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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Food Culture
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Volume & Issues
Volume 6, Issue 4 - Dec 1991
Volume 6, Issue 3 - Sep 1991
Volume 6, Issue 2 - Jun 1991
Volume 6, Issue 1 - Mar 1991
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A Study on the Cooking and Processing Methods Presented in CHE MIN YO SUL -Palfaze-
Yoon, Seo-Seok ; Yoon, Sook-Kyung ; Cho, Hoo-Jong ; Lee, Hyo-Gee ; Ahn, Sook-Ja ; Ahn, Myong-Soo ; Suh, Hye-Kyung ; Yoon, Duk-Ihn ; Lim, Hee-Soo ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 6, issue 2, 1991, Pages 137~140
PALFAZE is one of ZE. ZE is One of the Chinese Sause. Especially PALFAZE is made from eight materials and used for the slices raw fish or raw meat. At first ZE was made from pickled vegitables that minced, or added vineger, some spices. But later when the garic-growing was spreaded it was changed to be made from minced garic, ginger mixed in vineger or added some spices, starch. Especially PALFAZE is made from garic, ginger, salt, vineger, mamanufactured plum, dried orange rind, boild chestnut, boiled rice.
A Study on the Cooking and Processing Methods Presented in CHE MIN YO SUL -Jangs-
Yoon, Seo-Seok ; Yoon, Sook-Kyung ; Cho, Hoo-Jong ; Lee, Hyo-Gee ; Ahn, Myong-Soo ; Ahn, Sook-Ja ; Suh, Hye-Kyung ; Yoon, Duk-Ihn ; Lim, Hee-Soo ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 6, issue 2, 1991, Pages 141~146
This is a study about Jangs presented in the Cheminyosul. Scattered yeast and purified salts are used as ingredients of Jangs. Hwangeui, Hwangjeung and Eol are scattered yeast, and Sangmanyom, Hwayom and Inyom are purified salts. According to their main ingredient, Jang can be classified Kokjang, Yukjang and Eojang. Kokjang was made from soybean and/or wheat, Yukjang made from meat, and Eojang made from fish and crustacea. Eojang is similar to Korean fish sauce, Jeot. Three kinds of Kokjang, four kinds of Yukjang and seven kinds of Eojang are described in the Cheminyosul. Generally, Jangs were fermented and ripened for one day to one hundred days. Also, most of Jangs were made in cold season except Keonjeeojang and Janghae.
The Studies of Composition of Fatty Acids and Antioxidant Activities in Parts of Omija (Schizandra chinensis Baillon)
Lee, Joung-Sook ; Lee, Sung-Woo ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 6, issue 2, 1991, Pages 147~153
We have studies fatty acid composition of water extracts of parts of omija (Schizandra chinensis Baillon) and antioxidant activities of fractionated omija parts (fruits, endocarps, seeds) were determined by DPPH methods and by in vitro hepatic microsomal lipid peroxidation system. Fatty acid composition was not different by parts of omija and major fatty acids are linoleic, oleic, and palimitic acids, among fatty acids is water extracts of parts of omija, linoleic acid was highest in content. Methanol and buthanol fractions of seeds and ethyl acetate fraction of endocarps showed stronger antioxidant activities by DPPH methods. Methanol and buthanol fractions of seeds also showed on inhibitory effect on in vitro liver microsomal lipid peroxidation.
A Comparative Study on Regional Obeserving State of Korean Holiday's Traditional Festive Foods (Centering Around KANGREUNG, DAEJEON, JEONJU and DAEGU Regions)
Kim, Hyang-Hee ; Hwang, Choon-Sun ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 6, issue 2, 1991, Pages 155~173
This study was conducted to research on the observing state of Korean traditional holidays and the traditional foods related to those days through the questionnaires completed by 578 housewives who live in Kangreung, Daejeon, Jeonju, and Daegu area. For data processing, SAS program was employed, and all data was analyzed by frequency, percentage, and
. The results are as follows; 1. In observing the traditional holidays, more than 90% of housewives who answered the inquiry keep up SEOLNAL, DAEBOREUM, and CHUSEOK, whithout regarding regions. There are larger number of people who keep up IPCHUN, JUNGWHAJEAL, and DANOH in Kangreung and SAMBOK in Daegu than that of other regions (p<.001). Compared to general circumstances, CHOPAIL is more commonly celebrated by older class as well as lower educated class (p<.001) Also, the consequence shows that Buddhists observe IPCHUN, SAMJITANL, CHOPAIL, DANOH, SAMBOK, and DONGJI more commonly compared with other classes (p<.001), IPCHUN, SAMJITNAL, (p<.01). DAEBOREUM, YUDU, SAMBOK, JUNGYANGJEOL, OHIL, and DONGJI (p<.001) are celebrated more generally among extended. 2. On inheritance of the traditional holidays, most of the housewives answered that the SEOLNAL, DAEBOREUM, CHUSSEOK, and DONGJI are to be inherited. Compared to general circumstance CHOPAIL is suggested to be inherited by older people (p<.001). The IPCHUN, CHOPAIL, SAMBOK (p<.001), and DANCH (p<.01) are suggested by Buddhists that YUDU and SAMBOK are by nuclear. 3. In preparaing festive foods, DEOKGUK on SEOLNAL, OHKOKBAP and MUKEUNNAMUL on DAEBOREUM, SONGPYEON and GATEUNNAMUL on CHUSEOK, and PATJUK on DONGJI are being made very generally. KANGJEONG on SEOLNAL, BUREUM on DAEBOREUM, KALGUKSU and SAMGYAETANG on SAMBOK, DARKJIM on CHUSEOK, SUJEONGGWA and DONGCHIMI on DONGJI appeared comparatively high rated of making. 4. In normal times, DEOKGUK, MANDU, INJEOLMI, SIKHYAE, SUJEEONGGWA, PYEONYUK, JEONYUEO, SIRUDDEOK, BOKSSAM, MUKEUNNAMUL, SONGPYUN, MINARINAMUL, YUKGAEJANGGUK, KALGUKSU, SAMGYAETANG, HOBAKJIJIM, TORANTANG, GATEUNNAMUL, NUREUMJEOK, DAKJIM, KALBIJIM, PATJJUK, and DONGCHIMI is usully made. 5. The source to learn about traditional foods is mostly by her mother and the rest orders are husband's mother, cooking books, mass media (including T.V), school education, and cooking instituse, etc.
The Present State and Problems of Hotel Buffet Styled Restaurant -I. A Survey of Customer's Dining out Behaviours of Hotel Buffet Styled Restaurant-
Mo, Su-Mi ; Choi, Kyung-Suk ; Kim, Chang-Im ; Lee, Soo-Kyung ; Jung, Sang-Jin ; Choi, Sun-Hae ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 6, issue 2, 1991, Pages 175~184
To identify the eating behaviour of customers at a hotel buffet styled restaurant, a survey was conducted. The age range of the respondents was 6 through 70, but consisted mainly people in their twenties, thirties, and forties of the respondents, 65.1% were female. The occupation ranged from student 30.3%, housewife 27.2%, office worker 19.3%, professional 17.3%. 43.9% of respondents visited buffet styled restaurant 1 to 2 times every three or four months. Some respondents had a positive opinions: they had many choices in food selection, they could take and choose as much as they wanted, the appearance and the arrangement of the food was great, etc. But some also had negative attitudes(i.e. unhappy with self service and expensive prices). Of the respondents, 31.1% said they visited the buffet styled restaurant was for family parties and the average number of the party member was
. The average time period of eating was 1 hour
minutes. The average frequency of taking food was
. The average frequency of taking food after satiety was
. The first selection of the buffet service food was soup 23.9% of the respondents and salad 23.9%. Females chose more of the soups and salads the males chose more of the meats and seafoods. The standard of food selection was 70.7% of 'my favorite'. This tells customers' low cognition level of desirable food selection and the order of a meal. 64.0% of the respondents responded overeating, from mild and extreme. We think that information on nutrition education and health problems are necessary. For better service, 82.9% wanted to lower the price by decreasing similar items. Respondent wanted; one, to increase more Korean food items and make a traditional Korean buffet styled restaurant, two, to use more seasonal food and decrease the redundant food items to reduce the price, and three, to have different price rates according to the age or gender of the grown ups.
The Present State and Problems of Hotel Buffet Styled Restaurant -II. A Survey of Ecology in Food and Nutrition of Some Urban Females Dining in Hotel Buffet Styled Restaurant-
Choi, Kyung-Suk ; Mo, Su-Mi ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 6, issue 2, 1991, Pages 185~197
An eating behavior research was done with 50 females at a buffet styled restaurant during their lunch time. Of the respondents, 52.0% were professional and 54.0% were graduate school graduates. Of the respondents, 58.0% of the company were friends and 24.0% were relatives. The average time period of eating was
minutes. The average frequency of taking food was
and the average frequency of taking food after satiety was
. It is significant that lower frequency of food consumption was directly proportional to the age groups of respondents. The average selected food items were
out of 175 and the average weight of the consumed food was
g. The older age group chose a similar number of food items, but the amount of each food item was considerably less than younger. So the younger the age group was, the more they ate. The average food items at one time was
and the average food weight time was
g. The percentage of respondents who evaluated themselves as 'ate too much' was 70.0% and those who evaluate themselves 'ate properly' was 14.0%. Most of them were satisfied with the buffet service. The average of number of food items consumed by respondents before cooking was
. The consumption of calories and nutrients was compared with the Korean Daily Recommended Dietary Allowances. The consumed calories were 60.9% of RDAs, protein 104.4%, calcium 77.1%, iron 129.8%, vitamin A 66.5%, thiamin 96.0%, riboflavin 95.7%, niacin126.6% and ascorbic acid 112.3%. This data exceeded 1/3 of the Korean Daily RDAs tremendously and tells us extreme overeating. The energy ratio of carbohydrate: fat: protein was 51.6: 29.9: 18.5. Caloric consumption of animal food was 27.9% and the consumption rate of the other nutrients from animal food was considerably high. But the consumption rate of vitamin A was 90.9% from vegetable groups. Accoding to this study, buffet service gives some advantages. It gives customers an good opportunity to vary their food intake, which enhances eating experiences and can cause an improvemont of food habits. But overeating is a problem. Therefore, we think it is necessary for those women who have influence over their family's food selection, to have nutrition education about a desirable order of eating a meal, food selection, and health problems due to overeating at buffet styled restaurant. There should be some improvement in the management of buffet service. For example, proper temperature, texture, and freshness of the food should be maintained. Prevention of mixed food smells should be considered as well. To lower the price it is desirable to reduce the number of similar items and to use seasonal food as much as possible. A buffet styled restaurant with less food items with cheaper prices is recommended. Various traditional food should be developed for the menu items. We expect buffet services to be sutable to maintain good health and to be popular to any eater.
Comparative Study on Food Habit Patterns and Nutrient Intakes Among Worldwide Nations
Moon, Soo-Jae ; Yang, Il-Sun ; Lee, Min-June ; Cha, Jin-Ah ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 6, issue 2, 1991, Pages 199~213
The purposes of this study were to: (a) identify the changes in food patterns for last 20 years; (b) analyze the factors affecting on the changes in food patterns; (c) investigate the impact of changes in food patterns on nutritional composition of the diet and diet-related health problems. A questionnaire was developed and mailed to 30 country members of the International Federation for Home Economics(IFHE) regional representatives. The response rate was 60%; simple descriptive and content analyses indicated that the significant differences of food consumption pattern were existed between western and eastern countries. Traditional food consumption patterns were maintained even though each countries' food consumption patterns have been dramatically changed due to the development of food technology and industrialization. The factors most frequently affecting on the changes in food patterns were nutrition and heallth-related educations. The food pattern changes have considerable effect on the nutritional composition of the diet among countries. The major diet-related health problems with nutrient deficiency were reported by underdeveloped countries such as India. In contrast to the above, in the developed countries, the adult disease related to the nutrition have been increased, while the developing countries such as Korea have the problems with nutrient deficiency and adult diseases simultaneously.
Food Scientific Study on the Difference between Traditional Korean and Japanese Foods -Difference of inorganic cation contents between Kimchi, Japanese pickles and Salted and fermented fish intestines-
Kaneko, Kentaro ; Kim, Chon-Ho ; Kaneda, Takashi ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 6, issue 2, 1991, Pages 215~222
The difference between Kimchi, Japanese pickles, Korean Salted and fermented fish intestines and Japanese Salted and fermented fish intestines was investigated by comparising composition of inorganic cation in them. A high-performance liqid chromatography was used for the determination of Na, K, Ca and Mg in Kimchi, Japanese pickles and Salted and fermented fish intestines. The Kimchi samples analyzed were produced in the home, in the restaurant, in the nunnery and by food manufactures in Korea, and the pickles used were produced by food manufactures in Japan, and Salted and fermented fish intestines used were produced by food manufactures in Korea or Japan. The results obtained were summarized as following: (1) Sodium chloride in Kimchi was
in Asazuke, Japanese picles which the fresh vegitables was seasoned with sodium chloride and seasoning,
in Japanese Kimchi, Japanese pickles which the fresh vegitables was seasoned with the mixture of sodium chloride, garlic powder, red peper's powder and seasoning,
in Shoyu Zuke, Japanese pickles which the salted vegetables was seasoned with sodium chloride and seasoning after desalting. (2) Na/K value in Kimchi was
in Japanese Kimchi and
in Shoyu zuke respectively. (3) Kimchi contained more K and Ca than Japanese pickles. (4) Kimchi remarkably contained the Ca originating to salted and fermented fish intestines. As the results of this study, it was presumed that while Kimchi and Japanese pickles is well known as a food that contributed to high blood pressure, Kimchi and Japanese Kimchi might not cause the high blood pressure because they have an excellent balance of Na/K value and low Na content. And also it was considered that these differences might be caused by the difference of th food taste between and Korean and Japanese people.
Study on Korean Ancient Diet by the Sacrificial Offerings of Japanese Temple
Kim, Chon-Ho ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 6, issue 2, 1991, Pages 223~228
In the 7th century, Prince Shoudoku built the Horyu temple at Nara, when Buddhist culture in Japan had highly prospered after Buddhism were transmitted to Japan from Korea. At the same time, the three ancient country of Silla, Koguryo, and Baekjae had generally effected on Japanese culture and life as well as Buddhist events, religious services and sacrificial offerings in form. And even now there are kept above one thousand of tablewares which was used at the age and was made of wood and alloy manufactures from Han peninsular in Seisoin at Nara. Through these historical backgrounds, it could be presumed that the religious services and the sacrificial offerings for Prince Shodoku for above 1300 years help us to study and estimate the ancient dietary culture of Korean and Japanese. There are several points of similarities which are remained and maintained in Han Peninsular. 1. They used high filling method of the secrificial offerings and high receptacles in the religious service. 2. The cakes were mainly made of nonglutinous rice tharr glutinous rice 3. They decorated the pheonix instead of flowers and the other kinds of birds in Korea. 4. Kakiage of fried confectionary was founded in many kinds of them at present.