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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korea Institute of Ecological Architecture and Environment
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 13, Issue 6 - Dec 2013
Volume 13, Issue 5 - Oct 2013
Volume 13, Issue 4 - Aug 2013
Volume 13, Issue 3 - Jun 2013
Volume 13, Issue 2 - Apr 2013
Volume 13, Issue 1 - Feb 2013
Selecting the target year
A Study on the Actual Conditions and Responses of New Han-ok Inhabitants through Questionnaire - Focused in Jeonnam Province -
Song, Min-Jeong ; Jang, Hyeon-Chung ; Lee, Tai-Gang ; Lee, Ju-Yeob ; Kim, Sun-Woo ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 13, issue 2, 2013, Pages 3~12
DOI : 10.12813/kieae.2013.13.2.003
Recently, New Han-ok is in prevail because it has many good qualities as a dwelling. But the New Han-ok dwellers` needs and satisfaction ratio on their houses are not investigated yet. So, surveys on satisfaction ratio for New Han-ok were carried out to know New Han-ok`s existing conditions and inhabitant`s responses on New Han-ok dwellings. Followings are results. 1) Dwellers response that it is cool in summer and it is cold in winter. So, design and construction method against cold is needed for New Han-ok. 2) Window is the most picking element of New Han-ok for house improvement. 3) Window opening is main control method for cooling in summer. Warming sources in winter are various such as electricity, gas, oil, wood, etc. 4) PVC window structure and glasses were used for New Han-ok`s window system as well as wooden window structure and Han-gi. 5) Interviewees are generally satisfied with New Han-ok`s exterior view and inner spaces. Almost no humidifier is used. These results could be used for improvement of Han-ok and basic material for New Han-ok design.
The measurement study on the airtightness of dwellings based on the passive design
Lee, Tae-Goo ; Yun, Doo-Young ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 13, issue 2, 2013, Pages 13~20
DOI : 10.12813/kieae.2013.13.2.013
Today, the world energy consumption in buildings occupies more than 30%. In our country, the energy consumption in buildings also occupies 25% of the entire national energy consumption. With the increasing demand of energy saving in architectural fields, there is a more interest in low-energy construction. For these low-energy housings, our country is planning to apply the energy-saving design standards at the level of passive houses in 2017. However, there is still a limitation in energy saving only with the standards on the performance of envelope in buildings. This means that unless a building is airtight even though it was well-insulated, cooling and heating energy consumption will increase due to the infiltration and leakage. Therefore, this study aims to make a comparative analysis of airtight performance by conducting a blower door test on the housings applied with passive designs, analyze the reasons why most houses fall short of the airtightness standards, and complement the airtightness problems in the inadequate parts of the buildings in order to save building energy.
An Effect of the Change of Orientation and Window Area Ratio upon Building Energy Requirement in Apartment Housings
Kim, Jae Moon ; Lee, Gyu Chul ; Lee, Seung Gyu ; Kim, Min Sung ; Min, Joon Ki ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 13, issue 2, 2013, Pages 21~26
DOI : 10.12813/kieae.2013.13.2.021
Due to the increasing concerns about the buildings which have affected the global environment, most countries have enacted a regulation for the sustainability of domestic buildings. In 2008, the Korean government started to enact a regulation of apartment and office buildings for energy saving. Many research on the sustainable apartment building focuses on
or larger type in response to market demand; therefore, small size type such as
type needs to be researched. In addition, the research on the orientation and window to wall ratio of the building have been separately studied as a means of energy reduction; therefore, the research on correlation of the orientation and window to wall ratio hasn`t been fully explored yet. This paper analyzes the energy demand of the apartment building as the change of orientation and window to wall ratio among
type. In conclusion, when reducing the window to wall ratio, energy demand was reduced, except when the orientation of the building was between from +10 to -20 from the south.
Survey and Analysis of Power Energy Usage of University Buildings
Youn, Nam Sik ; Kim, Jeong Tai ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 13, issue 2, 2013, Pages 27~32
DOI : 10.12813/kieae.2013.13.2.027
For the past seven years, the increase in the energy consumption of universities in Korea has been 3.7 times higher than the overall increase in the energy consumption across Korea (22.5%). This is an example that shows that universities have been a massive source of greenhouse gases. Such an increase has been attributed to the new and expanded construction of architectural structures on campus. Many people argue that the increasing number of buildings may cause waste of energy and loss of efficiency. Therefore, this study was conducted as a preliminary study to derive energy efficiency measures for new university buildings. The two aspects of energy-saving as required by the eco-friendly structure certification standards have been applied to analyze the use of new/renewable energy and the energy consumption of new university buildings that have applied light density and light engineering methods. Based on these results, the major sources of energy of existing buildings and new university buildings were compared to comparatively discuss how effectively they improve energy performance.
Usage of Indigenous Material for Sustainable Construction at Mae-Hae, Thailand - Focused on Rammed Earth Method -
Kim, Doo-Soon ; Jeong, Sang-Mo ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 13, issue 2, 2013, Pages 33~38
DOI : 10.12813/kieae.2013.13.2.033
Limited resources for construction material in the Mae-Hae region, a remote Northern Thailand, acted as an impetus to introduce a new way for constructing their dwellings. The new construction material brought new construction methodology, namely, using earth and bamboo which are indigenous materials, readily available for them to use. Using indigenous material at Mae-Hae region was most ecological and logical method for establishing sustainable dwellings both in terms of monetary and ecological reasons. Prior to the construction at Mae-Hae, Thailand, series of experimental tests on the strength of rammed earth were performed off site at our university and also brought soil samples from the actual job site at Mae-Hae for detailed soil analysis. Through the tests, integrity of the earth and characteristics of the soil were established to build a small senior citizen center as an example. This appropriate technology is expected to contribute to the sustainable construction at Mae-Hae.
A Study on Heating Energy Monitoring of a Rural Detached House Applying Passive House Design Components
Cho, Kyung-Min ; Lee, Tae-Goo ; Han, Young-Hae ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 13, issue 2, 2013, Pages 39~46
DOI : 10.12813/kieae.2013.13.2.039
Recently, the field of construction is putting a variety of effort into reducing CO2, since global warming is being accelerated due to climate changes and the increase of greenhouse gas. For reduction of CO2 in the field of construction, it is required to make plans to cut down heating energy of buildings and especially, it is urgently needed to cut down energy of residential buildings in rural area where occupies the majority of consumption of petroleum-based energy sources. Therefore, this research compared and analyzed the actual energy consumption, by evaluating energy performance of a detached house applying passive house design components for reduction of energy. As the result, energy consumption showed remarkable differences, according to the operation of a heat recovery ventilation unit which is one of passive house design components, and building energy consumption displayed remarkable differences, too, depending on the difference of airtightness performance during building energy simulation conducted in process of design. Based on these results, the importance of airtightness performance of passive house was verified. The result of the actual measurement of energy consumption demonstrated that LNG was most economical amongst several heat resources yielded, on the basis of LPG source energy consumption measured within a certain period of time, and it was followed by kerosene. LPG was analyzed to have a low economic efficiency, when used for heating.
Effects of LED Lamps for Replacement of Metal Halide Lamp in Roadway Lighting Environment
Lee, Myung Gi ; Kim, Jeong Tai ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 13, issue 2, 2013, Pages 47~52
DOI : 10.12813/kieae.2013.13.2.047
The problems of light pollution first became an issue in the 1970s when astronomers identified the degradation of the night sky due to the increase in lighting associated with development and growth. As more impacts to the environment by lighting have been identified, many attempts have been made for reducing light pollutions. To prevent light pollution and increase energy efficiency, Seoul Metropolitan Government(SMG) replaced metal halide road lighting to LED luminaire in four arterial highway in Seoul. The present study compared the lighting characteristics of metal halide and LED luminaire in terms of Korea Standard for road lighting(KS A 3701) and BUG rating from Illuminating Engineering Society of North America(IESNA). The results showed that LED luminaire increased road surface luminance up to 2 times in average compared to the metal halide environment. Also, LED luminaire reduced the glare value by 2 times and luminous flux over 50% than the metal halide luminaire. In comparison with the BUG ratings, LED luminaire rated 1 degree lower for the backlight ratings and 3-4 degrees lower for the uplight ratings. The measured values testified that the LED luminaire is effective for roadway lighting and light pollution reduction.
A Study on the Current Status of Building Envelope in detached houses of near Local Cities - with Staff of Small-sized Architectural Design Firms in Gwangju and Jeonnam -
Park, Sung-Jin ; Lee, Chang-Jae ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 13, issue 2, 2013, Pages 53~60
DOI : 10.12813/kieae.2013.13.2.053
This study examined the building envelope structure used in small housings near urban area which have not good energy source in relation to the application of passive design for energy saving of small-sized architectural design firms in local cities and aimed to provide the basic materials of future design direction of designers and housing owners by analyzing economy of a project in order to know the amount of energy saving and additional expenses depending on the building envelope pattern. As a result of comparing and examining the energy saving cost from the period of use compared to investment by the thickness of insulating materials based on building envelope pattern for energy saving, it was found that the thicker the insulating materials are, the more energy saving amount is. While the current bead-type insulating materials have short payback period due to low initial investment, extruded insulating materials show the difference of five years compared to bead-type insulation because of its high initial investment.
Exploration of a Light Shelf System for Multi-Layered Vegetable Cultivation
Jang, Seong-Teak ; Chang, Seong-Ju ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 13, issue 2, 2013, Pages 61~66
DOI : 10.12813/kieae.2013.13.2.061
This study is to eliminate the need for conventional high density plant factory`s artificial light source such as LED to reduce the initial investment of the light source installation as well as the operation cost. Use of solar light could enhance the quality of the vegetables similar to those grown in the natural environment. Provision of solar light into the multilayer vegetable cultivation facilities and collecting maximum and sustainable sunlight without too much loss by tracing solar path and properly distributing it through careful control during daytime are crucial for realizing the investigated rooftop light shelf system for multi-layered vegetable cultivation. In this study, we developed an innovative way of effectively allocating sunlight inside even to otherwise shaded zone of a multi-layer vegetable cultivation facility. To prove the effectiveness of the system`s sunlight collection and distribution capability, both simulation and experiment in Daejeon are performed and the outcome is analyzed.
Characteristics of Citizens` Access to Outdoor Exercise Places by Using the GIS - Focused on the Users of the Outdoor Exercise Equipment Installed in Parks, Seoul -
Lee, Yeunsook ; Gu, Naeun ; Lee, Dongjoo ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 13, issue 2, 2013, Pages 67~76
DOI : 10.12813/kieae.2013.13.2.067
The purpose of this study is to analyze the accessibility to the place for outdoor exercise. For that, the departure (resident) location of the users of outdoor exercise equipment within 12 parks in Seoul have been investigated. A total of 1,733 people have been surveyed during the two-week period between Aug.2 and Aug. 15 and 815 cases were analyzed. We also investigated demographic characteristics, access method and related factors such as location, climate and visiting time. The results were coded through ArcGis program and the accessibility to each exercise location, difference in regional accessibility and accessibility characteristics in terms of climate and time have been analyzed. The results are as follows: First, visitors to the Han River start from the places further than the visitors to the streamlines. Second, the average moving distance is longer for the users aged under-60 than for the users aged 60 and over to reach the exercise place. And the average moving distance for visitors to the Han River destination is the longest with 748 meters, followed by 203 meters for general parks and 92 meters for streamline parks, respectively. Third, in each non-waterfront parks, the moving distance by users under-60 was longer by about 230 meters than that by users 60 and over. Fourth, exercisers in the weekend travel more by 244 meters than those during the midweek users to reach the exercise place. Fifth, the number of visitors to the Han River increased in the weekend while visitors to the streamlines decreased in the same period. Sixth, the traveling length for bicycle users is three times as much as that for pedestrian visitors. And the departure locations of bicycle users were more widely distributed.
A Study on Simplified Evaluation for Renewable Energy based Combination System in School - Considering the Size of Classroom and Capital Cost -
Kim, Ji-Yeon ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 13, issue 2, 2013, Pages 77~84
DOI : 10.12813/kieae.2013.13.2.077
Schools are one of favorable public buildings for Renewable Energy(RE) systems due to site conditions and their energy demand profiles(e.g. daytime-based use of hot water and heating/cooling). Although the government encourages schools to be equipped with RE systems, the adoption of RE systems in existing energy supply systems faces technical and financial barriers. For example, when installing a RE-based combination system(RECS) to meet the energy demand at various school scales, identifying cost effective combination of capacities of the RECS is not trivial since it usually requires technically intensive work including detailed simulation and demand/supply analysis with extensive data. This kind of simulation-based approaches is hardly implementable in practice. To address this, a simpler and applicable decision-supporting method is suggested in this study. This paper presents a simplified model in support of decision-making for optimal capacities of RECS within given budget scales and schools sizes. The proposed model was derived from detailed simulation results and statistical data. Using this model, the optimal capacities of RECS can be induced from the number of classes in a school.
Establishment of the Evaluation System of Urban-Design for the Improvement of an Urban-Image
Choi, Jae-Won ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 13, issue 2, 2013, Pages 85~92
DOI : 10.12813/kieae.2013.13.2.085
Regarding urban design in this 21st century, cities pursue human-oriented urban design through which nature, cities, and human beings are unified and interact with one another. For such urban design maintenance, it is needed to conduct systematic analysis and synthesis on various and complex factors of cities expressing urban images. Also, it is necessary to secure methods to evaluate those cities based on urban users` visual information. Thereupon, this study aims to suggest urban design evaluation methods which accept human behavior or needs and also allow us to figure out desirable images. For this, the study established the construction system of the most basic urban design components that form cities through literature review and expert evaluation. And it examines correlation among those factors with statistic means. Through this, the study suggests a new urban design evaluation system and evaluation process divided into experts and users so as to reflect user behavior or needs.
The Analysis on the Evaluation Items of Korea Green Building Certification Criteria by the Case Studies of Collective Housing
Kim, Chang-Sung ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 13, issue 2, 2013, Pages 93~100
DOI : 10.12813/kieae.2013.13.2.093
Many countries have made their best to protect the earth from global warming and to find solutions for the reduction of carbon dioxide emittion and energy consumption. Especially, buildings have emitted over 40% of carbon dioxide against whole quantities emitted to the earth. Therefore, the reduction of carbon dioxide emitted from buildings require to save the earth environment. Energy consumption of buildings in Korea has reached 24% of total energy quantities, and energy consumption of collective housing has been continuously increasing. So, Korea government has also executed the Green Building Certification Criteria(GBCC). The GBCC evaluates the 8 types of buildings - collective housing, office, school, etc - to certificate the green building. In this paper, the evaluation items of collective housing in GBCC were reviewed to be used as the reference data for future revisions by the case studies. According to the results of this study, current version of GBCC requires additional revisions about the evaluations of energy consumption monitoring, commissioning and existing building.
A Study on Planning for Elderly Hospital`s Atrium on the base of Users Demand
Kim, Yun-Soo ; Lee, Yeun-Sook ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 13, issue 2, 2013, Pages 101~106
DOI : 10.12813/kieae.2013.13.2.101
As the number of aged people increase, hospitals specializing in elderly cares have also increased very rapidly. Therefore it is necessary to improve the quality of these hospitals for the elderly people in order to enhance the function of these hospitals not only for conventional treatment but also for recovery and convalescence. To study such trend and needs, this study researched on planning for Elderly Hospital`s Atrium that provides a space for the elderly people so that they may enjoy the natural environment while being supported from diverse aspects for long term cares and sustained living, and tried to find out design solutions based on users` demand through questionnaire survey and interviews both with the management of the elderly hospital and the inpatients or the users. As a result of this study, it was revealed that each user showed his or her own respective characteristics concerning his or her expectation about the environment of their using spaces, and according to this result the strategic direction and design plan could be drawn. Based on plans for this Elderly Hospital`s Atrium specializing in cares for the elderly people, useful information will be provided for caring, treatment and recovering environment of the elderly hospitals in future considering not only the conventional medical and technical services but also the inpatients` or the users` physical, psychological and social factors.
Establishment of Design Standard and Analysis of Insulation Property for Underground Space in Architecture
Hwang, Min-Kyu ; Cho, Woo-Jin ; Kim, Kang-Soo ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 13, issue 2, 2013, Pages 107~112
DOI : 10.12813/kieae.2013.13.2.107
The purpose of this study is to analyze an insulation property and to establish a design standard for the underground space in architecture. Insulation materials for this study are 12 kinds of Insulation which qualified KS standards(3 classes of EPS type 1, 3 classes of EPS type 2(Neopor), 3 classes of XPS and 3 classes of PU Boards). For insulation materials of underground space, insulating and water tightening property are desired. So conductivity for insulating and water absorption for water tightening are measured in this study. Temperature, insulation is exposed to in the underground space, is different from temperature above the ground. Conductivity is measured in a temperature of
. In KS standards, water absorption are measure after 24 hours, but insulation is exposed to water for a long time in the underground. So after 110 days, water absorption are measured. As time goes by, increasing of water absorption means decreasing of water tightening and insulating. So after water absorption had measured for 110 days, conductivity has measured again. As a result, XPS is selected as optimized insulation for underground. And Conductivity of XPS insulation with water should be added by 20%.
Study of functional trend in japan`s multi-family housing and comparison through nation`s environmental certification standard, analyzed by CASBEE assessment result sheet
Shim, Jae-Myung ; Kim, Kang-Soo ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 13, issue 2, 2013, Pages 113~122
DOI : 10.12813/kieae.2013.13.2.113
On July 2004, the brand new CASBEE for construction (Brief version) has completed while trying to highlight and improve major items adequate for each region`s characteristics in Japan; at the same time, from the start of NAGOYA CITY (operated since April 2004) to the point of May 2011, it has been mandatory for specified size buildings in 23 regions by law. Evaluation sheet of CASBEE is published on each region`s home page and various genre of information on building evaluation which is scheduled to be completed by 2016 and is for 5-6 years of quantity is accumulated until October 2012. It is good study resource to verify how new buildings being evaluated are closely match with CASBEE`s original purport (eco-friendly, energy efficiency, publicity etc). Particularly, for Japan`s multi-family housing where small sized mid to high level single housing type is majority in city, it is an important point that improved performance on eco-friendly buildings have more value in city rather than suburb. Categorized score through evaluation is a resource to confirm the latest trend of multi-family housing built in congested city; on the other hand, demand of the time can be recognized by the score focused on category. It is meaningful resource to determine the adequacy of evaluated items and the degree of reality.
Comparative Analysis on the Heating and Cooling Loads Associated with U-value, SHGC and Orientation of the Windows in Different Regions
Choi, Min-Seo ; Chang, Seong-Ju ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 13, issue 2, 2013, Pages 123~130
DOI : 10.12813/kieae.2013.13.2.123
The primary goal of this research is to identify the impacts of window design on the energy use in buildings which takes up about 25% of the total energy consumption. Recently, efficient use of energy is gaining more importance in buildings. Window design, especially being dependent on glazing performance choices, is an important factor for reducing energy consumption in most of the buildings. It also is influenced by the latitude of the site and window orientation. This paper aims at identifying the influence of Window performance indicators(U-value, SHGC), orientation and latitude on the building energy consumption with systematically designed simulations. Comparative study has been performed for five different locations; Greenland, Korea, Singapore, Argentina and Chile along with the different window U-value and SHGC values. The results show that optimum window system with properly coordinated window performance indicators(U-value, SHGC), orientation achieves dramatic reduction of energy consumptions. Windows with low U-value could reduce heating loads and high SHGC could reduce cooling loads. The study also verifies that the windows installed at south facade is more energy efficient in the northern hemisphere while windows facing north is more energy efficient in the southern hemisphere.
A Study on the Planning Indicator for Carbon Neutral Green City
Kim, You-Min ; Lee, Joo Hyung ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 13, issue 2, 2013, Pages 131~139
DOI : 10.12813/kieae.2013.13.2.131
The aim of this dissertation is establishing internal indicator list for achieving policy goal of Carbon Neutrality Green City. First of all, it started to construct the basic system of planning indicator based on through comprehension of current studies such as advanced researches, government guidelines and green building certifications. And then it was set up final indicator list through inspecting FGI (Focus Group Interview), Verification of suitability, and Analysis of importance). As a result of this research, the planning indicator divided three steps and there were classified four fields in the top-level; Green Land and Ecology, Green Energy, Green Resource and Transportation, Green Living and Institution. According to the data, it deducted four items (ratio of green land, site plan, heat island and management of climate, base of nature ecology) and twelve index in the field of green land and ecology, three item(energy conservation and self-supporting, energy efficiency, new regeneration energy) and twelve index in the field of green energy and regeneration, five items(water resources utilize and circulation, other resource reduction and circulation, public transportation, green transportation plan) and fifteen index. Totally, Planning Indicators of forty nine were deducted. Therefore, there was the result of importance analysis that the indicators of plan and maintain management as the side of space for carbon neutrality were more appreciated than carbon reduction of individual building.
A newly-established evaluation methodology of the sustainable performance degree of interior architectural finishes
Lee, Ji-Soon ; Yoon, Chung-Sook ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 13, issue 2, 2013, Pages 141~149
DOI : 10.12813/kieae.2013.13.2.141
This paper aims to provide pragmatic application guidelines of the interior finish materials for apartment houses with newly-established evaluation methodology of the sustainable degree of interior products. With reference to the standards and criteria of domestic eco-labeling accreditation schemes for sustainable products in the area of architecture which focus on the sustainable elements classified as the health, recyclability, durability, and energy efficiency, in this study, a systematic evaluation method has been established for interior finish products with quantifiable indicators for sustainable performance. Base on the evaluation system introduced here, most interior finish products can be classified into a database and applied effectively to the realities from the perspective of the sustainability. There are the necessities of enforcement issues with the idea of revising or taking remedial measures of the current performance criteria of domestic eco-labeling accreditation to bolster their reliability. As well as already-commercialized products, hereafter, continued efforts are needed to control the whole process of manufacturing new interior finish products from their designing, constructing, consuming, recycling and to dismantling in terms of sustainability, which promises more pragmatic follow-up measures for the detail embodiment of the environment-friendly spaces.
Space Syntax Analysis on Street System in Yakryeong Market District in Daegu, Korea
Jeong, Sang Kyu ; Lim, Soo Young ; Park, Joon Young ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 13, issue 2, 2013, Pages 151~156
DOI : 10.12813/kieae.2013.13.2.151
This study examines the properties of spaces where historical and cultural resources have been preserved in the street system of Daegu Yakryeong market district, by using Space Syntax methodology. The results were obtained through ASA(Angular Segment Analysis) on each node (spatial unit) in the street network. An overall characteristic of spatial configuration in street system of the surveyed district is that nodes in the street network tend to form socially integrated spatial structure to allow easy access to each space in the system. There are a small number of socially isolated spaces in the street system, which are located at nodes in narrow streets adjacent to the roadway outside the district, or in narrow alleys between early modern Korean buildings. More than half of the surveyed spaces have high levels of social integration, which contain buildings playing a central role of the community, a traditional street market, symbolic landmarks. In conclusion, it is expected that the achievements of this study will contribute in leading to rational land use planning for sound and sustainable development of historical and cultural resources in an urban district.
Comparative Analysis of Wastewater Management Technologies for Construction Sites
Yi, JongChan ; Koo, Jakon ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 13, issue 2, 2013, Pages 157~162
DOI : 10.12813/kieae.2013.13.2.157
To deal with the water pollution arising from the construction site, this study raises the issues of management and laws and it suggest the efficient way to reduce water pollution by through the case studies. In order to study, seven cases were selected from "Construction Environmental Management Best Practice Competition" co - sponsored by Construction Association of Korea and Construction Environment Association. As a study result, there are problems that depending on the characteristic of the construction site environment simple alone settling facilities can not handle muddy and dirty water generated by the construction site. However, when the construction site applied improved water pollution control facilities with reflecting the characteristic of muddy and dirty water. The problem can be solved moreover it can achieve exceeded emission standard. Therefore new regulations and management with water pollution control facilities considering characteristic of environment is needed to cope with water pollution arising from the construction site.