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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Food Culture
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 3, Issue 4 - Dec 1988
Volume 3, Issue 3 - Sep 1988
Volume 3, Issue 2 - Jun 1988
Volume 3, Issue 1 - Mar 1988
Selecting the target year
On Linguistic Analysis in Traditional Korean Kitchen Utensils Tablewares
Lee, Hoon-Jong ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 3, issue 2, 1988, Pages 115~124
An Analytic Study on the Rice Cakes Needed for Aneestral Worship Rites in the Court of Choson Dynasty
Joung, Hyun-Sook ; Hoe, Pil-Sook ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 3, issue 2, 1988, Pages 125~133
In recent years, Korean traditional culture has been reviewed in many ways. And Great efforts have been made to form a culture suitable for the Koreans. With these tendencies, the interest in Korean traditional foods has been greater. So this paper is intended to identify and analyze the kinds, materials and cooking processes of the rice cakes needed for ancestral worship rites in the court of Choson Dynasty. The work is centered around the Tae-sang-ji written by Lee kun-myong in 1873-the 10th year since king kojong's coming to the throne. And we study such literatures on foods and cooking processes as Kyugon-si-ui-bang, Yo-rok, Jungbo-Sallim-Kyungjae, Kyuhap-Chongso, Si-ui-jon-so and so on. The results are compared and analyzed. Cooking processes and materials of Korean rice cakes in Choson Dynasty were various and had traditional characteristics. Rice cakes necessarily needed for various rites were called pyun especially when they were used for ancestral worship. And many different kinds of Pyun were used according to seasons. There were nineteen kinds of rice cakes used for ancestral worship in the court: Gu-i-Byung, Bun-ja-Byung, Baek-Byung and so on. The six; Gu-i-Byung, Bun-ja-Byung, Sam-sik-Byung, Yi-sik-Byung, Baek-Byung and Huk Byung were essential for the great rites at Jong-myo and Young-nyung-Jeon and so they were highly thought of. Main materials of these six were rice, glutinousrice, sorghum and wheat flour. Cooking processes of the rice cakes above mentioned can be classified into frying, beating, boiling, steaming, etc. Powder for covering rice cakes was made of bean, pine nut, sesame and red bean, of which bean was made the greatest use of. If was very wise of them to use these kinds of powder, for they supply protein and lipid of which rice cakes are destitute and they also add colors and good tastes to rice cakes. But Korean traditional rice cakes are less used as the thought of rites has changed and various kinds of desserts have been developed. And yet there is no denying the fact that even now rice cakes play a great role in traditional formalities.
Analytical Study on the Cooking in Eum Sik Bo
Kim, Gwi-Young ; Lee, Sung-Woo ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 3, issue 2, 1988, Pages 135~142
'Eum Sik Bo,' the old cook book in Korean, had been kept on microfilm by Hwang, but the condition of copy was not clear so that interpretation of the content was very difficult. The interpreted content was classified and analyzed. The kinds of cooking food recorded in this book were alcohol beverage 12, Side dish 12, Dessert 11, etc. The materials used for the cooking foods cereals, meats, fishes, honey, vegetables, etc. - were various and the cooking methods were described in detail. But the unit of measuring and the used utensils were very poor. The special feature of 'Eum Sik Bo' were the fact that red pepper was not used as seasoning and that Nu Ruk was used for Sik He and Ma ji Jub for Nu Ru Mi compared with 'Eum Sik Di Mi Bang' and 'Zu Bang Moon' According to these points, 'Eum Sik Bo' was supposed to be written contemporary or a little later than 'Eum Sik Di Mi Bang(1670's)' and 'Zu Bang Moon (the end of 17th Century).'
Analytical Study on the Cooking in 'On Zu Bub'
Kim, Gwi-Young ; Lee, Sung-Woo ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 3, issue 2, 1988, Pages 143~151
'On Zu Bub,' written in Korean, is the anonymous old cook book. The kinds of cooking food recorded-Wine 44, Nu Ruk 2, Sauce 2, dessert 6, side dish 2 etc.-are fifty-six items in all. Especially it was written mirutely about brewage. The wines such as Sub Wang Mo You Bok Gyung Hyang Zu, Gu Ga Zu, Sin Bang Zu, Bang Se Hyang Zu, Zuhk Sun So Zu, Gye Dang Zu, Sa Mi Zu, Gwa Ha Jul Mi Zu were not found in other old cook books, 'Eum Sik Di Mi Bang' and 'Zu Bang Moon' and the contents about Gu Gi Za Zu was guoted from Zi Bung You Suhl. The seasonings used were black pepper, ginger, Chun Cho, Cinnamon, Sugar, ect, but red pepper was not used. But, we can find 'Bingsagua' from this book. First 'Bingsagua' has been found in 1789. 'On zu Bub' is guessed developed in late 1700's.
A Bibliographical Study of Dock(Korean rice cake)
Mang, Hae-Yull ; Lee, Hyo-Gee ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 3, issue 2, 1988, Pages 153~162
(Korean rice cake) is a peculiar food of Korea made of grain. By means of cooking from, it is defined as 'Pulvberzed food of grain'
was one of the daily food, but development of boild rice had narrowed it's use to the food of festive days and ceremonies.
is used as a main food of all Kinds of ceremonies from one's birth to death, such as the Three seven day(a baby's twenty-first day of life), one hunderdth day, birthday, wedding, both brithday, funeral and sacrifical rites, vocational ceremonies, such as a sacrifice to spirits and a srevics for a big catch of fish. It is also used as a present and seasonal food. A large variety of
is available and its recipe is scientific and reasonable. In this treatise, the Kinds of
and the frequency of them, the material, the recipe, the measuring unit of material, cooking kitchen utensils and the cooking terms are studied from the books published in Korea from 1670 to 1943. 1.
was classified as Tcbin
(fried) and Salmun
(boiled), according to its way of cooking. 2. There were 122 Kinds of
, 57 were Tchin
, 35 Chin
, 20 Chijin
, and 10 Salmun
. 3. There were 34 Kinds of measuring units. Of them, 13 for volume, 4 for weight, 9 for quantity, 4 for length and 4 for the rest. 4. There were 55 Kinds of cooking Kitchen utensils but now many of them are not used because of mechanization or automation of tools of living. 5. There were 143 Kinds of cooking terms. Of them 49 for the preparing process, 25 for the mixing process, 27 for well-forming process 10 for process of getting ready to cook, 14 for heating process, 10 for cutting process, 5 for dishin process and 3 for process of soaking in sugar or honey.
A Survey on the Utilization of Korean Rice-Cakes and the Evaluation about Their Commercial Products by Housewives
Yim, Kook-Yi ; Kim, Sun-Hyo ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 3, issue 2, 1988, Pages 163~175
The purpose of this study was to find out the utilization status of Korean rice-cakes and the evaluation degrees of their commercial products by subjects. The subjects were 530 housewives lived in Seoul, Deajeon, Youngju city, and Secheon khun. We conducted this survey from November 16 to 28, 1987 by questionnaire method. The results obtained can be summarized as follows; 1. In the subjects' home, 37 kinds of Korean rice-cakes were used. All of them, Inchelmi (67.9%), Songpyeon (66.6%), Whinddeg (51.4%) and Gaepiddeg (43.4%) were frequently used. 2. All of ceremonial days, Korean rice-cakes were used most frequently on the wedding day but they were used scarecely on the funeral day. 3. On the birth day of children and adults, cakes were used more frequently than Korean rice-cakes. 4. All of Korean festival days, Korean rice-cakes were used most frequently on New Year's day. 5. In the future, most housewives (61.7%) hoped to make the Korean rice cakes of themselves at home. 6. Convenience (65.8%) was the most favored cause purchasing the commercial products but many housewives (44.3%) wanted to make the Korean rice-cakes of themselves at home. 7. All the quality properties of commercial products, taste and color property were favored and price, package, storage and hygienic property were poorly evaluated by housewives. 8. The evaluation about color property of commercial products were affected by resident place variable of housewives (P<0.05) and hygienic property were affected by resident place and academic career variable of housewives significantly (P<0.01). And package property of them was affected by dwelling house type significantly. (P<0.05) 9. Housewives indicated that commercial products were improved hygienic property (37.0%), price (23.8%), package (15.6%), taste (11.1%), storage (10.1%) and color (2.4%) in order.
The Analysis of Food Preference According to Region, Age, Sex
Hwang, Hye-Sun ; Sohn, Kyung-Hee ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 3, issue 2, 1988, Pages 177~185
This study was surveyed the preference for the regional food and food choices according to Region, Age, Sex. The subjects were 943 residing in Seoul and Cheon Nam region. The summarized result are as follows; The survey about the preference for the regional food showed that subjects in Cheon Nam has higher preference for the Cheon Nam food and subjects in Seoul for the Seoul food respectively. The most subjects marked very high preference scores about familiar food. The preference for the regional food and food choices were effected by main growth region. Subjects brought up in Cheon Nam like Cheon Nam food especially fresh raw fishes(WHOI) and fermented fishes(CHOT GAL) more than those brought up in Seoul, although both of them reside in Seoul now. But they were brought up in Cheon Nam, subjects residing in Cheon Nam or Seoul now showed no difference in preference for Cheon Nam food. Subjects in Cheon Nam showed higher preperence for fresh raw fishes(WHOI), fermented fishes(CHOT GAL), especially in older men.
The Present State of Food Serviee by the Covered Wagon Bars
Yoon, Eun-Young ; Choi, Kyung-Suk ; Park, Young-Sook ; Mo, Su-Mi ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 3, issue 2, 1988, Pages 187~195
In accordance with the rapidly growing number of street food service without a registration, a study was undertaken to determine the present state of food service by the covered wagon bar, through an investigation in Jamwondong, around the south gate market and Kangnam subway station, in Seoul, between July 25th and August 25th of 1987. The survey was comprised of three parts: 1) foodservice operation in covered wagon, 2) personal and food handling hygiene, 3) food behaviors of customers. A total of 54 covered wagon bars, consisting of 51.8% mobile bars and 48.2% non-mobile bars, operating in the above three locations, were investigated. Survey results show non-mobile covered wagon bars to be more popular among persons in their thrities and fourties than among teens or the elderly; also among males than females; among company employees and college students than others. Seventy five percent of the mobile covered wagon bars served snack type foods and others served wine and foods for wine, in contrast to hundred percent of the non-mobile covered wagon bars served wine and foods for wine. The survey found many problems of hygiene, in method of food purchasing, menu planning, food preparation, dish washing treatment of leftovers and water supply, as well as personal hygiene. However, customers prefer the casual and popular atmosphere at the counter of the covered wagon bar. Finally, the study emphasizes a need for better operation of covered wagon bar, improvement of food stuff handling and the way of food services and personal hygiene. A change of the registration system from the illegal operation are urgently needed for better quality food services of covered wagon bars.
A Study on the Changes of the Recommended Dietary Allowances for the Koreans
Kim, Sung-Mee ; Lee, Sung-Woo ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 3, issue 2, 1988, Pages 197~206
Age, sex and the amount of activity determine recommended dietary allowances. So the method of developing RDA and their levels have been revised according as the physical condition of a nation improves and the amount of activity changes along with the variety of social situations. It can be seen from records that in Korea the absolute nutrient requirements for the people in Chosun Dynasty were first published in 1922. After that, in 1941 Gui Dong Han expressed his view that the standard health diets for the Japanese would be suitable for the people in Chosun Dynasty. In 1960, the temporary nutrition standards for the Koreans were established by the Ministry of the Health and Social Affairs. For these standards, males and females were respectively divided into three groups by age and nine nutrients were recommended for each group. In 1962, The Korean Association to FAO published the RDA for the Koreans. Since then, regular researches have been done. For these allowances, there were 16 age groups of men and women and ten nutrients recommended for each group. On the first revision in 1967, the fat allowance was presented at the ratio (12%) of fat calorie to total calories with no change in the number of age catagories and in the kinds of nutrients. And the basis of the riboflavin allowance was changed from the level of protein intake to that of energy intake. On the socond revision in 1975, there was brought 19 are catagories and ten nutrients recommended. On the third revision in 1980, age catagories increased to 22, and ten nutrients were recommended. On the fourth revision in 1985, there remained 21 groups by uniting the early and later periods of pregency. On the first revision in 1967, the recommended energy allowance was 3000 kcal, the highest level. Since then it has gradually been reduced. And it can be noticed that the protein allowance was high when food was difficult to obtain.
Volatile Flavor Components of Korean Malgundaesswuk(Artemisia Keiskeana)
Lee, Mie-Soon ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 3, issue 2, 1988, Pages 207~210
Volatile components of Artemisia keiskeana, Korean wild vegetable, were collected by steam distillation. Samples were analyzed by gas chromatography(GC) and combined gas chromatography-mass spectrometry(GC-MS). Twenty nine components, including 17 hydrocarbons, 6 alcohols, 2 aldehydes, 1 oxide, and 3 furans were confirmed in this study.
An Analysis of the Improvement of Food Labelling Standard based on Consumerism
Nam, Sang-Duck ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 3, issue 2, 1988, Pages 211~217
The Main objective of this study is to find consumer attitude toward the Sanitary Regulation of Foods. In view of consumerism, this result will be used in re-regulating the law. Among the Sanitary Regulation of Foods, this study focuses on the Standard of prepackaged Food Labelling, because it is related both with the advertising from the food manufacturer's point of view and with the perception about the food itself from the consumer's point of view. After reviewing the previous studies and related provisions about the Standard of Prepackaged food Labelling, and compare other sanitary regulation of foods in developed countries (U.S.A. and Japan), basic research framework was derived. The research framework focuses on the user perception about the validity of provisions about the Standard of Prepackaged Food Labelling, and on the existance of exaggeration in food advertising using prepackaged foods. Data were collected through questionaires from the sample covering 374 food customers. The data were analyzed by frequency test and the important findings of this study are as follows. Most food consumers consider such provisions as date of manufacturing, circulation time limit, cautions for food handling, price, and manufacturer as important factors in buying food products. Among these factors, the date of manufacturing and circulation time limit are most critical factors, and must be labelled correctly on the prepackaged food cover. But other provisions which do not affect on consumer's buying decision (e.g. business admission number, self standard number) need not be labelled. From this study, we can conclude that the provisions about the standard of prepackaged Food Labelling currently used must be devided into two parts. One is 'mandatory provisions' which must be obeyed by all food manufacturets, and the other is 'autonomous provisions' which need not be obeyed by all food manufacturers. And mandatory provisions need to be regylated more strongly than now.