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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korea Institute of Ecological Architecture and Environment
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 11, Issue 6 - Dec 2011
Volume 11, Issue 5 - Oct 2011
Volume 11, Issue 4 - Aug 2011
Volume 11, Issue 3 - Jun 2011
Volume 11, Issue 2 - Apr 2011
Volume 11, Issue 1 - Feb 2011
Selecting the target year
Characteristics and case study of Low Carbon Green City planning from the perspective of Urban Metabolism
Choi, Joung-Eun ; Kim, Jong-Kon ; Oh, Deog-Seong ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 11, issue 5, 2011, Pages 3~12
Industrialization and development of technology satisfied various humanly needs and lay the basis of numerous benefit and profit. New technologies like these mostly required large amounts of fossil Fuel, Fossil energy depletion rate was increasing rapidly. However, technical development for Human race required absolute sacrifice of the environment. Especially, 'City' which had been focused as stage of human activities, allowed to continue to have fossil energy dependent activities, and it shows in many data that the city is responsible for the 75-80% of the green house gas by human. In order to solve the problem relating climate changes and energy, European countries already made progress studies on many of the low carbon green city and pilot case construction. Especially, Germany, Austria, Holland, Sweden who had been playing leader role on environmental awareness and ecological concept, are actively constructing low carbon green city project based on Ecological city planning scheme. These projects positively utilize planning scheme that limits carbon emission using Urban Metabolism concept. Therefore, throughout this study, I would like to present planning and direction of future domestic low carbon green city by analyzing theories relative theories and best practices in Europe.
Analysis on the Mitigation Effects of Urban Heat Island through Creation of Water Space - A case study of Yeol-Mae village Apt in Daejeon's Noeun District -
Park, Ki-Yong ; Lee, Sun-Woo ; Shim, Young-Ju ; Hwang, Hee-Yun ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 11, issue 5, 2011, Pages 13~18
The overall aim of this study is to mitigate urban environmental problems. In particular, to reduce the effects of urban heat island phenomenon which is one of the urban planning perspective. This study focused on the analysis of the relationship between the urban heat island effect and the thermal and wind properties. To do this analysis, water space was virtually made at Yeol_Mae village Apt. Because it is very difficult to set up water space for the existing apartment complexes due to realistic constraints. This study, therefore has a strong sort of guidelines to create water space for newly formed city. It was based on the concept of virtual city through an in-depth analysis on reduction of urban heat island effects for the existing apartment along with creation of water space. To analysis site, Envi-Met Model developed by Michael Bruse was used. The results are as follows. The temperature went from 298.9K to 297.82K and The wind speed went from 1.42m/s to 1.43m/s. The results are slight in this study because creation of water space is planned to a small area of an apartment complex. But if the water space would be applied to a whole city, the mitigation effect of urban heat island would be bigger.
The Regional Characteristics and Effects on the Urban Competitiveness of Urban Creativity
Lee, Joo-Hyung ; Kim, Yong-Il ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 11, issue 5, 2011, Pages 19~30
This study analysis effects of creativity character on the nation's urban areas and the competitiveness of the urban. The result is that talent of urban creativity effects on the competitiveness of the urban. However, technique and tolerance had not great effect on the competitiveness between cities. After departmentalizing the arrangement of urban creativity, Advanced services constantly appear to affect the competitiveness. Researchers of talent in 2000 and 2005, a culture artistes of tolerance in 2005 and 2009, appeared to affect the competitiveness of urban. In other words, this is changing that the indicators which is impacted on the competitiveness of the urban and each indicator's power with time. According to the result, the study suggests solutions. First, policy direction has to be setting by appropriate the character creativity in urban. Second, there needs the policy which is more focused on talent and tolerance for improving the creativity of urban. For the specific, there needs suggestion about cultural artist and researchers. Finally, considering about changing the urban creativity with time, policy direction has too be setting by reflecting this change.
Regeneration Design for the Under-space of Overpass in the City
Nam, Dong-Hyun ; Yoon, Ji-Young ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 11, issue 5, 2011, Pages 31~42
This study aimed at exploring the cultural ways to develope the under-space of overpass in the downtown area which has been considered as a dead, unhealthy place. The study process consists of 4 methodological stages. literature review, case study on environmental design of under-space of overpass, questionnaire and statistical analysis and specific study on regional context were conducted to understand the problems of the space and the needs of the community and visitors. The final suggestion based on the research are the natural rest settings including pocket parks with trees and fountain as well as cultural settings with small sized outdoor gallery and open performance stage which can be managed by the community members. The findings of this study would help the dead space in the center of the city regenerate the community in terms of physical, cultural and social environments. Also, this study will show the importance and the methodological approach of the research for the development of the hidden potential space of the city.
The Activation of Residents Participation for the Local Landscape Improvement - With Special Emphasis on the Landscape Legal System and Case Study in Japan -
Lim, Jung-Min ; Yun, Jun-Do ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 11, issue 5, 2011, Pages 43~53
The Landscape Act was enacted in 2007 introducing a new procedure of the Local Landscape Agreement and the Local Landscape Improvement Projects. The act has granted local governments a legal basis to support residents participation activities in order to create, improve, and maintain the townscape quality of their neighborhood environments. The degree of utilization of this particular process, however, is far below the expectation. Partly, it is due to the lack of field experience and concrete guidelines for preparation and implementation in actual landscape planning process. This study aims to seek for detailed solution to lead the residents participation for local landscape improvement in Korea through consideration for institutional strategies and cases about the local landscape planning and management in Japan. Local landscape improvement projects in Japan are progressing successfully in concurrence with a variety of local participants such as residents participation, administrative supporting and supporting of local company. And it will be possible to support systematically with systematization of participants, such as NPO and a council.
A Study on the Design Characteristics of Communal Spaces in Vertical Urban Multi-Family Housing Community -Focused on the Territories of a Unit Boundary, Building Interior and Exterior Boundary-
Cho, Min-Jung ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 11, issue 5, 2011, Pages 55~67
The purpose of this research is to find applicable design characteristics and methods of communal spaces in vertical urban multi-family housing. With this goal, several overseas' multi-family housing projects are selected and their communal spaces are identified. The design characteristics of the communal spaces are analyzed with a special focus on the territories such as an individual unit boundary, building interior and exterior boundary. In terms of the framework for analysis, territoriality, openness, and unique characteristics are reviewed. As a result, the communal spaces are created using various spatial composition methods such as addition, subtraction, connection, extension, accumulation, and isolation. The communal space programs are integrated in plans and sections throughout the buildings. Visual openness and connection with surrounding urban environments are articulated by void spaces, transparent and translucent building materials, green spaces, and applications of graphical images. Communal identities and aesthetics are emphasized by unique building forms and space arrangements. The uses of finish materials, colors, objects, and images add strong characters to the communal spaces. For a further research, it is necessary to combine a design method study with residents' behaviors and community interactions.
Preferences of Mixed Types in a Social Mix Apartment Community and It's Residents' Social Behavior - Focused on the first district in Eunpyeong New Town in Seoul -
Lee, Hye-Jin ; Lee, Yeun-Sook ; Lee, Soo-Jin ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 11, issue 5, 2011, Pages 69~77
In order to solve social exclusion and segregation phenomenon and to realize social integration, the necessity of social combination and consensus has been presented and existing conception about the public lease apartment confronts a turning point due to the diversification of apartment supply system. With this social background, Eunpyeong New Town Project implemented by Seoul Metropolitan Government is the first example that supplied diverse apartments for social integration. Survey was made upon the residents aged 20 and over and living in combination apartments, lease apartments and common apartments for private ownership in the Enpyeong New Town Apartment Complex in section 1 area, and the survey sheets filled up by the respondents were collected by personal visits or by using specified gathering spots. Summary of study results is as follows: Firstly, regarding the combination method, respondents preferred the irregular combination of lease apartment units and common apartment units in the same apartment building at the top, analyzing by survey groups marked that residents of common apartment with initial ownership responded not to choose combination apartment complex or combination apartment in future. Secondly, the living consciousness with neighbors revealed that respondents were generally satisfied without difference between the residents of lease apartment and common apartment. As the demand and policies for diverse lease apartments are increasing recently, Eunpyeong New Town Project aimed for positive social integration and consensus will be evaluated as model case for social combination apartment in future. And it is necessary to introduce the policies that consider the differences in consciousness and interest of the residents among the lease apartments and common apartments.
A Study on the Effect and Improvement Directions of KGBCC based on the Comparison of Green Residents Satisfaction
Kwon, Hyuk-Jin ; Yeom, Dong-Woo ; Lee, Kyu-In ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 11, issue 5, 2011, Pages 79~90
The KGBCC(Korean Green Building Certification Criteria), which is the assessment standard of green buildings, is not enough to reflect all the current demands of residents. Therefore, the comparative analysis between the certification score and the residents' satisfaction of a promotional green apartment, a awarded green apartment, and a certified green building apartment was carried out to derive improvements of the KGBCC. The residents of selected three apartments were surveyed through the assessment items of the KGBCC. According to the research, the certified green building apartment shows the highest certification score and residents' satisfaction overall, compared with other two apartments. Finally, the improvements of KGBCC were determined through the reason of the residents' dissatisfaction. The KGBCC that is improved by this study can be used for the new assessment standard of green buildings.
An Analysis of Electricity Consumption Profile based on Measurement Data in Apartment Complex in Daejeon
Kim, Kang Sik ; Im, Kyung Up ; Yoon, Jong Ho ; Shin, U Cheul ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 11, issue 5, 2011, Pages 91~96
This study is to analysis the characteristics of electric power consumption of apartments complex in Korea. This study shows the pattern of electric power consumption and correlation of each apartment complex's completion year monthly and timely. With this result, we are able to predict the demand pattern of electricity in a house and make the schedule by demand pattern. It is expected this data is used as reference of electric consumption of Daejeon area to operate the simulation tools to predict the building energy. The yearly data of 10 apartment complexes of 2010 are analyzed. The results of this study are followed. The averaged amount of electricity consumption in winter is higher as summer because of the high capacity of heating equipment. All of the house has electric base load from 0.26kWh to 0.5kWh. The average of the electricity consumption of month is shown as 310.2kWh. A week is seperated, as 4 part such as week, weekend, Saturday and Sunday. During week, the average of timely electricity consumption is shown as 0.426kWh. The Saturday consumption is 0.437kWh. The Sunday is 0.445kWh. The peak electricity consumption in summer and winter is measured. The peak consumption on summer season is 1.389kW on 22th August 64% higher than winter season 0.887kW on 3rd January.
A Study on the Application Characteristics of Environment-Friendly Design Guidelines at Outdoor Spaces in Apartment Complexes - Focused on Turn-Key Projects of Han River New Town Construction -
Han, Su-Ae ; Kim, Shin-Won ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 11, issue 5, 2011, Pages 97~106
This study has been conducted focusing on the analysis of the turn-key proposal for Gimpo-Han River New City. The study expected that it would come up with design trends and introduction properties of each plan for the eco-friendly development of an apartment house. The concept of environment-friendly design was thought in four parts: 'Land use and transportation,' 'Ecological environment', 'Energy resource and environmental impact' and analysis factors of each part were chosen by specific items from the prospective researches and guidelines that already given on the projects. In conclusion, a proper development of the environmental-friendly apartment house will not be achieved unless the designers try to overcome their prejudice against eco-friendly planning elements applications. Along with the designers' attempt, it is also necessary to review the evaluation articles of the certification system for the existing environmental-friendly structures as well as to compensate and establish detailed evaluation standards. As the problems are being worked on, an integrated, effective evaluation standard for the eco-friendly planning elements will be determined. This way, an environmental-friendly residential development with a better quality will be eventually realized.
Analysis on Electricity Consumption Characteristics of Apartments based on Architectural Planning Factors - foused on Households with a total area of 132~165㎡ in Seoul-
Park, So-Yun ; Lee, Yun-Jae ; Lee, Hyun-Soo ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 11, issue 5, 2011, Pages 107~117
This paper aims to analyze architectural planning factors that could contribute to reductions in electricity consumption in the household of apartments, to apply energy saving methods at the design phase. These six architectural planning factors were orientation, building type (flat, tower block), standard floor access type (corridor access type, stair case type, EV hall access type), household location (floor), household opening type (one side opening, right angle opening, two sides opening or three sides opening), and bay on the facade (one bay, two bays, three bays, four bays), and these were derived from literature review. Household electricity consumption data were gathered from 2168 households with a total area of 135~150
of 6 apartment complexes over 1000 households in Seoul. The annual characteristics of electricity consumption according to architectural planning factors were analyzed. And, variances between groups with respect to the mean of summer, winter, and annual electricity consumption according to each architectural planning factors were analyzed using ANOVA and t-test. The results showed that an annual electric energy saving of over 1000kWh was facilitated by these planning factors. In addition, high energy efficiency architectural planning factors based on the analysis were as follows: southwest orientation, flat type, corridor access type and staircase type, household loation below the 20th floor, two sides opening and three sides opening, and 2 bays and 3 bays.
Characteristics of Housing Preference for Each Aging Situation before and after Providing Information of Aging Society
Lee, Yeunsook ; Shin, Hwa-Kyoung ; Lee, Dong-Joo ; Yoon, Hae-Kyung ; Lee, Joon-Min ; Yoo, Hea-Jung ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 11, issue 5, 2011, Pages 119~127
The aging population has been increasing in Korea so that it is difficult for people to understand the change of the future society. This study aimed to analyze the characteristics of preliminary retiree's alternative housing preference by providing an accurate information about residential current issues and the seriousness brought by the aging society. It explained the visual information about the aspect of the residential change due to the aging society to 104 preliminary retirees who live in the apartment in Seoul. It surveyed the characteristics of the alternative housing preference following 4 situations of the Old age type(couple/healthy, couple/ill, single/healthy, single/ill). It analyzed the difference of housing preference before and after providing information. The results are as follows: First, a previous apartment is not enough to prepare the aging society and UIBS(unit insertion building system) for the elderly was expected to be a great help to the frail after 2026. Second, the preference of UIBS was increased after providing information of the aging society. Third, in the case of the illness, a big city with medical facilities was preferred not to move in the suburb. Fourth, after providing information, a small size of apartment was preferred but the preferred change of housing ownership was not founded. Last, there was considerable difference before and after providing information under 4 situation of Old age type. These results showed the feasibility of coping with more accurate future society only if a survey should be taken with providing sufficient information about the aging society.
A study on the Improvement of the Korea Green Building Certification Criteria by Assessing the Maintenance Categories
Kim, Chang-Sung ; Kim, Kyung-Ah ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 11, issue 5, 2011, Pages 129~135
Many countries have carried out various policies about sustainable building to protect the earth against the global warming and environmental pollution. Korea government has also executed the Green Building Certification System. In order to keep the performances of certificated buildings sustainable, the effective building maintenance is quite necessary. Meanwhile, the foreign green building certification systems have considered the building maintenance as one of the most important items to keep the building performance effective. However, Green Building Certification Criteria(GBCC) of Korea has not had the sufficient criteria for the maintenance of green building. Therefore, The purpose of this study is to find direction for the improvement of management categories of Korea Green Building Certification Criteria. For this aim, GBCC was compared with the foreign certification systems such as LEED, BREEAM and CASBEE.
Evaluation of the daylight performance of four-sided atria with various well configurations for interior vegitation growth
Song, Il-Hak ; Kim, Ji-Hyun ; Song, Kyoo-Dong ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 11, issue 5, 2011, Pages 137~143
An atrium space, unlike ordinary office rooms, accommodates variety of activities such as moving and resting of people and usually houses variety of vegitation to improve amenity and indoor environment. Many atrium buildings in Korea have been designed by considering the environmental criteria for human beings, not for the vegitation in the atrium space. Especially the daylighting designs are mostly focused on the required illuminances for various visual tasks of the occupants and glare controls. As a result, some atrium spaces do not provide sufficient light to the interior plants. Consequently, these atrium spaces require a high level of electric lighting to compensate the deficit of natural light for the photosynthesis of the vegitation. The purpose of this study was to suggest design guidelines for 4-sided atrium spaces having different well indices (WI), plan aspect ratio (PAR), and cardinal orientation. The findings from this study might be referenced by building designers when designing or selecting canopy systems by considering the daylight performances of the uncovered atrium spaces. In the study, the daylight performance was evaluated in terms of daylight autonomy (DA).