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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Food Culture
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Volume & Issues
Volume 28, Issue 6 - Dec 2013
Volume 28, Issue 5 - Oct 2013
Volume 28, Issue 4 - Aug 2013
Volume 28, Issue 3 - Jun 2013
Volume 28, Issue 2 - Apr 2013
Volume 28, Issue 1 - Feb 2013
Selecting the target year
A Literature Review of the Type and Cooking Methods for Gwapyeon during the Joseon Dynasty - with a focus on Euigwe and old literature -
Oh, Soon-Duk ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 28, issue 1, 2013, Pages 1~11
DOI : 10.7318/KJFC/2013.28.1.001
This study examined the prevalence of the traditional fruit preserve, gwapyeon, recorded in 10 royal palace studies and 10 old literature reports on the Joseon dynasty (1392-1909). A total of 62 papers presented the Gwapyeon kind in the documents of the Joseon dynasty. The protocols of the court of the Joseon Dynasty and old literature discussed the Gwapyeon as follows: Nokmalbyeong (ohmijapyeon) 22.5%; aengdupyeon (櫻桃片) 14.5%; salgupyeon (杏) and bokbunjapyeon (覆盆子) at 11.3% each; beojjipyeon and mogwapyeon (木瓜) at 8.1% each; sansapyeon (山査) and chijapyeon at 6.5% each; duchungpyeon (杜沖) 4.8%; and deuljjukpyeon, saenggangpyeon (薑), daechupyeon (棗) and yujapyeon (柚子) at 1.6% each. From "Junghae-Jungraeeuigwe (丁亥整禮儀軌)" (1827) to "Junghae-Jinchaneuigwe (丁亥進饌儀軌)" (1887) called nokmalbyeong (菉末餠). "Sinchuk-Jinchaneuigwe (辛丑進饌儀軌)" (May 1901) renamed the ohmijabyeong (五味子餠). "Sinchuk-Jinyeoneuigwe (辛丑進宴儀軌)" (July 1901), the assorted-sulsilgwa (各色熟實果 ) were included in the ohmijabyeong. "Imin-Jinchaneuigwe (壬寅進饌儀軌)" (April 1902), The ohmijabyeong (五味子餠) and assorted-sulsilgwa (各色熟實果) was used and a mixture of "Imin-Jinyeoneuigwe (壬寅進宴儀軌)" (November 1902) included the assorted-sulsilgwa (各色熟實果).
An Exploratory Study of Foods Served to Guests of Head Families (Jong-ga)
Kwon, Yong-Suk ; Kim, Young ; Lee, Jin-Young ; Choe, Jeong-Sook ; Kim, Haeng-Ran ; Kim, Yangsuk ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 28, issue 1, 2013, Pages 12~30
DOI : 10.7318/KJFC/2013.28.1.012
The main aim of this study was to investigate side dishes served to guests of head families (Jong-ga) in Korea. In order to conduct of this research, we analyzed two books published by the Rural Development Administration (RDA) on the foods and the stories from head families: "Sharing beyond succession, stories and foods from the head families" and "Aesthetics of Serving". The total number of head families serving foods to guests was 10: 5 from Gyeongsangbuk-do, 2 from Jeollanam-do, 1 from Gyeonggi-do, 1 from Gyeongsangnam-do, and 1 from Chungcheongbuk-do. We classified the foods into 7 categories, staple dishes, side dishes, rice cakes, desserts, beverages, alcoholic beverages and others, on the basis of previous studies. Most foods served to guests were side dishes (119). These were further classified into 14 categories: Guk Tang, Namul, Hwe, Bokkeum, Mareunchan, Gui, Jorim, Pyeonyuk Jokpyoen Suran, Jiim Seon, Jeon Jeok, Jangajji, Kimchi, Jeotgal Sikhae and Jang. The most common side dish was Jangs (17), served by 8 head families. The next most common side dishes were Marenchan (15), Jeon Jeok (14) and Kimchi (11).
Analyzing Tableware Arrangement in Korean Table Settings
Kim, Hyewon ; Lee, Hyeran ; Cho, Wookyoun ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 28, issue 1, 2013, Pages 31~40
DOI : 10.7318/KJFC/2013.28.1.031
The purpose of this study is to analyze external elements of `time series table serving` and to discover any problems in the table setting. We selected two traditional Korean restaurants in five-star hotels and two representative traditional Korean style restaurants and analyzed the tableware arrangement of their table settings. The results are as follows. In restaurant A, the arrangement of different styles of tableware made from a variety of materials seemed relatively natural. However, the dessert plates were `Buncheong` ware made with `Bakji` method; in this case, the pattern was larger than the size of the fruits served and made the food inconspicuous. Rather than using plates made with a `bakji` method, using plates with small patterns in the `johwa` method would complement the food. In restaurant B, the space between the tableware, spoon and chopsticks was narrow, and the spoon and chopsticks sets would not fit on the table pads when large dishes or multiple dishes were served. In this case, changing the dishes to smaller sized dishes, considering the size of the table pad, or not using the pad at all would solve the issue. In restaurant C, too many small dishes were laid on the table, making it look disorderly. We believe that recovering tableware that is no longer in use, laying dishes and cutlery inside of the table pads or not using the table pad would be better. In restaurant D, the same style and color of dishes were provided 9 times. The lack of variety could be tedious to customers. The forms and colors of dishes should be changed in accordance with the order of the meal served. However, when using tableware created by different methods such as `Buncheong` ware or white porcelain, the same pattern should be chosen in order to elevate the dignity of the table menu through uniformity. These issues in tableware arrangement indicate that external forms of banquet table setup should be studied so that the culture of Korean traditional cuisine can be enriched.
Coloration Analysis of Korean Table Settings
Lee, Hyeran ; Kim, Hyewon ; Cho, Wookyoun ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 28, issue 1, 2013, Pages 41~47
DOI : 10.7318/KJFC/2013.28.1.041
The purpose of this study is to obtain basic materials to complement the `time series table serving` by analyzing external color elements. We selected traditional Korean restaurants in two five-star hotels and two famous traditional Korean style restaurants and analyzed their colors and the coloration of the Korean table settings. The results are as follows. By using strong luminosity contrast, restaurant A made its customer focus on the food and used red as the principal point (highlighted) color. Desserts, which have small dimensions, were served in `Buncheong` ware with `bakji` method, which has strong contrast; this broke the color balance. The use of small patterned dishes with `johwa` method would achieve color harmony. Restaurant B used a stronger color for the tables than the foods, making the point color inconspicuous. Lowering the brightness and saturation of the table color would be beneficial. In restaurant C, thick green napkins provided the point color, making the atmosphere of the restaurant dull and dark and interfering with the overall bright atmosphere of the restaurant. Using lower saturation, high luminosity, and yellowish colors would bring harmony to the overall atmosphere. In restaurant D, the point colors were divided into three groups; their diversification during the entire course of the meal made the flow of the meal more natural. However, the use of the violet color, which gives a cold feeling, in the middle of the meal courses broke the overall flow of warm color in the meal. Considering the already-present contrast between red and green, it would be better not to use the violet chrysanthemum in the course of the meal. As mentioned above, there are several issues in terms of the color arrangement, the usage of table pads, and the natural flow of colors. Those issues indicate the necessity for an overall plan for the banquet table set-up in terms of color.
Analysis of Dietary Habits of Boarding High School Students in Gangwon According to Gender and Stress Levels
Lee, Mi-Nam ; Lee, Hae-Young ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 28, issue 1, 2013, Pages 48~56
DOI : 10.7318/KJFC/2013.28.1.048
The purpose of this study was to examine the dietary habits of boarding high school students in Gangwon based on gender and stress levels. Questionnaires were distributed to 571 boarding high school students and collected from 491 students from June 28 to July 20, 2011. The statistical data analyses were completed using SPSS (ver. 19.0) for the descriptive analysis, independent sample t-test and
-test. The mean stress score was 23.7 out of 40, and male`s stress was significantly higher than female`s (p<0.05). The rates of having daily breakfast and dinner were significantly influenced by gender (p<0.01), and the regularity of lunch was significantly different depending on the stress level (p<0.05). Female students consumed less flour based foods (p<0.01), carbonated drinks (p<0.01), juices (p<0.05) and functional drinks (p<0.01) than male students, but male students consumed less cookies and breads (p<0.01). Dietary habits that boarding high school students should improve were an unbalanced diet (38%), too much intake at once (17%) and prejudice against foods (11%), and their primary value in dietary life was preference (33%), followed by staving off hunger (18%) and pleasure (18%). The average level of interest in dietary life was 2.46 (on a Likert-type 3-point scale) and it was significantly higher for female students (2.53) than male (2.40) (p<0.05). About 54% of students washed their hands before a meal when they thought of it, but only 25% of students always scrubbed up. The regularity of breakfast and dinner, frequency of snack intake, dietary habits that need to improve, intrest in dietary life, and washing hands before meals showed significant difference by gender but not by stress levels.
Physicochemical and Antioxidant Properties of Broccoli Sprouts Cultivated in the Plant Factory System
Kim, Eun Ji ; Kim, Tae Su ; Kim, Mi Hye ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 28, issue 1, 2013, Pages 57~69
DOI : 10.7318/KJFC/2013.28.1.057
Recently, an interest in functional foods has been increasing. It was recommended placing a short definition. Therefore, we performed research on the chemical functions and antioxidant ability of broccoli. This research is vital for preparing the most favorable conditions and environment for highly-functional broccoli. Broccoli produced after applying sprouting and light sources were used for research. The chemical properties of the broccoli, including composition, free sugar, citric acid, mineral and vitamin (A, C, E) content, were analyzed. In addition, the ability of broccoli compounds to reduce total phenolic compounds, SOD-liked activity, EDA (electron donating ability), and hydroxyl radicals were inspected. Total analysis relied on the SAS (statistical analysis system). Broccoli sprouts produced through plant factory system`s photosynthesis, treated under different light sources, had superior amounts of crude protein, crude fat, and crude ash, compared to normal sprouts under fluorescent light. Is it a facility or does it refer to the inner metabolism of the cell? Broccoli sprouts under red light had superior amounts of glucose, fructose, malic acid, and oxalic acid, while broccoli sprouts under turquoise light had superior amounts of citric acid. Broccoli sprouts under white light had superior amounts of various minerals, such as potassium, magnesium, and sodium. In terms of antioxidant activity, data from the plant factory system shows an increase in EDA antioxidants (1.63 mg/mL, 30.82%). Sprouts applied with turquoise light had superior amounts of hydroxyl radical scavenging (65.62%), and sprouts applied with white light had superior amounts of activated SOD-like activity (52.69%). Research on dehydrated broccoli sprouts showed that sprouts dehydrated with cold air had superior amount of malic, citric, oxalic acid compared to sprouts dehydrated with hot air. In terms of vitamin levels, sprouts dehydrated with cold air had five times the normal amount of vitamin A and E, whereas sprouts dehydrated with hot air had higher amounts of vitamin C. Dehydration at low temperature also produced a higher amount of activated antioxidants (1.6 mg/mL of activated antioxidant ability, 63.04% of SOD-like activity, and 67.76% of hydroxyl radical scavenging). Our results show that antioxidant ability can vary by the type of photosynthesis and temperature level in which the sprouts are dehydrated. Therefore, thorough foundational data is required to product the most functional broccoli.
Antioxidant Activity and Quality Characteristics of Chestnut Cookies
Joo, Shin Youn ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 28, issue 1, 2013, Pages 70~77
DOI : 10.7318/KJFC/2013.28.1.070
This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of chestnut powder on antioxidant activity and quality characteristics of cookies. Cookies were prepared using different amounts of chestnut powder (0, 5, 10, 15 and 20% to the flour quantity). The antioxidant activity was estimated by measuring DPPH free radical scavenging activity and the total phenolic content in chestnut powder and cookies. In addition, the quality characteristics of the chestnut cookies were estimated based on: the bulk density and pH of the dough, spread factor, loss rate, leavening rate, color, texture profile analysis, and sensory evaluations. The spread ratio, a values, total polyphenol contents, and DPPH free radical scavenging activity of cookies significantly increased with increasing chestnut powder (p<0.001), while the leavening rate, L values, b values and hardness of the cookies significantly decreased with increasing chestnut powder (p<0.05). The sensory evaluation scores for the 15% chestnut powder cookie groups ranked significantly higher (p<0.05) than the other groups in overall preference, appearance, taste, color, chestnut taste, oily flavor, and aftertaste. Taken together, the results of this study suggest that chestnut powder is a good ingredient for increasing the consumer acceptability and functionality of cookies.
The Physicochemical Characteristics of Marinated Beef Galbi under Different Cooking Conditions
Hong, Sang-Pil ; Kim, Young-Ho ; Lee, Nam-Hyouck ; Heo, Yeong-Uk ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 28, issue 1, 2013, Pages 78~88
DOI : 10.7318/KJFC/2013.28.1.078
Marinated beef galbi is a traditional Korean dish cooked with soy sauce, pear juice, onion, sesame oil, and sugar. However, there are many differences in beef galbi, including flavor and physicochemical aspects, depending on cooking conditions. Therefore, the physicochemical characteristics of marinated beef galbi prepared through various recipes was evaluated for its effects on pH, texture, aging, proteolysis, heating conditions, cooking time, and flavor compounds (pyrazines, IMPs, or FAAs). There were significant differences in salt concentration (0.8~3.03%), pH (4.89~6.22), and solid soluble contents (1.34-6.31 Brix) between recipes in this study. In the Pearson assay for sensory evaluation, overall preference correlated well with texture (a well-known sensory attribute in meat evaluation). Controlling the pH of meat through soaking in lemon solution, alkali water, phosphate, and baking powder solution, improved water holding capacity as much as 9 to 15% compared with the control. The myofibril index (MFI) of marinated meat stored at
increased 32% with 24 hours of aging and reached 39% at 48 hours of aging, and its fragmentation was observed through microscopy. SDS-PAGE showed hydrolysis of acid-soluble collagen by the pear juice, possibly related to meat tenderness. On the basis of surface temperature, the cooking time was estimated to be 8 minutes with pan heating at
, 6 minutes at
, and 4 minutes with charcoal at
. Different pyrazine compounds, such as 2-methyl-3-phenylpyrrol(2,3-b) pyrazine (the typical product of the browning reaction) was mainly detected, and IMP (one of the main taste compounds in beef) was in higher amounts with the charcoal treatment, potentially related to its flavor preference among treatments. Our results demonstrate an effective case study and cooking system for beef galbi.
Consumer Awareness and Institutionalization of Nutrition Labeling for Takju
Park, Sanghyun ; Kim, Soo-Jeong ; Kim, Boram ; Yoon, Hyunjoo ; Hong, Jeong Mi ; Ahn, Yong Seon ; Kim, Jong Soo ; Han, Sang Bae ; Yoon, Yohan ; Joo, Nami ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 28, issue 1, 2013, Pages 89~98
DOI : 10.7318/KJFC/2013.28.1.089
The purpose of this study was to develop measures for establishing and enforcing legal nutrition labeling for Takju based on results from consumer awareness surveys, statistical model development, and evaluation of nutrients. The statistical model developed with consumer survey results showed that consumers would like to know the nutrients they intake from drinking Takju, as their awareness about Takju was low. Specifically, consumers would like to see information regarding alcohol content, calories, carbohydrates, and saccharides on the label. Structural equations from the research model showed that consumers who had some knowledge of Takju also had positive thoughts of the nutrition fact labels for Takju. Evaluation of nutrients in Takju showed that the starch sources and other ingredients used in Takju fermentation did not influence nutrient facts, and nutrient concentrations also varied among the different Takju. In addition, this research suggests methods for consumers to make reasonable selections and to inform them of the nutrition fact labeling for Takju. Benners and pop-up were manufactured to promote voluntary participation of companies and to provide nutrition facts from Takju. Eventually, a measure was suggested to establish and enforce nutrition labeling, using results from consumer and nutrient surveys of Takju.
Quality Characteristics of Kimchi with Added Stevioside-containing Sweetener
Bae, Hyo Ju ; Lee, Ju Youn ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 28, issue 1, 2013, Pages 99~106
DOI : 10.7318/KJFC/2013.28.1.099
The effects of stevioside-containing sweetener (SCS) on kimchi quality were evaluated by investigating acid production, growth of lactic acid bacteria, sensory properties, and several volatile odor component (VOC)s of SCS-added kimchi. The concentrations of SCS added to kimchi instead of 1% white sugar were 0.165, 0.33, 0.66, and 1.32% (w/w). The pH of kimchi with higher amounts of added SCS generally increased, and the acidity of kimchi with higher amounts of added SCS generally decreased. Addition of higher amounts of SCS generally inhibited the growth of lactic acid bacteria in kimchi. Scores of overall acceptability for 0.33 or 0.66% SCS-added kimchi were significantly higher than those for other samples (p<0.05), whereas those for 1.32% SCS-added kimchi were significantly lower than those for other samples (p<0.05). The optimum concentration of SCS added to kimchi appears to be 0.33%. Among major VOCs identified in kimchi, the concentrations of seven components including ethanol generally decreased with addition of higher amounts of SCS, whereas that of diallyl disulfide was not changed markedly. The major VOCs contributing to desirable sensory properties of kimchi were likely dimethyl disulfide and diallyl sulfide.
Quality Characteristic Changes during Storage of Bread Prepared by Addition of Yacon Concentrates as Sugar Substitute
Lee, Gyu-Hee ; Kim, Won-Mo ; Kim, Mi-Kyung ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 28, issue 1, 2013, Pages 107~113
DOI : 10.7318/KJFC/2013.28.1.107
Yacon (Smallanthussonchifolius) is a root crop that contains high amounts of fructo-oligosaccharides (FOS). FOS has a sweet taste, is low in calories, and is known to promote intestinal tract health. In this study, various yacon concentrates were substituted for sugar in white pan bread to obtain healthy benefits from the use of FOS. The quality characteristic changes during storage of the white pan breadswith 0, 25, 50, 75 and 100% of added yacon concentrates instead of sugar were investigated. During storage, the water contents and water activities of the breads made with high amounts of yacon concentrates changed less than in those made with only sugar. The hardness and chewiness of the breads made with high amounts of yacon concentrates had lower values than those made with only sugar. Thus, bread made with yacon concentrates might exhibit increased moisture retention and decreased aging velocity. The substitution of yacon concentrates for sugar in pan bread improved the bread quality.