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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korea Institute of Ecological Architecture and Environment
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 12, Issue 6 - Dec 2012
Volume 12, Issue 5 - Oct 2012
Volume 12, Issue 4 - Aug 2012
Volume 12, Issue 3 - Jun 2012
Volume 12, Issue 2 - Apr 2012
Volume 12, Issue 1 - Feb 2012
Selecting the target year
Small Parks Planning with Community Participation by Using Digital Tools
Li, Zhengri ; Lee, Yeun Sook ; Kim, Yun-soo ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 12, issue 6, 2012, Pages 3~10
Small park in the community is a public asset that is commonly used by the residents daily and performs an important role to activate the community. The purpose of this study is to draw a small park plan through community participation. In concrete, this study tries to find out the demand of the residents about their small park plan, observe the changes in their demand in the process of debate and analyze the effect of the residents' participation. Small group workshop method was adopted in the study and three groups were set up and surveys were made in two stages. Two dimensional pictogram cards and three dimensional digital park formation tools were used. The results of workshop study indicated as follows: Firstly, residents wanted to have community farming garden, green house and flower garden to grow plants, natural walls and safe resting facilities. Secondly, individual and diverse opinions presented at first could be converted to common opinions through mutual exchanges of opinions in the process of debates. Thirdly, digital park formation program functioned well as an effective visual tool to draw the attention and quick responses of the residents and to reach an agreement. It is expected that the results of this study show the effectiveness of residents' participation tools in the process of drawing agreements in the community society that requires the residents' demands and agreement and this study will be usefully utilized in planning community spaces with residents' participation hereafter.
A Study on Residents' Cognizance of Planned-Ecovillage
Song, Jeong Seok ; Choi, Woo Ram ; Kim, Hee Won ; Lee, Hyo Won ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 12, issue 6, 2012, Pages 11~22
The paper aims to establish planning elements of planned-ecovillages, and analyze the cognizance of residents as well as experts' evaluation so as to examine the awareness of actual residents. The planned-ecovillage allows residents to participate in the organization of the ecovillage to the construction stage. Unlike general ecovillages, planned-ecovillages have a difference as they introduce planning elements by autonomous decision-making through discussions and meetings among residents. The present age is at its turning point. While a fatal impact to human life, including energy shortage and environmental pollution are expected, we may be able to suggest an alternative solution and triggered the initiation, such as a future-oriented ecovillage that enables environmentally-friendly and sustainable living, namely planned-ecovillages.
Influence of Pressure Reducing Valves on Flow Characteristics of the Water Supply System for an Apartment Complex
Kim, Tae Jin ; Cha, Dong Jin ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 12, issue 6, 2012, Pages 23~28
Pressure distribution in the water supply system of an apartment complex consisting of 12 buildings and 635 units in total have been investigated numerically. The complex incorporates two zone booster pump system, and around a half of units have pressure reducing valves (PRVs) in them. Calculated hydrostatic pressure without the water flow were compared with their designed and measured counterparts, and they agreed quite well with each other. Then, the pressure and volumetric water flow rate at all units were analyzed, indicating that there are noticeable differences in pressure and flow rate in one unit to another, although the aforementioned minimization technologies of pressure deviation were employed. In order to further reduce the difference in the water flow rate, it is suggested that all the units in the complex have PRVs installed in their water supply system. The effect of setting pressure of the PRVs on the non-uniformity of the flow in each unit and on the reduction of total water supply for the apartment complex have been studied. With the same PRV setting pressure of 3.952 bar (or the gauge pressure of
), it has been estimated that the suggested system improves the non-uniformity (the coefficient of variation) of the flow rate of apartment complex over the current system, from 8.02% to 6.66%, and reduces the total water supply, from
A Study on the Control of Apartment House Design Factors considering Energy, Environment and Economical Efficiency
Choi, Doo-Sung ; Do, Jin-Seok ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 12, issue 6, 2012, Pages 29~38
The current building energy efficiency rating certification regulation on apartment houses evaluates only the saving rate of energy consumed during operation, i.e. use, of a building, but doesn't consider the energy consumptions and environmental load(
) emissions occurring during the whole lifetime of a building. So this study calculated the energy consumptions and environmental load emissions occurring during the whole lifetime of a building, selected reference schemes and alternative items by design variables to present a design draft considering energy efficiency and environmental performance, and evaluated the total cost by combining and calculating its direct cost(material and heating cost) and indirect cost(environmental cost), for an existing apartment house as an evaluation object. As a result of analysis, the change of heating cost by alternative items of design variables showed a 4~8% change rate compared to the reference scheme, and the material cost of design variable 7 showed a maximum 4.4 times change rate in the alternative plan 6 compared to the reference scheme. The environmental cost showed a similar change rate to the material cost change rate in general, but showed a similar environmental cost change rate to the heating cost change rate in case of design variables 4-1, 4-2, 7.
A Comparative Study on Evaluation Methods of Energy of Green Building Certification Criteria 2010 and LEED 2009
Hyun, Eun Mi ; Kim, Yong Sik ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 12, issue 6, 2012, Pages 39~47
Recently, the green building and energy connection system are establishing. But, National certification system for environment-Friendly Buildings is indicated hangup about energy efficiency of building. Commissioning, energy conservation, renewable energy, carbon dioxide emissions, it is determined that the energy associated with LEED and GBCC four items of the comparative analysis showed the following results. First, on the practical performance of the system after the completion of commissioning of the energy associated with the system completed until after the final performance for secure operation from the planning stage to verify and document systematically how to perform, but the domestic review and verification is incomplete. Second, the use of energy-saving and renewable energy is directly related to the energy consumption of the building, but GBCC the strengthening of standards on how to evaluate it is deemed necessary. Finally, the evaluation of the reduction of carbon dioxide emissions, LEED Unlike GBCC the life-cycle of the system without considering the global warming index only because a substantial step in the operating efficiency can not be assessed. Based on this study GBCC energy savings through efficiency to actively carry out research through a systematic analysis of the basic guidelines to proceed.
A Study on the Improvement of the Green Building Certification Criteria for Detached Houses - Focusing on Comparisons of LEED for Homes -
Kim, Hyun-Ah ; Oh, Joon-Gul ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 12, issue 6, 2012, Pages 49~54
The purpose of this study is to generate implications for the Green Building Certification System(GBCS) for detached houses, by comparing LEED for homes. Detached houses were added to the GBCS and took an effect this year. They are evaluated by the GBCS under special conditions, because they are designed by small architectural offices with limited budget. In this respect, this paper points out the problems of the GBCS for these detached houses and highlights some areas to be improved. As the first step, the definition of sustainable building and the design method of green building were investigated. By doing so, this study acknowledges the potential analysis methods in making valid comparisons with LEED for homes. Secondly, this study makes a comparative analysis of the GBCS for detached houses and the GBCS for apartment houses, LEED for New Construction(NC) and LEED for houses. Lastly, it identifies the problems and suggests better ways to improve the GBCS for detached houses through integrated analysis of the GBCS and LEED.
Renewal Methods of Public Space Using Abandoned sites in Works of 'European Prize for Urban Public Space'
Oh, Joon-Gul ; Choi, Soon-Sub ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 12, issue 6, 2012, Pages 55~62
Recently, public concerns about renewal of abandoned sites centered in Industrial Heritage are increasing in Korea. For this reason, the purpose of this study was to analyze characteristics of renewal methods of public space using abandoned sites. To achieve the proposed goal, the first part of this study focused on showing public properties involved in the fundamental reasons for the birth and life(persistence) of abandoned sites, which testified that they should be regenerated into public spaces to maximize the potentiality of abandoned sites. Upon preliminary analysis, main values of public space renewal were drawn through the analysis of the selection criteria, type of information about selected works, and classification system in 'The European Prize for Urban Public Space' hosted by the CCCB(Centre of Contemporary Culture of Barcelona). Then, 427 projects participating in this prize from 2000 to 2010 were analyzed to identify characteristics of each level (site-program, process and space). Although this study was limited to the analysis of European projects, it proved that citizens' lives and activities should be involved in projecting-practicing-designing of renewal project using abandoned sites to create a successful public space.
The Study of Financing for Energy Efficiency Homes
Park, Kihyun ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 12, issue 6, 2012, Pages 63~68
The aim of this study is to evaluate current policies and suggest the way of overcome financial impediments to the energy efficiency function of residential buildings. Based on this analysis the paper enumerates policy recommendations for enhancing how energy efficiency is addressed in building codes and other policies for residential buildings. For achieving this goal, this study conducts the cost-benefit analysis to measure total energy savings and associated total cost. The results of study shows that the cost is greater than the benefit from 1st to 4th year but the benefit will be greater than the cost for the rest of the year. In addition, this study designs a financial support method and an implementation mechanism. Investment from the capital market will take place with the government's interest subsidy. Home retrofit will be undertaken with low interest rate with 2.5% and the return will be paid by a monthly energy bill. The results of this study provides some useful insights for the policy design, including the importance of developing information tools for providing appropriate information to households.
A Proposal for Indoor Greening Patterns by Space Types through the User's Preference Survey
Shin, Sang-hee ; Jang, Dae-hee ; Kim, Yeon-mee ; Nam, Mi-a ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 12, issue 6, 2012, Pages 69~75
Because the demand or sensitivity of users of space has an important influence on the direction of design concerning indoor greening, this study examined the customers' preferences and trends for use in this field. By analyzing the results, types of space for indoor greening that can be utilized as indoor greening design such as vegetation selection, space positioning, design types, etc. were derived. The research and analysis was set for living space, business space, commercial space and public space. For each space, there were vegetations in over 50% of the space, and in all the spaces, the majority of people were of the positive opinion. As the desired space for the introduction of indoor greening, high levels of preference were seen in the following areas: 'veranda' and 'living room' for the residential space; 'main work space' and 'resting space' for the office space; and 'rest area,' 'entrance area' and 'lobby area' for the public space and commercial space. The preference of each of the spaces displayed slightly different trends in accordance with the characteristics of space and users. If indoor greening space were to be designed for these spaces according to the types, which are derived from the preference levels examined in this study, it is deemed that the satisfaction levels of users of the spaces could be increased.
The Study on the Developing Process of BIM Modeling for Urban-life-housing Based on Unit Modular
Lee, Chang-Jae ; Lim, Seok-Ho ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 12, issue 6, 2012, Pages 77~84
The current architectural design of unit modular has been based on 2D of CAD program, so unit modular character which needs unit information management, as a dried-member system, has no effect on design process. The purpose of this study is We have developed a suitable BIM design process, according to various works of construction, then tried to contribute to supply and activation of the urban-life-housing based on unit modular. The BIM modeling process based on unit modular has been in order of unit combination with preparing manual classification, and, it has been constructed, at construction site, from housing foundation to roof finish by Bottom-up method. At a manufacturing factory, it has been produced in order of 1) grouping materials and parts, 2) fabricating unit boxes, and 3) interference examination of unit boxes, and each order has been classified as housing structure, architecture, plumbing process separately. At a construction site, the fabrication has been done in order of, like as a real housing construction scenario, 1) RC foundation work 2) unit module job-site-fabrication work, 3) roof truss work, 4) plumbing and HVAC work, and 5) housing interior finish work. After modeling process, the interference examination on each work of construction has finally completed modeling. The Unit modular utilizing BIM modeling can make easy housing maintenance through systematic control with preparing manual of unit module information, and securing accurate and speedy construction information. And it will promote design credibility and create maximum effect of unit modular construction method, such as construction period reduction and upgrade of construction quality, etc., through the computer simulation as real as construction environment in cyber space, and with the interfering examination.
The Energy Saving Effect and Economic Assessment of Office Building according to the Building Envelope Remodeling
Choi, Seon woo ; Kim, Ji Yeon ; Park, Hyo soon ; Kim, Jun Tae ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 12, issue 6, 2012, Pages 85~92
The Korean government has introduced building regulations with improved energy conservation measures, including higher insulation levels for building envelope. However, there are many existing buildings that tend to consume more energy for heating and cooling than new buildings, as they were built under the former regulations with relatively higher U-values of walls and glazing. In order to improve energy efficiency in existing buildings, green remodelling of building envelope and building services are required. For existing buildings, building services improvements have been achieved through energy service company(ESCO), but much attention has not been paid to building envelope improvements with various reasons, such as uncertainty of energy saving effect design issues and costs. The aim of this study is to evaluate the impact of building envelope improvements in a typical commercial building on its heating and cooling energy loads. The results show that the improvement of glazing with lower U-values has the highest energy saving effects, followed by wall, roof and floor, under the condition of same level of insulation improvements. However, high insulated glazing increased LCC because of higher initial investment costs.
Correlation analysis of solar radiation and meteorological parameters on high ozone concentration
An, Jae Ho ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 12, issue 6, 2012, Pages 93~98
The concerns on high ozone concentration phenomenon is significantly growing in Seoul metropolitan area including the industry complex area, like Shiwha Banwol area. The aims of this research is the analysis of relationship between high concentrations of
and solar radiation parameters in atmosphere. The understanding of the effects of solar radiation intensity, humidity, high air temperature on ozone concentration in a day is very useful to provide a direction for reducing of the high ozone concentration to a local government or a metropolitan government. The correlation analysis between maximum ozone concentration and various meteorological parameters in 2009 - 2011 carried out using IBM's SPSS program. The results showed that the mean correlations coefficient (R) between daily Ozone maximum and solar radiation resulted R = 0.64 during 2011. May - September in 10 air pollution stations. In case of correlations between daily ozone maximum and relative humidity showed negative correlation R = -0.61. The correlation analysis with mean air temperature during 1-3 PM resulted R = 0.29. This low correlation coefficient could be corrected by using of categorized data of ozone concentration. The daily maximum ozone concentration is more dependent on peak solar radiation and high air temperature during 1-3 PM than its simple daily maximum values. The results of this research would be used to develop the high ozone alert system around Seoul metropolitan area. This correlation analysis could be partially integrated to prediction of ozone peak concentration in connection with other methods like classification and regression tree(CART).
Study on the Temperature and Humidity Control Performance of Hwang-toh Finish
Lee, Kyu-In ; Yeom, Dongwoo ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 12, issue 6, 2012, Pages 99~106
This research tried to analyze the effects of ecological materials 'hwang-toh (yellow soil)' on indoor environments. For this purpose, two full scale mock-ups were constructed: one with silk wall paper, which is generally used for indoor finishing and the other with hwang-toh, which is the ecological material for wall finishing. Comparison and performance evaluations were conducted, and the effects of hwang-toh finishing on a humid indoor environment were verified. Through this research, it was verified that a hwang-toh plaster finish is effective in maintaining the comfort of an indoor environment.
A Elicitation Method of Optimum Slat Angle of Fixed Venetian Blind Considering Energy Performance and Discomfort Glare in Buildings
Park, Jang Woo ; Yoon, Jong Ho ; Oh, Myung-Hwan ; Lee, Kwang-Ho ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 12, issue 6, 2012, Pages 107~112
The purpose of this study is to determine the optimum slat angle of the venetian blind which was applied at an outer skin of a curtain-wall system. The evaluation of the blind slat angle was performed in terms of the comfortable visual environment and decreased energy consumption. The office building prototype was considered for the analysis and simulation variables include application of blind, blind slat angle and dimming control of lighting. The annual energy consumption and incidence rate of discomfort glare were analyzed using EnergyPlus which is developed by the U. S. Department of Energy for the detailed building energy simulation. As a result, it turns out that when the blind (reflectance: 0.5) was installed, the annual energy consumption was greater than that of the base model. However, when the dimming control was applied, the maximum energy saving of 16.3% could be achieved at a slat angle of
. In addition, in case of the base model, the incidence rate of discomfort glare was 84%, while the case of the blind with the slat angle of
showed that the incidence rate of discomfort glare was 42.4%. Consequently, the results showed that the slat angle of
with dimming control was the optimum strategy for the comfortable visual environment and decreased energy consumption.
Study on Daylight Inflow Environment Consequent on the Length of Light Shelf and Slat Angle Control for Fostering Visual Environment in Patient Rooms of Hospital - By Dynamic Daylight Simulation Using Weather Data -
Cho, Ju Young ; Lee, Ki Ho ; Lee, Hyo Won ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 12, issue 6, 2012, Pages 113~121
A hospital is the most important infra-facility of the places which take care of people's body in social environment. There exist several environmental factors in the ways to heal the human body in hospital ward, but this study tried to look into the improvable pleasant sickroom environment with focus on light environment among the factors. In other words, this study aims at the research on proper daylight inflow into sickroom space as basic data for understanding the link between healing environment and natural lighting. In the simulation analysis through this research, this study completed the initial simulation using Autodesk Revit 2011 with focus on two types of individual multi-bed room units of the two general hospitals located in Gwangju City. This study made a simulation analysis of The two multi-bed rooms looking to the west using the weather data on Gwangju district, which is the strong point of ECOTECT2011. Conclusively, looking into the analysis of the simulation model in time of attaching the length of in & outside light shelf, the angle controlling of light shelf, the daylight factor and DA were found to show the tendency to decrease in the numerical value due to the decrease in sunlight inflow as the simulation model moved more toward the room from the window in comparison with the existing analysis of multi-bed rooms. Particularly, this study was able to read that the daylight factor and DA were more decreasing to improve at the light shelf than the existing bedrooms; conclusively, this study judges that the natural lighting simulation analysis could be helpful in improving the healing environment as basic data.
Effects of View Elements and Window Luminance on Occupants' Seating Preference in a Living Room
Lim, Eunok ; Kim, Jeong Tai ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 12, issue 6, 2012, Pages 123~128
A window increases the lighting quality of a space by allowing daylight into the space, and maintains visual contact with the outside. Moreover, the window with a preferred view provides many benefits such as psychological satisfaction, occupants' health and improved environmental quality. This study aimed to investigate how view elements and window luminance influence occupants' seating preference in a living room. The experiment was carried out in a mock-up model with thirty-two subjects (17 men and 15 women). The nine seating positions in a living room have different view such as natural view (trees or sky) and man-made view (paving and roof top). Subjects were asked to select a position in the room where they felt most visual comfort. Simultaneously Photolux 2.1 software was used to analyze the window luminance. The experiment results indicated that subjects prefer to be seated near a window and feel comfort in a seating overlooking the trees and sky. This would indicate that the natural elements of the view and a distance to the window affect seating preference to the occupants.
The Performance Evaluation of Photovoltaic-integrated Lightshelf Systems
Park, Hoon ; Chung, Yu-Gun ; Kim, Jeong Tai ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 12, issue 6, 2012, Pages 129~134
The lightshelf system, a daylighting device, has been applied to improve the visual environment by optimal light distributions and intense illumination levels of a interior. Also, The photovoltaic is one of the most important sustainable technologies appliable to architectures. This study aims to evaluate the performance of photovoltaic integrated lightshelf system. For the study, the 1/5 scaled office models were made and the field tests were experimented under clear sky conditions. The power ratio has been analyzed to evaluate the performance of photovoltaic integrated lightshelf system. As results, the power performance was high on photovoltaic lightshelf installation angle
. And the performance was reduced on 23(%) by installation angle
and 63(%) by installation angle