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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korea Institute of Ecological Architecture and Environment
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 13, Issue 6 - Dec 2013
Volume 13, Issue 5 - Oct 2013
Volume 13, Issue 4 - Aug 2013
Volume 13, Issue 3 - Jun 2013
Volume 13, Issue 2 - Apr 2013
Volume 13, Issue 1 - Feb 2013
Selecting the target year
A Study on the Characteristics of Healthy Houses Planned and Built by Non-experts People
Lee, Yeun Sook ; Lee, Ji Hye ; Ahn, Chang Houn ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 13, issue 6, 2013, Pages 5~16
DOI : 10.12813/kieae.2013.13.6.005
As rapid aging society comes and people have growing interest in health, health issue has become an important value in modern society. The demand for healthy and comfortable residential environment has also increased and people themselves have made effort to build healthy residential environments. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to identify the characteristics of health housings planned and built by ordinary people. The study analyzed the contents of healthy houses that were broadcasted on TV with the title of healthy houses. Analyzed items were the planning elements and motives of building such healthy houses reflected in the samples of respective healthy houses. The result of the study revealed there were many examples of housings for healing purpose and the planning elements were in the order of architecture elements, natural elements, decoration elements, other elements and technical elements. While the experts usually put priority on technical elements for developing of healthy houses, ordinary people put priority on natural elements. This study comprehensively presents the overall characteristics of healthy houses which ordinary people pursue, on empirical basis. It is expected that this study will inspire to think about the desirable direction of healthy houses for the residents by comparing with or along with the concepts of housings that experts pursue.
The activation study of a regional community using school land
Park, Min-Young ; Kim, Jin-Mo ; Lim, Sooyoung ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 13, issue 6, 2013, Pages 17~22
DOI : 10.12813/kieae.2013.13.6.017
Community has been defined as a group of interacting people living in a common location. The word is often used to refer to a group that is organized around common values and is attributed with social cohesion within a shared geographical location, generally in social units larger than a household. The word can also refer to the national community or global community. The word "community" is derived from the Old French communit
which is derived from the Latin communitas (cum, "with/together" + munus, "gift"), a broad term for fellowship or organized society. A sense of community refers to people's perception of interconnection and interdependence, shared responsibility, and common goals. Understanding a community entails having knowledge of community needs and resources, having respect for community members, and involving key community members in programs. But, on account of industrial development, At some point, we have individualism behavior. therefore, This study will achieve local community activation using school land.
A Study on the Recognition of Green Standard for Energy and Environmental Design(G-SEED) from the Survey of Multi-complex Residents in Newtown
Mok, Seon-Soo ; Park, Ah-Reum ; Cho, Dong-Woo ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 13, issue 6, 2013, Pages 23~28
DOI : 10.12813/kieae.2013.13.6.023
Green Standard for Energy and Environmental Design(G-SEED) has been used for environmental friendly building certification since 2002. The certification criteria initialed with multi-residential building and now it expands to 10 criteria for new and existing building types. The purpose of this study is to understand current recognition of G-SEED from the survey of multi-complex residences in newtown. From the general question, 75.2% of responders answered the period of living term between 1~3 years, 58.6% lived in
residential area and 65.2% owned their residences. The 43.2% of respondents recognized that their residences gained G-SEED certification by G-SEED emblem(31.6%). This is the significant meaning to understand public recognition of G-SEED and how to approach the strategy for raising the G-SEED recognition. The responders expected positive influence for economical value from G-SEED and also 75.3% of responders agreed with that G-SEED would be a decision make to buy and rent their residences. Second, residents responded that the consideration issue for green building is energy & prevention of environmental pollution(27.7%) which carries equal concern in G-SEED criteria category. The result of this survey verifies that the current level recognition of G-SEED of the responder's perspectives still is not well-known but it confirmed they have a positive expectation. Therefore, from this result, G-SEED needs to draw road map with detail plans for developing G-SEED with public participation.
A Study on the Spatial Composition influenced by climatic conditions in 19C Bahay na Bato around Cebu city in Philippines
Kim, Young Hoon ; Lim, Sooyoung ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 13, issue 6, 2013, Pages 29~37
DOI : 10.12813/kieae.2013.13.6.029
The modern town houses in Philippines has been changed through Spanish colonization over 300years and American military administration in 20C. Especially Cebu, the first contemporary capital of colonized Philippines by Spain, has various cultural characteristics and historical remains including old houses. By the economy condition in Cebu growing up, Bahay na bato, stone and wood house, has been settled for the elite or middle class of Cebu around 19C influenced by Spanish or Europe and Philippines native house called bahay kubo. Bahay na bato shows a common features, as revealed in this study, which all of them has a two stories with cut stone curtain wall and wooden beam and lintel, fronting the main street by approaching directly from street. And spatial separating also shown by setting living space to upper level instead of using storage or entrance hall called zaguan in lower level. Bahay na bato studied here shows a particular appearances in elevation, having volada and elaborate geometric or floral window pattern, also playing a role for ventilation with vetanilas below volada and main window in section. They have a rectangular plan with caida, sala, comedo, azotea almost similar to Spanish and ealier colonial Mexico style mixed with Philippines traditional style showing the strong spatial separation functionally and space wideness for party occasionally.
Underground parking lot planning study for electric vehicle charging and parking
Chin, Kyung Il ; Moon, Jin Woo ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 13, issue 6, 2013, Pages 39~44
DOI : 10.12813/kieae.2013.13.6.039
As the use of electric vehicles perspectively increases, infrastructures for charging car batteries need to be properly planned for satisfying new requirements. This study aimed at theoretically investigating the relative laws, size of existing parking lots, and diverse car sizes for suggesting parking places for electric vehicles. In addition, potential problems for changing existing parking lots to new parking lots for electric vehicles were thoroughly considered. Based on the problem recognition, the feasibility, in particular, of the change of existing parking place to new place equipped with electricity charging systems was investigated. The comprehensive reviews and surveys revealed that additional systems for charging electricity need to be developed to be suspended on the ceiling for existing parking lots in order to prevent changing current layout of the space. This system will alleviate the perspective problems when the charging systems are located on the floor such as contamination, electric shock, and damage by cars. Further study will be followed for testing performance of the suggested systems in the actual parking lots.
Performance Evaluation of Adhesively Fixed External Insulation and Finish System Using Vacuum Insulation Panels for Apartment Buildings
Park, Si Hyun ; Lim, Jae Han ; Song, Seung Yeong ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 13, issue 6, 2013, Pages 45~53
DOI : 10.12813/kieae.2013.13.6.045
For the target goal of Zero-energy House construction in 2025, the government announced that the insulation regulations will be continuously enhanced. It has been predicted that high-performance insulation materials, such as vacuum insulation panel (VIP), should be used to decrease the thickness of outer walls. The aim of this study was to evaluate the performance of adhesively fixed external insulation and finish system (EIFS) with VIP. The energy performance of a base model with conventional internal insulation system and three alternatives of EIFS with VIP were analyzed by three-dimensional heat transfer simulation. Construction cost and convenience of each alternative were also evaluated and compared. As results, effective alternatives in terms of each performance as well as overall performance considering the weighting factors of each performance were suggested.
Households' Characteristics in Energy Consumption Data from Carbon Emission Monitoring System (CEMS) in Sejong City, Korea
Leem, Yountaik ; Lee, Sang Ho ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 13, issue 6, 2013, Pages 55~65
DOI : 10.12813/kieae.2013.13.6.055
Korean Government has developed Sejong City as a new administration city. This city of future was planned and designed toward one of the most eco-friendly city on the basis of ICTs. To attain this object, a carbon emission monitoring system (CEMS) was designed and installed as a part of u-city service which provides various information anytime and anywhere to enrich the people's quality of life. In this paper, at first, the structure and functions of CEMS are introduced. This system is consist of 5 parts - data collection from user and linked public DBs, transforming data into meaningful information for the policy makers, system-user interfacing via statistical tables and graphs, and system maintenance. This system can be operated by the citizen participation through whole the process. With the help of GIS map and graphic interface, statistics of monitored data for both citizen and decision maker provided and after feed-back, they have affected on the behaviour of citizen's energy consumption and related policy as well. By the CEMS, energy consumption data of 124 agreed households were collected during 9 months in 2012. Electricity, gas and water consumption were remote-metered automatically by the system and analysed. This showed that more than 85% of CO2 emission is rely on electricity usage. Furthermore, number of family members and size of house influences on the emission of CO2 by each household together with the life-style of the occupants. Electricity and water consumption showed the seasonal factor while gas consumption represents the number of family members. Even this paper has limitations caused by 9 months of data collection, it shows the policy directions to reduce the emission of CO2 focusing on the house size and number of family members of each households. With the result of this research, life-style of the generation of dwellers should be investigated and the CO2 emission characteristics of other housing type as well for the data building for future policy making.
Needs for the Improvement of Green Building Re-certification System
Wang, Jeong Joon ; Kim, Jung Hyun ; Kim, Byung Seon ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 13, issue 6, 2013, Pages 67~75
DOI : 10.12813/kieae.2013.13.6.067
The present duration of 5 years in the Korea Green Building Certification(G-SEED) should be re-set taking into account with the needs for renewal of re-certification criteria. This study methods is to analyze the differences between the characteristics of the certification system of green building of domestic and foreign and to seek the improvement to derive the problem of detailed evaluation items of the examination. The purpose of this study is to identify some problems of re-certification criteria in the G-SEED System and to propose the renewal of certification system. Analysis of the rating criteria with a few re-certified examples of office buildings have been made. Some measures to improve the re-certification have been suggested as follows; (1) it is strongly suggested to establish re-certification rating systems that is not yet made, (2) the new criteria of re-certification bring into focus on whether buildings maintain the environmental performances of the initial status certified, and (3) thus the effective duration of re-certification needs to re-set flexibly in a way to confirm to the initial environmental performances and maintenance conditions certified.
A Study on the Window Planning of School Building Using ECOTECT Simulation -By Dynamic Daylight Simulation Using Weather Data-
Choi, Woo Ram ; Han, Seok Jong ; Yun, Young Il ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 13, issue 6, 2013, Pages 77~82
DOI : 10.12813/kieae.2013.13.6.077
Light environment in the school building is one of the most important elements of the plan in order to improve student's ability to learn and the healthy growth. Thus, the window plan of the school building is a great addition to improve environmental-friendly performance through the daylight control. Daylight is highly beneficial for improving the indoor environmental quality and reducing building energy consumption, daylighting applications are scarcely considered, especially during the school building design process, because of lack of previous studies on the light environment of student and complex simulation process. Therefore, daylighting process were performed using ECOTECT, which has various advantage such as easy user interface and simple simulation processes. ECOTECT simulation were performed using weather data. As a result, ECOTECT simulation are performed for daylight autonomy and useful daylight illuminance. Using this data, Window planing is to propose and effective method in the early stages of design.
Comparative Evaluation of Surface Temperature among Rooftop Colors of Flat Roof Building Models : Towards Performance Evaluation of Cool Roof
Ryu, Taek Hyoung ; Um, Jung-Sup ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 13, issue 6, 2013, Pages 83~91
DOI : 10.12813/kieae.2013.13.6.083
Cool roofs are currently being emerged as one of important mechanism to save energy in relation to the building. It is specifically proposed that the changing trends of rooftop surface temperature in the flat roof building model could be used effectively as an indicator to reduced cooling load reduced by cool roof since it can present stable temperature record, that is not influenced according to the nearby physical as well as human variables. The temperature of cool roof in summer was lower around
, compared to the general roofs. Such a seasonal or daily comparative study for rooftop temperature in the building model will highlight that the cool roof efficiency could be calculated in much area-wide context according to rooftop color distribution in urban residential area. It is anticipated that this research output could be used as a valuable reference in identifying energy saving by cool roof since an objective monitoring has been proposed based on the rooftop temperature in the building model, fully quantitative performance of thermal infrared image.
Study on Thermal Comfort in according to Rate of Opening Windows of Flat-type Apartment
Kim, Sung Gil ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 13, issue 6, 2013, Pages 93~98
DOI : 10.12813/kieae.2013.13.6.093
The purpose of this study is to analyze the rate of opening windows that makes residents of a flat-type apartment feel pleasant in summer time. A few conditions were simulated on the wind flow that pass through internal and external spaces of the flat-type apartment, utilizing CFX program. The simulation was made with the criteria for the rates of opening window at 20%, 50%, 70% and 100%. When the rate of window opening was more 50%, the wind speed(more than 1m/s) that makes the residents feel pleasant was observed in more 60% of the internal space. When the all windows of the apartments were opened, the heat island phenomenon was almost disappeared and the pleasant wind flow was more evenly distributed in the external spaces. If residents of apartments recognize the result of this study and practice in agrement on opening windows in summer, it is expected to contribute to minimizing the energy consumption for air conditioning.
A Schematic Estimation Development of the CO
Emission in the Maintenance of Repair of Apartment Housing
Lee, KangHee ; Ahn, YoungHan ; Chae, ChangU ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 13, issue 6, 2013, Pages 99~104
DOI : 10.12813/kieae.2013.13.6.099
Many activities associated with the construction and habitation of buildings are connected with issues affecting the environment such as global warming, climate change, and consumption of valuable natural resources such as fossil fuels. To minimize negative impacts on the environment, the building industry worldwide has implemented green building practices in many countries. One of the main green strategies is to reduce greenhouse gas emissions caused by residential structures because they are most substantially connected with global warming and climate change. To determine the actual quantity of green house gas emissions caused by the construction and use of a building, it is important to analyze total greenhouse gas emissions over the life cycle of buildings including construction, operation & maintenance(O&M) and demolition stages. Many studies suggest methods to calculate greenhouse gas emissions at the construction stage, but the literature addressing greenhouse gas emissions at the O & M stage is limited. A year-long study was conducted utilizing the deterioration method to calculate greenhouse gas emissions at the O & M stage of building life for condominium types of buildings in South Korea. Through this research, it is possible to analyze greenhouse gas emissions of buildings at the O & M stage, the longest span of the life cycle, and eventually help to calculate total greenhouse gas emissions over the life cycle of the building.
A Study on the Design and Power Performance of a Variable Photovoltaic Lightshelf Mounted on the Windows
Chung, Yu-Gun ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 13, issue 6, 2013, Pages 105~111
DOI : 10.12813/kieae.2013.13.6.105
This study aims to suggest the PV lightshelf and to evaluate the power performance of the photovoltaic systems easily mounted on the windows. For the study, the suggested systems consist of two parts as fixed and movable PV modules. Also, tempered glass and polycarbonate are used on the surface protection materials for solar cells of PV lightshelf. By using polycarbonate, the weight of PV lightshelf is lighter about 20%. The field tests are performed for five days by using real size models. The voltage, current and electric powers are measured as basic performances of PV lightshelf. Also, the irradiation, brightness and module surface temperature are measured as outside conditions. As results, the power performance of tempered glass PV lightshelf shows about 11(%) higher thant that of polycarbonate PV lightshelf. And the power performance shows about 5(%) higher in a horizontal system. This results could be used to develop the effective PV lightshelf in next study.
Analyzing Weights of Certification Assessment Criteria on the G-SEED System Using the AHP Method -Focused on Certification Standards for Apartment Buildings-
Choi, Yeo Jin ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 13, issue 6, 2013, Pages 113~120
DOI : 10.12813/kieae.2013.13.6.113
Many countries over the world have taken many discussions and endeavors on environmental improvements of energy savings and greenhouse gas emission reductions for solving global climate change problems. In Korea, pre-considerations of environment-conscious factors in buildings have been taken to be critical with new constructions and renovation markets. In this situation, the Korean Green Building Certification(KGBC) system to induce the diffusion of sustainable buildings was introduced in 2002 and developed as an improved version of the G-SEED(Green Standard for Energy and Environmental Design) system in 2013 after major revisions. This research examines the importance of assessment criteria on apartment buildings to certify green buildings using the AHP(Analytic Hierarchy Process) method and suggests a new direction on certification assessment standards from the AHP result. In order to apply the AHP method, the survey via e-mail was conducted to design staffs in domestic architectural firms. As a result, assessment criteria such as ecological environment, indoor environment, and energy & environment pollution among 7 main ones proved to be important on assessing the G-SEED system for apartment buildings, while criteria such as land use & transportation, material & resource, water circulation management, maintenance management did relatively unimportant.
A Study of the MC design application of modular construction Mainly on the MC design applying of discontinuous module grids
Lee, Chang-Jae ; Lim, Seok-Ho ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 13, issue 6, 2013, Pages 121~128
DOI : 10.12813/kieae.2013.13.6.121
This study attempted to explore the MC design methods of modular construction using discontinuous double module grids and further, the design methods of walls. Modular construction is generally characterized with multiple units called modules with a module dimension of 3M(300mm) appearing in the form of double grids. The discontinuous double grids including correction values and gap values occurs inevitably in the modular construction where units are joined horizontally. Therefore, it is desirable to carry out the MC design taking into account these discontinuous double grids. In this study, the MC design was applied to the plane of wooden houses in modular construction, going through a process of setting the size of pillars and inside dimensions, of determining the dimension of discontinuous double grids that occur during the assembly of units, and of setting the dimension of outer walls in conjunction with the derived dimensions. The dimension of outer walls was applied differently depending on the range of regional use by analyzing the energy performance with the materials used. Consequently, the materials and components of factory-produced buildings can be used directly without processing, and the suitability of the outer wall design can be pre-determined by previewing the calculation of the cross-sectional configuration and heat transmission coefficients of outer walls in modular construction, allowing to be used as a decision-making tool of design.
Analysis of the Breakdown repair time of the Building Components in Public Rental-Housing Types
Lee, KangHee ; Ahn, YoungHan ; Chae, ChangU ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 13, issue 6, 2013, Pages 129~136
DOI : 10.12813/kieae.2013.13.6.129
The rental housing has played a key role to supply a decent living space for the low-income households. The owner of the rental housing should maintain and manage the building physical condition. On the other hand, rents should use the housing without any damage and pay a certain fare for the rent. A rent is classified into two types : private and public. The public rent is mainly to supply a living space for non-available home owner with a low-rent fare. Many of public rent are built and supplied by the public institution or local government. The supplier would take a responsibility to maintain the building and components, reflected by the maintenance plan and repair scope. In this paper, it aimed at providing the repair time in building components of the public rental housing such as lighting, electrical cable, paintings and etc.. The repair time is analyzed with three calculation methods which are solved by the probability and empirical approach. Results are as follows : First, the repair time of the electrical facilities are maintained with 11yr, 10yr and 7 in permanent, public and redevelopment rent respectively. The roof proof has a repair time with 14yr, 11yr and 8 in permanent, public and redevelopment rent housing respectively. Second, Most of the components has a prior length of the repair time in permanent, public and redevelopment rent sequently. There is a difference in repair time according to the rental types. Therefore, it would continue to research the difference in aspect of the living style, building physics, living consciousness and etc.
The Method to Select the Optimal Particle Size of Earth by Optimum Micro-filler
Hwang, Hey Zoo ; Kang, Nam Yi ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 13, issue 6, 2013, Pages 137~143
DOI : 10.12813/kieae.2013.13.6.137
The purpose of this study is to suggest optimum micro-filler experiment method to select the optimal particle size of earth for using in earth construction works and test this suggestion through compressive strength measurement. According to the results of selecting the method to choose the optimum micro-filler mixing of earth and sand, three-stage filling(plate tamping) showed relatively high results and so was estimated to be the proper filling method. According to the results of optimum micro-filler experiment of earth and sand by the maximal sizes of sand, between 80% and 90% showed the highest result values. The larger the maximum size of sand was, the lower the addition ratio of sand was in optimum micro-filler mixing. According to the results of compressive strength experiment by the particle sizes of earth and sand, 90% in the addition ratio of sand showed the highest results, and so tended to be similar to the results of unit volume weight experiment.