Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korea Institute of Ecological Architecture and Environment
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 12, Issue 6 - Dec 2012
Volume 12, Issue 5 - Oct 2012
Volume 12, Issue 4 - Aug 2012
Volume 12, Issue 3 - Jun 2012
Volume 12, Issue 2 - Apr 2012
Volume 12, Issue 1 - Feb 2012
Selecting the target year
Potential of Children's Museum as a Base for Donation Network - Focused on Chicago Children's Museum -
Lee, Yeunsook ; Lim, Yeaji ; Kim, Kwangmi ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 12, issue 3, 2012, Pages 3~10
The purpose of this study is to seek a planning approach for children's museum within Korean context that promotes community participation. A literature review method and a field survey method were used. Literature reviews on community participation paradigm, residents' participation and donation networks in community regeneration processes, and finally on case studies on children's museum in Korea were carried out. Through the field survey on Chicago Children's Museum(CCM) located in downtown Chicago, its role was identified as networking systems of community participation and donation and was verified as a socio-physical base for vitalizing donation culture that is an active and a leading community participation method. As a result, CCM has engaged many partnerships with city organizations and local schools to provide diverse and unique programs that are not only targeted to children but also parents, teachers and visitors. Also, an evolution of CCM through various types of donations and community participation was delineated. CCM was found successfully in restoring community spirit and vitalizing economical growth where it once was a decayed city area. Rather than focusing on descriptive technique of typical children's museum, this study explored how community fabric is made and acted out, through rethinking community participation's value, and how it can influence a physical space. CCM, as a good example of community participatory museum, the results can be used as a reference in planning and directing community participation based children's museums in Korea. It is significant to shed light on children's museum as an opportunity of social space which can empower community.
A Study on the Term of Warranty Liability by the Law-suit Requesting of the Guarantee against Defects in the Apartment Building
Koo, Hae-Shik ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 12, issue 3, 2012, Pages 11~18
The purpose of this study is to contribute to solution of the defect dispute in apartment house in advance. We want to propose the improved devices in defect problems by investigating the money that exacted from the practical business of the inspection company and the money that a judge gave a decision in a civil court in 50 cases of the lawsuit to requesting the guarantee against defects and the improved schemes of the applied rate by analyzing the diagnosis money of each applied years about the term of warranty liability in 40 cases of the lawsuit separately from that. As the result, we have to reflect the defect of non construction and error construction on apartment building defects, which recognizes very important factor when we compute the defect repair warranty money and it needs to be rearranged the applied ratio in guarantee peried of housing law practically.
Factors Related with Residential Satisfaction of Urban Villages in Shenzhen, China
Zhang, Gui-Xian ; Lee, Yeun-Sook ; Lee, Soo-Jin ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 12, issue 3, 2012, Pages 19~26
Residential satisfaction is one of the most studied topics in the field of housing. This paper is to find factors that correlate with residential satisfaction of the residents and study the satisfaction differences between different groups of residents in urban village in Shenzhen. A questionnaire of 61 satisfaction variables grouped into five components based on literature review and actual situation in targeted village was conducted to find out factors related with residential satisfaction in urban villages. These components are dwelling unit, building conditions, village environment, neighborhood environment, and neighbors. Factors were extracted from these components and the correlations between the factors and residential satisfaction were analyzed by using Pearson's correlation coefficient to find out factors that most correlate to residential satisfaction. Satisfaction differences of the five components between respondents with different characteristics were also studied. The result showed all the factors positively correlated with residential satisfaction and residential satisfaction correlated the most with the factors of perception and information exchange, room sizes, and air condition and quality. The characteristics of gender, unit type, and interaction frequency with neighbors contributed to different satisfaction with certain components.
Change of thermal environment in buildings by wind direction
Kim, Sang-Jin ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 12, issue 3, 2012, Pages 27~32
In recent years, the quality of the outdoor thermal environment has come to be regarded as important as that of the indoor thermal environment. Since the outdoor thermal environment is composed of many elements and is affected by many factors, it is not easy to evaluate the impact of each factor separately. Hence, a comprehensive assessment method is required. In order to evaluate the pedestrian level comfort of an outdoor climate, it is necessary to investigate not only wind velocity but also various physical elements, such as temperature, moisture, radiation, etc. Prediction of wind and thermal environment for a large scale buildings is one of the most important targets for research. Wind and thermal change in a city area is a very complicated phenomenon affected by many physical processes. The purpose of this study is to develop a design plan for wind environment at a large Buildings. In this study, we analyze outdoor wind environment and thermal environment on buildings using the CFD (Computational Fluid Dynamics) method. The arrangement of building models is an apartment in Jeonju. These prediction of wind and thermal environment for a large scale buildings is necessary in a plan before a building is built.
Application of the Flowerbed Type Infiltration System for Low Impact Development - Focus on the Application to Eco-Village -
Han, Young-Hae ; Lee, Tae-Goo ; Schuetze, T. ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 12, issue 3, 2012, Pages 33~40
Since 2000 country region developmental policy has been to integrate not only the improvement of physical living environment but also various subjects on ecology, environment, scenery, local culture, and green tourism. This study has recently established a decentralized Rainwater Management plan in order to provide an hydrology cycle system to the eco-village being planned by Seocheon-gun as a part of the garden village development business promoted by the ministry of agriculture and forestry. Hydraulic conductivity of the subject area is measured at
, and a flowerbed-type rainwater Infiltration system capable of controlling a non-point pollution source that stems from the development-caused impermeable surface has been applied. In the case of rainwater flowing out from the main entrance way and parking lot within the complex being treated in the flowerbed-type rainwater infiltration system, natural purification effects via soil and plants as well as natural water cycling effects through evaportranspiration and infiltration are expected. The significance of this study, compared to conventional decentralized rainwater management being applied limited to the urban areas, is that it offers appropriate rainwater management planning based on the analysis of the current situation of the subject area. Decentralized Rainwater Management is a valuable measure both economically and ecologically that reduces the burdens on local underground water cultivation as well as rain water pipe lines or purification systems, and sewage pipes.
A study on the annual energy performance of apartment building with the equivalent U-value of envelope considering the effect of thermal bridges
Kim, Dong Su ; Yoon, Jong Ho ; Shin, U Cheul ; Kwak, Hee Yul ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 12, issue 3, 2012, Pages 41~46
The building envelope is important specially for saving energy consumption of residential buildings. but Apartment houses in Korea commonly have inside insulation system which have constantly arisen thermal bridges, the risk of heat loss, as a necessity. This study aims to evaluate integrated insulation performance according to the different shapes of external walls, adjacent to windows. The thermal performance analysis was carried out by Equivalent U-value and using the three-dimensional heat transfer computer simulation (TRISCO-RADCON), under nine different cases of comparing among three each of different bases(current standard model, 30percent energy saving model and 60percent energy saving model). The heating and the cooling load were also compared between two cases (standard U-value and Equivalent U-value) of three each of different bases, using the Building energy simulation which is based on DOE-2.1 analysis. As results, it turns out that if the Equivalent U-value is considered on the envelope analysis, the heat flow loss will be increasing more than the standard U-value, and if heat insulation property of the residential building reinforced rather than current, the rate of influences on the thermal bridges would be extremely expanded. In addition, it is shown that annual heating loads of the apartment house with applied Equivalent U-value substantially increased by more than 15 percent compared to those with the existing U-value, but annual cooling loads were negligibly affected.
The User's Consciousness of the Publicity in the Private Open Space of Urban High-Rise Buildings, based on the Personal Behavior's Characteristics
Kim, Gi-Soo ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 12, issue 3, 2012, Pages 47~52
The purpose of this research is to analyze the publicity of the private open space of high-rise office buildings in seoul. The contents of this research consist of two main parts. The first part is to classify the personal behavior's characteristics and to investigate the user's satisfaction of the publicity in the private open space through the case study of samples in seoul. The second part is to analyze the correlations between the personal behavior's characteristics and the user's satisfaction of the publicity in the private open space of high-rise office buildings. In conclusion, this research will contribute to establish the planning methods of the private open space of high-rise office buildings and to promote the quality of urban residential environment in Korea.
Analysis of Thermo Environment Change by Introduction of Indoor Water Space
Oh, Sang Mok ; Oh, Se Gyu ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 12, issue 3, 2012, Pages 53~60
This research is an illustrative research to verify the thermo environmental change created after introduction of indoor pond through abridged model test and simulation analysis. Especially, temperature and comfort level are analyzed by adjusting factors like size of water space, distance length, and location. Summary of the research is as follows. First, the most effective size of water space is 7% of the indoor size, from southern side. Temperature reduction effect is about
(5.5%), and for the comfort level, it is found that pmv index increases 8%. Second, based on the simulation of distance length with the sphere, it is more effective as it is close to the surface. If distance length is more than 0.5m, there is no effect on reduction of temperature and comfort level of indoor environment. Lastly, for the analysis by location of the introduced water space, simulation is undertaken by dividing the water space (14% of the indoor size) with front, side, rear and center types. Temperature reduction effect is found to be : front type (
), side type (
), rear type (
), center type (
), respectively. The indoor environment change data by introduction of water space, found in this research, is at initial phase, but it is deemed to be a basic data to refer when planning actual water space.
A Study on the Characteristics of the Brownfield's Pre-Design for the urban renewal - Focused on Comparisons of LDA & EPA, BRA -
Oh, Joon-Gul ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 12, issue 3, 2012, Pages 61~67
The purpose of this study was to analyze the characteristics of the pre-design of brownfield's by comparing LDA, EPA, and BRA of UK and USA in terms of establish mainbody, brownfield information, development process, opening development information. Such analysis will generate important implications for the development and renewal of brownfield in Korea by gaining insights into the characteristics of brownfield that reflect systematic and effective management and planning for urban renewal. The findings from this study indicate that: 1. Information on brownfield plays an important role at the development and planning stages that precede architectural design. 2. There is a great need for organizations that are responsible for brownfield renewal, such as LDA of UK, EPA and BRA of USA, in Korea, to make information public and to practice systematic management. 3. Discussion on the pre-design that follows contamination and renewal of brownfield and the developmental strategies that satisfy both the developmental and public profits are warranted.
Reliability Analysis on the Assessment Indicators for Senior Walking Environment
Lee, Hyung-Sook ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 12, issue 3, 2012, Pages 69~75
Developing reliable measures of the environment is important to increase our understanding of the environmental effects on walking among seniors. As a preliminary study for developing an instrument for measuring walkability of seniors' environment, the purpose of this study are to identify important assessment indicators associated with seniors' walking and to test their reliability using inter-rater and intra-rater reliability methods. A set of assessment indicators was identified through literature review, and field studies by trained raters were conducted in three senior centers located in Seongnam area in order to test reliability of the audit tool. The results indicated high percent agreement for most indicators and overall 91.6% and 86.1% of items assessed had good or medium inter-rater and intra-rater reliability, respectively. The reliable assessment indicators would provide reliable data for use in community-based audits of built environment in relation to walking among older adults. The findings showed that the indicators of aesthetics had lower reliability compare to safety, convenience, and access. Rater training with various images would improve rater agreement while reduce rater bias.
A Study on Strategies for Obtaining Certification in the Revised Assessment Standards on Intelligent Building Certification System - Focused on Assessment Standards for Office Building Projects -
Choi, Yeo-Jin ; Lhee, Sang-Choon ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 12, issue 3, 2012, Pages 77~82
With developments of architectural and information technologies at the knowledge-information oriented society in the 21st century, there are the needs on intelligent buildings equipped with advanced systems to integrate both technologies. The intelligent building means a smart building which provides comfortable environments, realizes fast and speed information and telecommunication network services, and maximizes work productivities by adopting various systems suitable to uses, sizes, and functions of buildings. In order to meet these needs of the times, the domestic intelligent building certification system has been enforced in 2006. Recently, the intelligent building certification system was newly revised for revitalizing the spread of intelligent buildings. Thus, this paper investigates rating criteria and assessment standards of the new certification system focused on office building projects and suggests strategies for obtaining certifications by analyzing cases which were certified on the previous version of the system.
A Consideration On The Surface Temperature Reducing Effect Of Green Roof System Flat Roof
Lee, Doo-Ho ; Lee, Eung-Jik ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 12, issue 3, 2012, Pages 83~88
This study analyzed the measured value came out by the field test to verify the surface temperature reduction of the flat roof due to green roof, and confirmed the influence of the green roof based on it, and assessed the possibility of saving structures' energy and reducing
emission of structures. For the actual measurement, the differences of the average atmospheric temperature of the green roof and non-green roof flat roof were
, and the average floor temperature gaps were
in October and November respectively. It was expected that if it's measured on around summer solstice that the temperature gets higher, the deviation of the surface temperature should be bigger, and it was confirmed that the green roof eventually raises insulating effect of structures and will influence on cooling and heating effects such as energy saving and insulating.
A Study on Finding Ways to Reduce the Emission of Target Greenhouse Gases for Various Scenarios Utilizing the Building Energy Efficiency Rating
Bang, Young-Hyun ; Kang, A-Ram ; Park, Hyo-Soon ; Suh, Seung-Jik ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 12, issue 3, 2012, Pages 89~94
The international community is paying close attention to the climatic changes caused by the meteorological anomalies. In response to such phenomena, after the adoption of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change in 1992, efforts to actively respond to the meteorological changes are proliferating all over the world; even in the Republic of Korea, the issue to tackle the meteorological changes has emerged as a top-priority national agenda. In the year of 2008, after the declaration of the low-carbon, green-growth paradigm by the government, the UNFCCC COP15 has announced a 30% reduction target of the emission of the greenhouse gases by 2020 as compared to the "Business As Usual, BAU" and has also confirmed, as a commitment plan to achieve reduction in the emission of greenhouse gases, the reduction target of greenhouse gases for all sectors, industries and years. (26.9% for buildings) Since the construction of the new apartment houses in the year of 2001, the "Building Energy Efficiency Rating", has been applied to newly constructed building complexes, built in 2010; the accumulated emission reduction has been evaluated at around 450,000toe and the accumulated carbon dioxide emission reduction is at
And through the prediction of these values under various scenarios (New construction, new construction / expansion of existing uses, when transferred to 1stgrade), the effects on the degree of reduction of greenhouse gases by the increased certification of the Building Energy Efficiency Rating are an alyzed and it is our aim to express the importance of the certification system capable of carrying out a quantitative evaluation of the building energy in order to establish the strategy to reduce the emission of carbon dioxide.
A Study on Manufacturing and Processes of the Lightweight Block Unit for Roof Greening with Bottom ash
Moon, Jong-Wook ; Oh, Jung-Keun ; Lee, Tae-Goo ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 12, issue 3, 2012, Pages 95~100
Thermal phenomena has caused abnormal weather phenomena due to the lack of urban green spaces To solve these problems, the country of recorded a city business is actively evolving trends. but in all the land, most built-up city's green buildings unless the demolition of the composition is an impossible situation, green space in urban areas, with emphasis on composition. In this study, thermal power plants that occured in the evolution of vegetation by utilizing Bottom Ash was tried to develop a lightweight block. Bottom Ash block to take advantage of vegetation is focused create green space in urban areas Vegetation in the block was carried out manufacturing lightweight, porous, lightweight water ratio suitable for three types of blocks selected according to its kind study on the manufacturing and process. Bottom Ash from this study at the time of disposal of coal ash generated by recycling the landfill shortages, loss of landfill costs, environmental pollution and are trying to solve the same problem at the same time.
Energy consumption by Spectral Power Distribution Of LED lighting
Jung, Ho-Youn ; Kim, Hyo-In ; Kim, Gon ; Yun, Geun-Young ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 12, issue 3, 2012, Pages 101~106
Lighting energy accounts for approximately 20% of the electrical energy used worldwide. Thus, High efficiency Light emitting diode(LED)lighting is getting more popular as the next generation lighting replaced to traditional lighting fixtures. Also, LED lighting not only has a long lifetime but also can realize a variety visual environments through the wavelengh control. The lighting energy varies depending on the Spectral Power Distribution(SPD) even though the Illuminance level is same. Therefore, This study indicates that the difference of indoor energy consumption under the same illuminance level when Spectral Power Distribution(SPD) is different. As a result, Lighting energy consumption under red-color emphasizing SPD is about 10% lower than under blue-color emphasizing SPDs.
Investigation of the present production trend of building material in relation to loess
Cho, Chang-Hee ; Kim, Jin-Goan ; Lee, Byeong-Ho ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 12, issue 3, 2012, Pages 107~114
This is a study that surveyed and analyzed the present status of producing loess construction materials in Korea from 2006 to 2011. The findings are as follows. 1) More than 70% of loess construction material manufacturers are distributed in the capital area. Chungcheong-do and Gyeonggi-do are grown by about 20% on the annual average. 2) Shape of loess brick is possessed mostly by a rectangular parallelepiped. A hole shape, which has 1~5 holes among these things, is possessing a majority. 3) It was indicated to be 42 days as material age for the compressive strength, to be about 2.7Mpa for both extrusion and compression, and to be about 30% for absorptance. 4) Among the whole loess material manufacturers, it accounts for 87 for loess brick 66% for loess mortar and more than 39% for loess paint, but within 10%~15% for other loess products. 5) The main specifications of loess brick are
in order of the output of 74kinds of loess bricks. 6) In order to improve the strength of building materials, mortar and concrete used loess, it is necessary to examine closely about the effect of ceramic binder and cement on loess products.
An Experimental Study on the Early Compressive Strength Improvement of Cement Mortar Mixed with Blast Furnace Slag using Powdered Stimulants
Lee, Kang Jin ; Kim, Jin Hyoung ; Park, Ki Bong ; Lee, Han Seung ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 12, issue 3, 2012, Pages 115~122
Based on previous research and existing literature, this study examines the development of admixture, which increases the early concrete strength (1 and 3 day) by mixing blast furnace slag cement and concrete stimulant. The research on early strength development of concrete is necessary in dealing with the drawbacks of slow early strength concrete on site and to shorten the construction time. The study confirmed that when a high alkaline mortar mixture is mixed with blast furnace slag, the early strength of admixture exceeds that of ordinary portland cement (OPC). The use of calcium chloride (
) promotes hydration of cement at low temperature and show similar strength as the blast furnace slag admixture. Although calcium chloride seems economically advantageous, it causes steel corrosion and its use in concrete should be further studied in-depth.