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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korea Institute of Ecological Architecture and Environment
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 13, Issue 6 - Dec 2013
Volume 13, Issue 5 - Oct 2013
Volume 13, Issue 4 - Aug 2013
Volume 13, Issue 3 - Jun 2013
Volume 13, Issue 2 - Apr 2013
Volume 13, Issue 1 - Feb 2013
Selecting the target year
A Study on the Effect of inflow Daylight according to the installation method of controlling Light Shelf and Blind in the Room of General Hospital
Cho, Ju Young ; Lee, Hyo Won ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 13, issue 4, 2013, Pages 3~10
DOI : 10.12813/kieae.2013.13.4.003
This study aims to identify convenient surrounding of the hospital room to be improved by specifically focusing on light environment and to examine a change of inflow of the daylight in the hospital room by using blind and light shelf device as base data of preliminary research for comprehending the relationship between healing environment and natural day light. Simulation analysis on previous facilities and the installation of horizontal light shelf that derives the inflow of day light has been specifically referred by using ECOTECT2011 program. In case of C-facility that mostly adjoined to exterior spaces, it was shown to be closer to a proper uniformity factor when an angle was controlled on the light shelf with blind installed at the same time. However, it was not overall appropriate because of visual displeasure occurred from inflow of much day light. In conclusion, it is the form of flat surface such as H-facility that provides an effect after installing the device to derive day light. Especially, it was shown that interior day light environment was improved when installing blind and controlling the angle at the same time.
Study of the Assessment Baseline of Carbon Dioxide Emissions based on the Analysis of Building Energy Efficiency Rating System
Jung, Ho Gun ; Shin, Sung Woo ; Lee, Byeongho ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 13, issue 4, 2013, Pages 11~19
DOI : 10.12813/kieae.2013.13.4.011
The purpose of this study is to establish the assessment baseline of
emissions from building operations in the view of GHG reduction policy in Korea. The assessment baseline of
emissions shall be used in GHG policy and Carbon Credits in building sectors, but the assessment baseline has not been studied enough or established yet. Also,
emissions from building operations will be variable according to the building occupancy. Therefore the baseline will be different and this study aimed at the establishment of the assessment baseline for residential apartments and office buildings firstly. After reviews of BEER and international standards for building
emissions such as ISO and UNEP-SBCI documents, the analysis of BEER certification data has been pursued for 292 residential apartment complexes and 65 office buildings in South Korea during 2004~2012. As analysis results, the assessment baseline was set to 23.03
for residential apartment complexes, and 95.91
for office buildings according to the BEER certification basis. Additional assessment baselines were calculated according to year basis, region basis, public and private basis, and GHG policy basis. Finally, the established baseline for residential apartment complexes has been applied for the pilot project in M district, Seoul, and showed 24.97% reduction rate according to the BEER certification basis.
Comparative Daylighting Performance of a Classroom with Traditional and Louver type Shading Devices
Kim, Yoon Jeong ; Kim, Jeong Tai ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 13, issue 4, 2013, Pages 21~26
DOI : 10.12813/kieae.2013.13.4.021
Shading devices have become an integral part of the daylighting strategy for sustainable classroom design. The louver type is newly designed shading devices which provide more view to the outside and protect from outside condition such as snow or rain. The purpose of this study is to compare the daylight performance of traditional and louver type overhang and lightshelf. The room dimension was
. The length of shading devices was calculated by Palmero's study. The length of the traditional and louver type overhang was 455mm, 1210mm and lightshelf was 350/810mm, 625/555mm respectively. For the study, the Radiance 2.0 was used to evaluate the illuminance and uniformity ratios. And scale model were used to evaluate sunpatch area on the floor in model was calculated. The results showed that the louver type lightshelf was suitable for spring and summer, and louver type overhang was suitable for winter.
An Investigation of Environmental Performance on Shaft Box Type Balcony Adopted to Apartment Building
Roh, Ji Woong ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 13, issue 4, 2013, Pages 27~32
DOI : 10.12813/kieae.2013.13.4.027
This study focus on shaft box facade, special form of box window construction. It consists of a system of box window with continuous vertical shafts that extend over a number of stories to create a stack effect. The subject building was decided by analyzing various types of exiting apartments. Shaft box type balcony was devised by setting up shaft space at a part of balcony. Air flow and indoor air temperature were simulated, performance of shaft box type balcony was compared with existing types using VE computer simulation program. Research consequence can be summarized as follow: 1) In the case of existing types, the change of window opening rate has only a little effect on the improvement of indoor temperature. But, air flow rate increased two times in the case that changed opening rate 20% to 40% 2) In the case of existing types, the growth of air flow rate has little effect on the improvement of indoor temperature. But, shaft box type represented the remarkable effect on the improvement of indoor temperature as well as the growth of air flow rate.
Assessing the Effect of Water and Heat Cycle of Green Roof System using Distributed Hydrological Model in Urban Area
Jang, Cheol Hee ; Kim, Hyeon Jun ; Kim, Yeon Mee ; Nam, Mi A ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 13, issue 4, 2013, Pages 33~41
DOI : 10.12813/kieae.2013.13.4.033
The impervious area on the surface of urban area has been increased as buildings and artificial land cover have continually been increased. Urban development has gradually decreased the green zone in downtown and alienated the city from the natural environment on outskirt area devastating the natural ecosystem. There arise the environmental problems to urban area including urban heat island phenomenon, urban flood, air pollution and urban desertification. As one of urban plans to solve such problems, green roof system is attracting attentions. The purpose of this study was to investigate flood discharge and heat reduction effect according to the green roof system and to quantify effect by analyzing through simulation water and heat cycle before and after green roof system. For the analysis, Distributed hydrologic model, WEP (Water and Energy transfer Processes) and WEP+ model were used. WEP was developed by Dr. Jia, the Public Works Research Institute in Japan (Jia et al., 2005), which can simulate water and heat cycle of an urban area with complex land uses including calculation of spatial and temporal distributions of water and heat cycle components. The WEP+ is a visualization and analysis system for the WEP model developed by Korea Institute of Construction Technology (KICT).
Improvement Method of Regional Insulation Standard through the Regional Heating Energy Demand Analysis
Kim, Jeong-Gook ; Ahn, Byung-Lip ; Jang, Cheol-Yong ; Jeong, Hak-Geun ; Haan, Chan-Hoon ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 13, issue 4, 2013, Pages 43~48
DOI : 10.12813/kieae.2013.13.4.043
The effect of climate change has influenced humanity and ecosystem with tremendous changes in temperature. For the past 150 years, the national annual average temperature is 0.6 degree increased and the heating degree day reduced from April to November. However, December to January, the climate change was generated and the heating degree day increased. The blackout occured in 2011 and 2012 by increasing electricity consumption of heating and cooling equipment to the effects of climate change. That is because heating load accounted for 20% of building electric use. In this study, strengthening measures to reduce heating energy consumption is presented due to climate change in winter since 1980 to prevent blackout and reliable power supply for the building energy-saving design standards by Meteorological data provided by the National Weather Service were calculated using the heating degree days in order to present eighteen cities from 1980 to 2012. Insulation standards are presented to prevent black-out by the heating degree days. the heating energy demand was reduced almost 6% including 10% in Central, 5% in South and Jeju area based on strengthening of the insulation. It is applied to the entire country an annual economic effect of 250 billion won, and black-out can be prevented.
Analysis of Energy Saving Rate of Office Buildings According to the Items of an EPI Machine Part
Lee, Ho Jin ; Kim, Seo Hoon ; Jung, Jae Uk ; Jang, Cheol Yong ; Song, Kyoo Dong ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 13, issue 4, 2013, Pages 49~54
DOI : 10.12813/kieae.2013.13.4.049
released by IEA, 2010, indicated that Korea's GDP, of 8 countries surveyed-Korea, Frans, Germany, Italy, Japan, the UK, the USA, and Australia-was the lowest, but the electric consumption per head was third, following America and Australia. Thus, our government has been striving to reduce energy usage and especially to lessen the energy used in buildings, proposing a variety of road maps such as 'building energy efficiency rating' and 'energy saving design standards of buildings'. Accordingly, this study investigated the effect of the items of machine part among EPI items on the energy saving rate. I measured energy usage by ECO2 program, for simulation program, that is used for the building energy efficiency rating. Result showed that items concerning control of pumps and fans had much more saving rate than the ones concerning efficiency of heater and cooler that had bigger scores assigned among EPI items. Result showed that items concerning control of pumps and fans had much more saving rate than the ones concerning efficiency of heater and cooler that had bigger scores assigned among EPI items. Therefore, I think that grades assigned to items in energy performance index need to be corrected.
A Study on the Evaluation of the Building Energy Efficiency in Accordance with the Shapes of the Apartment Unit Plans
Kim, Chang Sung ; Seo, Kyung Wook ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 13, issue 4, 2013, Pages 55~62
DOI : 10.12813/kieae.2013.13.4.055
Korea Government have carried out various policies to reduce the energy consumption that cause the global warming and environmental pollution. Energy consumption of buildings in Korea has reached 24% of total energy quantities and energy consumption of apartment has been continuously increasing. It has executed the building energy efficiency rating system and energy performance assessments and certification systems have been in force to save energy consumption of buildings. Therefore, this study tried to asset the energy performance of apartment according to the shapes of unit plan, and then to evaluate the energy performance of apartment according to altering balcony area into living area in the unit plan of apartment and thus, to present the effective unit plan to reduce the energy consumption. According to the results, in case of standard unit plan, the 3Bay and 4Bay unit plans showed more effective energy consumption than the 2Bay unit plan, respectively, 5%, 6%, and in case of extended unit plan, respectively, 2%, 5%. Compared the energy efficiencies of the standard unit plan to the extended unit plan, the standard one showed more effective energy consumption than the extended one, respectively, 2% in case of the 2Bay and 4Bay unit, 5% of the 3Bay unit.
A Study on Developing a Teardrop LED Lighting Fixture and Economic Analysis at Industrial Clean Rooms
Lhee, Sang Choon ; Choi, Yeo Jin ; Choi, Young Joon ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 13, issue 4, 2013, Pages 63~68
DOI : 10.12813/kieae.2013.13.4.063
On the electricity consumption in Korea, the lighting sector takes about 17% of annual total electricity consumptions. In the midst of higher interests on energy conservation measures, design and choice of energy-saving lighting fixtures have been more important. With growth of technology-intensive industries like advanced material, semiconductor, and biotechnology from the 1980s, needs for clean room and thus illumination at clean rooms have been increased. In this paper, development, specification, and features of a Teardrop LED(hereinafter TD LED) lighting fixture as replacement of Teardrop florescent lighting one that has been popularly installed at clean rooms were presented. Also we performed the economic analysis of return on investment(ROI) about energy savings by the installation of the TD LED lighting fixture at a new-built clean room. The economic analysis showed that the new-developed TD LED lighting fixture would be able to withdraw the initial installation cost within 4 years. Lastly, improvement directions and development plans of the next TD LED lighting fixture for wider applications at clean rooms were described.
A Basic Study on Energy Saving of University Library - About 'H' University Building located in Sejong City -
Roh, Ji Woong ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 13, issue 4, 2013, Pages 69~74
DOI : 10.12813/kieae.2013.13.4.069
It is difficult to apply a design standard uniformly to university buildings because various education courses are conducted. However, a design guideline for saving energy is necessary in order to prepare for low-energy days. A library in any university is one of the buildings that a lot of people use and most of the energy is spent. Therefore, the investigation on the energy savings of library facilities is very important and urgent. This study finally presents the design guideline of those facilities for low-energy. In this paper, the trend of space layout, utilization schedule and performance of materials are investigated, and the impact on energy savings and effective energy saving strategies are analyzed and illustrated by energy simulation. As a result of energy analysis from the case of 'H' university, it is confirmed that the utilization schedule effects mostly to energy consumption and the layout and orientation of the rooms in the library are the major parameters. Among the investigated saving strategies, green roofs are found as the most effective part for heating energy savings, and outdoor air cooling is known as the most effective method for cooling energy savings.
A Study on the urban Characteristics of Design for Urban Regeneration based on Cultural Strategy -Focused on the case of Ruhrgebiet, Germany-
Park, Jong Ki ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 13, issue 4, 2013, Pages 75~86
DOI : 10.12813/kieae.2013.13.4.075
Under the powerful influence of economical and social transformation, namely Post-Industrialization since the 1980's, old industrial cities in western europe faced a severe urban crisis such as high unemployment rates, demographic decline, urban slums, lack of infrastructures and economic shocks. In order to overcome their urban decline, They had to attempt to find a creative re-modelled and re-imaged Urban Development Strategy for the future. Thus Urban Regeneration has been a serious issue of debate in europe. First of all, Urban Regeneration based on cultural strategy have played an increasingly important role in the Post-Industrial cities and regions since 1980's. The purpose of this study is to find out the organized characteristics of Urban Regeneration based on Cultural Strategy by analyzing successful overseas case "Landesgartenschau in Ruhrgebiet, Germany, where has been changed from an old industrial city to a Culture-Service- based City significantly over last several years. It's inner-city old industrial areas with amount of derelict under-used industrial Heritages have been remodelled and reimaged to a creative and attractive public spaces involving Arts and cultural activity by Urban Regeneration based on Cultural Strategy, namely, "Landesgartenschau".
A Study on Design Application of Eco-Friendly Integrated Design Process
Kim, Min Gyu ; Kang, Hee Seon ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 13, issue 4, 2013, Pages 87~94
DOI : 10.12813/kieae.2013.13.4.087
This Study, as a Eco-Friendly Design Process of Office for sustainable design, aims to develop a sustainable design process by letting the designers easily approach the concept of Eco-Friendly Design Process and applying this to Eco-Friendly Design Process when the designers perform design. Through a review on simulation, a research was made on the seriousness of environmental problems and control that was caused by design, Environmentally friendly design, sustainability, and sustainable design's background and definition were studied. In order to develop a Eco-Friendly Design Process, an existing review from Building Energy Simulation that proposed about energy environmentally friendly design element and sustainable design element's semantic similarities were restructured as sustainable design element comparative analysis. Restructured sustainable design elements and the relationship between sustainable design elements and the relationship of each product developmental process levels were analyzed. Finally, through clustering, sustainable design guideline were developed. This Eco-Friendly Design Process is expected to be applied to as one of the methods in solving the global environmental issues in design practice.
A Study on Activation of Long - life Housing
Lee, Hyun-Soo ; Lim, Sooyoung ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 13, issue 4, 2013, Pages 95~102
DOI : 10.12813/kieae.2013.13.4.095
In modern society, it is necessary to develop sustainable housing to protect environment. There should be a study on long life housing that satisfies living condition which residents require. Long life housing research is already activating in many developed countries. Although activation of long life housing is urgent, domestically, immaturity of technology development and law and system are barrier to progression of long life housing. Increase of early construction expenses is also problematic in activation of long life housing. The purpose of this research is to clarify a necessity of long life housing, to provide high quality of sustainable residence and to protect environment. This research also suggests a need of change from previous housing to long life housing. Moreover, it will look at related law and system of domestic long life housing and compare it to international law and system. From this comparison, it will point out a need of improvement and suggest appropriate long life housing system.
Experiment for the Performance Improvement of Eco House Provided by Habitat for Humanity Nepal(HfH_Nepal) - Case Study of Terai Plain Region, Nepal -
Leem, Youn Taik ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 13, issue 4, 2013, Pages 103~112
DOI : 10.12813/kieae.2013.13.4.103
The Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal(Nepal) is one of the poorest country in the world. People in Nepal are having lots of housing problems including the lack of housing provision. Even Habitat for Humanity Nepal (HfH_Nepal) has developed various programs to diffuse ecological housing, still there are many problems due to financial and technological shortage. The purpose of this study is to verify the effects of suggestion of performance improvement for HfH_Nepal eco house with introduction of the housing situation and efforts to provide sustainable housing by HfH_Nepal in Terai plain. Ideas on CGI sheet roof with poor insulation, double panel bamboo wall and adobe brick wall which can overcome structural and waterproof flaws of the thin single panel bamboo wall. The experiment result shows that both ideas adapted to adobe brick house reduces daily temperature range 50.8% and humidity adjust effect. For the effective provision of adobe brick house, compressive strength was tested for the bricks made with locally available fiber materials. Brick with jute displayed 41.1% betterment than plain brick with closest packing condition while coconut and straw showed 25.1% and 7.9% improvement respectively. Technical and economic problems brought up during the building and experiment process were listed and countermeasures established. This kinds of building prototype houses and experiments can improve the living conditions of people in developing countries with little supplement of resources. Furthermore, consideration of locally available and affordable material can help the social and ecological sustainability in the world.