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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Food Culture
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Volume & Issues
Volume 28, Issue 6 - Dec 2013
Volume 28, Issue 5 - Oct 2013
Volume 28, Issue 4 - Aug 2013
Volume 28, Issue 3 - Jun 2013
Volume 28, Issue 2 - Apr 2013
Volume 28, Issue 1 - Feb 2013
Selecting the target year
A Dialectical Perspective of Korean Food Culture Through Korean Literature
Kim, Yeong-Soo ; Cho, Yoon-Jun ; Moon, Sung-Won ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 28, issue 4, 2013, Pages 329~338
DOI : 10.7318/KJFC/2013.28.4.329
Korean culinary culture is traditionally studied through the analysis of foods ingested. However, this study attempts to dialectically reinterpret Korean culinary culture through its relationship to Korean literature. In our study we consider culinary culture prior to the development of scientific techniques and economic growth related to food as "dietary lifestyle of the innocent world" and time since then as "the dietary lifestyle of the experience world". The former represents a simple means of survival without food processing (the "slow food" world), while the latter represents the "fast food" or processed food culture as a modern concept. People living in the age of economic growth and overflowing individualism have lacked an organic life and an opportunity to commune with nature. As a result, they have returned to values of the past, seeking the "slow food" culture to benefit their individual health. A series of return processes, however, were transformed into "the dietary life style of the higher innocence," called "a well-being dietary life style" involving a new healthy conception passing through the dietary life style of the experience world. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to investigate the dietary lifestyles of the "innocent" world and the "experience" world based on dialectic concepts. Individual concepts of "thesis" and "antithesis" are applied, as well as the developmental concept of "synthesis" for the way both symbolic worlds changed to "the dietary lifestyle of the higher innocence" and formed complementary relationships to each other.
Perception of Yaksun in the Seoul, Gyeonggi, and Chungbuk Areas
Shin, Woen-Sun ; Lee, Seungyuan ; Park, Soojin ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 28, issue 4, 2013, Pages 339~347
DOI : 10.7318/KJFC/2013.28.4.339
Yaksun, a medicinal diet, has been traditionally prepared and applied (based on theories in oriental medicine) for the modulation of disease symptoms and signs. However, restaurants that serve and claim Yaksun mainly focus on stamina foods. A consistent definition of Yaksun has not been provided, which can confuse the public interpretation of Yaksun. The purpose of this study was to investigate the perception of Yaksun in Korean adults living in Seoul, Gyeonggi, and Chungbuk regions. Among the participants (M=55, F=168, 25y), only 10.4% understood the definition of Yaksun (mainly through the broadcast media). The frequency of Yaksun consumed when eating out was 2~3 times per month in 50.2% of participants. The main reason for choosing a Yaksun menu (46.3% of participants) when eating out was for health. The mean satisfaction score of Yaksun was
on the five point Likert scale. Participants highly agreed (
) that Yaksun is composed of nutritious foods combined with oriental medicinal herbs for the treatment of disease, which was significantly higher in groups with learning experience on Yaksun (p<0.05). Interestingly, participants showed neutral to the description, that a diet without oriental medicinal herbs is not Yaksun (
), which was significantly different between genders (p<0.05). Men recognized more than women that Yaksun should be based on oriental medical theory (p<0.05) and should be prepared for the prevention or treatment of diseases (p<0.05). In conclusion, the concept and terminology of Yaksun need to be defined and publicized in modern diet.
A Study on the Damyang Area Restaurants in Bamboo food village
Kim, Su In ; Park, Yeon Jin ; Kim, So Young ; Chang, Hea Jin ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 28, issue 4, 2013, Pages 348~355
DOI : 10.7318/KJFC/2013.28.4.348
This study intends to provide preliminary data for improving dining experience in the restaurants of Bamboo food village and help draw up guidelines for the improvement of these dining venues by surveying customer perception and satisfaction in 15-restaurants of the food village. The restaurants were surveyed mainly for satisfaction of the menu, especially, on the signature dishes of Damyang, "ddeokgalbi" (grilled short rib balls) and "daetongbab"-the grilled short rib balls and bamboo rice. The two dishes were more liked by people in the the 20- to 29-year age group with a score of 3.92 and 4.11, respectively. Although the 30-49 age group showed the highest satisfaction score on the fixed price menu, there was no statistically significant difference. The age group of 20-29 also showed the highest satisfaction on plating and table setting with a score of 4.09 and 4.04, respectively, and there was significant difference among age groups in this regard (p<0.05). All the age groups surveyed answered "time-honored taste" should be captured when working on menus, which suggests it should be the first choice for the restaurants in the food village when they develop their menus. When it comes to the restaurant environment, satisfaction on sanitary conditions was significantly different among the groups with a score of 4.21 given by 30-49 age group and 3.88 by the 50 and over group (p<0.05). In the category of service satisfaction, the two aforementioned age groups again showed significant difference in catering to customer needs with a score of 3.99 and 3.63, respectively (p<0.05), whereas welcoming customers and serving food was scored without statistical difference by age. Being asked what needs to be done to strengthen competitive advantage of the restaurants, all the age groups answered "taste" would matter the most while the 20 to 29 and 30 to 49 age groups picked "hygiene" and the 50 and over selected "table setting and ambience" next, which was statistically different with a p value of <0.05. Regarding the competitive advantage of the Korean restaurants in Damyang Bamboo food village, the first two younger groups (20 to 29 and 30 to 49) chose "table setting and ambience" and the eldest (50 and over) age group answered "location wise advantage," indicating significant difference by age. More than 80 percent of the people surveyed were willing to revisit the venues, which suggests improving restaurant environment in Bamboo food village and offering customers a better experience are very likely to build a image of culinary tourism for Damyang.
Westerner's View of Korean Food in Modern Period - Centering on Analyzing Westerners' Books -
Lee, Kyou-Jin ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 28, issue 4, 2013, Pages 356~370
DOI : 10.7318/KJFC/2013.28.4.356
The purpose of this study is to examine the Western perspective on the food and food culture of Modern Times in Korea (from the late of Joseon Dynasty until Japanese colonial era). Literature and written records were analyzed. This analysis revealed that the heart of the mill in this period involved rice, and that a common beverage was sungnyung made from boiled scorched rice (in contrast to tea as the common beverage in Japan or China). The most important subsidiary food in Joseon was vegetables, especially Kimchi. Westerners viewed Kimchi as a smell symbolizing Joseon and their meal times. Even though both Kimchi and cheese are fermented food, just like Westerners could not stand the smell of Kimchi, Koreans viewed the smell of cheese unpleasant. Westerners viewed German sauerkraut as Western food counterpart to Kimchi, as sauerkraut is also fermented food made of cabbage. Regarding the eating of dog meat in Joseon, most Westerners viewed it as brutal; however some interpreted it as a difference in food culture. In addition, the eating of raw fish and its intestines felt crude to Westerners. The biggest difference between Joseon's food and Western food was that Joseon had no dairy products and no sugar. The most highly preferred fruit for Westerners was the persimmon, and ginseng was already widely recognized and recorded as a medicinal plant. Joseon's desserts were also favorably evaluated. In contrast, the excessive gluttony, heavy drinking, and unsanitary conditions in Joseon were problems pointed out in many records.
Core Managing Points in a Wine Training Program Deduced by Loyalty
Lee, In-Soon ; Lee, Hae-Young ; Kim, Hye-Young ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 28, issue 4, 2013, Pages 371~385
DOI : 10.7318/KJFC/2013.28.4.371
This study aimed to classify attendants of a wine training institute according to loyalty for wine training service program and to deduce the core managing points in a wine training program by IPA (Importance-Performance Analysis). Self-administered questionnaires were collected from 192 trainees and statistical data analysis completed using SPSS ver. 18.0. As a result of clustering analysis based on trainee loyalty from both attitude and behavioral perspectives, four classification groups were identified: a "genuine" loyalty group, a "latent" loyalty group, a "mendacious" loyalty group, and a "low" loyalty group. For the genuine loyalty group, the importance of total service quality was 4.32 on average whereas the performance was measured as 4.22; thus there was little difference between importance to quality and performance. However, for the other three groups, especially the low loyalty group, there were significant wide gaps between importance to quality and performance. According to IPA, different service quality items were posted on the 'Focus here' quadrant (a domain with high service quality importance but low performance) by group, while the other three quadrants had several common items regardless of the group. Finally, the core quality managing points were different depending on the level of trainee loyalty. Therefore, it is necessary to plan and conduct a wine training program that reflects the characteristics and needs of its students, which will lead to a differentiated management strategy according to the level of loyalty.
Quality Characteristics of Bread Supplemented with Sweet Pumpkin
Lee, Gyeong-Sook ; Han, Gyeong-Phil ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 28, issue 4, 2013, Pages 386~391
DOI : 10.7318/KJFC/2013.28.4.386
This study investigated the effects of freeze-dried sweet pumpkin powder on the baking of bread. Freeze-dried sweet pumpkin powder (0, 3, 6, 9, or 12%) was supplemented during the baking process and the bread volume, weight, specific volume, baking loss rate, texture, and sensory characteristics were measured. The results were following. Freeze-dried sweet pumpkin contained 4.88% water, 4.40% protein, and 4.02% ash. The L-values (brightness) of the bread were significantly lower as increasing amounts of sweet pumpkin powder were added (p<0.001). However, higher values for the a-value (redness) and b-value (yellowness) were observed (p<0.01 for both values). The volume and baking loss rate decreased when the sweet pumpkin powder was added. In contrast, the weight significantly increased as sweet pumpkin powder was added (p<0.01) and the intensity of dark brown color increased. The outer side of the bread was balanced overall, but the outer skin of the bread appeared darker as the amount of sweet pumpkin powder increased. The overall acceptability, hardness (p<0.001), elasticity (p<0.01), cohesiveness (p<0.01), gumminess (p<0.01), and brittleness (p<0.001) increased as sweet pumpkin powder increased as well. However, when sweet pumpkin powder was added at 12%, the overall acceptability value was fairly low. Sensory parameters, such as taste (p<0.001), color (p<0.001), and flavor (p<0.05) were observed when sweet pumpkin powder was used at 3% and these results were lower than the control. Overall acceptability (p<0.001) was best when sweet pumpkin powder was used at 9% and the texture was best when sweet pumpkin powder was used at 6%.
Processing Optimization and Quality Characteristics of Low-Fat Yogurt Prepared with Roselle
Hwang, Suhjung ; Jung, Eunkyung ; Joo, Nami ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 28, issue 4, 2013, Pages 392~400
DOI : 10.7318/KJFC/2013.28.4.392
The purpose of this study was to determine the optimal amounts and mixing condition of skim milk powder (A), and roselle (B) for the production of yogurt prepared with roselle. The experiment was designed according to the central composite design for estimating the response surface method, which yielded ten experimental points, including two replicates for the skim milk powder and roselle. The physicochemical and mechanical analysis of each sample, including pH (P<0.001), titratable acidity (P<0.001), color (P<0.05), viscosity (P<0.001), showed significant differences. Antioxidant properties (total phenolic content, DPPH free radical scavenging activity) and viable cell counts of lactic acid were significantly different (P<0.05). The sensory measurements were significantly different in color, flavor, sourness, texture, and overall quality (P<0.05). The optimal formulation, calculated by numerical and graphical methods, was 7.82 g of skim milk powder and 2.09 g of roselle. From findings of this study, the roselle may be used in yogurt and can be applied for other food industries.
Characteristics of Cabbage Juice Fermented by Lactic Acid Bacteria from Kimchi
Im, Hye Eun ; Oh, Yu Ri ; Kim, Na Young ; Han, Myung Joo ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 28, issue 4, 2013, Pages 401~408
DOI : 10.7318/KJFC/2013.28.4.401
The objective of this study was to determine the quality characteristics of cabbage juice fermented by lactic acid bacteria from Kimchi (Leuconostoc mesenteroides, Lactobacillus sakei SL1103, Lactobacillus plantarum LS5, and mixed starter). Cabbage juice was inoculated with lactic acid bacteria and fermented at 30 for 72 hrs. Changes in lactic acid bacteria number, pH, titratable acidity, Brix, and color during fermentation were analyzed. After fermentation for 24 hrs, cabbage juice fermented by mixed starter showed the highest number of lactic acid bacteria (9.45 log CFU/mL). The pH of all cabbage juice also decreased to 3.88~4.19 sharply, while cabbage juice fermented by Lac. sakei SL1103 showed the highest Brix (
). Cabbage juice fermented by mixed starter showed the highest L value (56.83). In the sensory evaluation, cabbage juice fermented by a mixed starter (Leu. mesenteroides, Lac. sakei SL1103, and Lac. plantarum LS5) showed the highest preferences in taste, flavor, and overall acceptability. Therefore, cabbage juice fermented by mixed starter (Leu. mesenteroides, Lac. sakei SL1103 and Lac. plantarum LS5) has the highest potential for the development of fermented cabbage juice as an excellent bioactive functional food.
Effects of Jebikong (Dolichos lablab) Extract on Serum Lipid Metabolism in Rats Fed a High Fat Diet
Han, Sung Hee ; Kim, Hyun Young ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 28, issue 4, 2013, Pages 409~414
DOI : 10.7318/KJFC/2013.28.4.409
This study investigated the effect of Dolichos lablab extract on the lipid metabolism of rats fed a high fat and cholesterol diet. S-D male rats (n=48) were given 40, 400, or 4000 mg/kg of Dolichos lablab extract and fed a high fat and high cholesterol diet for four weeks (DL-HFC group). As a result, serum levels of total lipids, total cholesterol, and triglycerides were higher in the high fat and high cholesterol group (HFC-group) than the control, and significant differences were observed between the control and the DL-HFC (40, 400, 4000 mg/kg) group. The fat absorption rate increased with a high fat diet feeding, but was higher in the DL-HFC (40, 400, 4000 mg/kg) group.
A Survey on the Consumption of Vitamin and Mineral Supplements as Health Functional Foods and Related Factors by Korean Adolescents
Lee, Hyun Sook ; Han, Ji Hye ; Kim, Sun Hyo ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 28, issue 4, 2013, Pages 415~423
DOI : 10.7318/KJFC/2013.28.4.415
The purpose of this study was to estimate the consumption prevalence of vitamin and mineral supplements as health functional foods (VM-HFF) and to examine the factors associated with VM-HFF consumption behaviors in adolescents. A total of 1,407 adolescents attending middle or high schools from various cities and rural communities in Korea participated in this study. The prevalence of VM-HFF consumption was 41.7%, with boys showing a higher consumption than girls (p<0.01). VM-HFF consumption was higher in families with higher socioeconomic status and for families with parents that exhibited higher concerns about their child's health, growth, and nutritional intake (p<0.001). Most consumers of VM-HFF consumed HFFs 'when healthy' (50.1%), and acquired nutritional information from 'their families & relatives' (50.9%). Most consumers responded that VM-HFF was 'a little effective' (54.3%), followed by 'no obvious effects' (37.1%), and 'very effective' (7.4%). The effectiveness of consuming VM-HFF was mainly for 'fatigue recovery' (39.0%) and 'health improvement' (28.2%). Most consumers purchased HFFs at 'pharmacies & oriental medicine clinics' (53.8%) and at 'health functional food stores' (18.8%). Most consumers 'occasionally' (51.1%) or 'seldom' (27.3%) checked nutrition facts when purchasing, with 58.9% of consumers understanding the nutritional label for 'the most part', but only 8.7% of them understanding it 'very well'. Among the VM-HFF, consumers preferred calcium- and vitamin C-supplements. Consumers' mini-dietary assessment scores were higher than those of non-consumers. The results above showed that VM-HFF consumption was widely spread among adolescents, but few consumers checked and understood the nutrition label when they purchased VM-HFF, and were highly dependent on the advice and information from non-professional nutritionists, such as families & relatives. Therefore, it is necessary to educate adolescents to help them read nutrition labels and select the proper VM-HFF.