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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal DOI :
Korea Institute of Ecological Architecture and Environment
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Volume & Issues
Volume 10, Issue 6 - Dec 2010
Volume 10, Issue 5 - Oct 2010
Volume 10, Issue 4 - Aug 2010
Volume 10, Issue 3 - Jun 2010
Volume 10, Issue 2 - Apr 2010
Volume 10, Issue 1 - Feb 2010
Selecting the target year
A Study of Sustainable Architectural Design Elements Based on the Classification of Natural Elements
Yim, Su Hyun ; Park, Hyeon Soo ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 10, issue 5, 2010, Pages 3~12
Sustainable design is getting to be controversial issue in all industries over the world particularly, in architecture as the amount of energy usage in architecture occupies 40%. Therefore, it is essential to make the standard for the sustainable design. In order to construct the sustainable design, firstly it should be considered that sustainable design elements based on natural resources to increase building energy efficiency is established and classified. The method of sustainable design divides into passive design and active design. Passive design method should be examined with active one simultaneously for more efficient usage of energy. Next, the study is followed how the sustainable design elements is adopted in buildings through the comparison of cases study of domestic and oversea. The result of case study shows similar adoption of sustainable design elements between oversea and domestic. However, the difference is shown in the building orientation and shape and the window size and position in Solar energy as well as high performance structure in Heat energy. These elements are the most significant elements in order to reduce energy load. In oversea, sustainable design is generated by architects, a client, and consultants based on the close cooperation in the beginning of early design phase before deciding building shape and envelope while in the domestic field adoption for sustainable design is conducted after deciding building shape and material. In order to design sustainable architecture more study is necessary in early stage for Zero Carbon and reducing building energy load through relation with specialists, a client and architects.
Urban Regeneration Strategies of Old City Centers in Local Metropolitan cities through Case Study about Nanba Station Regeneration in Osaka City
Kwon, Seong Sil ; Oh, Deog Seong ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 10, issue 5, 2010, Pages 13~22
The old city centers of local metropolitans have lost their functions as CBD in korea. Those old city centers have an only role as a gate connected to the new CBD. This study aims to present regeneration stratigies of old city centers through Osaka case study. This research has been focused on the physical and environmental factors in urban regeneration. There are 4 strategies for old city centers. First, the strategy to attract people to the old city centers is high-density and mixed-use development having functions like shopping, entertainment, residence. This kind of development makes local metropolitan cities compact cities to protect urban sprawl. Second, strategy to give old city centers an identity is to conserve traditional culture and structures and to revitalize retail market. Third is to make pedestrian-friendly street system. Osaka ism't pedestrian friendly but remodelling the connect the pedestrian path to the culture facilities. Fourth is to have water and green environment. Green space is the strong factor that pull people to old city centers.
A case study on the method of heating and cooling system by types classification and utilization of natural resources in urban centered low-rise collective housing through the Environment communion -Focusing on the urban town house in Japan-
Shim, Jae-Myung ; Kim, Kang-Soo ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 10, issue 5, 2010, Pages 23~30
The residence means a given place. It is repeated that process of overcome, protection, assimilation and adaptation has applied to environmental condition. Architecture is part of environment and various. Thus there are lots of types. We need the place with uniqueness, and it is suitable for biological and humanistic environment. The living space turned to be meaningful place with design, and people start to live with nature together. Therefore design restructures whole environment and makes people to be closed with nature. We have to understand nature of environment to connect one place with the other place, and people start to put down roots certain place. Coping with social needs, we have to develop the architectural alternative which can be applied to natural condition. This study suggest sound high-density urban residential model as it function social mix.
The Effect of Socio-Physical Regeneration on Social Network of Elderly Residents -Focused on Hanmaum public apartment of Daejeon implemented under Rainbow project
Lim, Eui Sun ; Lee, Yeun Sook ; Kim, Ju Suck ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 10, issue 5, 2010, Pages 31~41
The direction of Urban regeneration is changing toward holistic regeneration with residents' participation all over the world. While world leading projects in holistic regeneration such as "Ballymun of Ireland" and "Buffalo of U.S.A" appeared, recently in Korea, "Rainbow project" is getting paid attention as a similar example due to its Socio-Physical approach. The purpose of this study is to find the Effect of Socio-Physical Regeneration on Social Network characteristics of Elderly Residents in a public rental apartment. The subjects of the study are elderly residents who have resided since much before the environmental intervention. The research methods is in-depth interview. Specific features of social network included awareness of the physically improved surrounding environment, awareness of and participation in welfare programs, social interactions, identity, and vandalism behavior. As results, most of elderly residents recognized environmental improvement and felt very positive enough to enhance their attachment and pride in their residences. Physical environment changes had a considerable impact on the social network characteristics and also had a strong influence on their relations with community. Considering that permanent public rental housing has been a socially isolated place, it is significant to notice that residents' perception of being excluded and behaviors are changed gradually being influenced by environmental improvement.
A Study of Quantitative Evaluation Indicators on Residential Units in Multiple Stock Housing based on Space Composition Types
Lee, Byeongho ; Lee, Geonwon ; Yeo, Youngho ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 10, issue 5, 2010, Pages 43~55
This research investigated 162 residential unit plans which were located in Seoul and Gyonggi Province ranging from 58 to
unit net area recently. Through the investigation of unit plans, a matrix was developed based on the 5 criteria for space composition types. 5 criteria are building stock types, W/D ratio of units, unit net area, number of bay to the main orientation, and openness types. After review the matrix, 10 typical unit types were selected. At the same time, quantitative evaluation indicators were developed based on the 4 criteria such as efficiency, openness, flexibility, environmental sustainability. On each criterion, 3 indicators were developed, and measured on 162 residential unit plans. Firstly, correlation analysis were pursued on 5 criteria for space composition types and 12 quantitative evaluation indicators, and reviewed on each other. Finally, quantitative evaluation indicators of 10 typical unit types were displayed on radar charts in order to show the integrated evaluation on 4 criteria such as efficiency, openness, flexibility, environmental sustainability. From the reviews and radar chart analyses, advantages, disadvantages, and improvements on each typical unit type were presented as research results.
Evaluation of the daylight performance of adjacent interior spaces in four-sided atrium according to the height ratio of atrium, and the transmittance of atrium canopy
Yu, Ha-Nui ; Lee, Ju-Yun ; Song, Kyoo-Dong ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 10, issue 5, 2010, Pages 57~62
Studies on daylighting of buildings have been continuously increased due to the recent escalating oil price and low-carbon strategies in developed countries. Daylighting of buildings not only saves electric energy, but provide the occupants with a comfort visual environment. Atrium spaces are adopted by many modern buildings to improve daylight performance of deep interior spaces. Among the various types of atria, the four-sided type atrium is frequently adopted by library buildings, governmental buildings and office buildings. This study aims to suggest daylighting design data for adjacent occupied spaces by conducting dynamic simulations using Daysim program. Daylight Factor(DF), Daylight Autonomy(DA) and Useful Daylight Illuminance(UDI) levels for 12 measurement points in adjacent occupied spaces were calculated for square-shape four-sided atria with different SAR(Section Aspect Ratio) and different canopy transmittance.
A Study on the Characteristic of Energy Consumption in the Super High-rise Mixed-use Housing
Lee, Byunghee ; Lee, Jaehyuk ; Je, Heaseong ; Kang, Dongho ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 10, issue 5, 2010, Pages 63~69
Recently, by the increase of demand on Super High-rise mixed-use housing and it's advanced quality, the interest on it has been raised socially. In accordance with it, the matter of resident's health and energy efficiency has been controversial in terms of living in super high-rise housing. This study started from the idea that it is necessary to have an objective data which that has many residents in narrow space with high density. The purpose of this study are as follows; Firstly, with the quantitative data analysis on energy, it will confirm the objective information on the unclear negative idea of super high-rise mixed-use housing. Secondly, it will establish the fundamental data on the energy of super high-rise mixed-use housing by examining the characteristic of energy consumption of the complex which was built more than 5 years ago. There are 4 methods of this study. Firstly, it follows the steps of theoretical view, and defines concept to study on the characteristic of super high-rise mixed-use housing. Secondly, referring to the previous study, it provides better understanding on th stream of this research and the limit as well to guide the direction in terms of energy consumption. Thirdly, it evaluates the characteristic of monthly consumption by researching the use of electricity energy and heating energy of super high-rise mixed-use housing. The major conclusions of this study are as follows; Firstly, the heating use of apartment complex is same, which is not influenced by the type of the building. Secondly, the electricity use of super high-rise mixed-use housing is from 1,2 to 1.5 as high as the normal apartment.
A Study on the Typological Classification of Super-tall Building and Present State of Masterplan Planning Factor in the Site
Yang, Ki In ; Bang, Ki Jin ; Je, Hae Seong ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 10, issue 5, 2010, Pages 71~76
Recently, the construction and plan of super-tall building is attention link of new town development or urban core regeneration. Super-tall Buildings have many advantages and a lot of affects in urban contexts. Also, construction of super-tall building is will be able to social problem like urban core's decline, loss of openspace, incompatible urban scape, traffic congestion of urban core. But, compares to super-tall buildings affects in urban contexts, there was not extra ordinary study about super-tall building by the urban scale approaches. Therefore, need about study materplan planning of the site which is made to meet super-tall building and urban contexts. There are two main processes in this study. First, to analyze the factors affect to masterplan planning of the super-tall building's site. Through the analyzed factors, classify type of super-tall buildings and identify the type's state. Second, to classify and set the elements of masterplan planning factor in the site. Identify the masterplan planning factor's state by deployment materplan planning factor set the current applied to the constructed super-tall buildings. Through this process, identified the recent trend and providied the basic elements of materplan planning of super-tall building's site.
A Study on the Fear of Crime and Space Design Elements in Campus Library
Lee, So-Yeon ; Choi, So-Hee ; Ha, Mi-Kyoung ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 10, issue 5, 2010, Pages 77~85
The library is the most frequently utilized building on campus, but, it has been reported to be a facility most vulnerable to crime. However, almost no study has been conducted on crime in the library, which implies a need for research on the subject. The purpose of this study is specifically twofold. First, this study will suggest components of environmental plan to prevent fear over library crime on campus. Second, the study seeks to reveal the correlation between use per library space and fear of crime. This has been analyzed by conducting a survey among current university students, and the survey includes the following three details: first, fear over day/night crime per library space; second, components of environmental plan to prevent fear over crime per library space; third, level of use per library space on campus. The results of study show that fear of crime has low relation with crime occurrence, fear per library space is higher during the night than during the day, and the space where the fear level is usually high is the service facility. There is a difference for each space in terms of important components of environmental plan to prevent crime per library space, and installation of security device is most important. One must consider a plan for a crime safe environment regarding library space where the level of use during the day is low.
A Study on the Ventilation Performance and Fire Characteristics with Different Types of Openings in External Wall of One Side Corridor Type Apartment
Ko, Myeong Jin ; Choi, Do Sung ; Do, Jin Seok ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 10, issue 5, 2010, Pages 87~93
The objective of this study is to verify the safety in case of fire and change of residential environment for different wall construction approaches in a stairways apartment house. In order to confirm that case_1, which is current case that most of wall is opened and the case 2, which upper part of wall is limitedly opened are compared and analyzed based on simulations of fire, escape and natural ventilation performance. The analysis reveals that possible escape time for case 1 was more than 600 seconds and for case 2 was 195 seconds. Since the escape times for both cases were over 128 seconds, it would be reasonable to assume that every resident would escape. The simulation results on natural ventilation performance shows the air change per hour of case 1 and case 2 were .19n/h and .16n/h and there was 1.2 times difference. However, the difference was too insignificant and it could be seen as that different approaches on wall construction would not significantly influence on natural ventilation performance.
A Study on Glazing Ratio of Certified Green Building Apartment
Kim, Sang-Bum ; Park, Jong-Hoon ; Yang, Byoung-E ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 10, issue 5, 2010, Pages 95~100
Buildings receive solar radiation through windows and the solar radiation helps to save heating energy in winter. Therefore the bigger the glazing ratio is, the larger the amount of solar radiation we can receive. In this study we analysed the glazing ratio of Certified Green Building Apartments. And we verified whether the glazing ratio reflects energy saving through accepting solar radiation with correlation analysis. For glazing ratio analysis, we selected 116 apartment buildings of 19 apartment complexes that certified in 2008-2009 and took pictures of outside windows of the buildings. After that, we analysed the building's glazing ratio with 4 azimuth and checked distinction of the glazing ratio between 6 coupled azimuths. And we analysed the correlation between importance order of azimuth for energy saving and the glazing ratio change with the azimuth. The analysis showed that the glazing ratio does not reflect energy saving through accepting solar radiation.
A Study on Patterns of Baby Boomers' Post-retirement Housing Mobility Plan -focusing on life course-
Hwang, Sun Hae ; Lee, Yeun Sook ; Yoon, Hye Gyung ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 10, issue 5, 2010, Pages 101~108
It is estimated that the elderly will constitute 24.3% of the entire Korean population in 2030, when about 7,125,000 baby boomers reach retirement age. Therefore, this aging phenomenon might be the most urgent issue facing Korean society. The baby boom generation shows a strong tendency to dispose of existing residences or move into new housing after retirement, thereby exerting enormous impacts on social and economic sectors as well as the housing market. Against this backdrop, this study aims to identify both factors and patterns behind baby boomer retirees' post-retirement housing transfer trends. To this end, a survey is undertaken here with respect to those baby boomers living in Gangnam-gu and Seocho-gu with actual housing transfer plans in the foreseeable future, and who can act as a practical consumer group for the future housing market. This study verifies baby boomers' diverse preferences for housing type. Their preference for apartment houses still remains high in every situation, and this has significant implications for changed preferences of other housing types considering that most of the survey respondents currently reside in apartment houses. According to the survey, there are more than 80 kinds of baby boomers' housing transfer patterns, which demonstrates that more than half of the survey respondents pursue different housing mobility plans. When it comes to the factors behind their housing selection, the baby boom generation shows a strong preference for physical factors. However, environmental and psychological factors gain more momentum under unfavorable circumstances, while social factors play a decisive role in their housing selection in categories such as 'couple/deteriorating health' and 'single/healthy'.
An study on the annoyance and loudness for the different background noises in complex building
Lee, Tai-Gang ; Jang, Gil-Soo ; Kim, Sun-Woo ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 10, issue 5, 2010, Pages 109~114
There are many business in complex building, and recently noise claims have increased in those buildings. It is one of the most desirable methods reducing the noise level to establish the noise criteria considering the admittable noise level between the source and receiving room, which are to be derived from the subjective response in the real conditions. Because the degree of annoyance and loudness for the intruding noises in complex building could be changed with background noise level, it is suggested to be researched the relationship between the noise levels and subjective response. In this study, the subjective response for three different background levels in receiving business or rooms were investigated for the typical eight business noise source including aerobic music. The results can be summarized as follows. In conditions of low background noise level(40 dB(A)), there is a tendency of intentionally attention situation (listening) in a subjective test. The other hand in conditions of relatively high background noise level(50 dB(A)), there is a unconscious situation (heraing). As the degree of moderately heard or annoyed in SD rating scale means that the noise is easily recognized in neighboring shops, usually the limit of noise criteria were decided on this rating point, so it will be reasonable to be adopted the criteria rating scale as slight heard or annoyed degree (SD criteria 3).
An Fundamental Study on the Earth Wall Material Development by using of Lime Composition and Earth
Hwang, Hey zoo ; Kang, Nam Yi ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 10, issue 5, 2010, Pages 115~121
Lime was the solidifier mostly used at the fields of construction and civil works in the past. however, the development of Portland cement remarkably reduced the use of it. Recently as the concernment on circumstances gets higher, lime wined attention again as an eco-friendly material and was used at earth-using construction. This study examined the physical and chemical capacity of lime complexes with lime capacity improved, and performed fundamental study on the way to concretize by mixing it with earth. As a result, lime complex pressure strength was lower than cement pressure strength but it showed the possibility that its strength was improved by W/B control. The measurement of XRD after paste formation confirmed a compound generated by the reaction of Ca2+ion and Si, Al, and Fe from pozzolan reaction. A earth wall experiment by using lime complexes and earth showed that the higher, WB or the lower the quantity of unit combined materials, the lower the pressure strength was. The maximum pressure strength was maximum 11MPa when the quantity of unit combined materials was 450. It is because the composed earth particles had a high content of micro powder less than silt, so a lot of combination are demanded to secure fluidity. As a result of peptization experiment, after hardening, the material was not dissolved, which informed of the possibility of use as an outer subsidiary material. If the material is hardened by mold formation method, natural hardening crack appears. Cast expresses smart surface quality and enables to design for multiple purpose. The result shows the possibility of construction of low-story structures by using earth wall made of lime complexes and earth.
A Study on the Functional Unit Trend of Carbon Dioxide Emission in the Construction Materials between 2000, 2003 and 2005
Lee, KangHee ; Lee, HaShik ; Yang, JaeHyuk ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 10, issue 5, 2010, Pages 123~129
This study aimed at analyzing the trend of carbon dioxide emission for direct and indirect areas by using inter industry relations table between 2000, 2003 and 2005 in the key building materials and components. Results of this study are as follows; First, the material and components for this study was selected in 20 industries of products such as sand, gravel, cement, concrete articles, rebar, and steel bar. Second, among the 20 selected key building materials, the group with the highest carbon-dioxide emission was shown in ready-mixed concrete, concrete articles, and primary aluminum goods. Third, as a result of analyzing the changes to the units of carbon dioxide emission according to passage of time, the number of items which is changed in such as sustained increase or decrease over time was insignificant in carbon-emission change trend.
Corrosion Protection of Rebars Using High Durability Polymer Cementitious Materials for Environmental Load Reduction
Kim, Wan-Ki ; Chung, Seung-Jin ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 10, issue 5, 2010, Pages 131~137
The building industry must aim at high-durability and sustainability. A holistic life cycle based approach is recommended to reduce the environmental load. In recent years, technical innovations in the construction industry have advanced to a great extent, and caused the active research and development of high-performance and multifunctional construction materials. Nowadays, various polymer powders have been commercialized to manufacture construction materials in the form of prepackaged-type products, which have rapidly been developed for lack of skilled workmen in construction sites. Recently, terpolymer powders of improved quality have been developed and commercialized as cement modifiers. And, hydrocalumite is a material that can adsorb the chloride ions (Cl-) causing the corrosion of reinforcing bars and liberate the nitrite ions (NO2-) inhibiting the corrosion in reinforced concrete, and can provide a self-corrosion inhibition function to the reinforced concrete. The purpose of this study is to ascertain the self-corrosion inhibition function of polymer-modified mortars using redispersible powders with hydrocalumite. Polymer-modified mortars using VA/E/MMA and VAE redispersible powders are prepared with various calumite contents and polymer-binder ratios, and tested for chloride ion penetration depth, corrosion inhibition. As a result, regardless of the polymer-binder ratio, the replacement of ordinary portland cement with hydrocalumite has a marked effect on the corrosion-inhibiting property of the polymer-modified mortars. Anti-corrosion effect of polymer-modified mortars using VA/E/MMA terpolymer powder with hydrocalumite is higher than that of VAE copolymer powder.
Greenhouse Gas Management Policy during Construction Execution Phase -Focused on Green Building Rating Systems and Japanese Case-
Song, Sang Hoon ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 10, issue 5, 2010, Pages 139~150
Until now, the eco-friendly construction (green construction) has been focused on reducing environmental impacts in use(operation and maintenance) phase. Considering the environmental influence along the life cycle of construction project, the impact in execution phase is rather lower than that in use phase. However, that impact is thought to be greatly decreased by well-organized activities. Based on its urgency and requirement for timely action, this study aimed to discuss the greenhouse gas (GHG) reduction plan in execution phase from a broad perspective. To achieve this purpose, the green building rating systems in domestic and foreign countries have been reviewed, and the practice in Japan was investigated. In order to improve current on-site greenhouse gas management, the integration among construction phases, participants, and environmental factors, and institutional supports are required as well as the contractor's efforts.
An Evaluation for Progressive Collapse Resisting Capacity of a 80F RC Flat Plate for Sustainable Super Tall Building
Seo, Dae-Won ; Kim, Hae-Jin ; Shin, Sung Woo ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 10, issue 5, 2010, Pages 151~157
This study is connected with evaluation of the progressive collapse resisting capacity for sustainable RC super tall building design. As the progressive collapse is not considered in current design codes in Korea, differences between linear static and dynamic analysis based on the GSA guidelines was analyzed for better evaluation, and the analysis model of flat plate system was determined. Finally, the progressive collapse resisting capacity was evaluated for structural system of super tall building. According to this study, the results by linear dynamic analysis were underestimated than the results by linear static analysis. Thus, the dynamic coefficient value of 2 provides conservative approach. The Effective Beam Width's model, currently used in field, is useful for the analysis about lateral force, but this model does not consider the effect of load redistribution by the slab. Hence, finite element analysis considering slab element will be needed for progressive collapse resisting capacity of the flat plate system. Finally, analysis model of 80-story building designed based on KBC(Korea Building Code) shows the weakness against progressive collapse because the DCR value is over 2. Thus, the countermeasure for alternative loading path such as installment of spandrel beam and reinforcements around slab is required to prevent the progressive collapse.
A Study on the Changes of the Apartment price in Accordance with Project process of Super high-rise mixed use buildings
Kim, Sang Hwan ; Choy, Won Cheol ; Kim, Ju Hyung ; Kim, Jae Jun ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 10, issue 5, 2010, Pages 159~164
High-rising buildings are a sort of solution to recent cities. Till now real estate development was concentrated in new development on vacant lots, and it resulted urban sprawl. Generally large cities are confronted with the exodus of industry and population from city. High-rising buildings solve many problems associated with this problem. The purpose of this research is to identify the effect of super high-rise mixed use building project process on apartment price. For this study, the hypothesis is that price of apartments is influenced by project process of super high-rise mixed use building. The study concerned 4 variations of project process that is building permits stage, sale stage, construction starting stage and stage of moving into building. The target projects of buildings are selected by number of floor(over 40 floors) and construction time. And 48 apartment complex are selected around super high-rise mixed use building. This study uses hedonic price function to analysis effect of project process of super high-rise mixed use building. A price of apartments is defined as a dependent variable. Characteristics of residence, complex, district and super high-rise building are defined as independent variables. The results are as follows; first, there is no error in price model of this study. Second, it is found that apartment price was influenced negatively by building permit stage and sale stage of super high-rise mixed use building. But that was influenced positively by construction starting stage and stage of moving into building of that. Third, as the project process of super high-rise mixed use building was proceeded, price of apartments was increased.
A Study on the Productivity Analysis of Finishing Works on Super High-rise Mixed_use Building
Hong, Bo-Bae ; Kim, Yong-Man ; Kim, Ju-Hyung ; Kim, Jae-Jun ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 10, issue 5, 2010, Pages 165~170
Super high-rise mixed use buildings require a longer period for construction. Especially finishing work takes up about 40% of the whole construction period. Thus, finishing work is becoming an important factor in determining the construction period along with earth work and frame work. As the expected returns added by the reduction of the period and cost in constructing super high-rise mixed use buildings are huge, the expectations are now increasing for the possible gains. In this respect, as the period of finishing work is easier to be shortened than that of frame work, the efforts to acquire the technical knowledge to reduce the finishing work period are now being required. Accordingly, in this study, we aimed at suggesting the basic data for designing an economic plan for finishing-work procedure by analyzing the productivity of each work type of finishing work procedure on the basis of the execution and results of a construction method as a time-flexible finishing work plan. For this, we categorized the work types of finishing work procedure into each work unit and provided a work-system for each of them. Also, with case studies, we calculated the detailed amounts of the work-loads, required materials, productivity, and productivity index of the main work types of finishing work procedure and each of their separate work units as well as analyzed the relationship between the value results to suggest a better way to improve its productivity.
A Study on Loan Programs for Maintenance of apartment houses
Park, Sang-Hoon ; Baek, Cheong-Hoon ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 10, issue 5, 2010, Pages 171~179
Korea owns vast amount of apartment houses no less than those of world prominent countries, but did not pay enough efforts to maintain existing apartment houses and develop policies to reuse them due to growth driven policy of housing supply like construction of new houses. Korea constructed tremendous amount of houses in short period through government led forced house supplying policy, and resulted in excess houses such that present house supply rate happened to be reaching 110%. However, recently there are growing demand of change in housing policy due to social environmental changes like low birth rate and aging of society etc and nationals' demand for improvement of residential quality. When such social changes are demanded and 80% of apartment houses in Korea are less than 20 years old, renovations and remodeling of apartment houses are anticipated to emerge as important matter. In particular, the apartment houses in Seoul and the 1st generation new cities like Bundang and Ilsan etc have passed considerable period of time after construction and require safety measure, it is quite impending to loan programs for the maintenance of existing apartment houses. The objective of this study is to compare and analyze the system of loan programs about apartment houses of Japan, and then to propose to accelerate loan programs about maintenance for apartment houses in korea.
The Investigation on Application of Construction Waste Unit to Establish Resource Recycling System through Case Study
Son, Byeung Hun ; Hong, Won Hwa ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 10, issue 5, 2010, Pages 181~186
Research on construction waste unit was in progress in the 1995 when 'Proper Disposal and Recycling Measures for Construction Waste' was made by the Seoul Development Institute. Such an effort has been made in order to cope with the lack of natural resources in Korea and to utilize the reusable resources. Furthermore, these efforts have also increased due to the improved standing of Korea in the international community. A large number of residential buildings were built in the response to the government's policy by increasing the supply of houses between the 1970's and 1980's. In 2000, more reconstruction and redevelopment was done because of the aged buildings and change of use for those buildings. And the project has been actively promoted until now, which caused a sharp increase in the generation volume of construction waste. In Korea, 8 kinds of construction waste unit, including the standard construction manpower and materials estimation, are introduced. Currently, they provide standards to different building categories and waste properties while for construction sites different standards are applied. This study aims to measure the actual amount of construction waste after sample buildings are dismantled and analyzes the estimation of the waste quantity by using various standard units. Through comparison, this study will figure out the differences among the standard units in order to find out how to apply the standard units properly. Moreover, this research will provide practical measures to apply such units to construction sites.
A Study of Rating Method Comparison for Heavy-weight Floor Impact Sound based on the Field Test Data in Apartment Houses
Shin, Hoon ; Back, Geon Jong ; Kook, Chan ; Song, Min Jeon ; Kim, Sun Woo ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 10, issue 5, 2010, Pages 187~194
Heavy-weight floor impact sound insulation performance criteria have been effective in Korea since the regulation which enforces the standard thickness of slabs in domestic apartment houses should be constructed by 180mm or 210mm was adopted. But every slab does not satisfy this criteria. So, review on existing floor impact sound insulation performance is needed to propose some basic materials for the revision of rating method. To achieve this goal, 63 field test data were checked and analyzed. The results of this study are as follows ; 1) The 210mm thickness slab has the characteristics of deeper level decrease above 120Hz frequency band than that of 180mm thickness slab's. 2) 27.5% of 180mm thickness slabs were satisfied the floor impact sound insulation performance criteria, whereas 65% of 210mm slabs do. 3) Among the main contribution frequency bands for the determination of single rating index, 63Hz was shown as the most contributive band in 210mm slabs. 4) In comparison of single rating index between bang machine test and ball test. there is a big difference between the two and this phenomenon is frequent in 210mm slab results. 5) Rating Methods for the analysis of cross-correlation between the amount of rating, the usefulness of the arithmetic mean could be secured.