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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal DOI :
Korea Institute of Ecological Architecture and Environment
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 15, Issue 6 - Dec 2015
Volume 15, Issue 5 - Oct 2015
Volume 15, Issue 4 - Aug 2015
Volume 15, Issue 3 - Jun 2015
Volume 15, Issue 2 - Apr 2015
Volume 15, Issue 1 - Feb 2015
Selecting the target year
Sensitive analysis of design factor for the optimum design of PVT system
Jeong, Yong-Dae ; Nam, Yujin ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 15, issue 4, 2015, Pages 5~11
DOI : 10.12813/kieae.2015.15.4.005
Purpose: Recently, renewable energy system has been widely used to reduce the energy consumption and CO2 emission of building. A photovoltaic/thermal(PVT) system is a kind of efficient energy uses, which is combined with photovoltaic module and solar thermal collector. PVT system removes heat from PV module by through thermal fluid to raise the performance efficiency of the PV system. However, though PVT system has the merit of the improved efficiency in theoretical approach, there have been few performance analysis for PVT system using the dynamic energy simulation. In this study, in order to establish the optimum design method of this system, simulation was conducted by using individual system modules. Method: For the dynamic simulation, TRNSYS17 was used and local weather data was utilized. Furthermore, the system performance in various installation condition was calculated by case studies. Result: As a result, the amount of electric generation and heat production in each case was found by the simulation. The gap of system performance was also evident according to the installation condition.
Pungsu(Fengshui) Research of Location and Space Layout of Lee Nam-Gyu's Traditional House
Han, Jong-Koo ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 15, issue 4, 2015, Pages 13~20
DOI : 10.12813/kieae.2015.15.4.013
Purpose: Pungsu is can be seen as an ecological architectural science regarding native natural environment of east asia. Even though the language used in Pungsu is different from that of ecological architecture, Pungsu considered the surrounding environment of the traditional house by various Pungsu method for making and keeping more healthy life and sustainable environment. The research is for finding out how the surrounding natural environment was considered with Pungsu, a traditional ecological architectural science in case of site selection and planning house by the confucian scholar in late Joseon period. Method: Sudan Nam-Gyu Lee's traditional house of Yesan in the middle of korea is selected. The study is processed as follows. The site was analyzed with feature and flow of mountains expressed as dragon in chapter 2 and four important hills around the house are analyzed in chapter 3. Finally Pungsu applied in architectural space is analyzed in chapter 4. Result: we can see that the traditional house of Sudang Lee Nam-Gyu has been planned considering Pungsu in details to minimize the negative factors and utilize the positive factors of nature as much as possible thinking nearby natural environment as environmental factors that can affect the residents of the house through Pungsu.
Effects of Security Lighting Lamps on Discomfort Glare to Indoor Occupants
Lee, Yoon Jeong ; Kim, Jeong Tai ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 15, issue 4, 2015, Pages 21~28
DOI : 10.12813/kieae.2015.15.4.021
Purpose: Although security lights are used to secure pedestrian visibility and safety at nighttime, they can generate light trespass in the neighboring residential space. To prevent this, standards for acceptance limits on vertical illuminance and light pollution by the windows of residential buildings are presented. Method: This study thus representatively selected three types of lamps and, through an evaluation and analysis of the physical and subjective discomfort glare per lamp, proposed a discomfort glare index for each lamp. The evaluation and analysis according to the lamps were conducted through experiments. The variables were the security lights' lamps (NH 100W, MH 70W, LED 50W), installation angles (
), and installation distances (3m, 5m, 7m, 9m). Result: According to the results of the discomfort glare evaluation depending on the angles and distances of the security lights, the following minimum standards are proposed: for NH 100W, a discomfort glare index of 30 and an installation distance of 4m; for MH 70W, a discomfort glare index of 32 and an installation distance of 4m; and, for LED 50W, a discomfort glare index of 31 and an installation distance of 6m, respectively. In addition, this paper recommends the use of MH 70W, when the road width is 4m-6m, and LED 50W, when the road width is over 6m, respectively.
Survey evaluation of thermal boundary condition in the inside and outside of double skin facade
Shin, Hyun-Cheol ; Jang, Gun-Eik ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 15, issue 4, 2015, Pages 29~35
DOI : 10.12813/kieae.2015.15.4.029
Purpose: Double skin facade is a representative advantageous passive technology of building skin in the aspect of energy saving and environment improvement, reduces heat loss with buffer space in winter season and enhances indoor air and comfort of residents by activating natural ventilation in mid-season. However, in summer season, temperature increase in the intermediate space due to solar energy from exterior transparent skin could be a potential problem; also, relatively weak buoyancy of air caused by low density difference between double-skin facade could increase cooling load as air of intermediate space in high temperature hangs. However, proof data is insufficient to objectify such phenomenon. Method: In this study, researchers surveyed air temperature of intermediate space and airflow and diagnosed its cause targeting on applied multistory facade in the building which gives thermal uncomfort to residents. Also, the researchers produced Solar-air heat transfer coefficient meter, measured thermal boundary condition of double-skin facade, and presented the result of measurement as an objectified verification material regarding overheating phenomenon in the intermediate space of double-skin facade in summer season. Result: Inefficient condition was verified that total heat increases and overheating due to insufficient natural ventilation in multistory facade. In addition, logic behind preceding research was objectified and verified regarding high temperature phenomenon in the intermediate space which could increase cooling load in summer season.
The Analysis of Life Cycle Cost and Cooling Water Circulating Pump Energy Saving According to Variable Speed Pressure Differential Setpoint Control Strategy
Kim, Seo-Hoon ; Kim, Jong-Hun ; Jang, Cheol-Yong ; Song, Kyoo-dong ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 15, issue 4, 2015, Pages 37~43
DOI : 10.12813/kieae.2015.15.4.037
Purpose : The study applied control strategy to reduce through optimal control and operation of pump by applying control on variable speed to the circulation pump of HVAC system in the office building. The study has the purpose to review validity of control on variable speed as ESMs(Energy Saving Measures) and establish the control technology on variable speed pump. The study performed reduction analysis of building energy and economic evaluation of pump through energy effectiveness control strategy of HVAC system. Method: The study sought possible reduction through energy control strategy which can provide proper flow fitting to building load by applying control on variable speed pump. The study applied control strategy to reduce through pressure differential set-point control and operation of pump by applying control on variable speed to the circulation pump of HVAC system in the office building. Result : The results showed that about 16-35% of pump energy could be saved by using these optimal control strategies. In the result of analysis on 10 years life cycle cost of analysis on payback period of initial investment pump, variable speed pump control showed 5.1 years.
Development of lightweight concrete using the PCM II : Investigation on Foam Volume/Fly Ash Relationship of Foam Concrete, and Effect of High Content Micro Polypropylene Fiber and Microstructure
Lim, Myung-Kwan ; Enkhbold, odontuya ; Choi, Dong-Uk ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 15, issue 4, 2015, Pages 45~52
DOI : 10.12813/kieae.2015.15.4.045
Purpose: Foam concrete is the concrete that contains large amount of air voids inside. In general, the density of foam concrete depends on parameters like water/binder ratio, foam volume, aggregate and pozzolan content, etc. Method: In this study, the effect of foam volume and fly ash content on dry density is investigated intensively in order to find the relationship between each parameter and their abilities to counteract with each other. According to the above information, though there are quite a number of studies on the effect micro fiber on foam concrete at low volume fractions, there is still lack of information especially on the high fiber content side. The objective of the second study is to investigate further on the use of micro fiber at higher volume fraction and fill in the lacking information. Beside from this study, the investigation of the effect of micro-fiber (polypropylene) to enhance the properties of foam concrete is also carried out. Result: Of the two variables that are investigated in this study, the foam volume and the fly ash content, show significant effect on the properties of foam concrete. The foam volume tends to decrease the density and strength of foam concrete. In the second part of our study, a large fibre volume fraction is proved to be able to evidently increase the flexural strength of foam concrete up to about 40% due to the effect of fibre bridging over the crack and a significant number of fibres that intercepts the crack surfaces. However, the compressive strength is found to decrease severely due to the occurrence of large pores as the result of fibre being added into concrete mixture.
Reorganization on the Subway Entrance System in Seoul for Better Pedestrian Environment
Yi, Chang ; Lee, Dong-Hoon ; Lee, Joo-Ah ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 15, issue 4, 2015, Pages 53~60
DOI : 10.12813/kieae.2015.15.4.053
Purpose: Subway in Seoul, Korea is an important urban mass transportation system as it carries more than 4 million people a day. To support this important mission, subway entrances were designed and installed to maximize accessibility to the stations. However, a uniform plan by the national government guided quantity and layout of the subway entrances. Therefore, the plan did not consider unique characteristics of each station area and reorganization of the subway entrance system is required to improve pedestrian environment. Method: This study grouped the subway entrances into specific patterns to propose reorganizing schemes. The authors conducted field surveys, examined case studies and proposed an entrance reorganizing plan for each type. Result: The study recommends subway entrances be installed inside adjacent building when large commercial or office complexes are nearby. The authors proposed installing a bridge connecting the stations and adjacent buildings for elevated entrances. This would be only possible when there are commercial or office facilities nearby with enough floor space. The study summarizes the pros and cons of each solution. To translate our proposals into realities, various incentives should be given to building or land owners. This study made suggestions as to which kinds of incentives exist and be effective in a range of situations.
An Analysis of Architectural Plan and Environment-friendly Elements of Skyscraper
Choi, Yool ; Lee, Hyunjin ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 15, issue 4, 2015, Pages 61~68
DOI : 10.12813/kieae.2015.15.4.061
[Purpose] Recently, skyscrapers have sharply increased throughout the world, including South Korea. Although a skyscraper has its own merit such as the landmark of a city, it also has various problems like massive energy consumption. This study is aimed to establish the concept of environment-friendly skyscraper and propose a plan to realize skyscraper after analyzing the architectural, facility and environmental friendly elements of skyscrapers. [Method] This study lists up skyscrapers over 40 floors and 200 meters high. Upon 10 constructed buildings, it analyzes their basic plans and the green building technologies applied to them and suggests effective and environment-friendly architectural plan. [Result] This study examined the distinctions of the layout, shape, facade, and floor plan plane of 10 skyscrapers and found out specific techniques to be used for the use plan of natural energy, plan for saving resources and reducing wastes and a plan for environmental architecture and system.
The Improvement of Building Envelope Performance in Existing School Building
Bang, Ah-Young ; Park, Se-Hyeon ; Kim, Jin-Hee ; Kim, Young-Jae ; Kim, Jun-Tae ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 15, issue 4, 2015, Pages 69~76
DOI : 10.12813/kieae.2015.15.4.069
Purpose: This study is to investigate the effects of facade insulation and window remodeling of an existing old middle school building on the reduction of energy consumption. Method: To analyze energy performance of building, using DesignBuilder v3.4, building energy simulation tool based EnergyPlus engine. Energy consumption and problem of target building was analyzed based on data and survey. Based on building energy simulations it analyzed the variation of energy demand for the building according to U-value of wall, glazing properties and external shading devices. Result: When insulation of building was reinforced, cooling and heating load was decreased. Glazing properties that minimize cooling and heating energy consumption were analyzed. In conclusion, it is important to choose SHGC and U-value of window fit in characteristic of target building. Setting external blind for cooling load decreases 5%.
Energy Saving by Combination of Element Technologies of Zero-Energy House
Shin, Hyun-Cheol ; Jang, Gun-Eik ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 15, issue 4, 2015, Pages 77~84
DOI : 10.12813/kieae.2015.15.4.077
Purpose: In 2008, As the green growth policy was presented, Green Building is made any effort to propagation. In this paper, the respective technologies that are able to considerably reduce the energy demands for heating, cooling, hot-water, lighting and ventilation among the variety of technologies were selected. Method: Design factors such as (1) External insulation, (2) Triple glazing window, (3) LED lighting, (4) External venetian blind, (5) Geothermal and (6) Heat recovery ventilator were derived. In addition, energy saving effects in terms of energy demand, energy consumption and energy cost were investigated using EnergyPlus, building energy analysis tool. Result : The results were as follows. (1) It can be seen that high insulated triple glazing window, heat recovery ventilator and external insulation technology is excellent for energy demand. (2) Unlike energy demand, saving effect of energy consumption and energy cost was shown in order of Geothermal > Triple Window > Heat recovery Ventilation> Insulation> LED Lighting > EVB Blind.
The Development of Performance Evaluation Program of Building Integrated Photovoltaic System
Kim, Beob-Jeon ; Park, Jae-Wan ; Yoon, Jong-Ho ; Shin, U-Cheul ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 15, issue 4, 2015, Pages 85~90
DOI : 10.12813/kieae.2015.15.4.085
Purpose: In design and planning Building Integrated Photovoltaic(BIPV) system can reduce cost by replacing building facade as construction material such as roofs, outer walls and windows as well as generating electricity. BIPV system should be applied at the early stage of architectural design. However, it is hard to decide whether using BIPV system or not for architects and builders who are not professional at BIPV system because performance of system is considerably influenced by types of module, installation position, installation methods and so on. It is also hard for experts because commercialized analytical program of photovoltaic systems is too complicated to use and domestic meteorological data is limited to partial areas. Therefore, we need evaluation program of BIPV system which can easily but accurately interpret generating performance and evaluate validity of BIPV system at the early stage of architectural design even for inexpert. Method: In this study, we collected meteorological data of domestic major region and analyzed generation characteristic of BIPV system by using PVsyst(commercialized software) in accordance with regions, types of solar module, place and methods of installation and so on. Based on this data, we developed performance evaluation program of BIPV system named BIPV-Pro, through multiple regression analysis and evaluated its validity. Result: When comparing predictive value of annual average PR and annual electricity production of BIPV-Pro an that of PVsyst, each of root mean square error was 0.01897 and 123.9.
An Analysis on the Living Performance Satisfaction Ratio according to the Residential Environment Conditions in Modern New Han-oks
Lee, Ju-Yeob ; Song, Min-Jeong ; Lee, Tai-Gang ; Kim, Sun-Woo ; Cheon, Deuk-Youm ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 15, issue 4, 2015, Pages 91~104
DOI : 10.12813/kieae.2015.15.4.091
Recently, various researches for the improvement of Han-ok performance carried out. But, most of them are tend to come from the viewpoint of suppliers rather than that of Han-ok habitants. It means that environmental elements which real habitants feel are not reflected in the design of initial Han-ok design. Therefore, it is necessary that many researchers should analyze the degree of dwelling satisfaction derived from real life. Purpose: The purpose of this study is to find the avaliable factors that need to be considered in the process of initial Han-ok design and construction through the analysis on the living performance satisfaction ratio of modern New Han-ok's habitants. Method: To achieve this goal, surveys were carried out in 83 Han-oks which actual habitants were living, located in 14 happy villages Jeonnam province. Following are survey items about residential environmental conditions; kinds of wall material, gap(connection joint between wall and wood columns) reinforcement or not, kinds of window, kinds of facilities around windows, kinds of heating source, heating types(single, multiple), financial burdens, selective heating or not and so on. Result: The results of this study may be used to improve the living performance satisfaction ratio of new Han-ok habitants and as a basis for the specifying the desired thermal comfort environment of dwelling.
Input Variable Decision of the Predictive Model for the Optimal Starting Moment of the Cooling System in Accommodations
Baik, Yong Kyu ; Yoon, Younju ; Moon, Jin Woo ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 15, issue 4, 2015, Pages 105~110
DOI : 10.12813/kieae.2015.15.4.105
Purpose: This study aimed at finding the optimal input variables of the artificial neural network-based predictive model for the optimal controls of the indoor temperature environment. By applying the optimal input variables to the predictive model, the required time for restoring the current indoor temperature during the setback period to the normal setpoint temperature can be more precisely calculated for the cooling season. The precise prediction results will support the advanced operation of the cooling system to condition the indoor temperature comfortably in a more energy-efficient manner. Method: Two major steps employing the numerical computer simulation method were conducted for developing an ANN model and finding the optimal input variables. In the first process, the initial ANN model was intuitively determined to have input neurons that seemed to have a relationship with the output neuron. The second process was conducted for finding the statistical relationship between the initial input variables and output variable. Result: Based on the statistical analysis, the optimal input variables were determined.