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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Transactions of the Korean hydrogen and new energy society
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Hydrogen and New Energy Society
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 20, Issue 6 - Dec 2009
Volume 20, Issue 5 - Oct 2009
Volume 20, Issue 4 - Aug 2009
Volume 20, Issue 3 - Jun 2009
Volume 20, Issue 2 - Apr 2009
Volume 20, Issue 1 - Feb 2009
Selecting the target year
Preparation of Electrode Using Ni-PTFE Composite Plating for Alkaline Fuel Cell
Kim, Jae-Ho ; Lee, Young-Seak ;
Transactions of the Korean hydrogen and new energy society, volume 20, issue 5, 2009, Pages 361~370
Ni-PTFE composite plated on graphite (C/Ni-PTFE) and PTFE (PTFE/Ni-PTFE) particles were prepared uniformly by electroless composite plating. The conductivity of C/Ni-PTFE particles was 280 S/m higher than 95 S/m of PTFE/Ni-PTFE particles at same composite plating condition (Ni:35~36 wt%, PTFE:8 wt%). The C/Ni-PTFE particles were formed into the C/Ni-PTFE plate using heat treatment at
. The C/Ni-PTFE plate showed 1) high conductivity of
due to the existence of graphite as conducting aid and the formation of 3-dimensional Ni network 2) good gas diffusion caused by various pore volumes (0.01~
) in the plate. The plate could be useful for an electrode in an alkaline fuel cell (AFC). The current density of C/Ni-PTFE electrode indicated
at 0.3V and it was 3.0 times higher than that of PTFE/Ni-PTFE electrode.
The Characteristics of Backfire for 2 stroke Free-Piston Hydrogen Fueled Engine with Uni-flow Scavenging
Cho, Kwan-Yeon ; Cho, Hyung-Wook ; Lee, Jong-Tae ;
Transactions of the Korean hydrogen and new energy society, volume 20, issue 5, 2009, Pages 371~377
Backfire characteristics for hydrogen fueled free piston engine with uni-flow scavenging is investigated with different stroke, exhaust vlave openning timing and fuel-air equivalence ratio by using RICEM (Rapid Intake Compression Expansion Machine) for combustion research of free piston engine. As results, it is found that backfire can be occurred due to slow combustion of unhomogeneous mixture in the piston crevice volume or/and in the cylinder near piston head. And the more stroke of free piston H2 engine with uni-flow scavenging is short the more opening timing of exhaust valve have to be advanced to control backfire.
An Experimental Study on the Sensor Response at Hydrogen Leakage in a Residential Fuel Cell System
Kim, Young-Doo ; Shin, Dong-Hoon ; Chung, Tae-Yong ; Nam, Jin-Hyun ; Kim, Young-Gyu ; Lee, Jung-Woon ;
Transactions of the Korean hydrogen and new energy society, volume 20, issue 5, 2009, Pages 378~383
Hydrogen is the primary fuel in fuel cell systems. Because of high inflammation and explosion possibility of hydrogen, fuel cell systems require safety measures to prevent hydrogen hazard upon leakage. In this study, a model enclosure was made by referring to a commercial residential fuel cell system and hydrogen leakage experiments and computational simulations were conducted therein. Hydrogen was injected into the cavity through leakage holes located at the bottom while its flow rate was precisely controlled using MFC. The transient sensor signals from hydrogen sensors installed inside the enclosure were recorded and analyzed. The hydrogen sensor signals showed different delay times depending on their position relative to a leakage point, which indicated that hydrogen generally moves upward and accumulates at the upper region of a closed cavity. The inflammable regions with hydrogen concentration over 4% LEL were observed to locate near the leakage hole initially, and broaden towards the upper cavity region afterward. The simulation result showed that detection time at the hydrogen sensor was similar to the pattern of experimental results. However, the maximum concentration of hydrogen had a gap between experiment and simulation at detect point due to measurement errors and reaction rate.
Design and Self-sustainable Operation of 1 kW SOFC System
Lee, Tae-Hee ; Choi, Jin-Hyeok ; Park, Tae-Sung ; Yoo, Young-Sung ; Nam, Suk-Woo ;
Transactions of the Korean hydrogen and new energy society, volume 20, issue 5, 2009, Pages 384~389
KEPRI (Korea Electric Power Research Institute) has studied planar type solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) stacks using anode-supported cells and kW class co-generation systems for residential power generation. In this work, a 1 kW SOFC system consisted of a hot box part, a cold BOP (balance of plant) part, and a hot water reservoir. The hot box part contained a SOFC stack made up of 48 cells, a fuel reformer, a catalytic combustor, and heat exchangers. Thermal management and insulation system were especially designed for self-sustainable operation in that system. A cold BOP part was composed of blowers, pumps, a water trap, and system control units. When the 1 kW SOFC stack was tested using hydrogen at
, the stack power was about
at 30 A and
at 50 A. Turning off an electric furnace, the SOFC system was operated using hydrogen and city gas without any external heat source. Under self-sustainable operation conditions, the stack power was about
with hydrogen and
with city gas respectively. The system also recuperated heat of about
by making hot water.
Experimental Analysis for Variation of Pressure Difference on Flooding in PEM Fuel Cell at Cathode Channel Outlet
Ahn, Deuk-Keun ; Han, Seong-Ho ; Kim, Kyoung-Rock ; Choi, Young-Don ;
Transactions of the Korean hydrogen and new energy society, volume 20, issue 5, 2009, Pages 390~396
The flooding, especially in channel, is one of the critical issue to put proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) to practical use. In this paper, channel flooding was investigated the pressure difference at cathode channel outlet. A ratio of pressure difference changes to 25, 50% as its variation rate. The pressure variable rate is reflected in dimensionless number FN. As a result, modified dimensionless number
correctly predicted the channel flooding. This study analyzes that a variety of pressure difference is how to affect flooding at the cathode of the PEMFC.
Hydrogen Production by Decomposition of Propane-Butane Mixture Gas Over Carbon Black Catalyst
Yoon, Suk-Hoon ; Park, No-Kuk ; Lee, Tae-Jin ;
Transactions of the Korean hydrogen and new energy society, volume 20, issue 5, 2009, Pages 397~403
The catalysis of carbon black was investigated for the production of hydrogen by the catalytic decomposition of propane-butane mixture gas in this study. The thermal and the catalytic decompositions of hydrocarbons were performed at the temperature range of 500 -
, respectively. The conversions of hydrocarbons and the mole traction of hydrogen increased with increasing the reaction temperature and the conversion of hydrocarbons in the catalytic decomposition process was approximately liked with that obtained by the thermal decomposition. However, the mole traction of hydrogen produced in the catalytic decomposition process was higher than that obtained from the thermal decomposition. Therefore, it was concluded that the catalysis for the decomposition of hydrocarbons is occurred over carbon black used as catalyst. The mole traction of hydrogen produced by the catalytic decomposition of hydrocarbons also increased with increasing the mole ratio of
in propane and butane mixture gas at
. Therefore, it was concluded that the catalytic decomposition of the high propane mixture gas is more effectively for the production of hydrogen.
with Seawater Electrolyte; Evaluation of Hydrogen Production in PEG and Photocatalytic Cr(VI) Reduction
Shim, Eun-Jung ; Park, Min-Sung ; Her, A-Young ; Joo, Hyun-Ku ; Yoon, Jae-Kyung ;
Transactions of the Korean hydrogen and new energy society, volume 20, issue 5, 2009, Pages 404~409
The present works were performed that titanium foil was anodized in various dilution ratios of seawater and distilled water with 10V external voltage applied, then annealed at
on the Ti substrate. The prepared samples were characterized by instruments (XRD, SEM, and photocurrent) and used to investigate rate of hydrogen production in photoelectrochemical cell as well as Cr(VI) reduction. As the results of experiments, the anodized
in seawater electrolytes, which are ranged from 15 to 50 times dilution of seawater, was showed a relatively higher hydrogen production (ca. 97~110 umol/hr-
) and Cr(VI) reduction (ca. 95% reduction).
Application Study of An On-site Hydrogen Production System for Power Generator Cooling
Moon, Jeon-Soo ; Lee, Jae-Kun ; Park, Pyl-Yang ; Park, Kyoung-Il ;
Transactions of the Korean hydrogen and new energy society, volume 20, issue 5, 2009, Pages 410~415
A hydrogen cooling method is used in a power generator for removing the unnecessary heat due to the windage loss of a rotor and the joule heat of a stator. A MEA (Membrane Electrolyte Assembly) hydrogen generator has been developed and applied as a hydrogen supplying system for the cooling of a 350MW power generator. As a field application result, the average potential of eleven cells and the voltage efficiency were measured 2.26V/cell and 65.4% (Higher Heating Value) respectively at the hydrogen pressure of 6 Bar, the hydrogen flow rate of 9.1L/min, and the current of 150A.
A Study on Thermodynamic Efficiency for HTSE Hydrogen and Synthesis Gas Production System using Nuclear Plant
Yoon, Duk-Joo ; Koh, Jae-Hwa ;
Transactions of the Korean hydrogen and new energy society, volume 20, issue 5, 2009, Pages 416~423
High-temperature steam electrolysis (HTSE) using solid oxide cell is a challenging method for highly efficient large-scale hydrogen production as a reversible process of solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC). The overall efficiency of the HTSE hydrogen and synthesis gas production system was analyzed thermo-electrochemically. A thermo-electrochemical model for the hydrogen and synthesis gas production system with solid oxide electrolysis cell (SOEC) and very high temperature gas-cooled reactor (VHTR) was established. Sensitivity analyses with regard to the system were performed to investigate the quantitative effects of key parameters on the overall efficiency of the production system. The overall efficiency with SOEC and VHTR was expected to reach a maximum of 58% for the hydrogen production system and to 62% for synthesis gas production system by improving electrical efficiency, steam utilization rate, waste heat recovery rate, electrolysis efficiency, and thermal efficiency. Therefore, overall efficiency of the synthesis production system has higher efficiency than that of the hydrogen production system.
Characteristics of Coated Carbon Paper with PTFE Emulsion Have Different Particle Size
Jeon, Hyeon ; Song, Ki-Se ; Jeong, Moon-Gook ; Lee, Hye-Min ; Cho, Tae-Hwan ; Choi, Weon-Kyung ;
Transactions of the Korean hydrogen and new energy society, volume 20, issue 5, 2009, Pages 424~431
Treatment for water repellency on the carbon supports of GDL which composed a part of MEA has been suggested as a solution to prevent flooding. PTFE is a fluoropolymer that has hydrophobic property and a PTFE emulsion was selected as waterproof agent in this investigation. Carbon paper was coated by PTFE emulsion with different particle size of 5~500 nm and 3~
as various concentration. PTFE coated carbon paper has difference in weight variation changed proportionally at PTFE concentration and coating times. Then gas permeability of the coated carbon paper with emulsion of 3~
PTFE was changed vastly. Characteristics of carbon paper coated with different PTFE emulsion were analyzed by FE-SEM, FT-IR spcetroscopy and were evaluated by weight variations, gas permeability and water contact angle.
A Study on Synthesis of
Electrode Material for High Temperature Steam Electrolysis
Park, Mi-Sun ; Ryu, Si-Ok ; Woo, Sang-Kook ; Park, Young-Tae ; Choi, Ho-Sang ;
Transactions of the Korean hydrogen and new energy society, volume 20, issue 5, 2009, Pages 432~438
In this paper, we synthesized LSG powder by Modified-GNP method. Lanthanum, strontium and gallium (LSG) were selected in the preparation of an oxygen-electrode (anode) for High Temperature Steam Electrolysis system (HTSE). The used amount and concentration of nitric acid were varied to find out an appropriate composition for oxygen-electrode (anode). In order to optimize the molar ratio of La and Sr, ratio of La to Sr was varied that 2:8, 5:5 and 8:2. The combined LSGs were calcined for 2 hours at
and were sintered in a furnace for 4 hours at
. The phase and crystallinity of LSG powder were determined by XRD. The surface morphology was observed through SEM photograph, and the specific surface area was investigated with BET. The thermochemical property was determined by TG/DTA. The synthesized preparation was obtained of
formula for 3M nitric acid, which was the best perovskite phase.
Dehydration and RDF Production of Organic Wastes with Pressurized Hydrothermal Treatment Process
Park, Se-Joon ; Choi, Young-Chan ; Choi, In-Kyu ;
Transactions of the Korean hydrogen and new energy society, volume 20, issue 5, 2009, Pages 439~446
This paper investigates the dehydration and RDF (Refuse Derived Fuel) production of organic wastes, livestock manure and sewerage sludge with pressurized hydrothermal treatment process. The renewable technology for the organic wastes must involve short treatment time required, reusable energy source, anti-odor and viruses, low cost for the treatment, and well-fertilization. The pressurized hydrothermal treatment process promotes to evaporate moisture in the waste after being shortly treated in a reactor, which uses steam and heat supplied by an external boiler. By the pressurized steam, the cell walls of the waste break and effectively release the internal moisture. Then, the dried waste can be mixed with waste vinyls to produce RDF with a higher heating value as high as 6,700 kcal/kg.
Serpentine Pretreatment Using Electrolyzed Reduced Water for Mineral Carbonation Materials
Choi, Weon-Kyung ;
Transactions of the Korean hydrogen and new energy society, volume 20, issue 5, 2009, Pages 447~454
Electrolyzed reduced water was known as an alkaline solvent than piped water, natural water and mineral water etc. By means of reduction property, electrolyzed reduced water could dissolve a solute than other kinds of water without chemicals. In this study, serpentine dissolution in electrolyzed reduced water was investigated as a novel pre-treatment of serpentine which was a minerals for carbon dioxide sequestration. The elements (Ca, Si, Mg etc.) of serpentine were dissolved rapidly at early in the dissolvation then after some minutes the solubilities of serpentine elements showed stable state without abrupt changes. In spite of serpentine elements dissolution, chemical bondings and crystallographic structure of serpentine were not changed. It was explained that the dissolution mechanism of serpentine occurred from surface in electrolyzed reduced water and bulk structure sustained without collapse.