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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korea Institute of Ecological Architecture and Environment
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 14, Issue 6 - Dec 2014
Volume 14, Issue 5 - Oct 2014
Volume 14, Issue 4 - Aug 2014
Volume 14, Issue 3 - Jun 2014
Volume 14, Issue 2 - Apr 2014
Volume 14, Issue 1 - Feb 2014
Selecting the target year
Impact by Estimation Error of Hourly Horizontal Global Solar Radiation Models on Building Energy Performance Analysis on Building Energy Performance Analysis
Kim, Kee Han ; Oh, John Kie-Whan ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 14, issue 2, 2014, Pages 3~10
DOI : 10.12813/kieae.2014.14.2.003
Impact by estimation error of hourly horizontal global solar radiation in a weather file on building energy performance was investigated in this study. There are a number of weather parameters in a given weather file, such as dry-bulb, wet-bulb, dew-point temperatures; wind speed and direction; station pressure; and solar radiation. Most of them except for solar radiation can be easily obtained from weather stations located on the sites worldwide. However, most weather stations, also including the ones in South Korea, do not measure solar radiation because the measuring equipment for solar radiation is expensive and difficult to maintain. For this reason, many researchers have studied solar radiation estimation models and suggested to apply them to predict solar radiation for different weather stations in South Korea, where the solar radiation is not measured. However, only a few studies have been conducted to identify the impact caused by estimation errors of various solar radiation models on building energy performance analysis. Therefore, four different weather files using different horizontal global solar radiation data, one using measured global solar radiation, and the other three using estimated global solar radiation models, which are Cloud-cover Radiation Model (CRM), Zhang and Huang Model (ZHM), and Meteorological Radiation Model (MRM) were packed into TRY formatted weather files in this study. These were then used for office building energy simulations to compare their energy consumptions, and the results showed that there were differences in the energy consumptions due to these four different solar radiation data. Additionally, it was found that using hourly solar radiation from the estimation models, which had a similar hourly tendency with the hourly measured solar radiation, was the most important key for precise building energy simulation analysis rather than using the solar models that had the best of the monthly or yearly statistical indices.
Heating and Cooling Energy Conservation Effects by Green Roof Systems in Relation with Building Location, Usage and Number of Floors
Son, Hyeong Min ; Park, Dong Yoon ; Chang, Seong Ju ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 14, issue 2, 2014, Pages 11~19
DOI : 10.12813/kieae.2014.14.2.011
Building energy consumption takes up almost 25% of the total energy consumption. Therefore, diversified ways, such as improving wall and window insulation, have been considered to reduce building energy consumption. Recently, green roof system has been explored as an effective alternative for dealing with reducing heating and cooling energy, thermal island effect and improving water quality. However, recent studies regarding a green roof system have only focused on building energy reduction without considering the applied usage, location, and story of the green roof system. Therefore, this study pays attention to the heating and cooling energy in relation to the applied usage, location, and story of a green roof system for investigating its impact on energy reduction. The result of simulations show that the reduction in heating energy consumption is higher when applied to Cherwon-gun province which has a continental climate condition, compared to the city of Busan that is distinguished by its warm climate. Cooling energy saving turns out to be higher when the green roof system is applied to Busan in comparison with Cherwon. As for the applied usage or function of the building, residential space acquires the highest heating and cooling energy saving effect rather than commerce, educational or office space because of HVAC's running time based on usage. When it comes to the story of the green roof, both heating and cooling energy saving become the highest when the green roof is applied to single-storied buildings. The reason is that single story building is affected by the ground largely. Generally, the variations of heating energy consumption are larger than the cooling energy consumption. The outcome of the simulations, when a green roof system is applied, indicates that the energy consumption reduction rate is dynamically responding to the applied usage, location, and story. Therefore, these factors should be counted closely for maximizing the reduction of energy consumption through green roof systems.
State of the Art Review of Shading Effects on PV Module Efficiencies and Their Detection Algorithm Focusing on Maximum Power Point
Lee, Duk Hwan ; Lee, Kwang Ho ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 14, issue 2, 2014, Pages 21~28
DOI : 10.12813/kieae.2014.14.2.021
This paper provides the up to date review of the shading effects on PV module performance and the associated detection algorithm related to the maximum power point tracking. It includes the brief explanations of the MMP variations due to the shading occurrence on the PV modules. Review of experimental and simulation studies highlighting the significant impacts of shading on PV efficiencies were presented. The literature indicates that even the partial shading of a single cell can greatly drop the entire module voltage and power efficiency. The MMP tracking approaches were also reviewed in this study. Both conventional and advanced soft computing methods such as ANN, FLC and EA were described for the proper tracking of MMP under shaded conditions. This paper would be the basic source and the comprehensive information associated with the shading effects and relevant MPP tracking technique.
Characteristics Analysis of the Heat Exchange Rate according to Soil Temperature and Grout Material using Numerical Simulation
Oh, Jin Hwan ; Nam, Yu Jin ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 14, issue 2, 2014, Pages 29~36
DOI : 10.12813/kieae.2014.14.2.029
The ground source heat pump (GSHP) system has attracted much of attention, because of its stability of heat production and the high efficiency of the system. Performance of the heat exchanger is dependent on the soil temperature, the ground thermal conductivity, the operation schedule, the pipe placement and the design temperature. However, in spite of the many variables of these systems, there have been few research on the effect of the systems on system performance. In this study, analysis of the heat exchange rate according to soil temperature and grout material was conducted by numerical simulation. Furthermore, the heat distribution around the ground heat exchanger was presented on the different conditions of grout and underground temperature by the simulation.
Methods to Reduce Greenhouse Gas for University Buildings to Make a Low-Carbon Green Campus - With Case Study on the 'E' University -
Song, Su Min ; Peom, Sung Woo ; Park, Hyo Soon ; Song, Kyoo Dong ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 14, issue 2, 2014, Pages 37~46
DOI : 10.12813/kieae.2014.14.2.037
University buildings are energy-guzzling facility that consume more than 10,000TOE within a campus annually. Even the consumption is on an upswing trend. Behind such high consumption are there cheap power rates for education facility, lack of high-efficiency equipment and ever-increasing use of various information equipment. Being keenly aware that greenhouse gas emission increases due to such rise of energy consumption, the present study carried out a case study. In the case study, the study chose the buildings of E university from top 10 universities that consume energy most in Seoul and examined the current status of their energy consumption and greenhouse gas emission. And then it set the reduction target of greenhouse gas by year. Putting aside a middle and long-termed strategy for later endeavor, it first established the 1st year's implementation plan (2014) for energy saving and greenhouse gas reduction with limited budget and according to greenhouse gas reduction target. The plan is specified as follows. Targets for energy saving are mainly divided into two sectors: machine equipment and electric equipment. 7 ideas were proposed. Three ideas to improve machine equipment are to replace with high-efficiency boilers and chillers and to adjust the position of the cooling tower. By doing so, it was estimated that energy could be saved by 176.34TOE in total and greenhouse gas could be reduced by 370.771t
-eq. Four ideas to improve electric equipment include the replacement with LED lights, LED emergency lights and high-efficiency motors and the installation of motion sensors. It was calculated that such replacement could conserve 1,076.08TOE (electric energy) and reduce 2,181.420t
-eq (greenhouse gas).
Analysis of Traditional Urban Morphology of Korean Contemporary City and Institutional Measures for Preservation
Choi, Min-Ah ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 14, issue 2, 2014, Pages 47~59
DOI : 10.12813/kieae.2014.14.2.047
In the present circumstance of exploring measures for sustainable development, finding and using planning elements of historical city is getting important as a urban planning tool. Thus this study aims to examine the characters of Korean traditional urban form through three periods, Josun, modern and contemporary eras. Three urban centers representing different characteristics were selected; historical center based on 14th century's traditional planning, modern period urban center, which is related with development of railway, and contemporary urban center of late 20th century. Analyse of urban tissue, composed with form and scale of street network, blocks and plots, shows that each urban center of Seoul has certain common attributes in terms of morphology in spite of the difference of formation and development period. However this historical urban forms are rarely applicated in the current urban planning, such as new-town planning or district unit plan. This shows the necessity of modification of urban regulation for preserving the identity of our city and pursuing sustainable development.
The Direction for a Sustainable Residential Environment Plan based on Resident Testimonies about the Use of the 'Streets in the Sky' of the Park Hill Flats in the United Kingdom
Park, Joon Young ; Park, Woo Jang ; Jeong, Sang Kyu ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 14, issue 2, 2014, Pages 61~68
DOI : 10.12813/kieae.2014.14.2.061
This study aims at proposing a sound and sustainable development direction of an residential environment by analyzing testimonies of residents who lived in Park Hill flats or their surround at Sheffield City in the United Kingdom. The results are obtained through the analysis on a residential environment of Park Hill flats, opinions of the residents on its refurbishment, and effects of the building on the residential environment. The block of Park Hill flats was a community with a strong unity and solidarity, but that became increasingly a slum by the decline of the physical and social environment since the 1980s. In particular, it was identified that the deterioration of the social environment than that of the physical environment was a major cause of the decline. Nevertheless, it was found that "streets in the sky", the concept applied in Park Hill, played a key role in activating the community in the apartment complex. However, that street system in the complex has caused noise, poor security, and invasion of privacy. If such problems are solved, the streets in the sky will be a meaningful alternative for community activation and then ensuring sustainability in Korean residential environments that lost the function of the community.
Establishment of the Repair Cycle of the Components of the Apartment Housing
Lee, KangHee ; Ahn, YongHan ; Chae, Chang-U ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 14, issue 2, 2014, Pages 69~75
DOI : 10.12813/kieae.2014.14.2.069
Building has been deteriorated over the year after construction. The deterioration has caused to hinder the living condition and to decrease the building value. Thus, it is important to prevent or delay the building deterioration as well as to proceed the maintenance. The long-term repair program for the apartment in Korea plays a key role to make the repair plan after construction and to assure the function decent. This is not flexible to the change of the material and component because the program is provided by the Korean-law. Many items are omitted in the long-term program so that the maintenance experts face many difficulties to make a repair plan. In this paper, it aimed at providing the repair cycle and repair ratio according to the repair scope, which are not provided in the current program. This study shows that the repair ratio is presented with quartile range in 25%, 50%, 75% and 100%. This has an advantage to take an overall look in repair items. Under this presentation of the repair ratio, each item has a unique repair value. Second, the repair scope is divided into partly repair, fully repair, partly alteration and fully alteration. If a fully repair has a repair ratio close to 100%, it would mean that a fully repair is a fully alteration. Third, the short repair cycle means that it requires to maintain the function or performance of the components in a short term.
The Energy Analysis and Evaluation of the NEO-Hanok
Han, Sang Hee ; Park, So Yeon ; Park, Hyo Soon ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 14, issue 2, 2014, Pages 77~86
DOI : 10.12813/kieae.2014.14.2.077
Plenty of efforts have been made in the traditional architecture of Korea, Hanok, to develop various elements such as restoration, the introduction of new design, and energy-saving while systemic setups on standard and evaluation of eco-friendly energy design of Hanok are lacking. If we evaluate energy performance based on current standards without reflecting unique features of Hanok on the system, Hanok will be included in the very low grade among the residential buildings being included in the approval system of eco-friendly architecture or the unique features will be modified and the burden of increased construction cost. Therefore, this study is to prepare the basic reference for the introductory evaluation system by evaluating the energy performance level of NEO-Hanok based on the current building energy rating system. The result for NEO-Hanok based on the building energy rating system, we propose the rating standard with scorecard elements of NEO-Hanok by considering the necessity of identity and standard for NEO-Hanok. As a result of infiltration test to check the tightness, it was measured as 10.81 times/h (50 ACH). As we switch from the main insulation for the wall from the glass wool 64k(0.035W/mk) to rigid polyurethane foam first class first unit (0.024W/mk), the result was slightly increased from the first demand quantity rating yield
. Current certificate system is focused more on the heating load than the cooling load, it is disadvantageous for Hanok, which has less cooling energy consumption in summer. The rating result from the target building study is level 4.
Reduction Potential Calculation through the Urban Park Construction
Lee, Eun Yeob ; Kang, Myung Soo ; Kim, Jong Kon ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 14, issue 2, 2014, Pages 87~98
DOI : 10.12813/kieae.2014.14.2.087
This study is to identify quantitatively the function of carbon dioxide emissions reduction due to temperature and energy reduction according to direct carbon dioxide storage, shade provision, and evaportanspiration of urban park. According to the result of study, landscape tree indicated high carbon dioxide storage effect compare to bush, in which broadleaf tree indicated higher storage function than coniferous tree. It is believed to be the storage of carbon dioxide can be increased by increasing the composition rate of forest plants in the urban park. According to the direct estimation result of carbon dioxide storage in terms of example area, storage of carbon dioxide is estimated to be "seoul a zone"
, "anyang b zone"
, "daejeon c zone"
, "kwangju d zone"
. The carbon dioxide storage per unit area estimated to be "seoul a zone"
, "anyang b zone"
, "daejeon c zone"
, "kwangju d zone"
. The result of indirect carbon dioxide reduction effect estimated to be "seoul a zone"
, "anyang b zone"
, "daejeon c zone"
, "kwangju d zone"
. Carbon dioxide reduction potential amount through the urban park was increased to 1.6 times to 1.8 times when calculated to the indirect effect.