Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Food Culture
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 9, Issue 4 - Dec 1994
Volume 9, Issue 3 - Sep 1994
Volume 9, Issue 2 - Jun 1994
Volume 9, Issue 1 - Mar 1994
Selecting the target year
The study of food culture before NARA period in Japan
Cho, Hoo-Jong ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 9, issue 2, 1994, Pages 105~109
JOMONG is the period of the primitive economy of collection in Japan. YAYOI and KOBUHG is the period of beginning of rice farming and the period of introduction of many culture from Korea that made influence to food culture in Japan. In the period of JOMONG, people ate foods that became sooty. In the period of YAYOI and KOBUNG there were methods of steaming, boiling, roasting, broiling. At that time Koreans introduced Japanese the brewing and Japanese developed it. In the period of JOMONG, people used the earthenware of Jugu style(originated from Japan) and in YAYOI and KOBUNG, they used TOSAGI & SEHAEGI. (infuluced by KAYA period in Korea)
A study on eating habits of the Buddhist Priesthood in Seoul and Kyongnam -I. Dietary pattern and special food-
Cho, Eun-Ja ; Park, Sun-Hee ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 9, issue 2, 1994, Pages 111~118
The purpose of this study was to understand dietaty culture of the Buddhist priesthood in Seoul and Kyungnam. This survey was carried out through questionnaries and the subjects were 26 temples and hermitages. The results of this study can be summarized as follow: 1. Most of the Buddhist priesthood takes meal three times for a day regularly. The substitution food was used mainly rice gruel, fruits, powder of roasted grain, kinds of cookie and confectionary, kinds of steamed dish and milk. 2. The seasoning substances were used necessarily soy sauce, soybean paste, salt and sesame, sesame oil, vegetable oil, and used rarely Jepi powder, red powder, chinese pepper and M.S.G. 3. Eating table was used chiefly for Buddhist priethood and a vistor, and tea and cookie, D'ock, noodle were used often. Event and party foods of temple were used Bibimbab, Ogokbab, Yagbab, D'ockguk, soybean of noodle. 4. Offering food to Buddha was used to Five-offered to Buddha(香, 燈, 茶, 果, 米) primarily and religious food was used scarcely. 5. Special food was used D'ock, hand made cookie and confectionaries, kinds of chinish medicine tea and pine needle tea. Injulmi and Julpyun were prepared most frequently, and used to mixed rice flour with mugwort now and then. Coating and filling powders for D'ock were used to red bean, mung bean and soy bean. Kinds of hand made cookie were Yagkwa, Kangjeong, Dasik, Jungkwa and Yangeng. Beverages were thick hot beverage, kinds of leaf tea, chilled beverage, Yaksu mixed with soy sauce and bamboo salt, kinds of chinese medicine tea, milk and milk products and pine needles tea. 6. Preserved foods were used edible mountain herbs and seaweeds in drying and frying.
A study on the kitchen utensils
Jung, Kyong-Ye ; Lee, Hyo-Gee ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 9, issue 2, 1994, Pages 119~124
The kitchen utensils, a part of dietary life, are tableware and everything needed for cooking, storing foods, arranging and housekeeping. This study has been made on the classification in comparison with utility regarding both the shape and the quality of material. The classifications by the quality of material were ceramicware, woodenware, metalware and stoneware. he classifications by the utility were utensils for cooking, utensils for storing and keeping, utensils for arranging, utensils for grinding and utensils for special use. At the stage of migrating and gathering provisions they needed only simple utensils, but by cultivating, fixing their residence and producing crops they prepared and developed all sorts of kitchen utensils to serve various purposes, social rank, poverty and wealth, season and ceremony.
Effect of Soused Shrimp and Cooked Glutinous Rice Flour on the Changes of Low Molecular Nitrogen Compounds Content during Kimchi Fermentation
Chung, Mi-Eun ; Lee, Hye-June ; Woo, Soon-Ja ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 9, issue 2, 1994, Pages 125~130
This study was intended to observe the effect of the addition of soused shrimp(5%, 10%) and/or cooked glutinous rice flour(2.5%) on the changes of low molecular nitrogen compounds content of Kimchi during fermentation at
for 14 days. The pH, total acidity, free sugar, nitrite, dimethylamine(DMA) and volatile basic nitrogen(VBN) contents were measured. The nitrite contents were approximately 0.16 to 1.31 mg/Kg at the inital stage of fermentation. It was found that the nitrite contents of Kimchi samples with 10% soused shrimp
were relatively high among the Kimchi samples. However, nitrite was not detected after the stage of optimum maturity in all Kimchi samples. The dimethylamine(DMA) content of Kimchi samples were increased during the fermentation with increasing the soused shrimp concentration. Cooked glutinous rice flour enhanced the DMA production of Kimchi with soused shrimp. DMA content were 0.93-1.2 mg/kg at initial stage end 1.6-2.26 mg/kg at final stage of fermentation of the Kimchi with soused shrimp. As the fermentation period increased, the VBN contents of Kimchi samples with soused shrimp
were apparently higher than those of Kimchi samples without it(C, G). Though the soused shrimp enhanced the volatile basic nitrogen production but cooked glutinous rice did not affected VBN production during Kimchi fermentation.
Flavonoidal constituent in Korean Lactuca dentata Makino
Chung, Kang-Hyun ; Yoon, Kwang-Ro ; Kim, Jun-Pyong ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 9, issue 2, 1994, Pages 131~136
The ethylacetate extract of Lactuca dentata Makino showed 6 flavonoidal components as detected by ferric chloride solution. The flavonoidal constituent of Lactuca dentata Makino was isolated and purified by the series of column chromatography. The chemical structure of one of the flavonoidal component named as compound E was identified by UV, IR and NMR spectrometry. The melting point range of compound E was
. The UV and IR spectra of purified compound E, and its genin were measured with the various shifting agents. The results of UV analysis showed the free state of hydroxy group at 3rd and 4th carbon and binding of sugar at the 7th carbon of compound. The sugar bound to the compound E was identified as glucose by TLC. The IR spectrum showed the presense of hydroxy group, conjugated carbonyl group and aromatic group. The analysis of NMR spectrum was done to the purified compound and its derivatives. The chemical shifts against hydrogen atom, hydroxy group, and the moiety of luteolin were observed in the NMR spectrum along with their position and number as well as type of sugar bound. The isolated and purified compound was identified as
Purification and Characterization of Myrosinase in Dolsan Leaf Mustard(Brassica juncea) and Changes in Myrosinase Activity during Fermentation of Leaf Mustard Kimchi
Park, Jeong-Ro ; Park, Seok-Kyu ; Cho, Young-Sook ; Chun, Soon-Sil ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 9, issue 2, 1994, Pages 137~142
Myrosinase in leaf mustard was purified and characterized to furnish a grounding information for utilizing the pungent taste and the potential antimicrobial capability of Dolsan leaf mustard to enhance the taste and storage life of kimchi. When myrosinase was purified from leaf mustard through a series of DEAE Sephadex, chromatofocusing and Con A Sepharose column chromatography, specific activity of the enzyme increased 7107-fold compared with that of crude enzyme preparation, and 18.8% yield was obtained. The purified myrosinase showed the optimum pH of 5.9, isoelectric point of 4.6, molecular weight of 129 kD, Km of 0.206 mM, and Vmax of
, respectively. The optimum concentration of L-ascorbic for the maximum activity of the enzyme was 0.6 mM, and the enzyme activity decreased at a higher concentration of L-ascorbic acid than 0.6 mM, showing almost no enzyme activity at a L-ascorbic acid concentration of higher than 2.0 mM. Myrosinase activity in leaf mustard kimchi immediately after the kimchi was formulated was shown to be about 70 nmol/min/mg protein which decreased rapidly after 3 days of storage at
, showing that less than half and almost none of the enzyme activity was retained in 4 and 10 days of storage, respectively.
A study on the standardisation for the preparation of traditional 'Nochi'
Lee, Jong-Mee ; Kim, Jin-Ah ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 9, issue 2, 1994, Pages 143~148
'Nochi' is one of Korean traditional panfried rice cakes made from glutinous rice or millet and malt. The optimum conditions for the preparation of 'Nochi' were investigated. The
activity of malt was 62.5 units/g dry malt and
1.43 units/g dry malt. Reducing sugar content of 'Nochi' increased with the content of malt and saccharifying time. Both the hardness and cohesiveness of 'Nochi', measured by rheometer, were decreased with increasing the content of malt, while adhesiveness and hardness increased with saccharifying time, but cohesiveness decreased. The optimum conditions for the preparation of 'Nochi' were 8.0%(w/w) of malt and 1 hour 45 minutes of saccharifying time.
Hospitalized Patients' Perceptions of Hospital Foodservice -II. Emphasis on the Foodservice Characteristics-
Lyu, Eun-Soon ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 9, issue 2, 1994, Pages 149~157
Hospitalized patients' perceptions of the quality of hospital foodservice and their importance were surveyed through questionnaires by 820(men 435, women 385) hospitalized patients in Seoul. The results are as follows: Most respondents agreed with the following foodservice characteristics that meals arrived exactly the same time every day(74.6%), cleanliness of dishes(64.9%), employees leave food within reach(60.2%), and employees who bring meals are cheerful(58.7%). Only 34.2% of respondents agreed to variety of menu; 12.9% of respondents viewed these foodservice characteristics as important in selecting a hospital; cleanliness of dishes(66.4%), variety of menu(55.0%), and varying food item combination(45.9%) were considered important by respondents; appetite, mood, and atmosphere of ward were positively correlated(p<0.001) with rating of the foodservice characteristics, but length of hospitalization was negatively correlated(p<0.001) with them; familiarity with cooking method, varying food item combination, cleanliness of the dishes, and foodservice employees' pleasant greeting were positively correlated(p<0.001) with rating of the taste, nutrition, and fresshness of the food characteristics.
Evaluation of Central Commissary School Foodservice Operations' Practices and their Dietitians' Job Duties
Kwak, Tong-Kyung ; Kim, Jeong-Lee ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 9, issue 2, 1994, Pages 159~170
Central commissary school foodservice operations' practices and their dietitians' job duties were assessed and compared with those of their counterpart of conventional school foodservice operations to find out strategies for early settlement and better management for commissary system. Survey qestionnaires consisted of general background, employees' work schedule and dietitians' job duties. 12 commissary schools(out of 22 existing in Korea) and 77 conventional schools from Kyungkido were participated in the survey. The results of this study can be summarized as follows: 1. Central commissary school foodservice was presently utilized at 5 schools from islands type, 11 schools from rural type, and 6 schools from urban type, consisting total of 22 commissary schools, and 52 satellite schools. 2. Dietitians were evenly employed with their experiences, 55.5% were those with less than 2 years of experience, 44.6% were those with more than 2 years of experience. 3. Commissary schools employed more full-time empolyees
than conventional schools
, however as far as the production capacity was concerned, only the part-time employees played significant roles(p<.01). Regardless of the number of students, an absolute number of full-time employees were employed, and their duties were not carried out efficiently. The part-time employees of commissary schools performed more loaded work compared to their counterparts in conventional schools. 4. Out of the dietitians' foodservice duties, 'basic food service production
' were carried out adequately, whereas 'nutrition education and advertisement
' and 'administrative affairs and information related duties
' were not. In order to enhance their working capacity, systematic organizational reforms are imminent. 5. Survey results also showed that dietitians performed less duties at satellite school than at the central commissary. This indicates more systematic foodservice management practices are urgently needed.
A terminological study of trilingual(Chinese-Korean-Japanese) presentation on food texture
Lee, Cherl-Ho ; Yasuhiro, Ota ; Rong, Huei-Chen ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 9, issue 2, 1994, Pages 171~177
The present study compares the texture describing terms used in East-Asian countries, China, Korea and Japan. The terms and definitions enlisted in the International Standard Sensory Analysis-Vocabulary, ISO 5492(second edition 1992) were used as the reference. It includes hardness, fracturability, chewiness, gumminess, viscosity, springiness, adhesiveness, granularity, conformation, moisture and fatness. The Chinese scripts used for the description of each textural terms in these three countries were compared and their native expressions were collected. The food items representing typical textual characteristics in the East Asian countries were also listed.