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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korea Institute of Ecological Architecture and Environment
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 14, Issue 6 - Dec 2014
Volume 14, Issue 5 - Oct 2014
Volume 14, Issue 4 - Aug 2014
Volume 14, Issue 3 - Jun 2014
Volume 14, Issue 2 - Apr 2014
Volume 14, Issue 1 - Feb 2014
Selecting the target year
Establishment of Service Life of Educational Facilities - Focused on the rooftop waterproofing and floor finishing -
Lee, KangHee ; Chae, ChangU ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 14, issue 5, 2014, Pages 5~12
DOI : 10.12813/kieae.2014.14.5.005
Building has been deteriorated gradually owing to geographic, physical complex and other factors. School living condition has a key role to improve the learning ability, life attitude and qualifications to adopt to social life. Therefore, it is important for school environment to keep the living condition. Repair time and scope of school facilities are required to maintain the function and performance to plan the long term repair. But there are little information about the school maintenance such as repair time and function. In this paper, it aimed at providing the service life to suggest the repair time and scope in the roof-proofing and floor finishing which used the three estimation method in probabilistic approach. The service life has a key role to decide the repair time and to make the plan for the repair maintenance. Results of this study are as follows ; First, the 1st repair time were taken through three methods in probabilistic and deterministic functions to eliminate the estimation bias. Second, the service life is suggested 36 years of an elementary school, 34 years of a middle school and 41 years of a high school. Third, the service life of a floor finishing is 43 years of an elementary, 39 years of a middle school and 41 years of a high school. The above study could not include the detailed information about the materials and repair works. Therefore it needs a further study to reflect the detailed information and to make a repair strategy.
Investigation of Lighting Conditions and Visitors' Satisfaction in Exhibition Spaces of Museums in Korea - Focused on the 4 Cases of the Seoul Museum, the Mimesis Art Museum, the Seoul Museum of Art in Nowon and the National Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art in Gwacheon -
Kim, Chang-Sung ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 14, issue 5, 2014, Pages 13~20
DOI : 10.12813/kieae.2014.14.5.013
Museums have developed various needs of the visitors and exhibits over the past two centuries. Currently, they have multiple functions of display, conservation, research and public education about artworks and cultural events. Therefore, exhibits should be displayed in various ways so that visitors can feel inter-relations with exhibits. The exhibition areas of museums should be provided with the stable lighting environment for visitors and artworks. For the study, I selected four museums, which were the Seoul Museum, the Mimesis Art Museum, the Seoul Museum of Art in Nowon and the National Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art in Gwacheon, and I measured illumination levels of the selected Museums, and then, I surveyed the visitors' responses on the lighting conditions of them. According to the results, the measurements of the illumination levels in the four museums showed that the illumination levels of them were effectively controlled to display the art works. However, the illuminance levels at some areas that drew the natural light as lighting source were much higher than recommended illumination values for museum. In the mean time, the answers of questionnaires showed that the natural light were so effective to light the museums although the natural light provided some areas with high illumination levels.
Estimate of Additional Construction Cost as Certifying G-SEED of Office Building in Korea
Kim, Jea-Moon ; Shin, Sung-Joon ; Hur, In ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 14, issue 5, 2014, Pages 21~28
DOI : 10.12813/kieae.2014.14.5.021
To improve environmental problem as globally climate changes, domestic and foreign government have been trying to reduce green gas emitted by all industries. With making the green building certification system that assess the substantiality and energy performance of building, a governments have been using by a way for reducing green gas emitted in building industry. G-SEED(Green Standard for Energy & Environmental Design) developed in Korea have been reinforcing, and a number of projects certifying the G-SEED have been increasing continuously. As a demand of G-SEED certification is rising, a question on the additional cost data as certifying G-SEED is rising. It is because additional cost as getting the certification is important fact for G-SEED level decision and whether getting the certification or not. Therefore, this study analyzed additional construction cost as certifying G-SEED through performance improvement and design change of general office building not to get G-SEED. In conclusion, an additional construction cost ratio of G-SEED projects to the reference building is drawn as certified level; +0.26%, silver level; +2.29%, gold level; +3.89%, and platinum level; +5.48%.
The Consciousness Research for Han-Ok Construction of Community Facilities in an Apartment Housing
Baek, Seung-Kwan ; Kim, Young-Hoon ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 14, issue 5, 2014, Pages 29~38
DOI : 10.12813/kieae.2014.14.5.029
The Purpose of this study is to analyze the investigation of consumer's consciousness for Han-Ok construction of community facilities in an apartment housing. The contents of this study were largely composed of two parts; First was about concept and type of 'New Han-Ok type' public building. Second was about consciousness for Han-Ok construction of community facilities in an apartment housing. The result to this study is as following: 1) the concept of 'New Han-Ok type' public building should not only be defined in terms of cultural property or Han-Ok experience facilities but daily life and practical community. 2) the consciousness for Han-Ok construction of community facilities in an apartment housing was recognized affirmatively more than 75.9%. 3) the strengths of 'New Han-Ok type' public building was as following: daycare centers & small libraries & management office-use of eco materials, senior centers-traditional maintenance, community center-ease of daylight and ventilation. 4) Weaknesses of 'New Han-Ok type' public building was as following: daycare centers-security problem, senior centers-inconvenience of space, community facilities-inconvenience of facilities, small libraries-lack of storage space, management office-inconvenience of moving line. The conscious research for 'New Han-Ok type' public building should succeed for vitalizing for Han-Ok.
A Survey on the Urban Residents' Recognition of Eco-friendly Outdoor Playground - Focused on Apartment House Playground Users in Seoul·Incheon·Gyeonggi-
Kim, Ja Kyung ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 14, issue 5, 2014, Pages 39~48
DOI : 10.12813/kieae.2014.14.5.039
Urban outdoor playground serves as the space to promote the physical, cognitive, social, creative, emotional and linguistic development of children and the education center to stimulate the imagination and curiosity of them. It is also the place to be used as a basic park for urban residents and the local community space for associating with people of various levels. However, this playground as a banal space did not function properly before now. In 21st century, urban playground requires change and its various changes have been attempted. In particular, there is a need for the change into eco-friendly playground to provide children's health and urban healthy environment. Therefore, it requires much effort to construct and vitalize the eco-friendly playground adequate for domestic circumstances in Korea. This study derived the preferred planning items among eco-friendly playground planning elements focused on the people to use it and provided the data for the construction of local friendly, eco-friendly outdoor playground. For this purpose, we visited the playground of the apartment house built in 10 years with more than 300 households and surveyed 200 adults and investigated the residents' utilization and satisfaction on the current playground and the recognition and preference for eco-friendly playground.
Assessment of the Distribution of the Street Trees of Suwon City for Biodiversity
Choi, Sun A ; Kim, Shin Won ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 14, issue 5, 2014, Pages 49~57
DOI : 10.12813/kieae.2014.14.5.049
This research is about analysis and evaluation of biodiversity of Suwon's street tree, then understanding the problem of it and finally finding a solution. Because the increasing damage of the street trees by disease and insects, insecticide is applied to prevent further damage. However, this insecticide is found to be cancer genic and causing hygienic threat to civilians. Therefore, by gathering Suwon's internal statistics about Suwon's street tree, the trees are divided into three categories, tall evergreen trees, deciduous trees, shrubs following Frank's 30-20-10 theory(1990). Also, according to species diversity index, the problem of disease and insect is researched in terms of biodiversity, and here we suggests solutions to counter such problems. According to the results, the trees planted in Suwon was found to be 31 families, 43 genus and 58 species. The most used kinds, almost 85% of the whole species, are found to be Rhododendron indicum (L.) Sweet, Buxus koreana Nakai ex Chung & al, Euonymus japonicus Thunb, Ligustrum obtusifolium Siebold & Zucc. Besides these, the rest of 15% of street trees had little variety. Therefore, it is necessary to plant tree variously and equally in terms of biodiversity. If this Frank's 10-20-30 solution is not enough to completely solve coulure problem, then further research will be done on soil properties, and local features for improvement of Suwon street tress.
Analysis of Energy Consumption Characteristics of Education Facilities in Korea
Lee, Jae-Ho ; Hyun, In-Tak ; Yoon, Yeo-Beom ; Lee, Kwang Ho ; Chin, Kyung Il ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 14, issue 5, 2014, Pages 59~65
DOI : 10.12813/kieae.2014.14.5.059
Nowadays, reduction of energy use in buildings is a big issue, especially in public buildings like schools. The building structure is very simple in that, the room size, schedule and user number is similar across different schools. There are many policies which are suitable for this kind of buildings. Investigation of energy consumption pattern in primary school, middle school and high school in different cities of Korea has been done in this paper using statistical data from national organization and the data from IBM and Gyeonggi Provincial Office of Education, aimed at providing the basic data for the development of energy efficiency improvement policies of educational facilities. The study was divided according to climate, energy source type and public or private school, as different cities have different climates and accordingly different amount of energy sources are used. It was observed that, the average energy consumption in primary school is
, in middle school is
and in high school
. As further analysis, monthly energy consumption pattern has been analyzed for one city.
Implementation and the Energy Efficiency of the Kinetic Shading System
Han, Seung-Hoon ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 14, issue 5, 2014, Pages 67~73
DOI : 10.12813/kieae.2014.14.5.067
This study aims at examining kinetic efficient shading systems and their implementation methods. These days, the importance of the shading devices are getting more significant due to the energy problem. Cordially, suitable shade designs are required as an important element for the exterior envelope of the building. This study employs the optimal shading design as an efficient shading method with the kinetic system that can be converted actively by the altitude of the sun. The proposed kinetic shading system works not only as a lightshelf in case the altitude of the sun is high but also as a vertical louver when the sun is getting lower in order to block the direct sunlight. This study has analyzed the thermal performance and shading coefficient of the kinetic shading system in comparison to existing fixed shading devices using the Ecotect. The results, in sum, conclude that the suggested kinetic shading system could decrease direct sunlights 26.2% more than the existing shading methods.
Distortion of Spatial Size Perception by the Pattern of Object Distribution - Focused on the Floor-area Estimation of the Spaces in the Campus by Students -
Seo, Kyung Wook ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 14, issue 5, 2014, Pages 75~80
DOI : 10.12813/kieae.2014.14.5.075
An attempt has been made to prove the so-called 'feature accumulation theory'. It is the theory describing that people tend to feel the same space with more identifiable objects much larger than that with fewer objects. Applying this theory to our cognition of spatial size, this paper made an experiment. Students were asked that if the lecture room they are sitting becomes a module (module 1), then how large are the questioned spaces in the campus. The result was striking. Through the mental image processing, they answered that the library and the architecture building looks much smaller than they actually are, and more surprisingly the basketball field much more smaller than it really is. This experiment shows that there is a strong tendency by which people regard the space much larger when there are more occupiable or behavior-causing elements in the space. In the case of basketball field, since there is nothing that can be occupied, this open space is seen as a small space for the subjects. This line of cognitive perception can be applied to the practice of urban planning and architectural planning. With the same size of given space, we can make it feel more rich and larger.
Pungsu Research of Location and Space Layout of Myeongjae Yunjung Traditional House
Han, Jong-Koo ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 14, issue 5, 2014, Pages 81~87
DOI : 10.12813/kieae.2014.14.5.081
Pungsu is can be seen as an ecological architectural science regarding native natural environment of east asia. Even though the language used in Pungsu is different from that of ecological architecture, Pungsu considered the surrounding environment of the traditional house by various Pungsu method for making and keeping more healthy life and sustainable environment. The research is for finding out how the surrounding natural environment was considered with Pungsu, a traditional ecological architectural science in case of site selection and planning house by the confucian scholar in Joseon period. Myungjae Yunjung traditional house of Nonsan in the middle of korea is selected. He is one of the greatest confucian scholar in Joseon period. The study is processed as follows. Feature of mountain expressed as dragon and four important hills of the house are analyzed in chapter 2, Water environment is studied and the geomantic landscape are analyzed by shape theory called Hyung-guk-Lon in chapter 3, 4. Finally Pungsu applied in architectural space is analyzed in chapter 5.
A Field Survey on Risk from Crime in Pedestrian Environment around Elementary School in Detached Housing Area - Focused on the Pedestrian path around 5 Elementary School in Ilsan New Town-
Lee, You-Mi ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 14, issue 5, 2014, Pages 89~96
DOI : 10.12813/kieae.2014.14.5.089
This study provides the basic resource for establishing the environment design policies around elementary school for the students and analyzes the actual pedestrian environment conditions of elementary school in order to improve safety of from crime for them. For this, the field survey are conducted on risk of from crime in 10 sidewalks of 5 elementary schoolin Ilsan new town. The result of this are the followings ;1) There are schools which have difference between the height of road and the height of pedestrian path. 2) There are schools which are insufficient distance for securing front sight because of shape of pedestrian path. 3) In entrance there are facilities interfering with natural surveillance within school boundaries such as stone written school motto, storehouse, wash room, doorpost. 4) In entrance there are schools with no security office, emergency bell and CCTV. 4) The openness in the bottom of fence is lower than that of upper because of shrubs and material of fence. 5) There are concealed places and cars in back gate area interfering with natural surveillance.
An Analysis of the Natural Characteristics of Hanok that is Beneficial to Human Factors
Ahn, Uijong ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 14, issue 5, 2014, Pages 97~102
DOI : 10.12813/kieae.2014.14.5.097
The beauty of Korean architecture is in its natural beauty. Traditional residence of Korea is architecture that expresses modesty that is embraces the nature. Hanok is designed based on understanding of the nature and responding to it. For this reason, Hanok is a nature-friendly residential space. There are many unique traits of Hanok and one of them is that it is built based on scientific principles. Hanok, without using modern technology and machines, utilizes effectively the natural environment and the climate, e.g., the sun and the wind. Hanok, based on Korea's geographical condition and climate characteristics, have produced a variety of residential houses. The principle of Hanok is not to challenge the nature but embrace and accept it. Furthermore, in Hanok is embedded Korea's traditional philosophy and ideas and it is not simply a simple residential space but also a place for meditation and spiritual training. As the time passes, there are more researches are being done to enhance health in addition to traditional role of protection and convenience. Accordingly, more efforts are being made to bring the nature into human life. Hanok, the traditional residential form of Korea, has environment-friendly architecture and characteristics that could promote human health and enhance our life. Therefore, the nature-oriented philosophy and environmental elements of Hanok should be more systematically studied to take advantage of its architectural advantages and create healthier modern residential culture.
The Characteristics of the Repair Unit Cost in Public Rental Housing
Lee, KangHee ; Chae, ChangU ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 14, issue 5, 2014, Pages 103~109
DOI : 10.12813/kieae.2014.14.5.103
Apartment housing should require the systematic maintenance to provide the decent living condition during its life. Each household should participate the maintenance activities and pay for the repair. Therefore, the required cost for repair would be needed to plan in the repair schedule because each household could not pay the much repair money at a time. After apartment constructed, a long term repair plan would be prepared in repair time, repair scope and a required cost. A few studies are said that the repair cost depends on the building deterioration, elapsed year and management factors. The above factors are not be certain to affect the repair management while it may be important to prepare the required money and the repair time. In this paper, it aimed at analyzing the correlation between the repair management and the management factors, especially total area, number of household. This would educe the unit cost per number of household and management area in the individual boiler and elevator with full change and full repair. The unit cost per number of household and area for full change are about 199,000 won/household and
in the individual boiler respectively. The unit cost of the elevator for full change is 94,000 won/household and
respectively. Second, this study shows that the elapsed year after construction would not be related the repair unit cost.
Basic Study of new Hanok Style Public Buidings Design Trend Analysis - Focused on Seoul Jeolla-do Gyeongsang-do Region -
Park, Min-Young ; Lee, Hyun-Soo ; Lim, Sooyoung ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 14, issue 5, 2014, Pages 111~116
DOI : 10.12813/kieae.2014.14.5.111
Han-ok has been forgotten by rapid industrialization, however, recent interest in Korean traditional culture and eco friendly architecture are increasing. Government is also processing various policies and research in Han-ok for historical reasons. Still Han-ok is considered as temporary discover stage not daily space. Moreover, previous weakness of Han-ok made it difficult to supply. There is a need to build new Han-ok style public buildings different from traditional or new Han-ok for revitalization of Han-ok. Moreover, development of new Han-ok style public buildings model are needed for the public which include updated concept and function. From public buildings model development and supply people can visit and explore Han-ok. Therefore Han-ok tradition can be modernized. In addition to this Korean traditional culture and mode of living can be developed and conserved. This research focuses on public buildings of Han-ok supplication and aims design elements and regional trend.
The Measurement of Airtightness Performance of Multi-Family Housing
Baek, Nam-Choon ; Han, Seung-Hyeon ; Lee, Wang-Je ; Yoon, Jong-Ho ; Shin, U-Cheul ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 14, issue 5, 2014, Pages 117~121
DOI : 10.12813/kieae.2014.14.5.117
Even though a study of airtightness performance of apartment and detached house have been done constantly, there are few of studies of multi-family housing which increasing every year. Therefore, this study analyzed airtightness performance of 20 households of one room in Daejeon to investigate airtightness performance standard. All experiments were performed under the same conditions except sealing windows to investigate airtightness performance without sealing windows (natural condition) and airtightness performance with sealing windows of studio apartment. As results, (1) average ACH50 without sealing windows was 19.2/h for pressurization, and 12.8/h for depressurization and (2) average ACH50 with sealing windows was 16.0/h for pressurization, and 10.7/h for depressurization and ACH50 in both condition, ACH50 under pressurization was about 50% higher than that under depressurization. Throughout this experiment, we can figure out that about 16% of air infiltration rate is occurred in windows, and the other 84% is occurred in rest of places such as Junction structure, socket and ventilating opening.
Analyzing Relationship between the Local Temperature, Land Usage and Land Coverage: Focused on the Integrated Model in the Microspace
Park, Yuna ; Lee, Gunwon ; Jeong, Yunnam ; Kim, Seiyong ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 14, issue 5, 2014, Pages 123~130
DOI : 10.12813/kieae.2014.14.5.123
In order for effective heat island reduction policies to be proposed, this research made use of the land usage and land coverage and Temperature of cities, Coordinate axis data within 500 meters of nationwide automatic weather stations (478 points) in order to analyze the correlation of summertime temperatures through multiple regression analysis. This research also developed a model and empirically analyzed the urban heat island reduction effect of factors that affect regional temperatures. Heat islands cause environment deterioration and therefore can harm citizens' health, and also affects the city's metabolism process. Thus in order to restrain regional temperature rises the conclusion was drawn that consideration to increase forest areas on part of land usage planning is needed. Appropriate policy measures to regulate traffic related factors are also needed to restrain regional temperature rises. In order for future heat island reduction this research proposes a way to set up more effective policies and urban sustainability improvement strategies, and is significant in that it makes use of detailed data such as land usage and land coverage, Temperature of cities, Coordinate axis in analyses.