chung, Bo Yeon ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 27, issue 6, 2012, Pages 702~709
DOI : 10.7318/KJFC/2012.27.6.702
Seolleongtang, a traditional broth in Korea, is expected to become a hot global item for its unique flavor and healthiness. In this study, the correlations between sensory attributes and physicochemical characteristics were studied for the popular seolleongtang stock products through descriptive analysis, sensory evaluation and analysis of salt, soluble solid, protein, viscosity and color for the quality control. Our results indicate that color, concentration, viscosity, and freshness are important attributes in evaluating the quality of seolleongtang stock. There were significant differences between preference and sensory attributes among the stock products. Significant correlations were found between flavor and texture and overall acceptability, as well as beany odor and aroma. Preference and physicochemical aspects also correlated, and indicate that a range of salt, solubility, and viscosity are applicable as quality control factors in seollengtang stock.
The Antioxidative Characteristics of Opuntia humifusa and its Optimal Conditions for Pasta Production
Park, Young Il ; Jung, Bok-Mi ; Joo, Nami ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 27, issue 6, 2012, Pages 710~718
DOI : 10.7318/KJFC/2012.27.6.710
The purpose of this study was to investigate the antioxidative effects of Opuntia humifusa and determine the optimal mixing ratio of Opuntia humifusa powder and eggs for the preparation of pasta. In regard to its antioxidant effects, Opuntia humifusa powder had a total phenolic content and DPPH free radical scavenging activity of 6.64 mg/g and 90.12%, respectively. We used response surface methodology to obtain ten experimental points (including two replicates for Opuntia humifusa powder and egg) and Opuntia humifusa pasta formulation was optimized using rheology. Yellowness (p<0.001) displayed a linear model pattern, whereas lightness (p<0.01) and redness (p<0.01) were described by a quadratic model pattern. Mechanical properties showed significant values in hardness (p<0.5), chewiness (p<0.5), gummiess (p<0.5), and cohesiveness (p<0.5). The sensory evaluation parameters showed significant differences in color (p<0.5), appearance (p<0.5), flavor (p<0.5), texture (p<0.5) and overall quality (p<0.5). The optimum formulations processed by numerical and graphical optimization were found to be 7.30 g of Opuntia humifusa powder and 31.55 g of egg.
Antioxidant and Antibacterial Activity of Extracts from Brassica juncea czerniak et coss., Celosia cristata L., and Beta vulgaris L.
Kim, Mi-Hye ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 27, issue 6, 2012, Pages 719~729
DOI : 10.7318/KJFC/2012.27.6.719
We sought to study the qualities and scientific benefits of Dongchimi, a traditional Korean food. We compared and analyzed ingredients used for the appearance and storability of dongchimi - honggot (Brassica juncea czerniak et coss), cockscomb (Celosia cristata L.), and beet Beta vulgaris L.). We specifically examined the antioxidative and antibacterial activity of pigments from extracts of these ingredients. Distilled water (
) and 1% citric acid were used to safely extract pigments. The antioxidative activity of the pigments was then measured for total phenolic compounds, SOD (Super Oxide Dismutase), and EDA (Electron Donation Ability) by DPPH. The antibacterial activity of was also assessed by a Paper disc solution. Our results show that the pigments had sufficient antioxidative activity and had antibacterial properties against Gram positive and negative bacteria. In particular, Cockscomb (used for enhancing color) contained the highest amount of polyphenol compounds and had the most efficient antioxidative activity.
Quality Characteristics of Jelly Prepared with Purple Sweet Potato Powder
Park, Eo-Jin ; Park, Geum-Soon ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 27, issue 6, 2012, Pages 730~736
DOI : 10.7318/KJFC/2012.27.6.730
This study was performed to investigate the qualities of jelly supplemented with purple sweet potato (C:0 g, P1:1 g, P3:3 g, P5:5 g, P7:7 g). The pH decreased (acidity increased) with the addition of purple sweet potato powder (p<0.01). The sugar content of the jelly also significantly increased when purple sweet potato was added. The DPPH radical scavenging activities of jelly increased as the addition of purple sweet potato increased. As the content of purple sweet potato increased, the L and b values decreased and the "a value" increased. In terms of textural characteristics, the addition of purple sweet potato increased hardness and springiness, while it decreased the cohesiveness. The results of the sensory evaluation showed that the appearance, flavor, taste, texture, and overall acceptability gave the highest score for jelly containing 5 g of purple sweet potato (P5).
Quality Characteristics of Gondre Tofu by the Level of Cirsium setidens Powder and Storage
Chang, Seo Young ; Song, Ji Hye ; Kwak, Yoon Seo ; Han, Myung Joo ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 27, issue 6, 2012, Pages 737~742
DOI : 10.7318/KJFC/2012.27.6.737
This study examined the quality characteristics of Gondre tofu containing 0, 0.1, 0.2, and 0.3% Cirsium setidens powder. Quality and sensory tests of Gondre tofu were performed. The yield rate of tofu decreased with the addition of Cirsium setidens powder. The pH of tofu decreased after the addition of Cirsium setidens powder. During 8 days storage, the addition of Cirsium setidens powder to tofu did not effectively inhibit the number of total aerobic bacteria. The L, a and b values of tofu decreased with increasing amount of Cirsium setidens powder added. In the texture properties, the hardness, cohesiveness, gumminess and brittleness increased, whereas the springiness decreased. The results of sensory evaluation showed that tofu containing 0, 0.1, and 0.2% Cirsium setidens powder had a higher taste, texture preference and overall acceptability than 0.3% Cirsium setidens powder. Therefore, the addition up to 0.2% Cirsium setidens powder positively affects the sensory evaluation of Gondre tofu. The addition 0.2% Cirsium setidens powder might be considered the most appropriate choice for manufacturing Gondre tofu.
Evaluation of Functional Properties of the Tissue Cultured Wild Ginseng Fermented by Lactobacillus sp.
Shin, Eun Ji ; Cho, Chang-Won ; Kim, Young-Eon ; Han, Daeseok ; Hong, Hee-Do ; Rhee, Young Kyoung ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 27, issue 6, 2012, Pages 743~750
DOI : 10.7318/KJFC/2012.27.6.743
A tissue cultured wild ginseng (TCWG) suspension was inoculated with lactic acid bacteria and fermented to improve the functionality of TCWG. The utilization of TCWG was increased directly using the freeze-dried powder. The optimal ratio of TCWG powder and water for fermentation was 1:19 (5%), which was selected by measuring the fluidity and viable cell count according to concentration. The effects on ADH activation and immune cell activation by each ferments with 10 kinds of Lactobacillus sp. strains were examined. The ferments with the Lactobacillus casei KFRI 692 strain showed 5.4 times higher ADH activity and 1.3 times higher ALDH activity than the non-fermented TCWG powder (control). The level of NO production and cytotoxicity was also measured by Raw 264.7 cells. The ferment with the Lac. casei KFRI 692 strain showed the highest level of NO production and lower cytotoxicity than the others. Therefore, the Lac. casei KFRI 692 strain was selected as a strain for fermentation of a TCWG suspension to maximize its functionality. To identify the optimal fermentation time of the selected Lac. casei KFRI 692 strain on the 5% TCWG suspension, the viable cell count of lactic acid bacterial and the changes in pH were observed for 72 hours. 24-hrs was found to be the optimal fermentation time. In this way, fermented TCWG with lactic acid bacteria showed higher ADH activation efficacy and immune cell activation than non-fermented TCWG.
Study of Characteristics of Jeung-pyun with Leavening agent
Lee, Hee-Jeong ; Lee, Kyung-Hee ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 27, issue 6, 2012, Pages 751~758
DOI : 10.7318/KJFC/2012.27.6.751
This study examined the optimum conditions for producing Jeung-pyun in a faster and efficient way by replacing Takju (traditional way) with a chemical leavening agent for fermentation using dry rice powder instead of wet rice powder. The optimum amount of leavening agent for Jeung-pyun was examined by comparing the moisture content, spring ratio, pore ratio, texture, color value, scanning electron microscopy images and appearance characteristics of Jeung-pyung (con) prepared using traditional fermentation method with those prepared with 4, 5, 6, 7, 8% of the chemical leavening agent. As a result, the 6% leavening agent-added Jeung-pyun showed closest quality results with the traditional Jeung-pyun, and was most preferred. Therefore, 6% leavening agent is the optimum amount for making Jeung-pyun.
Study on Differences in Perception of Weight Management, Balanced Food Intake, Knowledge of Obesity, and Nutrition Knowledge in Male and Female University Students
Kang, Nam-E ; Kim, Juhyeon ; Yoon, Hei-Ryeo ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 27, issue 6, 2012, Pages 759~768
DOI : 10.7318/KJFC/2012.27.6.759
The purpose of this study was to determine differences in perception of weight management, balanced food intake, knowledge of obesity, and nutrition knowledge in university students. The average weight and height of male subjects were
, whereas those of female subjects were
, respectively. Average scores for balanced food intake were not significantly different between male and female students. The total number of correct answers for obesity knowledge was not significantly different according to gender, but four responses related with losing weight showed higher perception scores in females compared to males (p<0.05). The total number of correct answers for nutrition knowledge was not significantly different between males and females. The average BMI of male and female subjects were
, respectively, ranged in normality. Self-evaluation of body shape was mostly in the normal or standard range in both males and females, but females showed a higher perception rate of chubby or fat than males. The percentages of interest in weight management was 36.0% in males and 50.8% in females, with higher interest in female subjects (p<0.01).