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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Food Culture
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 9, Issue 4 - Dec 1994
Volume 9, Issue 3 - Sep 1994
Volume 9, Issue 2 - Jun 1994
Volume 9, Issue 1 - Mar 1994
Selecting the target year
A Study on the Relationship between Body Mass Index and the Food Habits of College Students
Lee, Yoon-Na ; Choi, Hay-Mie ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 9, issue 1, 1994, Pages 1~10
This study was undertaken to investigate the relationship between body mass index and the food habits of college students. For this purpose, 1030 students of Seoul National University were asked to fill out the questionnaires for the food habit and weight control. Actual weights were also measured, on the spot. The results obtained were as follows. 1. Average height and weight were 173.15 cm, 63.83 kg for male, and 160.52 cm, 52.73 kg for females. The prevalence of underweight, normal and overweight was 32.3, 61.7, 5.5%, respectively. 2. Food habit scores of obese females were lower than normal or underweight females. Male subjects did not show significantly different scores among three groups. 3. Female obese subjects have lower scores than the other groups on the balanced intake of five basic food groups and on the regular meal intakes. Male obese subjects have cholesterol-rich food and animal fat more frequently than normal and underweight males. Male underweight subjects have lower food habit scores on the balanced intake of five basic food groups. 4. Males want to gain weight slightly and females want to lose 4.65 kg weight. All females want to lose weights. Obese males and females want to lose 10 kg weights.
Comparision on the Habitual Practice of Dietary Life in Korea and Japan
Kim, Hye-Ja ; Park, Jung-Soon ; Haruta, Kazuko ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 9, issue 1, 1994, Pages 11~21
This study was conducted to find out the successive habitual practice of dietary life and all the educational tasks for the purpose of activating with female college students in Korea and Japan. The reesults are as follows. Housewives in both countries prepare
for dinner about 65%.
is superior in Korea.
is made by the 92% of Koreans,
is made by the 65% of Japanese,
27%. Two countries' common seasonings are
. Koreans use the traditional seasonings, and in addition flavoring vegetables and oil which is Korea's own characteristic. Japanese use western seasonings frequently besides traditional seasonings.
as home dish are conscentrated on each count's native food.
is made by the 42% of Koreans,
is made by the 83% of Japanese,
38%. Korea has more diverse kinds of food. People eat out
, It means that to eat out is one of the daily dinning styles. Therefore, for those who are engaged in eating house business it is necessary to form their righteous view of evaluation. Koreans learn more various items of table manner than Japan, which are the symbols of dietary culture.
are common items. The extent to which
and to which
are high in Japan than Korea.
The historical study of Lamb Cooking in Korea
Kim, Tae-Hong ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 9, issue 1, 1994, Pages 23~41
In this study kinds of Lamb cooking and preservation and the ingredients of lamb cooking are surveyed through the references written from 1670 to 1943. The lamb cooking found in the literature totaled to more than 53. They can be classified into fourteen different groups according to their processing features which as follows: Salnum and Pyunyuk(boiled and slices of boiled), Kui(roasted), Chim(steamed), Whe(raw meat), Hounjae(smoking), Po(dried), Juk(gruel), Tang(soup), Sundae(stuffed small interstines), Jokpyun(jellied foot), Jungol(happiness pot), Sikhae(salt+meat+malt), Oumjang(salted meat), Kunjo(dried). Korean lamb cooking methods were primarily adopted from Mogolia in late Korea Dynasty but they had unique characteristics different from Mongolian ones. Furthermore, they were creatively applied to other meat cooking such as beef, pork and dog. About twenty one ingredients were mainly used in lamb cooking, including fresh meat, ribs, breast, heart, liver and the like. In particular, most popularly used ones were fresh meat and the heart in internal organs, which coincide with the main ingredients in beef cooking of today. The number of seasoning used in lamb cooking was twelve and especially salt, vineger, ginger and stone leek were most commonly used ones. Fourteen other addition were put into lamb cooking and the rice(Korean) wine was the most frequently used addition.
A Study on the Dietary Pattern and Degree of Fatigue of Evening college Students
Yoon, Gae-Soon ; Hwang, Hye-Sun ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 9, issue 1, 1994, Pages 43~51
The purpose of this study is to investigate dietary pattern and health status related to food habit and degree of fatigue of evening college students. A sample of 476 evening college students in Chonbuk area were surveyed by questionaire examining their food habit, nutrient intakes, degree of fatigue and cornell Medical Index(CMI). In this study, the male and female students were classified into two groups, respectively, the first group is not having jobs and the second is having jobs. The results were summerized as follows: 1. Evaluation status of food habit score indicated that the subjects were included in Fair and Poor group generally. Food habit score of female was significantly higher than score of male. For female students, food habit score of job group was significantly higher than score of non-job group(p<0.05). 2. Average intakes of calorie and protein were 1869.1 kcal and 68.3 g in male and 1612.4 kcal and 58.3 g in female. Other nutrients, such as vitamin
(1.1 mg), vitamin
(1.2 mg) and ascorbic acid(41.0 mg) in male, iron(13.5 mg), vitamin
(1.1 mg) and ascorbic acid(46.5 mg) in female were lower than the korean RDA. 3. The means of degree of physical, mental, neurosensory and CMI scores were 3.1, 1.9, 1.5 and 4.7 in male and 4.0, 2.4, 2.4 and 7.1 in female, respectively. For female students, though significancy was found between job group and non-job group in physical, neurosensory fatigue and CMI score(p<0.05, 0.01), but there were not significant differences in these score for male students. 4. There were significant positive correlation between three types of fatigue and CMI, whereas score of food habit was negative correlation for degree of physical, mental fatigue and CMI. The intakes of protein and vitamin
were significantly related to the mental, neurosensory fatigue and CMI.
Effects of Preheating Treatment and Chitosan Addition on the Textural Properties of Korean Radish during Salting
Rhee, Hee-Seoup ; Lee, Gui-Ju ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 9, issue 1, 1994, Pages 53~59
This study was attempted to investigate the effects of preheating treatment and chitosan addition on the textural properties of Korean radish during salting. For this study, we determined the changes in textural properties by compression, puncture, cutting tests respectively and the changes in pectin fractions were also determined. Sensory parameters such as hardness, crispness and toughness were evaluated by sensory analysis and their results were correlated with those by Instron. The results were as follows. The compression force of nonpreheated Korean radish was increased by chitosan addition, whereas that of preheated one was decreased during salting. The puncture force from all the samples of Korean radish decreased, however, chitosan addition showed higher puncture force. The cutting force of nonpreheated Korean radish increased during salting and those from nonpreheated and preheated ones were increased by chitosan addition. During salting hot water soluble pectin(HWSP) of nonpreheated Korean radish increased and 0.4% Na-hexametaphosphate soluble pectin(HXSP) and 0.05 N-HCl soluble pectin(HCISP) decreased respectively. However, HXSP was decreased by preheating treatment. On the contrary, the results were reversed by chitosan addition. Hardness and crispness of nonpreheated Korean radish decreased and toughness increased respectively during salting. However, toughness was decreased by preheating treatment and hardness was increased by chitosan addition. Compression and puncture forces were highly correlated with sensory parameters such as hardness and crispness, whereas cutting force was more correlated with toughness. From these results, it seems that the textural properties were improved by chitosan addition in both nonpreheated and preheated Korean radish. The preheating treatment was effective in the early stage of salting. However, combination of both treatments showed little effect during salting.
Study on Native Local Foods in Andong Region
Yoon, Sook-Kyung ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 9, issue 1, 1994, Pages 61~69
Northern Kyungbuk around Andong is a mountainous and more or less dry region geomorphogically. Since this area located in the valley was less invaded by foreign countries, the folk traditions have been maintained for a long time. Also as the center of Confucian culture, this region respects ceremonies and so, the simple and noble ceremonial-foods such as Ddok, Hankwas, and Buchiki have been firmly preserved in many distinguished families. And besides Andong-Soju, many traditional liquors produced in different methods can be found in this region. As Gogi-Sikhae(a fermented beverage utilizing rice and fish) is still preserved in eastern coastal area, Sosikhae(Sikhae without fish) is maintained in this region and furthermore the unique Andong Sikhae developed by modifying Sosikhae is being consumed currently. Since it is difficult to get fish here geographically, the soybean foods were developed for protein intake, for example, various fermented soybean pastes, Andong-Songuksu(a hand-made noodle using raw soybean flour), and Siragiguk(a vegetable soup).
Physicochemical properties of chitosans produced from shrimp shell under the different conditions and their influences on the properties of Kakdugi during storage
Kim, Kwang-Ok ; Kang, Hyen-Jun ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 9, issue 1, 1994, Pages 71~77
This study was undertaken to investigate the physicochemical properties of chitosans produced from chitins which were prepared from shrimp shell under the 4 different conditions(HCl concentration : 1 N, 4 N and reaction temperature
). The effects of chitosan on the properties of Kakdugi during storage also were examined. Viscosity of chitosan was markedly different
depending on the production conditon. Chitosan solution showed pseudoplastic property. The infrared(IR) spectrums of chitosans prepared under the conditions of this study were very simillar, and the degree of deacetylation of chitosan was relatively high
independent of the extraction conditions of chitin. As the storage period was extended, markedly lower pH and higher titratable acidity were resulted in all the groups. Throughout the storage period, pH and titratable acidity of kakdugies with chitosan were higher and lower, respectively than those of control. Viscosity of kakdugi juice was significantly different among the groups and as the storage period increased, the juice viscosity decreased. At the eighth day of storage, the juice of control group was more viscous than those of kakdugies containing chitosan. Throughout the storage period the numbers of total microorganisms and of microorgarnisms of Leuconostoc genus in control kakdugi tended to be higher and lower, respectively than those in kakdugies containing chitosan. The growth of Lac. plantarum was slightly lower in kakdugi containing chitosan C produced at low HCl concentration and high temperature compared to the others.
Standardization for the preparation of traditional Korean whole cabbage Kimchi with salted shrimp
Lee, Jong-Mee ; Lee, Hye-Ran ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 9, issue 1, 1994, Pages 79~85
This study was conducted to determine the optimum conditions for the preparation of traditional Korean whole cabbage Kimchi with salted shrimp. Sensory, physical and chemical characteristics of Kimchi with various salted shrimp level(1.8, 3.6%), fermentation time(12, 24, 36 hrs) and storage period(1, 4, 7 days) were measured. As the fermentation time and storage day were extended, pH of Kimchis decreased but titratable acidity of Kimchis increased. The more salted shrimp in Kimchi resulted in the higher titratable acidity. The longer fermentation time and the longer storage resulted in the more citric, malic and succinic acid, and the less lactic and acetic acid in Kimchi. The optimum conditions for the preparation of Korean whole cabbage Kimchi were 3.6% salted shrimp level, 12 hours fermentation time and 84 hours(3.5 days) storage period.
A Study on the Standardization method of Brining Conditions and Storage Day in the Preparation of Traditional chinese whole Cabbage Kimchi
Lee, Jong-Mee ; Kim, Hee-Jeong ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 9, issue 1, 1994, Pages 87~93
This study was conducted to present a method that determine the optimum conditions for the preparation of chinese whole cabbage kimchi. After Sensory and chemical characteristics of kimchi with various salt concentration in brine, brining time and storage period at equal saltiness were measured, the optimum conditions for the preparation of chinese whole cabbage kimchi were determined with the use of the response surface methodology. The results are summarized as follows; 1. The more salt concentration in brine, the longer brining time and storage period, resulted in the lower pH and the higher titratable acidity of kimchis. As the salt concentration in brine and brining time increased, kimchi reaches at optimum titratable acidity of it within a shorter time. 2. As the salt concentration in brine and brining time increased, content of succinic acid decreased but that of lactic, acetic, and propionic acid increased. Amount of citric, malic and succinic acid decreased but that of lactic, acetic acid increased, with storage day. 3. Sensory data showed that firmness and green cabbage flavor of kimchi decreased while toughness, carbonic mouthfeel, sourness and staled flavor increased with increased salt concentration in brine, brining time and storage day. As the storage period increased, crispness of kimchi decreased. 4. The optimum conditions for the preparation of chinese whole cabbage kimchi were as follows: Optimum salt concentration in brine, brining time, and storage period were 19.5%, 3 hours and 45 minutes, and 12 hours.
Hospitalized Patients' Perceptions of Hospital Foodservice -I. Emphasis on the Food Characteristics-
Lyu, Eun-Soon ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 9, issue 1, 1994, Pages 95~103
Hospitalized patients' perceptions of the quality of hospital food and their importance were surveyed through questionnaires by 820(men 435, women 385) hospitalized patients in Seoul. The results are as follows: Men rated the size of food portion as being smaller, compared with women. The mean rating for nutrition of food was 3.24, freshness 3.15, taste 2.88, temperature 2.82; Among the food characteristics, nutrition was considered important by largest percentage(75.5%) of respondents, the taste ranked second(74.4%), and freshness was 62.2%; Appetite, atmosphere of ward were positively correlated(p<0.001) with rating of the taste, nutrition, and freshness, but length of hospitalization was negatively correlated (p<0.001) with them; Multiple regression analysis showed that appetite made the greatest contribution and length of hospitalization made the second greatest contribution. The third was atmosphere of ward, and the forth mood condition.