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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korea Institute of Ecological Architecture and Environment
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 15, Issue 6 - Dec 2015
Volume 15, Issue 5 - Oct 2015
Volume 15, Issue 4 - Aug 2015
Volume 15, Issue 3 - Jun 2015
Volume 15, Issue 2 - Apr 2015
Volume 15, Issue 1 - Feb 2015
Selecting the target year
Characteristic of indoor air quality according to ventilation in a temporary residential building
Chae, Ho-Byung ; Nam, Yujin ; Sung, Min-Ki ; Kim, Jong-Hun ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 15, issue 1, 2015, Pages 5~12
DOI : 10.12813/kieae.2015.15.1.005
Recently, natural disasters have unexpectedly occurred at various places in the world and the countermeasure of them become the social issues. Many of victims in disasters need temporary residential facilities above all things and many of researches have been conducted in order to develop simple, safe, and economic designs of them. Moreover, indoor thermal comfort and air quality must be considered in the facilities against a disaster, because clean and healthy space should be provided to the suffered victims. In this research, in order to estimate the indoor environment of the developed modular building for disaster preparation, CFD simulation was conducted in the various condition. In this paper, indoor air quality such as the age of air, the concentration of
was estimated by the case study
Study for Improvement of Domestic System through Regulation based on Comparison of Green Building Certification System Analysis - Focused on the G-SEED, BREEAM
Hyun, Eun-Mi ; Kim, Yong-Sik ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 15, issue 1, 2015, Pages 13~20
DOI : 10.12813/kieae.2015.15.1.013
The main purpose of the green buildings by reducing energy consumption and carbon footprint of the building society, global as to ensure the sustainability of the building and the environment. These regulations and schemes are used to activate the green buildings were made on the basis of the relevant laws and regulations. Mainly in the research for the improvement of the domestic institutional assessment items, the analysis of the legislation was fundamentally focused on Scoring the incomplete state. The analysis based on the laws and regulations of the institution is the way to know the purpose and direction of the respective certification. This study was performed in the following order to target the new commercial buildings. First, the analysis of the geungeobeop G-SEED and BREEAM. Second, we analyze the content and method of building energy performance in the certification system. As a result, Green Building Act is broad in relation to the composition of the contents are building for the activation energy green building and EPI is dealt with in an abstract and presented the applicability of such documentary content of insulation and airtightness, efficient machine. In contrast, the UK has been directly limit the carbon footprint of buildings in the Building Regulations Part L and evaluate them in BREEAM. This analysis of the ways to reduce substantially the energy for domestic green building regulations should be addressed through the feed.
A Comparative Analysis of the Energy Load due to Window Area Ratio of Domestic Public Buildings
An, Kwang-Ho ; Hyun, Eun-Mi ; Kim, Yong-Sik ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 15, issue 1, 2015, Pages 21~27
DOI : 10.12813/kieae.2015.15.1.021
In the case of public buildings, fast communication and transparency in the administration and the public, as well as ensuring visibility and lighting performance using a glass curtain wall is symbolically expressed through the transparent glass skin. This study is a simulation in order to derive the basic data for the establishment of the improvement of the heating and cooling load analysis according to the window area ratio changes with respect to the high effectiveness of the government`s large public building energy consumption analysis and green building certification system of guidelines was analyzed by a change in the energy load. Glass curtain wall is light and visibility, the symbolic meaning of communication, etc., but is widely used in a variety of characteristics, in terms of energy consumption being disadvantaged sheath plan should have been. Design, including the Atrium, is much less energy than energy consumption by the window area ratio. Thus, while compliance with design guide lines, the atrium and I like the burden of a large space ratio and energy load consists of only glass suggest that require more research on that given in the guidelines.
Comparison of Preferred Features in Spatial Composition for Shared Housing between Rural and Urban Elderly
Lee, Ji-Hye ; Lee, Yeun-Sook ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 15, issue 1, 2015, Pages 29~43
DOI : 10.12813/kieae.2015.15.1.029
Shared housing for elderly people, where several elderly people live together, gains attention as a means to prevent the lonely death of elderly people and continuously maintain their social relations. The purpose of this study is to compare the characteristics planned through rural and urban areas-residing elderly people`s participation in the shared housing spatial composition by area. This study conducted a small scale workshop panel method that targeted small group, but through which extensive information can be acquired, as a qualitative method. This study targeted 16 elderly people aged 65 and over living in rented apartments in rural and urban areas by dividing them two groups by area, namely into four groups. A total of 12 workshop sessions were held with three sessions at a time through a certain time interval. As a result of the study, the elderly people showed positive responses to the shared housing, irrelevant of area. As time went on, the workshop panel method`s effect was revealed through consolidated positive attitude and agreement of different opinions. The shared housing for elderly people is valuable as a residential alternative for elderly people, and differentiated supply of the shared housing for elderly people, according to residential area`s characteristics, is suggested.
Design Strategy for Green Residential Building in Solar Decathlon - Based on Case Study of Residential Building in Solar Decathlon
Yoon, Sung-Hoon ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 15, issue 1, 2015, Pages 45~51
DOI : 10.12813/kieae.2015.15.1.045
The Purpose of this study is to analyze the green design strategies in residential building, based on case study of Solar Decathlon in USA. This study could provide the basic reference data and theocratical foundation for finding new green design strategies and applicability of green design for korea. The Solar Decathlon is an green design competition that challenges collegiate teams to design, build, and operate the green residential building with optimal energy production and maximum efficiency. As a result of the analysis of this study, the green design strategy is identified and analyzed design issues related in energy, materials, and indoor/outdoor environment. Also, it is useful to find best green design strategy with more economical and environmental benefits presented by renewable energy and design solutions. This study is based on selected 18 green housings of Solar Decathlon from 2002 to 2013. This result is helpful to understand the green design strategies for green residential building`s design of modern residential building, and expect future green residential building design approach.
A Study on Passive Cooling Strategies for Buildings in Hot Humid Region of Nepal
Manandhar, Rashmi ; Yoon, Jongho ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 15, issue 1, 2015, Pages 53~60
DOI : 10.12813/kieae.2015.15.1.053
Increase in energy consumption in building is a big concern world over. In Nepal, energy crisis is a big issue but energy demand in buildings is barely even thought about. In the southern part of Nepal, where the weather is mostly hot during the year, cooling in buildings is very important. This is an initial study regarding building design strategies which focuses on cooling energy consumption in the building. It can be seen from the study that simple passive strategies can be applied in building design which can support in decreasing cooling load. Different passive cooling strategies like orientation, building size, thermal mass, window design and two direct cooling strategies have been investigated in this study. Direct cooling strategies like shading and natural cooling helps in passive cooling. Different desing strategies have different impact on the cooling energy requirement and the study shows that thermo physical property of building materials has the maximum effect on the energy consumption of the building. Each design strategy creates and average of 20% decrease in energy consumption, whereas the thermal conductivity can have as much as 10 times more effect on the energy consumption than other design strategies.
A study on evaluation element of technical proposal tendering for apartment remodeling business
Park, Min-Young ; Lim, Sooyoung ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 15, issue 1, 2015, Pages 61~68
DOI : 10.12813/kieae.2015.15.1.061
Method of remodeling builder selection for remodeling is competitive bidding. also metropolitan city, megalopolis city, city more than 50million have to do basic plan for remodeling before establishment of a housing cooperative. Purpose of basic plan is improvement of living conditions & the Quality of Life for resident. Technical Proposal Tendering in spite of being the a reasonable bidding system, institutional part, appraisal standard and the item part, consider procedure pard is performed in a similar way to the existing bidding system. so, technical proposal tendering is appropriate for future Method of builder selection of remodeling. therefore, the study purpose is a evaluation element of technical proposal tendering for apartment remodeling business The methods of study is understanding concept through review of precedent literature. Next, case investigation through Analysis of focal points. Lastly, evaluation element deduction of technical proposal tendering for apartment remodeling business through specialist conversation. As a result, Alteration of a right & move management is added to evaluation element`s professional field. And detail item is alteration of a right & move management.
Characteristics of the Economic Repair Time of the Components in Public Rental Housing
Lee, KangHee ; Chae, ChangU ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 15, issue 1, 2015, Pages 69~75
DOI : 10.12813/kieae.2015.15.1.069
Building has required the repair money to improve or maintain the decent living condition continuously after construction. It needs to grasp the building deterioration to decide the scope and contents before it is repaired. Under various conditions such as physical, social and financial constraints, the repair plan would be prepared. Among constraints, the cost is indispensible to specify the repair time, repair scope and target. The required cost would be planned to preparation over the years. In this paper, it aimed at providing the repair strategy of the public rental housing in repair time, using the cumulative cost model which is
function. In the
function, the inflection point should exist in the line. And there are two types in the cumulative model, First, if the maximum cost be shown, the repair time would be provided. Second, if the maximum cost not be shown, the cumulative function should be proportionally increased and the repair strategy is properly provided with a short cycle. In results of this study, 11 items would provide the repair time. These cumulative function would be repaired about 4 years after constructed, and after about 4 years, the cumulative function would be continuously increased.
A Comparative Evaluation on the Thermal Insulation Performance of Windows according to the Temporary Improvement Method
Lee, Sung-Jin ; Kim, Jeong-Gook ; Kim, Jonghun ; Jeong, Hakgeun ; Lee, Jin-Sook ; Jang, Cheol-Yong ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 15, issue 1, 2015, Pages 77~82
DOI : 10.12813/kieae.2015.15.1.077
The purpose of this study is to compare the thermal insulation performance of windows according to the formation of air layer and to evaluate its energy efficiency on a selected standard house. A thermal insulation test, KS F 2278 was used to measure U-values (Heat transmission coefficients) for the following three cases: the first case (Case 1) is a Low-E pair glass (Argon injected), the second case (Case 2) is a Low-E pair glass with the air cap attached on the glass surface, and the third case (Case 3) is a Low-E pair glass, on the frame of which the air cap is attached. The evaluation of the energy efficiency was conducted according to a building energy calculation method from ISO 13790, calculation of energy use for space heating and cooling, using the U-values obtained from the thermal insulation tests. As results of the tests, the U-values of Case 1, Case 2, and Case 3 were
respectively. The Case 2 had about 5.9% lower value than the Case 1, and the Case 3 had about 20.9% lower value than the Case 1. It seems that the thermal performance of the windows is attributed to an increase of the heat resistance and the thickness of air layer. An evaluation of the energy efficiency of the three cases on the selected standard house showed that the amount of heating energy demand per unit area was
for the Case
for the Case 2, and
for the Case 3. This study suggests that the formation of air layer (by using air cap) and its thickness should reduce the heat energy demand and thus improve the energy saving efficiency
Developing the Light-weight PV Blind System and the Shading Analysis by the Control Conditions
Chung, Yu-Gun ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 15, issue 1, 2015, Pages 83~88
DOI : 10.12813/kieae.2015.15.1.083
This study aims to develope the light-weight PV blinds with windows and to investigate the shading analysis by the control conditions. For the study, the polycarbonate characteristics and coating methods are analyzed and the PV blind design for a small office is suggested. Also, the mock-up model of a suggesting system was made. The field tests were controled based on a solar altitude under clear sky conditions. As results, it is necessary to use a polycarbonate instead of a tempered glass for a light-weight PV. The shading effects of blind systems are high in slat angle
and low in
. Also, the shading ratio is more affected by solar latitude than solar altitude. The shading change rate is relevantly constant on the solar altitude.
A Study on Output Monitoring of Green Roof Integrated PV System through Surface Temperature Algorithm
Kim, Tae-Han ; Park, Sang-Yeon ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 15, issue 1, 2015, Pages 89~95
DOI : 10.12813/kieae.2015.15.1.089
The centralized power supply system and rainwater treatment system, which are major infrastructure in modern cities, are showing their limitations in accommodating environment load due to climate changes that has aggravated recently. As a result, complex issues such as shortage of reserve power and urban flooding have emerged. As a single solution, decentralized systems such as a model integrating photovoltaic system and rooftop greening system are suggested. When these two systems are integrated and applied together, the synergy effect is expected as the rooftop greening has an effect of preventing urban flooding by controlling peak outflow and also reduces ambient temperature and thus the surface temperature of solar cells is lowered and power generation efficiency is improved. This study aims to compare and analyze the monitoring results of four algorithms that define correlations between micro-climate variables around rooftop greening and the surface temperature of solar cells and generate their significance. By doing so, this study seeks to present an effective algorithm that can estimate the surface temperature of solar cell that has direct impact on the efficiency of photovoltaic power generation by observing climate variables.
An Analysis of Human Reaction & IAQ Analysis by Changing the Floor Temperature & Ventilation
Lee, Ji-Weon ; Chin, Kyung-Il ; Kim, Se-Hwan ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 15, issue 1, 2015, Pages 97~102
DOI : 10.12813/kieae.2015.15.1.097
Recently many buildings are airtight, deterioration takes the high stage. As this room ventilation is increasingly difficult, the importance of indoor air was emphasized. And Got a few provisions on the indoor ventilation, the building is used for other purposes also requires a lot of careful research. In this study, consisting of floor heating ventilation in the room and wants to know the impact on the human body react with the carbon dioxide concentration in the indoor air were investigated PMV. We have get the data through the experimental study like this. It can be inferred correlations of ventilation and temperature according to human comfort that you should consider when using the work of residential buildings in accordance with the changing social conditions and social. It is also determined that in the future through additional experiments related data can be established basic experimental data.
Feasibility study of the energy supply system for horticulture facility using dynamic energy simulation
Yu, Min-Gyung ; Cho, Jeong-Heum ; Nam, Yujin ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 15, issue 1, 2015, Pages 103~109
DOI : 10.12813/kieae.2015.15.1.103
Recently, the usage of renewable energy system has been recommended because of the energy saving and depletion of fossil fuel. Especially, ground source heat pump system(GSHP) has a high efficiency by using annual stable ground temperature. Also, wood pellet is low cost and a high calorific value compared to fossil fuel. However, only small number of farms have applied renewable energy system to horticultural facility because of a high initial costs and uncertainty of its cost efficiency. In this study, in order to analyze the feasibility for the horticulture, TRNSYS simulation based on the standard horticultural facility was conducted in different weather and covering material conditions. Then, comparative feasibility analysis of each energy supplying system was conducted. As a result, we have found out that a high initial cost of renewable energy system was recovered by the economics of the energy cost. Due to the energy cost reduction, the payback periods were 10-11 years in the case of GSHP and 4-6 years in the case of wood pellet boiler.
Analysis of Temperature and Total Heat of Heated Glass through Experimental Measurement and Three-Dimensional Steady-State Heat Transfer Analysis
Lee, Do-Hyung ; Yoon, Jong-Ho ; Oh, Myeong-Hwan ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 15, issue 1, 2015, Pages 111~116
DOI : 10.12813/kieae.2015.15.1.111
Heat loss from windows and condensation occuring on its surface due to its lower insulation value causes much discomfort to occupants. In this study, Heated glass was used to make a basic study on prevention of condensation on glass surface for its heating functionality through experimental measurement and simulation analysis of total heat flux on the interior and exterior surface of glass. Error between experimental results and three dimensional steady-state heat transfer analysis were caused firstly, beacuse in the experimental chambers, cold chamber and steady temperature and humidity chamber, air temperature setting was not constant but rather ON/OFF control, and secondly, due to error rate in heat flux meter due to heat flux direction even in stable conditions.
Comparative Evaluation of Cool Surface Ratio in University Campus: A Case Study of KNU and UC Davis
Hwang, Young-Seok ; Um, Jung-Sup ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 15, issue 1, 2015, Pages 117~127
DOI : 10.12813/kieae.2015.15.1.117
The cool surface ratio could be used as a proxy of the overall thermal environment contributing to heat islands in urban area. This research proposes a comparative evaluation framework in an objective and quantitative way for measuring cool surface ratios. Two university campuses (Kyungpook National University: KNU, South Korea and UC Davis: University of California, Davis, USA) were selected as case study sites in order to monitor cool surface condition. Google Earth combined with digital maps realistically identified the major type of cool surfaces such as cool roofs and water bodies in the study area. Cool surfaces were sparsely identified over the KNU campus while the UC Davis campus was heavily covered by cool surfaces such as cool roofs and water bodies, resulting in almost four times more first-grade cool surfaces, as compared to KNU. It is confirmed that standard remote sensing technology can offer the viable method of measuring and comparing the campus-wide cool surface condition. It is anticipated that this research output could be used as a valuable reference to initiate a nation-wide cool surface strategy since objective evidence has been provided based on area-wide measurement for the cool surface in the two university context.
A Case Study on the Housing Development by Using the Space of Retarding Basin - Focused on the Tetsugakudo Kouen Collective Housing Development Project -
Baek, Seung-Kwan ; Kim, Young-Hoon ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 15, issue 1, 2015, Pages 129~137
DOI : 10.12813/kieae.2015.15.1.129
The purpose of this study is to analyze the Tetsugakudo Kouen Collective Housing Development Project in Japan. Project implemented cooperatively by the Tokyo Metropolitan Government in charge of river management, Shinjuku and Nakano-ku responsible for park management, and the UR, a housing project developer. This project set a significant precedent for three-dimensional river use by realizing the three-dimensional integrated development of a flood control reservoir, a park, and collective housing. The major effectiveness of this project can be summarized into four points. 1) The costs borne by individual project developers were significantly reduced by realizing a high degree of application and multipurpose use of the land through a joint project. 2) This project, which was designed to accommodate rainfall of 30 to 40mm per hour, is expected to contribute to reducing flood damage and generating significant investment effects, in terms of asset value in downstream areas, thereby increasing flood control security. 3) Local disaster prevention function were enhanced by providing an evacuation site in the case of an earthquake. 4) The living environment was improved by adding the function of a park.
An Experimental Study on the Engineering Characteristics of Perforated Reinforced Concrete Beams containing Shells
Koo, Hae-Shik ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 15, issue 1, 2015, Pages 139~146
DOI : 10.12813/kieae.2015.15.1.139
This is an experimental study on the engineering characteristics of perforated reinforced concrete beams with shells. In the material matter of this study, the water cement ratio put 60%, the ratio of substitution of oyster shells to fine aggregate 30%. And in the structural matter, the form of opening put circle and square, the size of opening as the radius and the length of it changed from one to three times of the beam depth with a change presence and absence of reinforced steel around opening. All thirteen reinforced concrete beam tests composed one standard beam and twelve six beams with the circle and square opening were tested in shear strength under two points loading and compared and analyzed the characteristics of test beams under the same conditions one another. The results of the study showed as followed. 1) The initial crack load value of the opening test beams is similar the standard beam but the maximum load value decreased with increase in proportion of the opening size, in the square opening than the circle opening and in the absence than the presence of reinforced steel. 2) As the difference between the circle opening and the square opening beams is represented 2.17~9.8% in the maximum load value and the load capacity of the square opening suddenly decrease than it of the circle opening, it is judged because of the shortage of concrete section, the concentration of the stress in the corner of the square opening and material influence of shell substitution. 3) The failure figure such as the pattern of the crack and so on is represented brittle failure as the opening size is the bigger and the ratio of substitution is higher because of the lack material properties.
The Comparative Study on the Environmental Impact Assessment of Construction Material through the Application of Carbon Reducing Element - Focused on Global Warming Potential of Concrete Products-
Cho, Su-Hyun ; Chae, Chang-U ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 15, issue 1, 2015, Pages 147~154
DOI : 10.12813/kieae.2015.15.1.147
Environmental impact assessment techniques have been developed as a result of the worldwide efforts to reduce the environmental impact of global warming. By using the quantification method in the construction industry, it is now possible to manage the greenhouse gas is to systematically evaluate the impact on the environment over the entire construction process. In particular, the proportion of greenhouse gas emissions at the production stage of construction material occupied is high, and efforts are needed in the construction field. In this study, intended for concrete products for the construction materials, by using the LCA evaluation method, we compared the results of environmental impact assessment and carbon emissions of developing products that have been applied low-carbon technologies compared to existing products. As a result, by introducing a raw material of industrial waste, showed carbon reduction. Through a comparison of the carbon emission reduction effect of low-carbon technologies, it is intended to provide academic data for the evaluation of greenhouse gases in the construction sector and the development of low-carbon technologies of the future.
Basic Study on Development of Ultra-high Strength Grout for Offshore Wind Turbines
Lim, Myung-Kwan ; Ha, Sang-Su ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 15, issue 1, 2015, Pages 155~160
DOI : 10.12813/kieae.2015.15.1.155
The annual average of energy sources is continuously increasing at a rate of 5.8%, and particularly, the power generation proportion of new/renewable energy is increasing significantly. Furthermore, South Korea has established a national energy master plan for 2008-2030 and is aiming at obtaining approximately 11% of total energy production from the wind turbine sector. Although offshore wind turbines are similar to wind turbines installed on land, they require materials with excellent dynamic properties and durability to prevent damage due to seawater at the lower parts and connecting parts. The lower parts of wind turbines are submerged in seawater, and the upper and lower parts are connected by filling the connecting part with grout. This paper describes the test results of the process of determining the mix ratios to develop ultra-high grout for offshore wind turbines. There is virtually no relevant technology regarding grout for offshore wind turbines in South Korea that can be referenced for the process of determining the mix ratios. Therefore, tests were conducted for determining compression strength, elastic modulus, flexural strength, density, constructability (floor test), and early strength by referencing a high-performance grout produced in South Korea, and the mixing process for achieving the goal strengths was described using the Korean Industrial Standards (KS) as the reference.