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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Food Culture
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 10, Issue 5 - Dec 1995
Volume 10, Issue 4 - Oct 1995
Volume 10, Issue 3 - Jul 1995
Volume 10, Issue 2 - May 1995
Volume 10, Issue 1 - Mar 1995
Volume 9, Issue 5 - Jan 1995
Selecting the target year
Assessment of Nutrient Content for Providing Nutrition Information of Dishes in Restaurant and Food Service Institutions -About Korean dishes -
Kye, Seung-Hee ; Moon, Hyun-Kyung ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 9, issue 5, 1995, Pages 447~455
The purpose of the present study is to assess nutrient content for providing nutrition information such as nutrition labeling on Korean dishes in restaurant and food service institutions. The content of nutrients was calculated in recipies used to prepare dishes which has been frequently consumed in such four groups as the literature, foodservice institutions of industries, restaurants, and households. The numbers of dishes surveyed were 15. Total numbers of literture used for recipies analysis are 20. Recipies used in foodservice institutions of industries were abstracted from the journal 'Guk-Min Young-Yang' published in Korea dietetic association and obtained with the help of dietitians working in those institutions. Also, recipies has been using in restaurants were given from the Korea restaurant association. Recipies in households was calculated from the secondary analysis of the Korean National Nutrition Survey. Nutrient content from foods except steamed rice and side dishes in each dish was calculated using data of Korean food composition table published. The content of energy and protein in 'Gal-bi tang' (beef-rib soup) were highest in recipes used at restaurants, vitamin C in recipes of food service institutions of industries due to the generous use of meats and vegetables than other recipies. 'Doen-jang chigae' (soybean paste stew) showed the lowest content of energy in results analyzing recipes presented on the literature and varied protein level by four groups for difference of protein source used. The content of energy in 'Gop-chang jeongol' (small intestines stew) is 150 kcal more than 'Soegogi jeongol' (beef stew) in general. The energy level of 'Daeji-galbi' jim (braised pork ribs) and 'Dak jim' (braised chicken) turned out to be the highest in recipies presented on literature. Variation of each nutrient content including energy and protein was relatively high, since some of foods used in 'Pibimbab' (mixed rice) varied with four groups. Amounts of energy and protein in 'Naeng-myeun' (cold noodles) is the highest in recipies of foodservice institution of industries because much amounts of noodle and meats were used comparing to other groups. The average content of energy in 'Pulgogi' (grilled meat with sauce) was 50% to Korea recommended amounts of one meal, 833.3 kcal. Content of vitamin
in 'Jeuk pyeunuk' (boiled pork), which is made of pork meat, was higher than other dishes. The ingredients of frequently consumed Korean dishes were highly variable among the four groups which inevitably results in variation of nutrient content in each dishes. The high variation of nutrient content in each dish according to study requires careful collecting of the large number of recipies in presenting representative nutrient content for nutrition labeling on dishes in restaurant and food service institutions effectively.
A study for the Improvement of Sanitary Condition in Korean style-restaurant in Seoul city area (I) - Evaluation on sanitation of working environment and facilities for the kitchen-
Kye, Seung-Hee ; Moon, Hyun-Kyung ; Chung, Hae-Rang ; Hwang, Seong-Hee ; Kim, Wu-Seon ; Moon, Hae-Yeun ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 9, issue 5, 1995, Pages 457~465
The purpose of the present study is to identify potentially hazardous factors which can contribute to the outbreak of foodborne disease and to represent more practical management methods in terms of environmental sanitation and facilities for the kitchen. 230 Korean-style restaurants in Seoul were assessed and analyzed by the restaurant total area. Facilities and sanitary check-lists were developed to evaluate the facilities and sanitary conditions of sampled restaurants. The sanitary condition of kitchen, guest room and other area were assessed by the sanitary score. The basic cooking machinery and utensil were properly facilitated but automation machinery were equiped below 10% sampled restaurants. The kitchen area were not properly sufficient to total area. Sanitary condition of kitchen, guest room, cooking appliance and stored foods were evaluated as the unsatisfactory state with potentially hazardous. Concrete guidelines should be made in terms of following item; establishment for the kitchen space expansion, facilities for the improvement of the working environment and sanitary condition of foods cooked. Additionaly, it need to practice the effective education and training program for the foodservice manager and employees.
A Study on the Actual Conditions of School Food Service in Japan
Yoo, Young-Sang ; Masamitchu, Miyoshi ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 9, issue 5, 1995, Pages 467~478
The school food service system has been an important national policy in Korea. To find out the reference data of the school food service system, we surveyed four primary schools, one middle school, and one food service center in Nara, Japan. The results are as follows; 1. The school food service was carried out in 99.4% of primary school children and in 82.5% of middle school students. 2. The central commissary school food service system was utilized at 49.0% of primary schools and 68.5% of middle schools. 3. The expense of the system is supported partially by the student's parents and partially by the government, of which the support rate was noticed by the law of school food service. 4. The dietary content of school food service was laid down by 'The rule of the operation basis of school food service'. The menu was chosen by the 7 kinds of stepwise meetings. 5. The teachers emphasized on the food etiquette, the appreciation to the food and the personal relationship during meal, as well as on the nutritional balance. 6. We found other problems in Japanese food service system, such as the sanitary problems, the problems of the new tableware, and whether the central kitchen had less advantage than the individual school kitchen. We can conclude that the school food service system is becoming the essential part in school education, and hope to design not only economical but also educational system in Korea, with the consideration of Japanese system.
Job Satisfaction and its Relationship to Job Characteristcis of Hospital Foodservice Employees
Yang, Il-Sun ; Lee, Hwa-Jin ; Kang, Hye-Ryun ; Kim, Sung-Hye ; Yi, Bo-Sook ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 9, issue 5, 1995, Pages 479~487
The purposes of this study were to: 1) measure the levels of job satisfaction with five facets of a job: the work itself, promotion, pay, supervision and co-workers, 2) investigate the degree of job characteristics inventory which employees perceived, 3) investigate relationships between job characteristics and job satisfaction levels of the employees in hospital foodservice, 4) measure the levels of organizational commitment and investigate its relationships between job satisfaction and job characteristics, 5) investigate the relationships between job performance and job satisfaction, job characteristics of the employees in hospital foodservice. The questionnaire was developed based on modifying Job Descriptive Index developed by Smith, Kendall, Hulin and Job Characteristics Inventory developed by Sims, Szilagyi, Keller and Affective commitment Scale developed by Meyer and Allen. Subjects consisted of 76 employees in hospital foodservice. Data were analyzed for frequency, means, ANOVA, Duncan multiple range test, and pearson correlation using SAS PC Package. The results of this study were as follows. 1) Most of the respondents were 41 years up(39.5%) and married (92%). High school graduates were 59.2%. 10 years working experienced employees were 35%. 2) A majority of the respondents(44.7%) ranked work itself as the most important aspect. 3) They were the most satisfied with co-workers. 4) Satisfaction with work itself, wage, and supervision were found significantly related to age(p<0.05). 5) Task identify was the most prevalent job characteristics and then task identity. 6) Satisfaction with co-workers were found significantly related to job variety(p<0.05). Satisfaction with supervision and promotion were found significantly related to friendship(p<0.05). 7) Job satisfaction have not correlation with job performance. Satisfaction with supervision, co-workers were positively correlated with organizational commitment(p<0.01). 8) Job characteristics of dealing with others were positively correlated with job performance (p<0.05). Job characteristics of variety, autonomy, task identity were positively correlated with organizational commitment(p<0.05, p<0.01).
Historical Study of Beef Cooking -III. steaming-
Kim, Tae-Hong ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 9, issue 5, 1995, Pages 489~497
The purpose of this study was to survey the various kinds of cooked beef products focusing on 'Chim' (a steamed beef products) through historical literatures written from 1670 to 1945 in korea. 'Chim' was recorded 25 times in the references and could be classified to 5 groups based on major ingredients such as stomach, intestine, lean meat, tail and ribs. Among the eleven cooked products of 'Chim', 'Kalbi-chim' (a steamed ribs) was recorded most frequently and 'Sundae-chim' (sausage-like product) was the next. Though 'Kalbi-chim' has been used untill present day but 'Sundae-chim' was disappeared in the early 19th centuries. Ribs were most popular ingredient among the major ingredients such as stomach, intestines, lean meat, tail, feet and ribs. Twenty one kinds of subingredients including pheasant meat, blood clot and flour were used for 'Chim'. Decorating ingredients such as roasted sesame power, pine nut and thin-layer fried eggs and seasonings such as pepper, roasted sesame powder, tripe, garlic, soy sauce and seasonings such as pepper, roasted sesame powder, tripe, garlic, soy sauce and sesame oil were used for 'Chim'.
Historical Study of Beef Cooking -IV. boiled beef(熟肉) and sliced of boiled beef(片肉)-
Kim, Tae-Hong ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 9, issue 5, 1995, Pages 499~507
The purpose of this study was to survey the various kinds of cooked beef products focusing on Sukyuk (boiled beef) and Pyunyuk (boiled beef slice) recorded on the historical literatures written from 1670 to 1945. Sukyuk and Pyunyuk were recorded 45 times in the references and could be classified into 11 groups based on major ingredients such as fresh meat, tough meat, rotten meat, tail, head, lung, cup of breast, testicles, pancreas, spleen and tung. Twenty two cooking methods were described on the records. Sukyuk and Pyunyuk based on fresh meat were described the most frequently. Pyunyuk based on head was described late in 18th centuries, but its recipe could not be found in any records and that of internal organs and tung were presented late in 18th centuries and early in 19th centuries, respectively. The major ingredients of Sukyuk and Pyunyuk were lean meat, tail, head, lung, cup of breast, testicles, pancreas, spleen and tongue Mulberry seed, fragment of roof tile and other sub-ingredients were used for softening or deodorizing the off flavor of the products.
Consumer's Perceptions of Industrial Foodservice Institutions in Pusan city and Kyeung Nam Provinces -I. Emphasis on the Foodservice Operation-
Lee, Myung-Hae ; Lyu, Eun-Soon ; Kang, Hyeon-Ju ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 9, issue 5, 1995, Pages 509~524
Consumer's perceptions of the quality of food and food-related servcie were surveyed through questionnaires by 672 adults randomly selected from 20 industrial foodservice in Pusan Kyeung Nam area. Data from consumers were analyzed by using
program in terms of
, oneway ANOVA, t-test. The results are as follows: 1) Among the food characteristics, the mean rating for temperature of food was 3.18 over 5, for quality of food vs. food price 2.97, for fresshness 2.96, for taste 2.86, and for combination of colors 2.73; 2) In the food-related service, the mean rating was 3.20 for cleanliness of dishes, 3.18 for quality of dishes, 3.01 for varity of food items, 2.95 for courtesy of employees, and 2.57 for availability of favorite food. 3) Self-operated foodservice showed higher mean ratings in nutrition of food, quality of food vs. food price, and availability of favorite food than does the contracted one. 4) The rice (85.0%) and the kimchi (81.4%) were right in amount, but the soup (42.5%) and the side dish (49.0%) were not enough. 5) In seasoning of food, 45.2% of the respondents agreed that the salty taste and the amount of MSG were just right. However, 38.0% and 37.9% of them responded that the salty tast was strong and the amount of MSG was much. 6) The respondents mostly required the improvement of the taste of side dish, nutrition of food, sanitation of food, and variety of menu items.
Analysis of Factors Associated with The Preschool Children's Nutrition Awareness -II. Mother's messages and nutrition awareness of children-
Lim, Hee-Jin ; Ahn, Hong-Seok ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 9, issue 5, 1995, Pages 525~531
The objectives of the present study were to assess the early nutrition-related knowledge, eating behaviors of preschool children, the types of messages that their mothers give to them about nutrition and to analysis the interrelationships among these variables. The children of this study showed the uncooperative eating behaviors most frequently when they had breakfast and vegetables. In these cases the most frequent mother's messages given to the children was encourage eating some of each food. Children's eating problems as perceived by mothers were mainly low dietary intake and an unbalanced diet. The most frequent messages given to the children in the presentation of new foods were telling the child taste them and general nutrition about the new food. General topics in nutrition the mothers had discussed with their children were about nutrients, food groups, food transformations and food origins. Children whom mothers provided more information about these topics scored significantly higher on the concepts of food transformation, food origins and the total nutrition knowledge score. It is clear from this study that preschool children begin to learn about nutrition through these parental messages. Both parents and caretakers of young children should recognize the potential importance of these early interaction patterns.