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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korea Institute of Ecological Architecture and Environment
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 15, Issue 6 - Dec 2015
Volume 15, Issue 5 - Oct 2015
Volume 15, Issue 4 - Aug 2015
Volume 15, Issue 3 - Jun 2015
Volume 15, Issue 2 - Apr 2015
Volume 15, Issue 1 - Feb 2015
Selecting the target year
Application of Percentile Rainfall Event for Analysis of Infiltration Facilities used by Prior Consultation for LID (Low Impact Development)
Kwon, Kyung-Ho ; Song, Hye-Jin ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 15, issue 5, 2015, Pages 5~12
DOI : 10.12813/kieae.2015.15.5.005
Purpose: Retention and infiltration of small and frequently-occurring rainfall by LID facilities account for a large proportion of the annual precipitation volume. Based on 4 standard facilities such as Porous Pavement, Infiltration Trench, Cylindrical Infiltration Well, Rectangular Infiltration Well by Seoul Metropolitan Handbook of the Prior Consultation for LID. The total retention volume of each facility was calculated according to the type and size. The Purpose of this study is to find out the quantitative relationship between Percentile Rainfall Event and Design Volume of Infiltration Facilities. Methode: For the estimation of Percentile Rainfall Event, Daily Precipitation of Seoul from 2005 to 2014 was sorted ascending and the distribution of percentile was estimated by PERCENTILE spreadsheet function. The managed Rainfall Depth and Percentile of each facility was calculated at the several sizes. In response to the rainwater charge volume of 5.5mm/hr by the Category "Private large site", the 3 types of facilities were planned for example. The calculated Rainfall Depth and Percentile were 54.4mm and 90% by the use of developed Calculation-Module based on the Spreadsheet program. Result: With this Module the existing Designed Infiltration volume which was introduced from Japan was simply converted to the Percentile-Rainfall-Event used in USA.
The audit method of cooling energy performance in office building using the Simple Linear Regression Analysis Model
Park, Jin-Young ; Kim, Seo-Hoon ; Jang, Cheol-Young ; Kim, Jong-Hun ; Lee, Seung-Bok ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 15, issue 5, 2015, Pages 13~20
DOI : 10.12813/kieae.2015.15.5.013
Purpose: In order to upgrade the energy performance of existing building, energy audit stage should be implemented first because it is useful method to find where the problems occur and know how much time and cost consumption for retrofit. In overseas researches, three levels of audit is proposed whereas there are no standards for audit in Korea. Besides, most studies use dynamic simulation in detail like audit level 3 even though the level 2 can save time and cost than level 3. Thus, this paper focused on audit level 2 and proposed the audit method with the simple linear regression analysis model. Method: Two parameters were considered for the simple regression analysis, which were the monthly electric use and the mean outdoor temperature data. The former is a dependent variable and the latter is a independent variable, and the building`s energy performance profile was estimated from the regression analysis method. In this analysis, we found the abnormal point in cooling season and the more detailed analysis were conducted about the three heat source equipments. Result: Comparing with real and predicted models, the total consumption of predicted model was higher than real value as 23,608 kWh but it was the results that was reflected the compulsory control in 2013. Consequently, it was analyzed that the revised model could save the cooling energy as well as reduce peak electric use than before.
The Architectural Characteristics of Housing through the Rail and Property Model of MTRC in Hong Kong
Baek, Seung-Kwan ; Kim, Young-Hoon ; Kim, Doo-Sik ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 15, issue 5, 2015, Pages 21~33
DOI : 10.12813/kieae.2015.15.5.021
Purpose: Domestically, a recent controversial part on Mixed-Use Development is its case that utilizes railroad sites among urban infrastructure. but most of all, a concern is being concentrated on the Mixed-Use Development that uses railroad depot. It has the advantage, which can give diversity and publicness to urban environment by using and planing the upper and bottom of railroad depot, a proximity site as Development Available Land. However, there are few cases except for only Yang-cheon APT in SinJeong railway depot as a domestic case even though a domestic concern about Mixed-Use Development is rising more than ever. Method: Accordingly, this study has something in common with a domestic case, dealing with a case of development in Hongkong that enhances efficiency for city space through Mixed-Use Development and solves various urban problems. Result: A purpose of this study, based on overall comprehension about Rail and Property Model of MTRC in Hongkong, is to figure out how it solve various problems in Mixed-Use Development using Railway Depot or stations in the base of Rail and Property Model of MTRC.
The Application Technology of Korean-style R&D in Verification for deploying the Neo-Korean Style Public Building - Focused on the R&D Technologies in Changed Drawings of Neo-Korean Style Public Daycare Center in Sunchang-gun, Korea -
Kim, Young-Hoon ; Peck, Yoo-Jung ; Park, Joon-Young ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 15, issue 5, 2015, Pages 35~46
DOI : 10.12813/kieae.2015.15.5.035
Purpose: This study is to research how New-Hanok R&D technologies of first stage are appearing and adapted to the New-Hanok style public buildings, especially in Daycare Center in Sunchang-gun, Korea. Unlike Hanok houses, public buildings which has special needs for the public and restricted by laws and regulations need not only new system of law incentives but also new components of New-Hnaok R&D technologies used only in Hanok house. Method: For this purpose, we checked the drawings for Daycare Center in Sunchang-gun. The drawings have been changed 6 times for the purpose of adopting New-Hanok R&D technologies of first stage and actual needs for current laws and regulations for public buildings and it reveals not only the possibilities for adapting new technologies in New-Hanok but also meetings the current and public needs for public buildings. Result: The result of this study as follows. Approximately 40-50 percent of New-Hanok R&D technologies in the first stage are adapted in Daycare Center in Sunchang-gun, and this means there are limitations in adapting New-Hanok R&D which are mainly for the Korean style houses. The main reasons are the costs still remaining high and lacking in confidence for using traditional structures and materials still under verification. Some are changed and proposed in another solutions suitable for public buildings as like truss structure system in roof.
The Type setting and Application of the New-hanok type Public Buildings - Focused on Cases were completed after 2000 -
Park, Joon-Young ; Kwon, Hyuck-Sam ; Cheong, So-Yi ; Bae, Kang-Won ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 15, issue 5, 2015, Pages 47~57
DOI : 10.12813/kieae.2015.15.5.047
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to set the type of `the New-hanok type Public Buildings` through a case study for the hanok public buildings completed after 2000 years, and to analyze planned properties of the type. This is significant Establishing legal status of `the New-hanok type Public Buildings` and seeing review of application possibilities of the type for providing a systematic government support measures of `the New-hanok type public buildings` when models developing future. Method: Method of research is the first to examine the current laws and established the definition and legal status of `the New-hanok type Public Buildings`. Followed by Setting the type classification criteria as to classify the type of `the New-hanok type public buildings` and research architectural overview of selected cases by Literature, Internet searches, etc. After systematizing of the types classification of analysis cases, Characteristics of the type of the building structure looks catch classify in spatial structure, function, beauty. Finally, review application possibilities of the type for systematic government support measures establish when models developing of `the New-hanok type Public Buildings` through a comprehensive analysis. Result: Selected cases were categorized as 3 types according by structural standard based on the core concept of `the New-hanok type Public Buildings` set in this study. This can be divided into `Wooden Structure type` and `Composite structure - Convergence type` and `Composite structure - juxtaposed type`, `Wooden Structure type` was re-classified by divided into `(1)Traditional Korean Wooden Structure` and `(2)Laminated Wood Wooden Structure`.
Concept Establishment of Territoriality of External Public Space of Housing Complex - Focusing on review of previous research -
Kim, Jin-Soo ; Kim, Jin-Mo ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 15, issue 5, 2015, Pages 59~66
DOI : 10.12813/kieae.2015.15.5.059
Purpose: Recently, Housing area plan has tried to reflect a public space of various forms. However, most of cases are indiscriminately developments, which don`t reflect the diverse needs of residents. In addition, a subject of the public space is not clear and consistently stable of the management, so the residents don`t have an interest enough to take advantage of it. Method: In order to make a plan of the public space of a residential complex, an architect designer needs to take a few things into consideration. One is a physical facility in needs. And other one is a management of keeping a social place stably and consistently, which allows residents to be able to interact with each other. It should be regarded for residents to form a sense of belonging, while minimizing the interface friction. When all these problems are fulfilled, an interaction will be made to improve the quality of the living environment. Result: Therefore, in this study, it is necessary to define the meaning of territoriality of the external public space of housing complex. This study makes it possible to improve the relationship of neighborhood and the quality of the life for the residents, depending on the time. This is the first step as `the research for the territoriality of the external public space of housing complex`, in order to define about the concept, function, characteristic of territory(the base of territoriality) and to establish the territoriality that can form the physical or psychological boundary in public space.
Development of Initial Design Stage Guidelines for nearly Zero Energy Offices : A Central-Climate Zone of Korea Case Study
Kang, Hae Jin ; Yi, Won ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 15, issue 5, 2015, Pages 67~74
DOI : 10.12813/kieae.2015.15.5.067
This study aimed to develop a design manual to be used during the initial stage of the nearly Zero Energy Building (nZEB) design process. Recently, with the increased demand for nZEBs, there are many architects and architectural firms who are becoming interested in nZEB design. However, since the nZEB design process requires a different approach to the conventional building design process, architects have difficulties with application of the nZEB design process in their projects. Therefore, a design manual which can be used in the nZEB design process was developed in this study. Based on an intensive literature review, energy-saving strategies and their performance levels, which affect heating and cooling energy consumptions were established for a reference building. To analyze the sensitivity of each energy strategy to the overall performance, computer simulations using EnergyPlus were performed. At the same time, an Analysis of Variance assessment was conducted to estimate the relative importance of each energy factor. The energy sensitivity and priority of the energy factors was developed into a set of design guidelines.
Analysis of the Building Energy Efficiency Rating Certified for Public Office Buildings
Lee, Han-Sol ; Kim, Seo-Hun ; Kim, Jonghun ; Kim, Jun-Tae ; Jang, Cheol-Yong ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 15, issue 5, 2015, Pages 75~82
DOI : 10.12813/kieae.2015.15.5.075
Purpose: The first grade of Korea`s Building Energy Efficiency Rating System(BEERS) is required for new government office buildings as a mandatory measure to reduce greenhouse gas emission. However, there is no specific criteria about performance that which level should apply to energy-saving design element for obtaining Building Energy Efficiency Rating 1st grade. Therefore, Certification status should be analyzed firstly, about the office building which is certificated. Certification analysis for office buildings acquired certification therefore should be done first. Method: In this study, Certification status(Office buildings acquired Building Energy Efficiency Rating Certification)was analyzed by classified year, region, specific scale etc. And we analyzed statistically by eliciting an average value of each element influencing to the amount of energy. Result: Energy demands were gradually decreased due to revision of thermal insulation standards for enhanced u-value. Energy consumptions were different from the kind of equipment and yearly trends applied depending on the size of the building. Total primary energy consumptions were influenced by heat source types and the primary energy scale factors.
Performance test of PVT-water system considering ambient air and circulating water temperature
Jeong, Yong-Dae ; Nam, Yujin ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 15, issue 5, 2015, Pages 83~88
DOI : 10.12813/kieae.2015.15.5.083
Purpose: Photovoltaic system is a technique for producing electrical power by utilizing solar energy, which can be used over 20 years with simple maintenance. However, in the case of photovoltaic systems, the energy conversion efficiency decreases as the surface temperature of module increases, compared with other renewable energy technologies. In this regard, PVT module can increase the energy utilization of a composite module as producing heat and electricity simultaneously by using solar energy. Currently, many researches have been promoting in order to develop a high efficiency PVT module in Korea. However, there are a few studies about the performance of the modules corresponding the shape of types and various heat exchangers of the PVT module. In this study, the electrical performance was measured by the change of the ambient temperature and the circulating water temperature using the fabricated PVT module. Method: Experiments were performed using a solar simulator. And this experiment was assumed that the weather condition was in each season, as winter, spring, autumn and summer. It was identified that the I-V curve associated with the change of the experimental conditions and confirmed the change in the electrical characteristics. Result: As a result, it was figured out that the surface temperature and the electrical performance changes in case conditions. The electrical performance was calculated in different temperature condition and the power production was confirmed by the change of module temperature.
The Influence of Unit Plan Shapes to the Energy Efficiency of Collective Housing Simulated by ECO2 Software
Kim, Chang-Sung ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 15, issue 5, 2015, Pages 89~94
DOI : 10.12813/kieae.2015.15.5.089
Purpose: Various policies to reduce the energy consumption have been carried out to save Earth environment against global warming and environmental pollution in many countries. Energy consumption of buildings in Korea has reached 24% of total energy consumption, and energy consumption of apartment has been continuously increasing. Therefore, Korea government has executed building energy efficiency rating certification system to control energy consumption of buildings. Method: This study was conducted to evaluate the energy performance of apartment unit plans according to the increasement of front width of unit plans, and tried to present the basic data to design more energy conscious unit plans for apartments. For the study, three shapes of unit plans -the 2Bay, 3Bay and 4bay unit- were selected for imput models. They were simulated using ECO2 software to assess building energy efficiency rating certification in Korea. Result: According to the results, in cases that balcony windows were not installed, the primary energy consumption of the 3Bay and 4Bay units were less than 2Bay unit, respectively, 0.1% and 2,5%. The primary energy consumption of the 3Bay and 4Bay units, in cases that balcony windows were installed, was less than 2Bay unit, respectively, 1.7% and 3.2%.
A Framework Development for BIM-based Object-Oriented Physical Modeling for Building Thermal Simulation
Jeong, WoonSeong ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 15, issue 5, 2015, Pages 95~105
DOI : 10.12813/kieae.2015.15.5.095
Purpose: This paper presents a framework development for BIM (Building Information Modeling)-based OOPM (Object-Oriented Physical Modeling) for Building Thermal Simulation. The framework facilitates decision-making in the design process by integrating two object-oriented modeling approaches (BIM and OOPM) and efficiently providing object-based thermal simulation results into the BIM environment. Method: The framework consists of a system interface between BIM and OOPM-based building energy modeling (BEM) and the visualization of simulation results for building designers. The interface enables a BIM models to be translated into OOPM-based BEM automatically and the thermal simulation from the created BEM model immediately. The visualization module enables the simulation results to be presented in BIM for building designers to comprehend the relationships between design decisions and the building performances. For the framework implementation, we utilized the Modelica Buildings Library developed by the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory as a thermal simulation solver. We also conducted an experiment to validate the framework simulation results and demonstrate our framework. Result: This paper demonstrates a new methodology to integrate BIM and OOPM-based BEM for building thermal simulation, which enables an automatic translation BIM into OOPM-based BEM with high efficiency and accuracy.
The Characteristics of the winter season window and indoor temperature due to the indoor plant
Yun, Young-Il ; Cho, Ju-Young ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 15, issue 5, 2015, Pages 107~112
DOI : 10.12813/kieae.2015.15.5.107
Purpose: This study desires to investigate an effect of indoor temperature, humidity, and illuminance targeting a planting system of double-skin facade and cavity space adjacent to the outside within a certain period of winter. Through this, the study suggests a basic material about an energy conservation effect of double window system using planting to reduce heating load of a building in winter, so desires to contribute to indoor thermal comfort effect and illuminance correction study of double window and indoor plant. Method: Considering effects such as day and night climatic elements and air conditions in winter, illuminance measurement was conducted through a double-skin facade of space, a subject of the measurement, on the basis of practical residence time of a resident, and this study analyzed characteristics of indoor illuminance about this. The study measured and compared a change of insolation, dry-bulb temperature, and relative humidity at each indoor-outdoor measuring point, so measured and compared characteristics of an indoor temperature effect by elements of double-skin facade and indoor plant. Result: Through this study, the researcher could determine that indoor plant within double window in winter not only blocks solar radiation but also photosynthesizes, so is somewhat disadvantageous to winter thermal comfort reducing heating load. In addition, solar radiation going through interior plays a role to bring down somewhat high humidity to about 50% of reasonable humidity, so plays a direct role of maintenance of comfortable indoor space. Although there are effects such as blocking of solar radiation and temperature reduction, this has a positive influence on humidity control and proper illuminance distribution. The researcher could determine that illuminance, temperature, and humidity by solar radiation penetration for the whole measuring time play a role to supplement indoor environment mutually.
A Current State of Multihousing Evaluation Based on the Construction Criteria and Performance Codes of Green Homes
Lee, Seul-Bi ; Yu, Ki-Hyung ; Yoon, Seong-Hoon ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 15, issue 5, 2015, Pages 113~118
DOI : 10.12813/kieae.2015.15.5.113
Purpose: In Korea, buildings make up 20.5% (2012) of the gross national energy consumption, so they are a major target for greenhouse gas reduction. In particular, energy consumption in multihousing represents approximately 32.6% of the entire building sector. With improving energy performance being the focus, efforts are continuously being made to reinforce standards and systems in greenhouse gas reduction. This study investigated the current status of multihousing in Korea in terms of energy performance as described in the performance evaluation reports submitted (to an institution that specializes in reviewing the performance evaluation of green homes) based on the construction criteria and performance codes for green homes and examined if the evaluation criteria using related methodologies were appropriate. The results will provide helpful information for reviewing the future directions of operations and amendments to the systems. Method: The overall characteristics of the system were examined using the evaluation methodologies (and current state of revisions) of the performance codes for green homes and comparing them with similar systems. Also, the current state of application and energy performance (conducted according to the evaluation methodologies) were compared by the evaluation institution for multihousing neighborhoods that were assessed for five years from 2010 to 2014. Result: It has been confirmed that the performance codes for green homes are different from other similar systems in evaluating performances of multihousing in that they allow both quantitative and qualitative methods of evaluation, and they consider both energy and sustainability simultaneously in the evaluation. Furthermore, regarding the adoption rate of the forms for the two evaluation methods (Form 1 - quantitative and Form 2 - qualitative), the rate preferring Form 2 increased gradually in time to reach 55.3% in 2014. In analyzing the rate of overall energy reduction (submitted in Form 1) and the coefficient of thermal transmission for each part (submitted in Form 2), it was observed that the deviation between the performance submitted and the criteria decreased in line with the level of reinforcement.