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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korea Institute of Ecological Architecture and Environment
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 14, Issue 6 - Dec 2014
Volume 14, Issue 5 - Oct 2014
Volume 14, Issue 4 - Aug 2014
Volume 14, Issue 3 - Jun 2014
Volume 14, Issue 2 - Apr 2014
Volume 14, Issue 1 - Feb 2014
Selecting the target year
A Potential Value of Noise Control in Construction Sites for Real Estate Developers
Zheng, Guo ; Kim, Youngchul ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 14, issue 4, 2014, Pages 5~10
DOI : 10.12813/kieae.2014.14.4.005
Since construction work is an indispensable part of daily lives, complaints of noise are unavoidable. Noise control in construction sites is normally known as a regulation by a government and self-motivated noise controls rarely occur. In this paper, a marketing strategy is proposed to provide a potential value of noise control for real estate developer. First, people`s perception to construction noise was examined in means of collecting and analyzing media reports between 2005 to 2011. Then decibel test was done in order to test noise generated by different devices in a construction site in various distances. According to the theory of core competency, a conceptual model was raised to illustrate profit and loss situation of the real estate developers in the case they invest more in noise control. The construction noise is discussed that it will ruin people`s perception to the company`s brand image and reputation. Also, the investment in the creation of silent site is discussed that it will not only bring benefit to the brand image work but also have value of profit in the market.
Assessment Items of Outdoor Environment through Analysis of SITES - Focused on the Comparison with G-SEED and LEED -
Lee, Hyung-Sook ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 14, issue 4, 2014, Pages 11~18
DOI : 10.12813/kieae.2014.14.4.011
Although assessing outdoor environment and green space in terms of sustainability and environmental performance is perceived as an important issue, most existing green building certification systems are more focused on buildings and indoor environment. Recently, the Sustainable Site Initiatives (SITES) has been developed by American Society of Landscape Architecture in order to evaluate sustainability of site development and outdoor environment. Separate from LEED, the SITES are increasingly receiving attentions as a reliable certification system in the United States. As a preliminary study to develop the items of outdoor environmental assessment, the present study is purposed to analyze the assessment items, grading system and applicability of SITES for better understanding on the system. Also it was compared to existing green building certification criteria, including G-SEED, LEED-NC, and LEED-ND in order to investigate similarities and discrepancies. The results would provide insights and basic data to improve assessment items for outdoor environment of G-SEED.
Improvement Directions for the G-SEED System from the Resident`s Perspective - Focused on Certification Assessment Criteria for Apartment Buildings -
Choi, Yeo Jin ; Lhee, Sang Choon ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 14, issue 4, 2014, Pages 19~26
DOI : 10.12813/kieae.2014.14.4.019
The building section is providing immediate causes for global climate change problems since it takes about 50% of carbon emission, 20~50% of waste discharge, 33% of energy consumption, 40% of resource use, and 17% of water consumption. So, many countries over the world have developed and implemented green building certification systems to assess sustainable performances of buildings since the early 1990s. In korea, the green building certification system to induce the diffusion of sustainable buildings was first introduced in 2002 and developed as an improved version of the G-SEED(Green Standard for Energy and Environmental Design) system in 2013 after major revisions of related legislations. This research conducts a survey targeting residents on an apartment building that was certified as green building and examines the importance of assessment criteria on apartment buildings to certify green buildings using the Analytic Hierarchy Process(AHP) method. And it proposes a new direction on certification assessment standards from the resident`s prospective. As a result, assessment criteria such as indoor environment, ecological environment, energy & environment pollution, and maintenance management among 7 main ones turned out important on assessing the G-SEED system for apartment buildings, while criteria such as material & resource, water circulation management, and land use & transportation did relatively unimportant.
Space Proposed in Accordance with the Usage Patterns and Analysis of the Charging Station Environment of Electric Vehicles
Hwang, Soon-Min ; Kim, Dong-Chan ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 14, issue 4, 2014, Pages 27~33
DOI : 10.12813/kieae.2014.14.4.027
This study analyzed the electric vehicle recharging station status with recharging time limitation due to long waiting time, and figured out the user status by user interviews. And then this study verified the validity of hypothesis in terms of environmental design perspective and suggested layout of recharging station model. 21 recharging stations in Korea and station operation cases of 7 countries were examined. Except for the USA, the reality of electric vehicle recharging station today is the 1st proving stage focusing on the infrastructure construction of electric vehicle recharging station. It focuses on performance of recharging facility, use efficiency and operation environment of electric vehicle. About the effective waiting time of the user to use it should be studied. The current conditions of recharging station are as follows: Lack of independent recharging space, lack of facility that reduces external effect of recharging space, and lack of lounge for users during the waiting time. These three are essential factors constructing a suggesting model after basic layout, which needs proper measurement on the long recharging time and long waiting time. The essential factors are applied to electric vehicle recharging station layout so that users might use `digital refresh" i.e. lounge and information contents service during the waiting time which provides convenience of recharging and emotional space with users. Such upgrade recharging station environmental model might resolve the burden of long recharging time which may contribute to the popularization of electric vehicles.
An Effective Algorithm for Transmitted Solar Radiation Calculation through Window Glazing on a Clear Day
Oh, John Kie-Whan ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 14, issue 4, 2014, Pages 35~45
DOI : 10.12813/kieae.2014.14.4.035
The main objective of this study is to provide an effective algorithm of the transmitted solar radiation calculation through window glazing on a clear day. This algorithm would be used in developing a computer program for fenestration system analysis and shading device design. Various simulation methods have been evaluated to figure out the most accurate and effective procedure in estimation of transmitted solar radiation on a tilted surface on a clear day. Characteristics of simulated results of each step have been scrutinized by comparing them with measured results of the site as well as results from other simulation programs. Generally, the Duffie & Beckman`s solar calculation method introducing the HDKR anisotropic model provided the most reliable simulation results. The DOE-2 program usually provided over-estimated simulation results. The estimation of extraterrestrial solar radiation and beam normal radiation were conducted pretty accurately. However, the solar radiation either on horizontal surface or on tilted surface involves complicated factors in estimation. Even though the estimation results were close to the real measured data during summer when solar intensity is getting higher, the estimation provided more error when solar intensities were getting weaker. The convex polygon clipping algorithm with homogeneous coordinates was fastest model in calculation of sunlight to shaded area ratio. It could not be applied because of its shape limitation.
Energy Performance and Improvement in University Library - Concentrated on `K`University Library located in Seojong City -
Roh, Ji Woong ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 14, issue 4, 2014, Pages 47~52
DOI : 10.12813/kieae.2014.14.4.047
The problem of energy consumption is more serious in university buildings than primary, middle and high school buildings. Because university buildings have generally heating and cooling systems, and various incidental facilities. In university, the library is one of the building that many people use and the most energy is spent. So, investigation on energy saving is very important and urgent. This study aims finally to present the guideline for low-energy design of University library by aiding a designer to select best solution in the side of energy-saving. In this paper, composition of space, utilization schedule and performance of construction materials are grasped, some primary factors that effect to energy saving are analyzed by energy simulation. The result of this study is as follows; First, the subject library has more cooling load than heating load because of cooling load generated during middle season. Second, green roofs is the most effective to heating load saving, but not to cooling energy. Third, outdoor air cooling is the most effective to cooling energy saving among the investigated strategies included in this study.
Environmental-Friendly Amendment of the Non-Resident Supervision Systems for the Private Small Buildings
Kim, Sang Chul ; Moon, Jin Woo ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 14, issue 4, 2014, Pages 53~60
DOI : 10.12813/kieae.2014.14.4.053
Current supervision systems have been changed by the demands of social, physical and institutional environment, and have a role of preventing safety accident and in improving the construct ability through the analysis of issues in quality, time, construction, safety, and environmental management. The public sector "Construction Technology Management Act", a general and private sector "Building Act" and "Certified Architects Act", the residential building "Housing Act" are dealt with supervision systems, respectively, but private small building construction is excluded from the discussion of the main targets because of their relatively small scale and the lack of social interests, Thus, this study focused on the small buildings for improving the non-resident supervision systems. Survey results revealed that the non-resident supervisor needs to be selected not by clients but by officers in order to obtain its publicity. Based on the proper selection and execution of the supervision system suggested in this study, the potential effects can be summarized as 1) recovering of publicity, 2) correcting abnormal practice, and 3) realizing design intention for increasing the public value of buildings. In addition, findings in this study will be effective to amend current non-resident supervision systems for improving the quality of buildings and communities as well as for adopting the environmental-friendly energy-efficient smart building technologies.
Comparison of the Building Envelope Design Elements between Green Building Design Guidelines and Green Building Certification Criteria - Focus on public institution relocation projects -
Kim, So-Young ; Hwang, Sung-Pil ; Oh, Joon-Gul ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 14, issue 4, 2014, Pages 61~68
DOI : 10.12813/kieae.2014.14.4.061
Due to rapid climate changing and the need for energy conservation, environment friendly initiatives have emerged, and regulations to support establishment of green structures in construction have been legislated and enacted. In this study, the supporting of green build method act for rapid climate change and energy conservation. Using green build method, protecting surrounding ecosystem and developing green building continuously, I suggest alternative for protection of the environment. Identifies Envelope Design Elements among various construction Green Building Design Guidelines. Green buildings that we extract the Green Building envelope design from Design Guideline, select the object building through the green buildings examples of public institution relocation projects. Since then analyzes the planned schematic design and Green Envelope Design Elements and Green Building Certification(G-SEED). So, that future directions for planning correlation of Green Building and Design Guidelines about Green Design Elements Can be presented.
Landscape Analysis on simulation studies are used to deliberation landscape - Focuse on the Apartment Gyeonggi-do landscape simulation analysis -
Lee, Im Jung ; Choi, Joo Young ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 14, issue 4, 2014, Pages 69~79
DOI : 10.12813/kieae.2014.14.4.069
Adverse effects resulting from the development of the environment and to minimize damage to the natural environment and the desire for pleasant scenery and the sense of raising more awareness about May 17, 2007 in accordance with the scenery method is established by each municipality landscape management and landscape planning committee Configure the district planning officer for development projects, including enhancing deliberation scenery method 7 February 2014 and revised in urban areas is more than
urban planning landscape projects are all considered by a committee mandated to landscape receive a defined landscape plan for the development was enhanced. Gyeonggi Province in 2007 after the enactment of the scenery method for district planning and landscape planning by strengthening the district planning consideration during deliberations landscape simulation by selecting the view that the proposed mandatory hearing officer from the Joint Committee on Urban construction was done. In this study, Gyeonggi-do district planning business point of view the characteristics of the landscape planning and landscape planning of the center of analysis and as a basis for the evaluation presented.
The comparison of hospital certification between G-SEED and foreign certification criteria
Wang, Jeong Joon ; Kim, Jung Hyun ; Kim, Byung Seon ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 14, issue 4, 2014, Pages 81~89
DOI : 10.12813/kieae.2014.14.4.081
This research introduces necessity to derive new certification criteria for the hospital considering healing environmental factors in G-SEED. The method of research is reference study to discuss concept of healing environment factors and case study to find ways for problem and improvement by comparison of G-SEED with foreign certification system. And the research conclusion is such as follows. First, it is necessary to develop certification criteria of the hospital for G-SEED which is lack of healing environmental assessment factors unlike foreign certification system. Second, The hospitals are certified by criteria of The Other Buildings in G-SEED which dose not take into account the characteristics of the hospital. Especially hospital waste and use of enormous water are the important factors required, which is already evaluated in foreign certification criteria.
The Distortion of Road Distance Perception by the Pattern of Object Distribution - Focused on the Distance Estimation in the Campus by Students -
Seo, Kyung Wook ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 14, issue 4, 2014, Pages 91~96
DOI : 10.12813/kieae.2014.14.4.091
The behavior of walking involves our action of seeing things. It is the intention of this research that the cognitive process of perceiving things along the path can affect the way we sense the length of the journey. The theory generally accepted in this line of thought is the `feature accumulation theory`. It assumes that if the journey includes many objects or memorable features, then our memory recalls that journey much farther than it really was. This study set up a real-life experiment by asking university students about their mental memory of the two different routes in the campus. One is a longer path that has not much to look at except trees and the other a shorter path yet with many buildings, sign boards and street furnitures. The subjects processed their mental image in the brain based on their experience. They showed a strong tendency that the path with more features were remembered longer while that with less features shorter. More interestingly, it was found that as their experience increases, they become more accurate about the exact length of the questioned paths. The result corroborates the theory that human perception of space is based on the topological understanding of surroundings rather than geometric understanding.
The Factors of Choice of Residences of Small Household - Focused on Case of Seoul -
Kim, Jin-Soo ; Kim, Jin-Mo ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 14, issue 4, 2014, Pages 97~102
DOI : 10.12813/kieae.2014.14.4.097
This study has an intention of investigating residential present condition of small households, and analysing the factors which have an influence on the choice of residence as a first step of the efficient plan of group residential facility providing a variety of residential present condition. The study defines the meaning of small households on the basis of statistical data that were presented at the National Statistical Office in order to analyse the factors influencing the choice of residence and investigate residential present condition. And the analysis range target is from 20 to 30 aged groups such as university students, social rookie year, and married couples without children. According to the result of analysing residential actual conditions of small households, The choice of residence has various factors. But the study supposes that it reflects three elements of workplace, University and housing price in the choice of residence. So the study investigated the related data.
Evaluation on Usability of Space in Leed-Certified Office Building
Kang, Inho ; Park, Jung-A ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 14, issue 4, 2014, Pages 103~109
DOI : 10.12813/kieae.2014.14.4.103
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the usability and satisfaction of space to which positive elements in Leed-Certified Office Building are applied. The study was conducted using the three-step approach. The first step was to understand the building and identify the issues which included the analysis of floor plans, documentations, and the interview with designers and facility managers. The second step was FGI(Focus Group Interviews), which were conducted with mixed employees of rank and location of workplace. Finally, a web-based questionnaire survey was conducted on the 319 executives and employees. Methods of analysis used were quantitative analysis of questionnaire, qualitative analysis of open ended free-answer, and FGI in the second step. Satisfaction, preference, and comfort level were studied using cross tab, co-relation, ANOVA for quantitative analysis. The results of this study are as follows: First, lobby and atrium are representative elements that are functioning positively and it is recognized as sustainable spaces being utilized by users. Second, there are several dead spaces like green shaft, roof garden and sunken space although they can contribute to Leed-certification. Third, there are some problematic spaces such as the O.A. room and the urinals even though they contribute to the Leed-certification.
An application to HVAC control system based on occupants` thermal response in office buildings
Han, Hyesim ; Kim, Jonghun ; Jeong, Hakgeun ; Jang, Cheol-Yong ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 14, issue 4, 2014, Pages 111~117
DOI : 10.12813/kieae.2014.14.4.111
In South Korea, the government has recently enforced regulations associated with buildings. Temperature restriction in indoor environment is one of the common ways of energy reduction in order not to dissipate heating and cooling energy; however the people who are in restricted temperature feels uncomfortable. Furthermore, occupants cannot feel the same thermal sensation even they are in the same place. For the reason, occupants should express their thermal sensation and HVAC system should be able to apply their demand. It is proved by an adaptive principle. The adaptive model means that people react in ways which tend to restore their comfort, when change occurs such as to produce discomfort. In order to design HVAC control strategies based on adaptive model, we designated an existing office building as a reference building to gather data from actual field. Furthermore, we gathered occupants` thermal sensation and clothing insulation in real-time. We filtered the data with Kalman`s filter method. The data was reasonable when there is an alarm messages for asking questionnaire. The response ratio were different in occupants` thermal condition. In conclusion, the filtered occupants` thermal sensation can be used as a real time HVAC control and input value of HVAC control.
Effects of Pipe Network Materials and Distance on Unused Energy Source System Performance for Large-scale Horticulture Facilities
Lee, Jae-Ho ; Yoon, Yeo-Beom ; Hyun, In-Tak ; Lee, Kwang Ho ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 14, issue 4, 2014, Pages 119~125
DOI : 10.12813/kieae.2014.14.4.119
This study investigated the effects of pipe network materials and distance on system performance utilizing unused energy sources in large-scale horticulture facility. For this, the modeling was performed with a 100 m long and 100 m wide rectangular shaped glass house having an area of 1ha (
) using EnergyPlus software. The heat sources considered were air source, geothermal heat, power plant waste heat, sea water heat, and river water. The temperature variation of the fluid with regard to pipe material and distance from the heat source and the resultant heat pump electricity consumptions were calculated. It turned out that the fluid temperature reaching the heat pump increased as the distance from the heat source increased in case of sea water and river water, which have higher temperatures than the surrounding soil, improving the heat pump efficiency. It was vice versa in case of the power plant waste heat. In addition, pipe material of PVC showed the smallest effect on the system performance variation due to the lowest thermal conductivity, compared to PB and HDPE.
Feasibility study of ground source heat pump system according to the local climate condition
Nam, Yujin ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 14, issue 4, 2014, Pages 127~131
DOI : 10.12813/kieae.2014.14.4.127
The ground source heat pump (GSHP) system is a kind of the temperature differential energy system using relatively stable underground temperature as heat source of space heating and cooling. This system can achieve higher performance of system than it of conventional air source heat pump systems. However, its superiority of the system performance is different according to installation location or local climate, because the system performance depends on the underground condition which is decided by annual average air temperature. In this study, in order to estimate the feasibility of the ground source heat pump system according to the local climate, numerical simulation was conducted using the ground heat transfer model and the surface heat balance model. The case study was conducted in the condition of Seoul, Daejeon, and Busan, In the result, the heat exchange rate of Busan was 34.33 W/m as the largest in heating season and it of Seoul was 40.61 W/m as the largest in cooling.
(An) experimental study on the development of lightweight concrete using the PCM
Lim, Myung Kwan ; Enkhbold, Odontuya ; Kim, Young Ho ; Choi, Dong Uk ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 14, issue 4, 2014, Pages 133~138
DOI : 10.12813/kieae.2014.14.4.133
The present study was carried out to assess the basic material properties and thermal behavior of light-weight foamed concrete panel mixed with PCM (Phase Changing Material). To do so, this study fabricated light-weight foamed concrete (1.0kg/m3) in pre-foaming method and mixed it with PCM micro capsule of 1-dodecanol and melamine to examine its physical and thermal properties. The results confirmed strength reinforcement effect by proper replacement ratio of fly-ash, which is an industrial by-product, and PCM. In addition, it found out that PCM-mixed light-weight foamed concrete had time delay and temperature reduction effect within the range of PCM phase transition according to the rise of outdoor temperature. It was also observed that the insulation performance of PCM-mixed light-weight foamed concrete was more dependent upon thickness than PCM replacement ratio.