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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korea Institute of Ecological Architecture and Environment
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 1, Issue 2 - Dec 2001
Volume 1, Issue 1 - Oct 2001
Selecting the target year
Development Guidelines of Environmental planning Indicators for Environmentally friendly Urban and Architectural Planning
Chang, Dong-Min ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 1, issue 2, 2001, Pages 5~12
Through the harmony of natural and artificial systems a city is composed of, the ecology-oriented urban planning seeks for qualitative improvements of a city on which our life is based. To enhance the ecology-oriented urban planning, the followings are suggested by a comparative analysis of Korea with Germany regarding the development process, the instruments, and the establishment of indicators for the planning. Firstly, though our national land development plan is closely connected with B-plan, it has little to do with the natural environment. Moreover, the natural environment plan of the Ministry of Environment is almost impossible to carry out in terms of urban construction work. For this reason, the instrument for dealing with the development and environment plan systems together as well as the completion of the current plan system is needed for the ecologically acceptable urban development in the long term. Secondly, in order to realize what is mentioned above in the concrete it seems to be desirable for the system and the instrument to be devised at the extent of B-plan. The regulations of the plan should have strong legal binding force and practicality as well. The element of ecology-oriented urban planning are (1) degree of independence and appropriate density, (2) conservation of natural elements such as soil, water, animals and plants etc., (3) energy saving in land use, (4) activation of B-plan and inducement of active participation of residents. Thirdly, it will be useful to develop various kinds of indicators for the environment plan provided in advance so that the ecology-oriented urban developments may be under control. It also should be taken into consideration that the indicators are supposed to be comprehensive, representative, and practical enough to make the most of at the early stage of drawing up a plan. The kinds of indicators which can be used in the ecology-oriented urban development include (1) soil, (2) water, (3) vegetation and plants, (4) animals, (5) climate, and (6) transportation.
A Study on the Characteristics of Propagation and Effects of Vibration by Sand Drain Method in Construction Field
Kwak, Kwang-Soo ; Kim, Jae-Soo ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 1, issue 2, 2001, Pages 13~19
Recently, With the increase of income level, many people desire to have agreeable and quiet surrounding. However, the extent and time of the exposure to construction noise and vibration is increasing, which is a factor that ruins the quietness of the surrounding and increasingly raises interests in its effects. In this point, this study attempts to survey the characteristics of construction vibration by SD(Sand drain) method in construction field. In addition, the result of study is presumed to be usable as the fundamental materials for an efficient counter-plan in case of the public resentment in relations to the construction vibration occurring henceforth.
A Study on Mitigation Methods of Indoor Radon Concentration in Residential Buildings(I) - Test Cell Study
Cha, Dong-Won ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 1, issue 2, 2001, Pages 21~28
Naturally-ocurring short-lived decay products of radon gas in indoor air are the dominant source of ionizing radiation exposure to the general public. It is written in BEIR VI Report(l999l the radon progeny were identified as the second cause of lung cancer next to cigarette or 10 % to 14 %(15,400 to 21,800 persons p.a.) of all lung cancer deaths in USA. Indoor radon concentrations in houses typically result from radon gaining access to houses mainly from the underlying soil. In the States, they have "Indoor Radon Abatement Act" which was converted from "Toxic Substance Control Act" in 1988 to establish the national long-term goal that indoor air should be as free of radon as the ambient air outside of buildings. To review and study techniques for controlling radon, two test cells were constructed for a series of tests and are under measuring indoor and soil gas (underneath of floor slab)radon concentrations according to EPA's measurement protocol. In this paper, important theoretical studies are previewed and the following paper will explain the test results and confirm the theories reviewed to find out suitable coefficients. On the basis of test analysis, it will be described and evaluated various techniques that can be used to mitigate elevated indoor concentration of radon including the control of radon and its decay products.
A Study on the Comparison of Temperature and Relative Humidity between Korean Traditional House and Apartment House - Focused on the Honam District -
Song, Min-Jeong ; Cheon, Deuk-Youm ; Kim, Sun-Woo ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 1, issue 2, 2001, Pages 29~36
The main procedure of this study is to compare temperature and relative humidity between Korean traditional house and apartment house. So, the experiments of measuring temperature and humidity were carried out in 6 Korean traditional houses and 2 apartment houses which are located in Honam district. The Korean traditional house has good conservation properties on temperature and much better effective than apartment house on humidity conservation. The results of this study may be used for basic material in revitalizing traditional construction method.
A Study on the Environmental Consciousness of University Students for Sustainable Development
Lim, Mann-Taek ; Kim, Gon ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 1, issue 2, 2001, Pages 37~45
As the global environmental crisis has been emerged as an important problem threatening the survival of the mankind, the environmental problems are recognized as a great issue governing the destiny of the whole mankind as well as a national problem. Therefore, more active attitude playing a leading role of global and local environmental preservation is required, escaping from conventional passive position for the minimization of economic damages according to global environment regulations. This study evaluates the 150 university students' consciousnesses and attitudes of the seriousness, major policies and issues of environmental pollutions, extracts their consciousness of environment and practicable tasks for the 21st century and is to give the basic reference materials of environmental policy development.
An Experimental Study on the Effect of Air Space on the Absorption Property of Composite Absorption System
Oh, Yang-Ki ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 1, issue 2, 2001, Pages 47~54
Single sound absorbers such as porous materials, panels, and Helmholts resonators have limited performance with some extents of frequency region. For example, porous materials do not attenuate low frequency sounds, while panels do not absorb high frequency sounds. Composite absorption structure with coverings, porous materials, and air gaps are an alternative for wide band sound absorption. Slits, panels, perforated panels are those materials for coverings, glass wool, mineral wool, polyester, and polyurethane are frequently used porous materials. Air gap between the porous material and background surface is one of major factors which governs the absorption characteristics of composite absorption structures, especially in the low frequency area. Calculations and measurements show that the absorption coefficients of composite absorption structure, in mid and low frequency bands, are getting higher with increased air gaps. Perforated panels rather than slits and panels are good coverings with higher number as far as absorption coefficient is concerned. Perforated panels with porous materials and 37 cm of air gaps in background have high absorption coefficients for all frequency bands, above 0.7 to 1.0. All measurements are performed in reverberation chamber, Mokpo National University, according to ISO 354 and ISO 3382.
A Study on Creation Method of Ecological Arboretum as Wildlife Habitat in Urban Area -A case study of Daejon Metropolitan City-
Kim, Kwi-Gon ; Lim, Bong-Koo ; Jin, Hye-Young ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 1, issue 2, 2001, Pages 55~62
This is a study on how to create an ecological arboretum that would promote biodiversity by creating wild animal habitats in terms of using large-scale remnants in urban areas and that would serve as a field for environment education based on its locational feature of being an urban area and its accessibility. This study is significant in a sense that this is the first arboretum to be created in urban area. However, it has a couple of limitations and they are as follows. First, since an arboretum creation plan is a mid/long-term plan, it is difficult to verify the biodiversity promotion effect of the application of habitats and creation techniques. Second, as the space was created by considering ecological features and utilizing natural prototype, the diversity of forest trees in here is lower than that of a traditional arboretum.
A trial for the development of plan system and instrument on environmentally friendly urban design
Kim, Hyeon Soo ; Ahn, Geun-Young ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 1, issue 2, 2001, Pages 63~70
With environmental problems and pollutions accumulated by continuous towns or cities developments events, it is becoming necessary to develop in consideration of environmental effects. This consensus leads to prepare a plan system and instrument for ecological city development, which can be a series of planning indicators. To develope a series of process for environmental friendly development, this study has three main goals as follows; development of policies and programs for environmental friendly development, suggestion of environmental friendly urban design models and standards, development of planning indicators and design guidelines Korean land use plan is operated by both zoning system and detailed plan system. But the available kinds of zoning type are too limited to apply to various and vernacular places. In addition to, the detailed plan is understood to be another regulation which constricts the freedom of building right. In this study, Plan System of Environmentally Friendly Space was studied for domestic affairs In German, Plan System of Environmentally Friendly Space is the field have been progressed before. so In this study, example of German was researched intensively, and Plan System of Environmentally Friendly Space was developed, applicable for the real state in domestic. This study was focused on methodology of landscape planning and planning for afforestation. Landscape planning is performed on condition detail investigation of existent state of nature and local characteristic, and Investigation of Planning for afforestation is more detailed than that of Landscape planning. In the basis of methodology of landscape planning and planning for afforestation, Plan for Environmentally Friendly Urban Habitation Model was developed. Plan for Environmentally Friendly Urban Habitation Model was applicable for state of land use planning. Site was selected Chuk-chun in city yang-in, taking the circumstances into consideration. So landscape planning correspond to land use planning was made out. Adjustment of Land use planning and Landscape planning was very important. Undergoing this process, Plan for Environmentally Friendly Urban Habitation Model was performed.