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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korea Institute of Ecological Architecture and Environment
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 10, Issue 6 - Dec 2010
Volume 10, Issue 5 - Oct 2010
Volume 10, Issue 4 - Aug 2010
Volume 10, Issue 3 - Jun 2010
Volume 10, Issue 2 - Apr 2010
Volume 10, Issue 1 - Feb 2010
Selecting the target year
Selection of Green-Roofs' Location to Improve Green-Network in Junggu, Seoul - Using a Bird as Target Species -
Park, Jong-Hoon ; Yang, Byoung-E ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 10, issue 6, 2010, Pages 3~10
The subject is to find green roofs' location as stepping stones in green-network in fine scale. The study site is Junggu, Seoul, which has core areas(Bukaksan and Namsan) and green areas(parks, etc.). Through literature review, the closer to core areas and green areas, target species reach green roof easier, and target species must be avifauna(flying species) and high class in food chain, because of possibility of reaching. So, Great Tits, inhabited in Namsan and urban bird, is target species. The location standard of green roofs, realized birds' reaching distance, consists of home range(horizontal range and vertical range) and roof-greening capable area. The green roofs' distribution of location was resulted through GIS analysis of feasible site finding, and classified with weight of score. In discussion, Namsan gives more effect to locate green roofs than Bukaksan does and selected buildings which are grouped in some parts need to be managed with group, green roof district.
A Study on the Urban climate Mitigation Effects with Ecological Landscape Planning with reference to Namyang-Ju Walsanli Master-plan
Moon, Soo Young ; Kim, Hyun Soo ; Lee, Kwang Bok ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 10, issue 6, 2010, Pages 11~19
To meet with the nation's policy of Green Growth, local governments are rushing to propose an ecological urban development plan. And although various studies stress on the need of ecological planning to harmonize development with preservation, we have come to a point in which a quantitative evaluation of how much ecological planning contributes to the environmental load is needed. Through the increasing tendency of making plans based on the development of IT technology, capability of gathering environmental data and scientific instrument, studies on ecological planning's effect towards environmental load has recently begun. This study aims to perform a quantitative evaluation on how ecological planning mitigate urban heat island in the region of Namyang-ju Wallsanli. Three theories were used to mitigate urban heat island ; White network, Green network and Blue network. As a result, the atmosphere temperature was reduced the whole site
and the mean radiant temperature was reduced the whole site
on the modified ecological landscape plan in summer. The PMV index is 0~1 in ecologically modified landscape plan otherwise almost 3 in landscape plan. This study has its limits on the fact that results may differ from the actual plan as the study was performed based on the land use plan and building plan. However, what is important is that it shows a quantitative result of the effect that ecological planning has on surrounding environment and reducing environmental load.
A study on the energy consumption and management of an U-based city considering the characteristics of building energy in a city - Focused on Daegu·Gyeongbuk Area -
Lee, Kang-Guk ; Kim, Tae-Woo ; Hyun, Taek-Soo ; Hong, Won-Hwa ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 10, issue 6, 2010, Pages 21~26
This study is to suggest basic data for the policy on the energy demand and management of an U-based city compliant with characteristics of regions and districts in future city by conducting research on the energy consumption and management of an U-based city, considering city energy demand characteristics focused on the center district of Daegu metropolitan city. U-based city energy consumption and management solution is considered to be effective in establishing the guideline of environment-friendly urban architecture planning as well as the assessment of energy consumption characteristics in a city.
The Performance of generated Heating Energy from Interior Lighting Fixtures
Choi, Jong-seon ; Lim, Hong-Soo ; Kim, Kyung-Ah ; Lee, Keum-hwan ; Koo, Jae-Oh ; Kim, Gon ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 10, issue 6, 2010, Pages 27~32
Approximately 20 percentage of energy consumptions in buildings is consumed as lighting energy. Thus, most of the corporations of lighting fixture have launched low energy products. However, many researchers focused on the only luminous efficacy for energy conservation and used the evaluating tool of study. This can not gauge the precise cooling load related on generated heat of artificial lighting. In order to assess an effect of the temperature variation of lighting resources, the main purpose of this study is to predict the generated heating energy from lighting by measuring the thermal variation in scale model to reduce external noise. Also this paper used MX100 data logger to record at an interval of 1 minute for 60 minutes for the temperature of interior lightings such as incandescent lamp, fluorescent light, halogen lamp and LED lamp. As a result, LED lamp generated the lowest heat. On the other hand, incandescent lamp did the highest.
An Experimental Study on Control Strategy of LED System Using Daylight
Yun, Gyeong ; Yoon, Kap-Chun ; Kim, Kang-Soo ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 10, issue 6, 2010, Pages 33~39
Visual Environment and productivity are correlated. So we need to create a comfortable visual environment and maintain proper workplane illumination level. We can obtain lighting energy savings and comfortable visual environment using daylight and LED lights. In this study, we characterized the indoor illuminance level according to the sky condition and proposed dimming control strategy of LED lights. Energy savings in On/Off control mode are 40% at clear sky and 28% at intermediate sky. In dimming control mode, energy savings are 77.2% at clear sky and 64.1% at intermediate sky. Then we obtain the appropriate dimming control strategy of LED lights based on data. Dimming rates are 0-14.2-80(min-avg-max, %) for LED 1, 0-19.9-60% for LED 2 and 30-61.4-90% for LED 3. Lighting energy savings are 68.2% for LED dimming system applied this control method.
Validation of a Daylight Measurement System Using the CIE Guide of Recommended Practice of Daylight Measurement
Kong, Hyo Joo ; Lee, Jong Soo ; Kim, Gon ; Yun, Geun Young ; Kim, Jeong Tai ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 10, issue 6, 2010, Pages 41~46
This study is to validate the K University daylight measurement system according to the CIE guide of recommended practice of daylight measurement. In this study global irradiance, illuminance, direct normal illuminance, diffuse irradiance, illuminance and vertical illuminances(North, West, South, East) were measured and compared in accordance with the CIE quality control test. Field monitoring was conducted from 1st August to 15th August 2010. Results for the CIE tests 1 to 4 showed an accuracy of 100%. This indicates that the K University daylight measurement system is reliable and the measurement data would be useful for further daylight researches.
Analysis of the Eco-experience Program of the Restoration Rivers in Seoul
Kim, Dong-Chan ; Kim, Shin-Won ; You, Kyung-Min ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 10, issue 6, 2010, Pages 47~54
The significant aim of this research is to suggest the applicable data for the future urban ecological restoration of rivers' activity and the direction of the future eco-experience program found by analyzing the state and progress of the restoration of the river ecological experience program. For this purpose, we researched the eco-experience program's outline and details of its operation and method from six rivers among all of the rivers going through restoration. We also carried out telephone interviews and in-depth interviews with the office staff that takes care about each river at the district office to investigate the specific details not revealed by our analysis, the number of operations, and the number of participants. We compared the number of operations to the number of participants and the frequency of participation of each river in a year. As a result, they have revealed that the participants of the eco-experience program ranged in variety including local students, families, and local citizens as a whole. Also the intimate observation and experience with nature gave the participants a better understanding of the ecosystem. In addition, it is revealed that the cheonggye river goes through its own standard of strict inspections and management daily. It is quite easy to notice that the cheonggye river shows a higher level of participation and operating activity than other rivers.
Analysis on Results evaluated by "Housing Performance Grading System" in Korea
Lee, Sung Ok ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 10, issue 6, 2010, Pages 55~66
The government is enacted "Housing Performance Grading Indication System" from qualitative housing supply policy and performance of housing under the background of looking for new plan to secure good housing stock and housing performance. This system consists of 5 main performance section, 14 performance categories and 20 detailed performance items. 5 main performance parts are sound insulation related grading(Light-weight impact sound insulation, heavy-weight floor impact sound insulation, noise emission in bathroom, airborne sound insulation for wall between units), Long-life housing related grading(flexibility, remodeling & maintenance, durability), environment related grading(landscape, indoor air quality and ventilation, energy performance), Living environment related grading(common resident facilities such as playground and consideration for the socially underprivileged such as the aged), Fire fire prevention grading(fire fire prevention). The purpose of this research is to analyze characteristics and assessment results of 20 detailed performance items on "Housing Performance Grading Indication System" which was enforced 240 cases from Jan 9th, 2006 to Sep 30th, 2010. The analysis of approval condition of detailed performance items will be important comments for understanding the current domestic level and development of technology.
A Study on the Change of Indoor Heating Environment with the Creation of Indoor Water Space through a Scale Model
Oh, Sang Mok ; Oh, Se Gyu ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 10, issue 6, 2010, Pages 67~72
This study was conducted to examine the change of heating environment with the creation of an indoor water space. Living environments and comfort of dwellers can be improved by utilizing the physical properties of water effectively. This study focuses on the basic examination of the effect of water space and the environmental effects of water space by experiment. Two identical models were fabricated to compare the changes in indoor temperature and humidity with and without a water space. With the water space, temperature was reduced by an average of
a day and moisture content increased by an average of 4%. As a result, it was possible to obtain quantitative data on water space's temperature reduction and humidity control capacities. This study is expected to provide basic information for further studies on the effect of water spaces in various buildings.
A study on the Energy resource in School Buildings with the Changes of Educational Facilities Standard
Kim, Tae-Woo ; Lee, Kang-Guk ; Hong, Won-Hwa ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 10, issue 6, 2010, Pages 73~80
Since the Korean War, Korea has experienced modernization. The population increase by baby booming has asked for more space for educational facilities. In such a situation, the purpose of educational facilities was to accommodate continuously increasing students, rather than seeking for quantitative demands. In addition, in accordance with social changes, educational shifts were required. After the revision of the seventh national curriculum in education in 1997, the school buildings became varied. The design of buildings in accordance with educational curriculum has been improved, but still lack of forming comfortable environment and considering energy efficiency in school buildings. For the improvement of educational environments, educational media such as TV and computers have been provided, and energy systems, including heating and cooling systems, has been continuously increased. As a result, it appeared that energy use in school buildings and facilities has been steadily increased and that the structure of energy consumption has been also changed, especially with regard to electricity use. Living in the 21st century, human beings face global environmental issues, such as global warming, geographical climate changes, and ozone destruction that are the consequences of fossil energy use. Therefore, even in industrial areas, considering a counterplan for low energy use is being paid attention. Starting with Kyoto Protocol in 1992, people try to decrease carbon dioxide and to develop alternative energies (i.e. natural energy); for example, solar energy, wind force, terrestrial heat, and water power. Advanced countries already set up a criterion for
decrease ranging from office buildings to residential houses and also propose alternatives for the
decrease. However, there is no such a plan for low energy use and
decrease in school facilities, and any research on the actual conditions was not accomplished. Thus, this study examines energy demand in classrooms that take up a large portion of energy demand in school building structure.
The Elderly's Perspectives on Apartments as a Healthy Home Environments
Cho, Sung Heui ; Kang, Na-Na ; Jun, Eun-Jung ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 10, issue 6, 2010, Pages 81~89
This study focuses on a concrete understanding of the characteristics of perceptions and needs about healthy housing of the elderly, who represent the most vulnerable group of people in society, on the four evaluation dimensions of healthy housing as part of the research for evaluation indicators development for housing health performance in apartments. First, it was found that the elderly perceive an environment where their physical health is well supported as the most important factor for healthy housing. Additionally, the management support of the housing was perceived as the second most important consideration. Second, the most frequently used area for the elderly is the living room and a desired place to be added to indoor spaces was a room of their own or a 'living room', which clearly indicates the importance of the indoor environment for the elderly. Third, the biggest factor for the interior environment that affected the satisfaction level of the elderly in their housing was largely based on the convenience factor that helped lesson the discomfort in their daily life due to the physical aging process, and also on factors related to the pleasant indoor surroundings. Based on the concepts discovered in this study on healthy housing, more concrete items should be developed in the future for an extensive indicator for health performance evaluation, and actual research on the general public should follow suit.
A basic study on Improvement for Biotops Area Ratio through the Post Evaluation Plan for Outdoor Space of Apartment Housings
Jang, Dae-hee ; Kim, Hyeon-soo ; Kang, Byoung Keun ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 10, issue 6, 2010, Pages 91~96
The problem of urban climate change and destruction of wildlife habitats space which is becoming more serious day by day, has to do with the impervious area(surface area) in urban space. The destruction of natural ground and indiscreet soil covering due to compact development is causing urban desertification in urban residential areas. With biotops area ratio being variously used and extended as a pre planning index, this study aims to analyze the elements of biotop area ratio that need to be supplemented in order to emerge as a realistic planning index for post evaluation measure and not act only as a examining tool in the planning stage. In particular, this study aims to examine the possibility of biotops area ratio to be used as a system to evaluate the outer space of apartment housings, in which biotops area ratio is most actively used, as a tool to secure ecological soundness of the development area after construction is finished.
Development and Validation of Sky Simulator for Reproducing CIE Overcast Sky Model
Shin, Ju Young ; Yun, Geun Young ; Kim, Jeong Tai ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 10, issue 6, 2010, Pages 97~103
Sky simulator is a effective daylighting design tool that can evaluate three dimensional performance of lighting. Especially, the dome type sky simulator offer reliable and reproducible daylighting performance with different standard sky models. Recently, K university has developed the dome type sky simulator(sky dome) with the diameter of 6.5m and the height of 3.7m. The sky dome consists of a group of 145 large steel panels with 72 halogen lamps which are arranged in a circular array. The luminance distribution of the sky dome can be calibrated by changing the angle and the brightness of the lamps respectively. To allow more reliable prediction and evaluation of daylighting through the sky dome, It is essential to validate the sky luminance distribution of the sky dome. This study consider the validation of the comparisons between the measured and the calculated luminance values for the CIE standard overcast sky. Also, the error rate between the measured and the calculated luminance values were compared to the previous studies. The results indicated that the K university sky dome can reproduce reliable CIE standard overcast sky with the average relative error rate of 4.4% and root-mean-square error(RMSE) of 5.4%.
Checklist and Design Recommendations for the Interiors of Korean, Eco-healthy Childcare Facilities
Chun, Jin Hie ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 10, issue 6, 2010, Pages 105~114
As children are known to touch and chew everything, green cleaning procedures are an important step in preventing children from ingesting harmful toxins. The objectives of this study are to develop a new, self-evaluation checklist and to suggest design recommendations which comply with easy, adaptable, economical ways to improve the eco-friendly indoor environment of Korean childcare facilities. The information compiled during this study was collected through literature review and internet surveys1) from July, 2009 to February, 2010. The results of this study show that the current Korean childcare accreditation system and practices emphasize clean building interiors, policies for sanitation and cleanliness, and control of humidity and lighting. On the other hand, the information provided by green-building rating systems from GBCC, LEED, and GBTool offers additional and comparative details regarding indoor environment quality and standards regarding the IAQ performance and management plan, ventilation and thermal comfort systems, views from windows, acoustics, and lighting. In conclusion, this document provides an appropriate and easy-to-follow, self-evaluation checklist composed of eight criteria and 51 practical items. This study also provides the design recommendations composed of 27 practical ideas focusing on interior elements. Both the checklist and design recommendations I have suggested can be a post-occupancy tool for evaluating eco-healthy facility standards as well as tips for continuing to maintain eco-healthy childcare facilities.
Real Survey on Interior Surface Area and Applied Finishes in Recently-Planned Apartment Houses
Lee, Ji-Soon ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 10, issue 6, 2010, Pages 115~121
This paper is an outgrowth of many years of practicing real interior work projects and one of my responses to the question not only about the actual dimension of interior work surface but also about the classification of contemporary finishing materials in basic interior project of high-rise apartment houses. For this purpose, 8 conventional apartment units which are already-built or designed have been surveyed and the results are interpreted in the form of proportion of space and finishes. The data can be applied to make up a schematic design in the selection of environment-friendly interior works and assessment of the degree of sustainability. For further study, the basic data provided here can be used as an index to differentiate the occupants' desire toward green interior design for their own apartment spaces, comparing to the conventional interior work in the Korean market. Not surprisingly, wall paper is dominated to make the interior surface in apartment houses. In the percentile of the utilization of finishing materials, wood-flooring and coating materials like wet paint also ranked at the upper position.
A Finish Material Management Process for Indoor Air Quality -Focused on Apartment Buildings-
Kwon, Gi-Deoc ; Lee, Dong-Hoon ; Lee, Sung-Ho ; Zheng, Qi ; Kim, Sun-Kuk ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 10, issue 6, 2010, Pages 123~130
Indoor air quality has attracted great attention in recent years and thus the importance of managing finishing materials in terms of pollutant source control is being emphasized. Managing the finishing material at the design stage maximizes the efficiency of IAQ control at the following construction stage. However, there are insufficient investigations on the application of a specific finishing material management process, a database management system or a finishing material management process network. As a result, the main purposes of this study comprise comprehensive evaluation of IAQ performance from the selected finishing materials and auxiliary materials, application of the material management system basing on the types and characteristics of toxic substances generated from the indoor finishing materials, investigation of IAQ evaluation standard, and the overall IAQ evaluation method for the design parts. The result of this study will be the basic data to construct DBMS for management of finishing materials with respect to IAQ.
A Comparison Evaluation on the Indoor Temperature and Humidity Control Effect of Hwang-To Brick and Traditional Window as Exterior envelops in Mock-up Room
Song, Min-Jeong ; Shin, Hoon ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 10, issue 6, 2010, Pages 131~137
This study aims to know temperature and humidity handling ability of Hwang-To brick and traditional paper window's in mock-up room test. To achieve these goals, mock-up room test was carried out. The results are as follows. 1) There are no significant differences among specimen in temperature handling capacity. 2) Traditional paper windows are very sensitive when compared with glass window in humidity control. 3) Traditional paper windows have a big handling capacity in humidity control when vapors letting out in mock-up room. 4) Hwang-To brick case is more stable than other cases in relative humidity variances because it has more potential to contain humidity.
A Study on the Optimization of Heating and Cooling System in University Campus
Park, So-Yeon ; Park, Hyo-Soon ; Lee, Sang-Hyeok ; Kim, Ji-Yeon ; Hong, Sung-Hee ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 10, issue 6, 2010, Pages 139~144
The demands are increasing for the efficient heating and cooling system and thermal comfort environment because of changes in climate and environment, and deterioration of buildings and facilities can cause education budget to increase. So the study to apply heating and cooling system to university is urgently needed to improve an optimum energy saving system, educational environment and convenience of maintenance. For this reason, we selected a university campus in Seoul then came to understand the current situation and found some problems. We drew alternatives from comparative analysis of them. It selects representative building and carries out economic analysis to evaluate characteristics of energy consumption and economics on each type of heating and cooling system. As a result we drew the optimum system from those processes as previously stated. We studied 3 available systems, absorption chiller, EHP(Electric Heat Pump) and GHP(Gas Engine Heat Pump). According to LCC analysis suppose that the value of EHP is 1, it came out that the value of absorption chiller is 1.5 and the value of GHP is 2.2. This study, suggesting the optimum heating and cooling system, will support educational and research activities furthermore effect to maximize energy efficiency. Ultimately it is expected that it will contribute to make eco-friendly Green Campus.
Development of Beam-Column Connection for The New Apartment Structural System
Yoon, Tae-Ho ; Hong, Won-Kee ; Kim, Sun-Kuk ; Park, Seon-Chee ; Yun, Dai-Young ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 10, issue 6, 2010, Pages 145~151
Bearing wall system was used extensively in most multi-residential apartment buildings in Korea. However, bearing wall apartments have the lack of architectural plan flexibility, remodelling-incompatible, causing serious economic losses in terms of construction waste. Recently, many researchers have studied the use of Rahmen structure as a potential alternative. The beam-column connection in the paper for long-life apartment housing forms connection of a Rahmen structure utilizing the advantages of steel and reinforced concrete. In addition, reduction of cast-in place concrete and construction schedule is expected by using precast concrete. Reduction effect of quantity decreased construction costs and
emission of key construction materials. However, verifying the feasibility of new construction method entails numerous challenges. Accordingly, the purpose of this study is to analyze the construction feasibility of sleeve, coupler, and pressure welding connections for long-life apartment building structure. A 3D modeling software was used to perform the analysis, and a real scale model was created to verify the results of construction feasibility. By verifying the construction feasibility of beam-column connections, this study will contribute to the efficient application of these methods on construction sites.
Strength Characteristics of Mortar with Lime Composites and Natural Fiber
Hwang, Hey Zoo ; Kim, Tae Hoon ; Yang, Jun Hyuk ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 10, issue 6, 2010, Pages 153~158
The objective of this study was to investigate the strength characteristics of mortar with lime composites using natural fiber or superplasticizer. Lime composites consist of lime and pozzolan materials. Flow according to adding natural fiber decreased and mortar proportion added cellulose fiber showed a higher strength characterisitics than other natural fiber. but compressive and shear strength in use of superplasticizer is not effective largely. In addition, lime composites, as an environment-friendly material, may help reduse
, and save the energy. also this materials can be recycled in environmental aspects. afterwards, further in-depth studies will be necessary for cracks and durability with respect to its wide different applications, in applying it as a construction material.
Development of Beam-Column Connection for Green Rhamen Structural Apartment
Yoon, Tae-Ho ; Hong, Won-Kee ; Park, Seon-Chee ; Yune, Dai-Young ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 10, issue 6, 2010, Pages 159~165
The composite frame system suggested in this paper consists of steel reinforced concrete beam encased with structural tee and precast concrete column. This system has advantages such as reduction of materials, CO2 emissions and waste. To commercialize the new composite frame system, it is necessary to develop connections that can effectively connect each member. Therefore, a hybrid connection that has steel type connection and reinforced concrete together is utilized to connect easily at the composite frame system. To evaluate the structural performance of the composite frame system, an experimental investigation is presented. In this study, the flexural moment capacity of the composite frame was determined using the strain compatibility approach. The strain compatibility approach can be used to predict the flexural moment capacity at each limit state. As a result, all elements of the beam to column connection are represented to fully interact between each other. The specimens show errors of -1.9% in the yield limit state and 0.9% at the maximum load limit state. Also, testing shows that beam to column connections have characteristics of semi-rigid connection as per Eurocode 3.