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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korea Institute of Ecological Architecture and Environment
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 8, Issue 6 - Dec 2008
Volume 8, Issue 5 - Oct 2008
Volume 8, Issue 4 - Aug 2008
Volume 8, Issue 3 - Jun 2008
Volume 8, Issue 2 - Apr 2008
Volume 8, Issue 1 - Feb 2008
Selecting the target year
A study on a draft of master plan of Eco-Village and status of the village - Based on Ansolgi Village
Song, Jeong-Seok ; Yun, Young-Il ; Lee, Hyo-Won ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 8, issue 1, 2008, Pages 3~10
Eco-village adopted its basis on continual notion as one of the alternative dwelling models in the dwelling sector and it suggests a dwelling pattern of modern society. Ansolgi village was organized in 2000 as an intended Eco-village for the first time in Korea and after 8 years, the village seems different to that of the earlier period. The cause of the difference can be originated from changes of planning strategies and notion of life. The village is different from its original design due to lack of space resorted from installation of many facility and overall layout of the village. The different look of the village can be categorized in 4 types; village layout, community facility, Eco-based facility and hydro circulation. Therefore, the purpose of this paper is to suggest actual data about Eco-village establishment plan by performing a comparison analysis on the current status and the initial design on the basis of the intended Ansolgi village, the village that had been organized 8 years ago.
A Study on the Characteristics of Environment-friendly Skins of European Housing - Focused on the Structural Characteristics of the skins -
Won, Hyun Seong ; Kim, Jin Woo ; Oh, Se Gyu ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 8, issue 1, 2008, Pages 11~18
The purpose of this study is to analyze application methods and structural characteristics of each element of environment-friendly European housing through classification of skin types. The results of the study are following. 1) The skins are classified by three types; single skin with multi layers, double skin with single layer and double skin with multi layers. 2) Most single skins with multi-layer are composed with wooden louvers, sun blinds and insulating windows. There are introduction of atrium and balcony, and variation sectional space composition according to cases. 3) There are two types of double skins; to put cavity between inner skin and outer skin and more extensional spaces such as balconies, corridors and stair halls. Solar walls and mechanical ventilators are often introduced to double skins with multi-layer. 4) The functions of the latest environment-friendly skins are vary from controllers and buffers of indoor environmental elements such as temperature, light, air and sound to equipments to perform essential functions to efficiently operate HVAC systems.
Wind Resource Measurements and Analysis at the University Campus
Yoon, JaeOck ; Kim, Myung-Rae ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 8, issue 1, 2008, Pages 19~24
The wind-power among the new and renewable energies uses the wind, a limitless, clean and pure energy which is available at any place. It requires low installation cost compared to the generation of other renewable energies, and is easy to operate, and furthermore, can be automated for operation. Korea has been taking a great deal of interest in the development of renewable energy generating equipment, specifically wind power generation as the nation has a nearly total reliance on imported petroleum. A measuring poll 30m high was installed at a location with an altitude of 142m above the sea level in order to measure and analyze the wind power potentiality at H University's Asan Campus, and the wind velocity and wind direction were measured for 1 year. As for the wind power resource of the area adjacent to Asan campus, the Weibull Distribution coefficient was C=2.68, K =1.29 at H30m. Weibull Distribution coefficient was modified on the basis of compensated wind velocity (=3.1m/s) at H 60m, and the energy density was
. AEP 223,750 KWh was forecast based on the simulation of an 800KW grade wind turbine. It is considered that the wind power generation has to be studied further in the inland zone with low wind velocity to cope with the possible exhaustion of fossil fuel and ensure a sustainable environmental preservation.
A Study on Indoor Air Pollutants Reduction Effect by Plants per Season
Song, Jeong Eun ; Kim, Yong Shik ; Sohn, Jang Yeul ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 8, issue 1, 2008, Pages 25~30
This study aims at examining the reduction of indoor air contaminants by plants placed in an indoor space. The effect of reducing the concentration of air contaminants by three species of plants was studied in a full-scale mock-up model. Field measurements were performed using Aglaonema brevispathum, Pachira aquatica and Ficus benjamiana which were verified as air-purifying plants by NASA. Their positions and amount were controlled. Two conditions for the amount of plants(10%, 5%) and positions(sun-shine, scatter) were used in two separate rooms whose dimensions are identical. The concentration of Volatile Organic Compounds(VOCs) was monitored three hours after the plants were placed and three days after the plants were placed. The variations of concentration of Benzene, Toluene, Etylbenzene, Xylene, Stylene and Formaldehyde, which are all known as the major elements of Volatile Organic Compounds were monitored. The more plants were used, the more a reduction of indoor air contaminants occurred. The effect of reducing the concentration of air contaminants increased when the amount of plants increased.
Feasibility of Alternative Physical Parameters by Subjective Evaluation for Urban Environmental Sounds
Park, Hyeon-Ku ; Jang, Gil-Soo ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 8, issue 1, 2008, Pages 31~36
For the comfortable housing life, comfortable and pleasant urban environment should be created for the people living in house and in city. There are lots of environmental conditions in city affecting house and life. Also most of all the noise pollution have been become major factor that makes people's life uncomfortable. Recently soundscape researches have been performed to create comfortable urban environment and various studies on the evaluation of urban environmental sounds are now undergoing. This study aimed to analyse the subjective characteristics through the subjective evaluation to the sounds measured with physical parameters and eventually to find out alternative evaluation method for urban environmental sounds. Adjectives applied to previous studies were used for the subjective evaluation and sound sources recorded in specific places were presented with picture at the same time. As a result, new physical parameters such as Lmax, Unbiased Annoyance, G, N and EmT have a feasibility to evaluation of urban environment sounds in terms of acoustic comfort.
Daylighting Performance of Refurbished Window System based on Site Plans in Recently-Planned Apartment Houses
Kim, Gon ; Roh, Ji-Woong ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 8, issue 1, 2008, Pages 37~44
Though they have advantages in terms of aesthetic in modern architecture, however, rectangular-shaped towers causes being short of natural light due to deep interior space. There are compromised attempts to take advantages of each building shape selectively. As a result, we now witness the advent of Y-shaped, T-shaped, V-shaped and ㅈ-shaped buildings on the market. The mutative type of apartment houses usually faces southwest or southeast, which has lot of daylighting availability but anyhow, the proportion of the apartment houses which have a full south aspect. The need to verify the potential of daylighting in new building-block shapes exists. At the same time, the expansion of balcony area was legalized and thus, a visual buffer area does not exist any more. All-glass window wall on apartment houses without a balcony produces pretty harmful area with direct sunbeam. Recently, the refurbished version of conventional windows has been developed for the purposed of minimizing energy loss occurred around windows. This research initialized a series of research to deal with almost all on window wall for apartment houses. First of all, huge amount of already-designed examples of apartment houses have been analyzed in terms of floor plan, elevation, orientation and glazing materials.
Scale Model Experiments on Daylighting Performance of Topside Lighting Systems - Focused on Sun Scoop, Light Scoop and Sun Catcher Systems -
Kong, Hyo Joo ; Kim, Jeong Tai ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 8, issue 1, 2008, Pages 45~52
Daylighting systems can improve the luminous quality of indoor environment and reduce the building's electric lighting energy consumption. For designing good daylighting, place the light where it is desired and avoid excessive contrasts, glare and high light levels. Sun scoop, light scoop and sun catcher systems have been used for alternative systems compared to other natural lighting systems. This study aims to evaluate daylighting performance of sun scoop, light scoop and sun catcher systems using scale model experiments. For the purpose, the 1/10 scale models of the systems were made as the same areas of glazing(10 percent of floor area) on the top of the center roof. Totally 15 measuring points of illuminance on the horizontal work plane were monitored from 09:30 to 12:30 on October 29, 2007. Agilent data logger and photometric sensors Li-cor were used. As the results, the topside lighting systems can improve the illumination uniformity than side lighting and top lighting. However, the appropriated shading system should be integrated to prevent the direct sunlight.
Preliminary Field Test on Daylighting Performance of Perpendicular Light Pipe System
Shin, Hae Mi ; Park, Hoon ; Kim, Jeong Tai ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 8, issue 1, 2008, Pages 53~60
The daylighting affects on the human biological cycles and physiological alterations. Daylighting is also an important element in visual comfort and it sometimes influences the quality of vision. Therefore the absence of natural light during the day brings contradictory result. To solve the problems of natural light lack and provide sufficient daylight in interior spaces, it might be necessary to apply some daylighting systems. One of these systems, light pipe system, which is simple, cheep and easily constructed, is very useful to apply for small buildings. The light pipe is simple means of directing daylighting (diffuse and direct lighting)into interior space. In order to application of light pipe system in Korea, it is necessary to optical data of light pipe system. This study aims to evaluate preliminary experiment of the daylighting environment of light pipe system. Light pipe system, that aspect ratio is 1:2(diameter and length), was installed in a windowless mock-up with
. The mock-up model was constructed as a prototype of Korean office surface. Illuminance was measured with a Topcon IM-5 Luxmeter to evaluate the distribution of the illuminance on a floor. The indoor and outdoor illuminance and the internal/external illuminance ratio are compared to discuss with in the graphs. Luminance was measured with Radiant imaging Promertric 1400 that is digital photometer to evaluate the distribution of luminance on interior surface. The contrast of luminance is discussed with table and graphs.
A Study on the exterior pedestrian passages evaluation through case studies of multi-family housing complex
Kim, Sung Yong ; Park, Jung Eun ; Lee, Hyo-Won ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 8, issue 1, 2008, Pages 61~70
This paper is focused on studying a pedestrian passage that forms exterior space of the housing unit on diverse prerequisites and convenience of residential environment regards to plans for Multi-family Housing Complex. The paper explores the actual usage of a pedestrian passage installed in Multi-family Housing Complex and examine whether the nature-friendly space that includes the exterior pedestrian passage of the housing unit is being applied variously on a pedestrian passage. In order to obtain an analysis of the current status on case study unit, the study has prepared an analyzing tool for the environment in use for the exterior pedestrian passage and was able to construction problematic points by applying the obtained data. Thanks for the analysis, a comprehensive evaluation on the plans for the pedestrian passage was implemented through correlation with a green tract of land, living space and the exterior pedestrian passage installed in Multi-family Housing Complex.
A study on Design Planning of the National Rental Apartment's Community Space Located on Ground Level Floor for Aging Society
Chae, Min Seok ; Lee, Ju Hyun ; Lee, Hyun Soo ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 8, issue 1, 2008, Pages 71~79
Lower birth rate and higher elder people are serious social problem in Korea. In 2003, the total birth rate is 1.19 per person, that record is lowest among OECD country. In 2005, Korea has been the aging society with 9.0% in aged population rate. Increasing of aged population results in elder estrangement and confliction with other generations. The social problem can be solved in some degree by improving housing environment and many kinds of welfare program. This study suggests a solution of the problem by applying community space located on ground level floor. The ground level floor of apartment has many physical benefits like connection to the earth, extension, safeness for the aged and child. in case of the National Rental apartment, small residential area and high rate of elder, child, the disabled make the ground level floor useful space for community. According to case study, almost the National Rental apartment hasn't enough facilities supporting various generations and don't supply comfortable environment. So, this study presents how to design the National Rental Apartment's community space located on ground level floor.
A study on possibility of application of non-cement Hwang-to binder for Environment-friendly
Hwang, Hey Zoo ; Kang, Nam Yi ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 8, issue 1, 2008, Pages 81~86
Due to the recent environmental problems, lots of studies on the solutions to reduce the environmental pollutions are on the way. In the field of construction, concrete that we are currently consuming approximately 1 ton each year is the most common and cheap building material. We must cut down on this preoccupied use of this material and develop an alternative material as recommended by the late environmental standards. In this regard, this study propose the 'yellow soil' as the main substance that composes the final state, 'yellow soil concrete'. This study also aims to analyze the physical and chemical performances of this concrete mixed with the yellow soil by comparing it with the cement and assesses the possibility of its application to the cement. The results of the experiment shows that, assuming the solidity of the cement concrete to be around
(20.58MPa), the solidity of the yellow soil combined material may be around 45%~55% in terms of the range of W/B use, 200 to 400 in the per unit fission amount and less than 2% in the addition proportion of admixing agents. But the scope of the optimal concoction amount of the yellow soil concrete should better be limited as following. 40% to 50% in W/B, 300 to 400 in the per unit fission amount and less than 2% in the addition of admixing agents.
Strut as a Permanent System using Composite Beams
Hong, Won-Kee ; Park, Seon-Chee ; Kim, Jin-Min ; Lee, Ho-Chan ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 8, issue 1, 2008, Pages 87~92
Sheathing work used for excavation in a crowded downtown is generally a temporary strut method using H-piles and sheathing wall includes lagging, CIP, SCW or slurry wall. A temporary strut serving the support for sheathing wall acts to resist the earth pressure, but it shall be removed when installing the underground structure members. A traditional temporary strut might cause the stress imbalance of the sheathing wall when it is demolished, resulting in time extension and the risk of collapse. A traditional temporary strut method thus needs to be improved for schedule and cost reduction, risk mitigation and for preparation for potential civic complaint. A permanent strut method doesn't require installing and demolishing the temporary structure that will lead to reducing the time and cost and the structural risk during the demolition process. And given the girder, the part of the underground structure, serves the role of strut, it can secure the wider interval compared to the traditional method, which enables to secure the wider space for the convenience of excavation as well as enhance the constructability and efficient site management. The thesis was intended to study the composite girder designed to use the strut as permanent structure so as to reduce the excavation and floor height.
Structural Design Guide Line of Composite Beam
Hong, Won-Kee ; Kim, Jin-Min ; Lee, Kyoung-Hun ; Park, Seon-Chee ; Kim, Jeom-Han ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 8, issue 1, 2008, Pages 93~98
As high rise buildings and large span spatial structures are constructed, new composite members and construction techniques are continuously developed. Wide flange steel beam can be easily constructed but the fire proofing protection is necessary and the cost is high. Nowadays environmental pollution of structures is becoming a big issue. The material of fire proofing protection is not allowed to use for structural members in several countries because it cab be a cause of environment pollution. Composite beam is a new hybrid beam system which is not needed a fire proofing protection process. Composite beam has better construction capacity than that of RC system and has more economic advantages than that of wide flange steel beam. In this paper, structural design guide lines of composite beam were provided to apply design and construction.
Benefit/Cost Analysis of Form Work Methods for Composite Basement Wall in Building Constructions
Kim, Jae Yeob ; Kim, Gwang-Hee ; Ahn, Sung-Hoon ; Lee, Ji-Young ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 8, issue 1, 2008, Pages 99~104
This study surveys the types of form works used for constructing composite basement walls found in domestic construction sites. Based on expert surveys, the research provides criteria for selecting a form work type and cost-benefit analysis for different types of form works. In selecting a form work type, safety was considered the most important factor. It is induced from the survey that a successful construction requires a form work type that could solidly bear the lateral pressure of concrete rather than other types that cut back the cost and shorten the construction period. In the cost-benefit analysis, the benefit was the highest in 'euro-form+soldier system', and the cost was most competent in 'rib-lath+soldier system'. In considering benefit and cost together, 'euro-form+soldier system' was judged to be the best option. This is likely to be attributed to the following reasons: site workers are familiar with euro-forms because it is the most widely used; and, soldier system is more reliable in bearing lateral pressure compared to steel pipes.
Walking Load Function for an Estimation of Floor Vibration of a Composite Deck Plate Slab
Kim, Hee-Cheul ; Choi, June-Ho ; Lee, Young-Hak ; Kim, De-Joong ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 8, issue 1, 2008, Pages 105~110
Most high rise buildings have been constructed with steel structure systems with metal deck floors and concrete topping. Since the mass of the metal deck floor system is relatively thinner than that of the concrete floor system and due to the larger span compared to other floor systems, vibration serviceability problems are frequently occurred. Most of vibration problems are induced by the movement of humans. A walking load function was proposed for the better estimation of composite deck floor vibration based on site measurements in this paper.
A Study on cost expenditure characteristics and importance level of each maintenance item of public office buildings by conducting cost surveys
Choi, Seok Kyoo ; Kim, Gap Youl ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 8, issue 1, 2008, Pages 111~118
To maintain the public office buildings, the related government employee uses cost under the limited budget. it is difficult to execute the budget as is assigned to maintenance items with contemplating the characteristics such as frequency, cost/item, weighting factor, and etc. As a precedent study about this cost-efficiency model, this study is intended to show the expenditure trends, frequencies, and cost distributions of maintenance items for the development of cost-efficiency model by analyzing time series data from the surveys on maintenance costs of the selected public office buildings.