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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korea Institute of Ecological Architecture and Environment
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 6, Issue 4 - 00 2006
Volume 6, Issue 3 - 00 2006
Volume 6, Issue 2 - 00 2006
Volume 6, Issue 1 - 00 2006
Selecting the target year
A Feasibility Study on the Benefit of Daylighting by LCC Analysis
Kim, Jeong Tai ; Kim, Gon ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 6, issue 1, 2006, Pages 3~10
As has been expected, economic factors are a major consideration in almost every decision in building design process. Assuming that improving a lighting system, existing or proposed, will reduce operating cost, what preliminary economic guidelines can be established to determine whether any proposed investment appears cost effective? In such a case a reasonable technique to compare system costs is by life-cycle costing. Stated simply, a life-cycle cost represents the total cost of a system over its entire life cycle, that is, the sum of first cost and all future costs. This paper aims to exemplify the benefit of daylighting in term of economic consideration. Four different electric lighting system designs are proposed and a lighting control system that is continuously operating according to the level of daylight in the space has been adapted. The accumulated performance of electric and daylighting is figured out to declare the effective depth of daylight in the space. The analysis on the saving amount of lighting energy due to daylight has been undertaken in answer to the question, that is, several projects are being considered, which is the most desirable from the cost-effectiveness viewpoint. The result shows clearly that although denser layout of lighting fixtures might be more effective to interface to the level of daylight ceaselessly changeable, its economic benefit may not meet the expected criterion the reason of increased initial investment and maintenance cost for the fixtures and control hardware.
A Study on the Sound Characteristic of Insulation and Manufacturing of Lightweight Concrete for Wall System
Kim, Hong-Yong ; Kim, Soon-Ho ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 6, issue 1, 2006, Pages 11~16
This paper deals with the experimental for manufacturing the lightweight buildng materials with portland cement, fly ash, slag, lime, gypsum, and aluminum powder system. Aluminum powder was added an aerating agent. Specific gravity range of lightweight concrete specimens were 0.6~0.9g/cm3. These specimens properties studied by means of specific gravity, compressive strength, absorption coefficient, transmission loss and scanning electron microscopy. Cellular concrete with maximum compressive strength was 41kgf/cm2 by obtained Al=0.05wt.%. Moreover, the aeration lightweight concrete showed excellent sound absorption properties.
Visual Comfort Evaluation of Interior Spaces by Daylighting Systems
Jeong, In Young ; Choi, Yoon Seck ; Ahn, Hyun Tae ; Kim, Jeong Tai ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 6, issue 1, 2006, Pages 17~24
Daylight is a critical factor in architecture, as it enhances the working efficiency and visual comfort of the people working inside. Even though, low transmittance glazing has been used in the most office buildings in Korea. And it is reduced visual comfort in a indoor environment. So, we need to evaluation of quality for various daylighting systems to improve visual comfort This study aims to evaluate the visual comfort in a indoor environment by different daylighting system. For the purpose, four different daylighting systems-conventional window, conventional window with interior lightshelf, differentiated window, differentiated window with interior lightshelf-were selected and a questionnaire survey with 50 subjects were conducted. The results are as follows. Regardless daylighting systems, a view has an effect on visual comfort. A conventional system and conventional system with lightshelf were highly correlated between comfort and warmth. In case of differentiated window system were correlated between comfort and openness. Also, differentiated window with interior lightshelf were highly correlated between comfort and stability.
A study on the application of BIPV to the Apartment Building
Lee, Eung-Jik ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 6, issue 1, 2006, Pages 25~32
Regarding to the Domestic housing politics to improve residing environment and effective use of country land, apartment buildings have been constructed since early of 1970s. Now apartment is taking over 50% out of entire housing in Korea. In the view point of PV application to the apartment, PV has amny advantages because of the wideness of out-walls and high floors building in APT. Therefore, if APT could use the electricity produced by BIPV, we can solve more easily environment and energy problems caused by housing. The research conclusion by analysing conditions and application method to introduce BIPV application to APT in near future is as below. -The out look of APT has been developed periodically and recently gable roof or canopy is popular which PV installation is more favorable. -For Balcony part with double skin facade sassy window, It has a preferable condition to install on the wall depending on the window direction. -In case of shorter distance between buildings due to high ratio of outside measurement, it is more desirable to install PV on the roof than on the wall of Apartment by considering low solar altitude. -Also depending on the direction of APT building, it is more effective and productive in electricity in the broad surface of side wall of APT. -In case of superhigh floor APT where facade system is mostly double skin facade of curtain wall system, PV module can replace the traditional curtain wall and will reduce architectural materials and obtain various out look design thereof.
A study on Sea-salt distribution of High-rise Apartments in Waterfront Area
Doe, Geun-Young ; Lee, Han-Seok ; Song, Hwa-Cheol ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 6, issue 1, 2006, Pages 33~38
The purpose of this study is to investigate the concentration of sea-salt distribution giving great characteristic environmentally. Therefore the field measurement was conducted to target high-rise apartments constructing in reclaimed land of Busan and measured the concentration of sea-salt by means of distance and height of high-rise apartments from coast. The results of this study were as follows ; 1) The more a horizontal distance is far from coast, the more concentration sea-salt become low. But this study can not draw conclusion exactly as differ from a tendency of the thing close to the coast and the land. 2) In the near seaside, No.132 apartment accords existing research result that in difference of the concentration of sea-salt by height, the more height is high, the more that is high. But in seaside, No.117 apartment of middle point appears that the upper story and the lower story than middle story. Once more, in inland, No.132 apartment and No.117 apartment tend toward opposite it of the seaside. The reason that the result of this measurement and existing study is not agreement is thought that it occurs to turbulent flow between apartments by construction of high-rise apartments group.
A Proposal of Planning Direction of Eco-Friendly Multi-Use Housing and Commercial Complex
Lee, Eun Jung ; Park, Myung Kyug ; Park, Young Ki ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 6, issue 1, 2006, Pages 39~46
Multi-use housing and commercial buildings have been emerged according to social and economic changes of CBD in Seoul Metropolitan Areas. The purpose of this study is to clarify the characteristics of the multi-use building, to analyze the problems on the base of survey and to suggest the solutions for architectural planning, focusing on eco-friendly dwelling environment. A field survey with 46 subjects has been carried out with structured questionnaire. Some problems in planning of the complex building have been discussed in terms of environmental issues and design criteria. In conclusion, basic planning directions for improving the building environmental quality have been suggested.
A New Planning Model of Making Sustainable Rural Villages Using Regional Indigenous Resources - The Village Revitalization Projects of Jangwha-ri in Ganghwa Island -
Lee, Gwan-Gyu ; Yang, Byoung-E ; Song, Byoung-Hwa ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 6, issue 1, 2006, Pages 47~55
In spite of the government policies and incentives to revitalize rural areas, we still have a lot of problems such as the environmental degradation in rural areas, widening gap in living conditions between urban and rural areas, and decreasing rural populations. This paper aims to suggest a new planning model for ecotourism based rural villages and develop a village revitalization plan for Jangwha-ri in Gangwha Island. The new model emphasizes sustainable development based on local indigenous resources and resident initiatives.
An Experimental Study on the Temperature and Humidity Evaluation in the Summer and Winter Season of the Korean Traditional Houses in Chonnam Province
Lee, Tai-Kang ; Choi, Eun-Seok ; Kim, Hang ; Kim, Hyung-Ryul ; Gi, No-Gab ; Kim, Sun-Woo ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 6, issue 1, 2006, Pages 57~62
Korean Traditional houses has been evolved and developed in many years, adopting the natural environment to control exterior conditions. These control method are various passive system of using natural materials, considering micro climate, building lay out, and these system are more natural and ecological to make the comfortable indoor climate than active systems of the present houses. This study aims to analyzed control performance of outdoor environment of five Korean traditional houses during the summer and winter. These houses are varied with lay out and floor plan to reflect the way of control for environmental condition, surveyed the reverberation time and sound level difference between rooms of the main living room and other main floored room, master room and kitchen. Especially air temperature and humidity have been measured simultaneously in each rooms to compare with outdoor condition. As a result, the variation of air temperature and humidity of most rooms are considerably static while condition of outdoors are much varied, it is showed that indoor climate has been controled with traditional soiled walls.