Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Food Culture
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 9, Issue 4 - Dec 1994
Volume 9, Issue 3 - Sep 1994
Volume 9, Issue 2 - Jun 1994
Volume 9, Issue 1 - Mar 1994
Selecting the target year
Literature Review on Sik-hye(rice beverage)
Sohn, Jung-Woo ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 9, issue 3, 1994, Pages 231~240
Sik-hye(rice beverage) made of grain and malt is one of the typical traditional soft drink special day and as a seasonal food in these days as in those. In order to investigate the kind and the temporal variation of the raw materials and the cookery of the sik-hye, the literature survey was carried out. The related literatures after the 'Su-mun-sa-sul' published in 1740, which is known as the first detailed record of the sikhye, were collected. Among them, the 30 references were chosen for further investigation of the changes of the material and the cookery. The sik-hye was classified into two groups of a sweet rice drink type and sikhai type. The former includes sikhye, gamju and dansul, and the latter Andong sikhye. When to drink, how to drink, meterials and how to make according to the type of sikhye descirbed in the literatures were also summarised.
Analysis of Menu Patterns from the Korean National Nutrition Survey in 1990
Moon, Hyun-Kyung ; Chung, Hae-Rang ; Cho, Eun-Young ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 9, issue 3, 1994, Pages 241~250
In this study, we analyzed 2-day food records of the 1990 Korean National Nutrition Survey data for 2,000 households, and investigated most popular menu patterns by area, income, meal. The basic menu patterns of Korean, excluding side dishes, were Rice+Soup, Rice+Stew, Rice, Others, Rice+Soup+Stew in the order of proportion for all analyzed sectors. And the proportion of menus with the rice as a main dish was about 90% on the whole. The most popular menus of Korean were Rice+Soup+Kimchi(4.52%), Noodle+Kimchi(4.30%). When they ate rice as a main dish, they had soup, kimchi, and 1 or 2 other side dishes. At large cities, Noodle+Kimchi was the most frequent menu(5.20%). On the other hands, small cities and rural areas, Rice+Soup+Kimchi+Cooked vegetable was common. For the households which salaries less than 5 million won, Rice+Stew+Kimchi is the most prevalent, but households which salaries higher than 5 million won, Noodle+Kimchi was most frequent. At breakfast and dinner, the proportion of Rice+Stew+Kimchi+Cooked vegetable was 4.70%. But at lunch, Noodle+Kimchi was the most frequent and other menu combinations based on noodle were also common. Therefore most households showed conventional rice based menu patterns, but these patterns were decreasing for the large cities, and high income households. Especially at lunch, they used various menus which were not based on rice.
Evaluation of the Food Sanitation Training Program in Child- Care Centers
Kwak, Tong-Kyung ; Cho, Yu-Sean ; Lee, Hye-Sang ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 9, issue 3, 1994, Pages 251~257
The purpose of this study was to evaluate food sanitation training program for the improvement of food service operation in day-care centers. Subjects consisted of 55(experimental) and 25(control) foodservice employees and 33(experimental) and 20(control)directors. The results of this study can be summarized as follow: 1. The majority of child care directors(55.0%(control), 46.9%(experimental)) received food sanitation education but 70% of control and 75.7% of experimental group did not conduct any practical sanitation training for employees. 2. The employee's food sanitary practices of control and experimental did not show any significant difference at the pre-test level but only the experimental group showed a significant improvement at the post-test level. 3. The sanitary knowledge of food service employees between two groups did not show any significant difference at the pre-test level, but a significant knowledge improvement was observed at the post-test level such as food poisoning concepts and sanitary equipment maintenance only in experimental group. 4. Dicrectors' sanitary practices affected the employees' sanitary practices but directors' food sanitary knowledge did not have much influence on the employees' knowledge.
A Study of Textural Properties and Preferences of Fruit Pectin Jelly
Choi, Ji-Young ; Song, Eun-Seung ; Chung, Hae-Kyung ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 9, issue 3, 1994, Pages 259~266
This study was done to evaluate the effects of grape variety, pH and sugar contents on textural and sensory properties of grape pectin jelly. As a gelling agent, pectin 1% was selected due to highest sensory scores in preparatory experiments and also nutritional and economical reasons. To get the proximate composition of grape extract, moisture, pH, reducing sugar, and total titratable acidity was measured. Grape pectin jellies, made by 12 different recipies, were tested by sensory and instrumental evaluatoin. The results were as follows; 1) Hardness and chewiness were lowered in grape jelly which has lower pH and lower sugar contents. 2) People preferred grape jelly which has lower hardness, brittleness and sweetness, and higher sourness. 3) Comparing overall quality, Recipe C1 in Jelly 1 and recipe B1 in Jelly 2 were chosen as best. 4) Sensory hardness showed positive correlation with instrumental hardness, brittleness and chewiness.
A study on eating habits of the Buddhist Priesthood in Seoul and Kyongnam -II. Staple food and side dish-
Cho, Eun-Ja ; Park, Sun-Hee ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 9, issue 3, 1994, Pages 267~275
The purpose of this study was to understand dietary culture of the Buddhist priesthood in Seoul and Kyongnam. This survey was carried out through questionnaries for menu, pretreatment, seasoning and recipe and the subjects were 26 temples and hermitages. Foods of the Buddhist priesthood were divided into staple food and side dish. The results of this study can be summarized as follow: 1. Staple foods of the Buddhist priesthood divided into cooked rice, gruel, noodle and Sujebi. Main materials of cooked rice and gruel were rice, noodle and Sujebi were wheat flour. Menues of staple foods were used white cooked rice, white gruel, wheat noodle and wheat Sujebi, respectively. Soups of noodle and Sujebi were used mushroom and seaweed. 2. Side dishes of the Buddhist priesthood divided into soup(국), stew(찌게), hard-boiled food(조림), steaming food(찜), raw vegetables(생채), cooked vegetables(나물), roast vegetables(볶음), pan fried food(전), baked(구이), wrapped rice(쌈), raw fish(회), Mook(묵). Vegetables divided into green-steam vegetables, edible roots, fruit vegetables, edible mountain herbs and seaweeds. A great difference of used for vegetables had been observed kinds of side dishes. Main materials of wrapped rice, raw fish and Mook was lettuce, raw mushroom and acorn, respectively. Seasonings were red pepper, garlic, green onion and sesame oil.
Development of Recipes for Family Meals (600 kcal) -Staple Meal, Main and Side Dish-
Kim, Sang-Ae ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 9, issue 3, 1994, Pages 277~288
In recent years, there is remarkable tendency of overconsumption and high calorie intake which may come from a high availability of foods, the increase of food production, processed food, and imported food. This cause chronic diseases such as obesity. high blood pressure inducing heart disease, and diabetics etc. Traditional Korean eating pattern and habit make too much waste of foods and wasting time for the food preparation. The dietary guideline used for the guidance of Korean diet pattern is composed of 'nutrients-ingredient-cooking-meal which is not visualized pattern. Therefore we made up menus in the pattern of meal-cooking-ingredient-nutrient, which is more brief, compact and more visualized pattern. We set 27,000 menus with 600 kcal/meal which is combined with staple meal-main dish-side dish (30 menus of rife meal, 5 menus of bread meal, noodle meal and one serving dish meal). 600 kcal menu is basically for volume of serving per one person according to the experimental cooking and reference. This has several advantages of simple procedure of cooking, easy practice to use menus, and good source of nutritional values. In addition to these, it also provides a new menu to decrease the calorie consumption reducing the risk of chronic disease, to prevent wasting foods, and to help single person.
A Study on Perception, Interest and Consumption to the Organic Food of Housewives
NamKung, Sok ; Lee, Hye-Im ; Lee, Jeong-Yun ; Kim, Man-Soo ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 9, issue 3, 1994, Pages 289~301
The purpose of this study was to investigate housewives' perception, interest and consumption of organic food, and to identify the variables influencing on them. The sample was selected from 411 housewives living in Seoul from 1st of September to 20th of September in 1993. Used statistical methods were frequency, percentage, mean, Cronbach's
, factor analys, ANOVA, Duncan's multiple range test, t-test, correlation, regression analysis and Path analysis. The major results are as follows: 1) Housewives' perception degree of organic food in its variety, easy availability and contribution to health was relatively high level, but price level, reliability and packing condition was somewhat low level. Out of housewives' many images of organic food, taste health care, quality and necessity factors can be implicated. 2) Housewives' interest degree of organic food is somewhat high level 3) Housewives' consumption degree of organic food was relatively low level and was affected by their perception of oraganic food. 4) Frequency to use seasonings was the major independent variable which influenced to housewives' perception degree of organic food, while recognition on enviornmental contamination was the major independent variable which influenced to their interest degree of organic food, and their total perception on organic food was the major independent variable which influenced to their consumption degree of oragnic food. Therefore, it is considered that their total perception to it can decide the demand of organic food 5) Housewives' perception and interest degree of it was the major intervening variable which influenced to their consumption degree of oragnic food.
A Study on Desirable Serving Temperatures of Soups for Foodservice Establishment
Lim, Yaung-Iee ; Kim, Heh-Young ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 9, issue 3, 1994, Pages 303~310
This study was conducted to assess the acceptability of the desirable serving temperatures of soups by evaluating the sensory characteristics of Radish Clear Beef Soup, Meat Pot Stew, and Chinese Cabbage Beanpaste Soup used in the Foodservice Establishment. 1. Taste revealed a better acceptability under a high temperature than that under a low temperature in three soups. 2. The aroma of Meat Pot Stew, Chinese Cabbage Beanpaste Soup showed a significant difference for each temperature, and especially, Chinese Cabbage Beanpaste Soup showed a better sabory aroma at
. 3. Meat Pot Stew showed little significant differences in color and in its change among three soups. Chinese Cabbage Beanpaste Soup did not make any change of color at both
. 4. In a Meat Pot Stew case, appearance conspicuously changed at
, which resulted in losing appetite. Three soups showed a good response above at
and a very poor response at below
. 5. Radish Clear Beef Soup, Meat Pot Stew, Chinese Cabbage Beanpaste Soup showed a tender texture at above
. 6. Chewiness showed a good acceptability from
in Radish Clear Beef Soup, Chinese Cabbage Beanpaste Soup cases, but only in the case of Meat Pot Stew showed good response at
. 7. In cases of Radish Clear Beef soup, Meat Pot Stew, bland and stinking aroma, and aftertaste were increased remarkably in proportion as temperature was lowered. In case of Meat Pot Stew, especially, it turned out to be almost impossible to eat at
. 8. In cases of Radish Clear Beef Soup, Chinese Cabbage Heanpaste Soup, overall acceptability at
was comparatively good but aroma and taste at below
was so bad that there was the eminent tendency to avoid tasting.
Analysis of Factors Associated with the Preschool Children's Nutrition Awareness -I. Assessment of the nutrition awareness and involvement in food-related activities-
Ahn, Hong-Seok ; Lim, Hee-Jin ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 9, issue 3, 1994, Pages 311~321
The objectives of the present study were to assess the preschool-children's awareness of nutrition, their level of control over foods and involvement in food-related activities and to examine the interrelationships among these variables. The children of this study demonstrated low levels of awareness of the concepts of food groups and the roles of both foods and exercise in energy balance. But the degree of children's awarences about the concepts of food transformations, food origins and food values was favorable. The range of possible scores was 0 to 18, while the range of the children's scores was 2 to 16. The mean score was 9.3, represently 52% of the questions answered correctly. Factors associated with the children's involvement in food-related activities were children's age, familly's income and mother's dietary balance. Children who were more involved in food related activities had significantly higher nutrition awareness scores.
Survey on Consumer Concept and Acceptability of Convenient Ginger Product
Shin, Dong-Hwa ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 9, issue 3, 1994, Pages 323~327
The consumers' concept and the acceptability of ginger and its processed product were surveyed by premade questionnaire. A total of 447 questionnaires were collected from housewives, restaurant managers and related processors at 7 regions in Korea. The 40.6% of total responsors reacted ginger as spice was necessary for food preparation by flavor(87.5%). The most difficulties of using ginger were peeling and washing(89.8%). The raw ginger purchased for their use was only utilized less than 70% of 46.5% and 50% of 21.3% of total responsors respectively. The processed and convenient style spices including ginger were accepted by 72.8% of qestionnaires and 76.9% of them hoped to have ginger paste. Such a convenient ginger products were more welcomed by younger generation than older.