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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Food Culture
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 29, Issue 6 - Dec 2014
Volume 29, Issue 5 - Oct 2014
Volume 29, Issue 4 - Aug 2014
Volume 29, Issue 3 - Jun 2014
Volume 29, Issue 2 - Apr 2014
Volume 29, Issue 1 - Feb 2014
Selecting the target year
Consumption Behaviors and Satisfaction Levels of Consumer towards Environmentally-Friendly Agricultural and Animal Products
Kim, Gyewoong ; Kim, Minjin ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 29, issue 1, 2014, Pages 1~8
DOI : 10.7318/KJFC/2014.29.1.001
This study was carried out to investigate the consumption behaviors of environmentally-friendly agricultural products, including satisfaction of purchases. Questionnaires completed consumers were statistically analyzed. Regarding purchase frequencies of environmentally-friendly agricultural and animal products, consumers consumed them 1 time per month. No significant differences in consumption by age, living area, family type, or BMI were found. Exactly 38.2% of consumers preferred to purchase items in the packing amount of 0.2-0.5 kg, whereas 39.7% of consumers preferred amounts from 0.5-1.0 kg. Significant differences in packing amount were found according to age (p<0.05) and family type (p<0.01). However, there were no significant differences according to living area or BMI group. Many consumers made decisions based on the outer packing label (69.6%). Significant differences by age and living area were not found, whereas there was significant difference according to family type (p<0.05). Consumers answered that they purchased products in a general supermarket (24.7%) and cooperative (24.2%). Significant differences were found by age and living area (p<0.01) but not by family type. Consumer satisfaction of purchases scored 3.39 out of 5 points. In conclusion, significant differences in consumer satisfaction were not found according to age, living area, family type, or BMI.
Development of Han-sik Database Utilizing an Expert Focus Group and Assessment of Han-sik Effects on Diet Quality
Kang, Minji ; Jung, Hyun Ju ; Joung, Hyojee ; Shim, Jae Eun ; Lee, Sang Eun ; Park, Young-Hee ; Paik, Hee Young ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 29, issue 1, 2014, Pages 9~17
DOI : 10.7318/KJFC/2014.29.1.009
This study was conducted to develop a Han-sik database as well as to assess the effects of Han-sik on dietary quality among Koreans. The Han-sik database was developed by a focus group composed of food and nutrition specialists considering the results of Han-sik perception surveys conducted in previous studies for frequently consumed dishes. Among the 1,322 dish items identified in the
(2007-2009) Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES), 973 items (73.6%) were classified as Han-sik. Han-sik usage was defined as the percentage of Han-sik items of all individually consumed dish items in the dietary data of 22,113 subjects who participated in a 24-hour diet recall in the
(2007-2009) KNHANES. Dietary quality was evaluated based on adherence to the Korean Food Guidance System (KFGS), which was calculated as the percentage of the number of servings consumed in each food group out of recommended servings according to age and sex. Mean usage of Han-sik was 80.1% and was higher in older age groups, rural areas, as well as in households at the lowest income level. Han-sik usage was also higher on weekdays as well as for breakfast. Adherence to the KFGS was significantly higher for grains, meat fish egg beans, vegetables, and fruits (p<0.001) but lower for milk dairy products and oils fats sugars (p<0.001) across the quartiles of Han-sik usage. The results of this study indicate that Han-sik usage is high among Koreans. Further studies are needed to update the Han-sik database as well as investigate the association between health-related factors and Han-sik use.
The Effects of Employees' Social Intelligence and Positive Psychology Capital in Foodservice Industry on Job Satisfaction
Jung, Hyo Sun ; Yoon, Hye Hyun ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 29, issue 1, 2014, Pages 18~25
DOI : 10.7318/KJFC/2014.29.1.018
The purposes of this study were to understand the influence of social intelligence and positive psychology capital in foodservice employees on job satisfaction and to analyze whether employees' positive psychology capital plays a moderating role between social intelligence and job satisfaction. Based on total 316 samples obtained from empirical research, this study reviewed the reliability and verified a total of 2 hypotheses and 1 proposition using the SPSS program. The results showed that social awareness (
=0.546) and social skill (
=0.152) in foodservice employees, were indicated to have positive (+) influence upon job satisfaction. And, employees' positive psychology capital (
=0.307) had a significant positive (+) effect on the job satisfaction. However, the effect of the employees' social intelligence upon job satisfaction was not found to be moderated by positive psychology capital. Limitations and future research directions are also discussed.
Literature Review on Berries and Their Cooking Methods in ancient (1400s~1800s) and Modern (1900s~1940s) Literature of Korea
Yang, Ji-Won ; Kim, Young Ho ; Park, Dong-June ; Lee, Nam Hyouck ; Kim, Youngeon ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 29, issue 1, 2014, Pages 26~43
DOI : 10.7318/KJFC/2014.29.1.026
This study is a literature review on berries and their cooking methods that appear in ancient and modern Korean literature. Due to recent reports on berries' excellent functionality and the public's growing interest in healthy living, berries have been attracted attention as promising forms of sustenance. By structuring and classifying the types of berries and their popularity as well as recipes using berries found in ancient and modern Korean literature, this review hopes to serve as an important source that reflects both the food culture and social aspects associated with the value of berries in the lives of Korean people as well as foster understanding of the superiority of Korean food culture. This study will also have implications on the possibility of integrating antioxidant-rich berries into the modern food landscape. The study results are summarized as follows. Types of berries were classified into six types (Korean cherry, Omija, Gugija, Bokbunja, Black cherry, Mulberry) while cooking methods were classified into five types (Korean traditional snack, Korean traditional beverage, Liquors, Porridge, Pilule) in the ancient and modern literature of Korea. The aim of this literature review is to highlight the value-creating aspect of berries as food materials that can yield high added-value products. Beyond their value as healthy fruits, this study will explore the features of berries that enhance their added value and brand marketing as well as their aspects suitable for application to the modern industry of berry product development.
Preferences of Koreans and Foreigners for Traditional Recipe Developed containing Deoduk
Chang, Seo Young ; Kim, Na Young ; Ma, Yujie ; Han, Myung Joo ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 29, issue 1, 2014, Pages 44~53
DOI : 10.7318/KJFC/2014.29.1.044
Various Korean healthy foods containing Deoduk were developed and standardized recipe. Sensory evaluations of Koreans and foreigners for these developed foods were performed by using the 5-point hedonic scale. The results of the sensory test on foods containing Deoduk were as follows: Deoduk bap (2.90~3.91), Deoduk seolgidduk (3.19~4.40), Deoduk gangjeong (3.00~4.60), riasted Deoduk with red pepper paste (2.73~4.20), Deoduk pine nut juice salad (2.40~3.96), and Seopsansam (3.91~3.81). Deoduk seolgidduk, developed by using a recipe for Sansambyeong which in a Chosun dynasty cook-book, was highly preferred by Africans, Japanese, and Koreans. In particular, all foreigners except Southeast Asians liked Deoduk gangjeong, and both Koreans and foreigners liked Seopsansam. Foreigners' experience of eating foods containing Deoduk was high at 'No' (68.9%), whereas Japanese (60.0%) had previous experience. Exactly 91.6% of Koreans responded 'Yes' to the question of whether or not Deoduk food is good for health, whereas the proportion of foreign respondents who said 'Yes' was 43.2%, 'No' was 5.4%, and 'I don't know' was 51.4%. Deoduk seolgidduk was preferred by Japanese, and most foreigners preferred Deoduk gangjeong and Seopsansam. Therefore, Deoduk could be developed as a healthy food for globalization of Korean food. However, as foreigners' awareness of Deoduk is low, we must positively promote the health function of traditional food ingredients and develop various menus suitable forforeigners' tastes for the globalization of Korean food.
A Study on How Barista's Ethical-Consumption Consciousness Effects to Sale of Fair-Trading Coffee
Kim, Ji-Eung ; Jeon, Hyo-Jin ; Cho, Won-Young ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 29, issue 1, 2014, Pages 54~60
DOI : 10.7318/KJFC/2014.29.1.054
The coffee industry has grown very fast ever since international coffee brands were launched in the 1990's. Recently, consumers have begun to focus on coffee produced ethically. This phenomenon is due to ethical-consumption consciousness, which consists of three factors, emotional value, social value and function value. Most studies on this topic have focused on consumers who purchase fair-trade coffee. Thus, this study is novel in its focus on baristas who sell fairtrade coffee in their shops as well as differences from former studies. The three factors of ethical-consumption consciousness of baristas affected the sale of fair-trade coffee, except for the function value. Therefore, the sale of fair-trade coffee could be influenced by ethical-consumption consciousness of baristas. This study shows that education of baristas can promote the sale of fair-trade coffee. However, there are limitations as it only researched coffee brands ranked in the top 5, so further studies will be required in the future.
A Study on the Recipe of Byung-Kwa-Ryu (Korean rice cake and cookie) in the Old Cookbooks of Jong-Ga (Head & Noble Family)
Kwon, Yong-Seok ; Kim, Young ; Choe, Jeong-Sook ; Lee, Jin-Young ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 29, issue 1, 2014, Pages 61~83
DOI : 10.7318/KJFC/2014.29.1.061
The aim of this study was to review Byung-Kwa-Ryu recipes in old cookbooks of the head & noble family (Jong-Ga). As for details and classification, we examined the materials and recipes of Byung-Kwa-Ryu. To accomplish this, old cookbooks of the head & noble family ("Soowoonjabbang", "Eumsikdimibang", "Onjubub", and "Jusiksiui") were reviewed. The introduced Byung-Kwa-Ryu recipes numbered 47 total; four from "Soowoonjabbang", 18 from "Eumsikdimibang", nine from "Onjubub", and 16 from "Jusiksiui". We classified the foods (Byung-Kwa_Ryu) into two categories, Tteok-Ryu (Korean rice cake) and Kwa-Jung-Ryu (Korean traditional cookie), on the basis of previous studies. These were further classified into 11 categories: Tteok-Ryu (Jjin-tteok, Salmeun-tteok, Chin-tteok, Jijin-tteok), Kwa-Jung-Ryu (Yumilkwa, Yukwa, Jeongkwa, Dasik, Kwapyun, Dang (Yeot), and others. The most common Byung-Kwa-Ryu type was Jjin-tteok in Tteok-Ryu (14). The next most common Byung-Kwa-Ryu types were Yukwa in Kwa-Jung-Ryu (6) and Yumilkwa in Kwa-Jung-Ryu (5).
Antioxidant Activity and Quality Characteristics of Mung Bean Starch Gel Prepared with Ginkgo Nut Powder
Joo, Shin-Youn ; Choi, Hae-Yeon ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 29, issue 1, 2014, Pages 84~90
DOI : 10.7318/KJFC/2014.29.1.084
This study investigated the effects of ginkgo nut powder on the antioxidant activity and quality characteristics of mung bean starch gel. Mung bean starch gels were prepared with different amounts of ginkgo nut powder (0, 1, 3, 5, and 7%). The antioxidant activity of ginkgo nut powder and mung bean starch gel was estimated through measuring DPPH free radical scavenging activity and total phenolic acid content. For analyzing quality characteristics several factors were considered: syneresis, pH, color, texture profile analysis, and sensory evaluations. In the results, syneresis in the treated group was higher than the control group. The pH, b values, total phenolic acid content, and DPPH free radical scavenging activity of mung bean starch gels also significantly increased with increasing ginkgo nut powder. In contrast, the L values and a values of mung bean starch gels significantly decreased with increasing ginkgo nut powder. In the texture profile analysis, the mung bean starch gels with 5% and 7% ginkgo nut powder showed significantly lower degrees of hardness, chewiness, and gumminess. On the other hand, cohesiveness was highest in the mung bean starch gels with 5% and 7% ginkgo nut powder. The consumer acceptability score for the mung bean starch gel prepared with 5% and 7% ginkgo nut powder ranked significantly higher than the other groups in flavor and taste. Overall, these results suggest that ginkgo nut powder is a good ingredient for increasing the consumer acceptability and functionality of mung bean starch gel.
Antioxidative Activities and Quality Characteristics of Gruel as a Home Meal Replacement with Angelica keiskei Powder Pre-treated by Various Drying Methods
Kim, Hae Young ; Choi, Su-Jin ; Ra, Ha-Na ; Lee, Jong-Eun ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 29, issue 1, 2014, Pages 91~100
DOI : 10.7318/KJFC/2014.29.1.091
This study investigated the antioxidative activities and quality characteristics of gruel as a home meal replacement with Angelica keiskei powder pre-treated by far-infrared radiation or freeze-drying methods. Far-infrared treated Angelica keiskei powder (F-IAP) showed significantly lighter, weaker green, and stronger yellow color values than powder subjected to freezedrying (FAP) (p<0.001). F-IAP showed higher total phenolic compound contents than that of the FAP. ABTS radical scavenging activity of F-IAP was 50.31%, which was significantly higher than that of FAP, at 43.51% (p<0.05). Color values of gruel significantly decreased with increased addition of Angelica keiskei powder (p<0.05). Gruels containing far-infrared treated Angelica keiskei powder (F-IAG) showed higher total phenolic compound contents as well as ABTS radical scavenging activities compared to the gruels containing freeze-dried Angelica keiskei powder (FAG). Gruels containing 5 g of Angelica keiskei powder showed 2.0 to 2.5 times higher antioxidant activities than those containing powder alone due to the presence of other ingredients with antioxidant activities such as black soybean or sweet pumpkin. In the results of sensory evaluation, F-IAG containing more than 5 g of Angelica keiskei powder had higher sweetness and roasted grain flavor, as well as lower bitterness and astringency compared to FAG. Sensory acceptance tests of all samples showed higher scores than 5.0 representing possibilities of successful development of gruels as a home meal replacement containing Angelica keiskei powder.
Optimization of Muffin preparation upon Addition of Jerusalem Artichoke Powder and Oligosaccharide by Response Surface Methodology
Park, Geum-Soon ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 29, issue 1, 2014, Pages 101~110
DOI : 10.7318/KJFC/2014.29.1.101
This study was performed to determine the optimal composition of a muffin added with jerusalem artichoke powder and oligosaccharide. The experiment was designed based on CCD (central composite design), and evaluation was carried out by means of RSM (response surface methodology), which included 10 experimental points with three replicates each for the two independent variables jerusalem artichoke powder and oligosaccharide. The experimental muffin was prepared according to a traditional recipe, except that the flour was partially replaced by jerusalem artichoke powder (5, 15, or 25%) and the sugar was partially replaced by oligosaccharide (25, 50, or 75%). Using F-test, height, moisture, a-value, b-value, springiness, cohesiveness, texture, and overall acceptability were expressed as a linear model, whereas volume, pH, L-value, appearance, flavor and taste were expressed as a quadratic model. Increased amounts of jerusalem artichoke powder led to reduction of sensory scores for appearance, flavor, taste, texture, and overall quality. The optimum formulation determined by the numerical and graphical methods were similar: jerusalem artichoke powder 10.99%, oligosaccharide 71.40%.
Quality Characteristics and Antioxidant Activities of Bread Added with Cedrela sinensis Powder
Kim, Min-A ; Lee, Eun Ji ; Jin, So-Yeon ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 29, issue 1, 2014, Pages 111~118
DOI : 10.7318/KJFC/2014.29.1.111
Cedrela sinensis is a Korean traditional wild herb found especially in the southern provinces of Korea. This study investigated the effects of Cedrela sinensis powder on the antioxidant activities and quality characteristics of bread. Bread was prepared with different amounts of Cedrela sinensis powder (at ratios of 0, 1, 2, and 3% of total flour quantity). The results showed that the dough pH, moisture, and fermentation tension levels decreased as Cedrela sinensis powder content increased. Bread volume and specific volume decreased (p<0.01) with an increasing amount of Cedrela sinensis powder (Bread weight increased (p<0.001)). As Cedrela sinensis powder content increased, color 'a' value decreased, and 'b' value increased. Sensory parameters such as color (p<0.01), flavor (p<0.01), appearance (p<0.001), taste, softness (p<0.05), and overall quality (p<0.01) of bread containing 2% Cedrela sinensis powder were measured. Total phenol contents and DPPH free radical scavenging activity of bread significantly increased with increasing Cedrela sinensis powder content (p<0.001). Based on these results, we suggest that Cedrela sinensis can be used for increasing the consumer acceptability and functionality of bread.
Standardization of Tangpyeongchae Recipe and Development of Obangsaek Cheongpomuk (Mungbean gel)
Choi, Garam ; Lee, Sol ; Lee, Kyong Ae ; Shin, Malshick ; Kim, Hyang Sook ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 29, issue 1, 2014, Pages 119~128
DOI : 10.7318/KJFC/2014.29.1.119
This study attempted to develop a representative mild Korean food, including kimchi, bulgogi, galbi, and bibimbap, while maintaining existing images in order to spread Korean food worldwide. Tangpyeongchae is a mild healthy food with a nutritional balance of carbohydrates from cheongpomuk, protein from beef and eggs, and vitamins and minerals from water parsley, bean sprout, and laver. The food has a history of being favored by the political elite of the Joseon Dynasty and has features in Korean storytelling. Tangpyeongchae is an obangsaek food (five representative colors of Oriental philosophy). This study examined modern recipes of Tangpyeongchae in order to establish a standardized cooking method. Furthermore, the study examined customer interest and marketability of natural pigments to develop obangsaek cheongpomuk (mungbean gel) by adding black sesame, a traditional ingredient in Korea, to the cheongpomuk as well as traditional Korean pigments, chija and omija.