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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korea Institute of Ecological Architecture and Environment
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 8, Issue 6 - Dec 2008
Volume 8, Issue 5 - Oct 2008
Volume 8, Issue 4 - Aug 2008
Volume 8, Issue 3 - Jun 2008
Volume 8, Issue 2 - Apr 2008
Volume 8, Issue 1 - Feb 2008
Selecting the target year
A Study on the Actual Conditions of Indoor Air Quality of Underground Dwellings and the Automatic Ventilating Fan Operated by CO
Controller and Timer
Kwon, Young Cheol ; Park, Jin Chul ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 8, issue 4, 2008, Pages 3~9
The rapid urbanization after 1970s caused the shortage of dwellings in urban areas. As the result, the underground dwellings were developed to compensate for the insufficient dwelling spaces. While the underground dwellings have some advantage in the respect of thermal and acoustic environment, they usually have the basic problems in the indoor air quality because of the lack of natural ventilation through small window areas. The purpose of this study is to investigate and to improve the indoor air quality of underground dwellings. Thirty Units in Seoul and Gyung-Gi Province were investigated into the indoor environmental conditions. For the purpose of the improvement of their indoor air quality, Automatically-operated ventilating fan was installed in a sample unit which has worst indoor environmental condition. Then the indoor air quality was monitored when it was operated by
control system and timer. Finally economic feasibility study was made considering the effect of the improvement of indoor air quality. The extra cost for installing timer could be paid back only in 10 months, so timer-installed automatic fan is recommended to improve the indoor air quality of underground dwellings.
Characteristics Analysis of the Design Factors Followed by Present Techniques of Waterscape Facilities in the Apartment Complex
Lee, Gyeong-Jin ; Choi, Ah-Young ; Song, Byeong-Hwa ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 8, issue 4, 2008, Pages 11~18
This research case-study places are chosen Seoul Metropolitan City and Yong-In City where the distinction characteristics of outdoor spaces are introduced in Apartment Complex. In this study, the standard of waterscape facilities will be set through preliminary researches and detail design factors are prepared for each characteristics. Analyze and research the characteristics of design factors through the field research of places. The Group data from Cluster Analysis, which is about waterscape facilities, is analyzed and classified by types of waterscape facilities in common residence. and then each type of characteristics and representatives of waterscape facilities founded. Waterscape facilities are charactered in 4 main types. I Type is appeared to the natural artificially mountain stream, slope and a rest space type, and feelings type. This type has twenty sites. II Type is appeared to the fewest sites(11 sites). This type is appeared to the Eco-pond, Border planting next to the waterscape facilities. III Type is appeared to the largest sites(28 sites), that is, play style water facilities of no-plantation patterns. IV Type is appeared to the retaining wall type, the rest space of bench type. Research result led, detailed plan element 64 are selected with design elements Seoul Metropolitan City and the Yong-In City at the time of the fact that well is only reflected commonly from external spaces, the type by quality which leads a statistical analysis the type quality was well reflected relatively was judged.
Estimation Model of the Carbon Dioxide Emission in the Apartment Housing During the Maintenance period
Lee, Kang-Hee ; Chae, Chang-U ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 8, issue 4, 2008, Pages 19~27
The carbon dioxide is brought from the energy consumption and regarded as a criteria material to estimate the Global Warming Potential. Building shares about 30% in national energy consumption and affects to environment as much as the energy consumption. But there is not enough data to forecast the amount of the carbon dioxide during the maintenance stage. Various factors are related with the energy consumption and carbon dioxide emission such as the physical area, the building exterior area, the maintenance type and location. Among these factors, the building carbon-dioxide emission can be estimated by the overall building characteristics such as the maintenance area, the number of household, the heating type, etc., The physical amount such as the thickness of the insulation and window infiltration could explained the limited scope and might not be use to estimate the total carbon-dioxide emission energy because the each value could not include or represent the overall building. In this paper, it provided the estimation model of the carbon-dioxide emission, explained by the overall building characteristics. These factors are shown as the maintenance area, no. of household, the heating type, the volume of the building, the ratio of the window to wall area etc., For providing the estimation model of th carbon-dioxide emission, it conducted the corelation analysis to filter the variables and suggested the estimation model with the power model and multiple regression model. Most of the model have a good statistics and fitted in the curve line.
A Study about City Reproduction and the House Housing Complex Establishment Idea - For environment activation avid Long Life Housing supply idea of the system -
Yoon, Sang Cho ; Lee, Joo Hyung ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 8, issue 4, 2008, Pages 29~36
The rapid industrialization since the 1960s has caused considerable changes in the appearance of Korean cities. The huge demand and cityward tendency derived from the increase of population with such the expansion from 9 millions in 1960 to 43 millions in 2003, have resulted in number of problems such as the falling-off in the quality of life, amenity, and safety. And above all, the urban identities is not to be found obviously in the cities. With regard to these problems, the re-creation of cities should be emphasized to make environmental, economical, and social improvements and to restore human-oriented activities. In the course of making new improvements cities need to preserve the characteristics and maintain the concordance with their environments. In other words, the restoration of cities ought to be made in the aspect of continuity, which means the accession of genetic factors inherent in cities. In this background, concerning about the system on apartment house especially relating to environmentally sound restoration and comparing with that of Japan, this study proposes the direction needed in the development of urban space.
Example Study on Building Wind of Apartment Complex by Computational Fluid Dynamics - About Two apartment Complex in Cheon-An Region -
Roh, Ji-Woong ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 8, issue 4, 2008, Pages 37~42
In the case that high-rise building is constructed, the surrounding wind velocity increase more than 50~100%. From this cause, many wind environmental problems can be occurred. For example, ordinary wind environmental disaster may be occurred in a region, or walking disturbed. In developed countries including USA, EU, and Japan, many efforts have been made for building wind prevention by grasping previously the effects before building constructed. But, We are bearing risk of wind environmental disaster because we have not enough recognition about building wind, and have not architectural prevention counterplans. This study aims to examine wind environmental characteristics of domestic apartment complex, and effective architectural counterplans. As the basic stage for this, we investigated pre-estimate tools and risk assessment methods of building wind in apartment complex, applied to two apart complex in Cheon-An region by CFD. As the result, serious damages were not presented. But, it is obvious that various architectural counterplans will be presented by this example researches.
An Analysis of Daylighting in Each Space of Apartment Houses
Hwang, Min Ku ; Shin, Hae Mi ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 8, issue 4, 2008, Pages 43~48
One of the most important factors in determining the quality of living environment is daylighting. Especially its influence in the psychological and biological life of human beings cannot be underestimated. Therefore, lots of researches have been given to develop a more efficient daylighting system. The sunlighting system, one of many developed systems, has been developed and applied in various ways. However, the high cost of sunlighting system has been the most difficult stumbling-block in making it commercial. However, as domestic apartment houses tend to be more luxury, life environment becomes a very important factor more than cost in building apartment house. Therefore, it would be possible to adopt sunlighting system in the non-window areas such as a restroom in an apartment house. This research is a preliminary work in order to measure a possibility of applying sunlighting system in an apartment house. In order to do so, I measure Sunlight Illuminance Ratio in various areas of apartment house. As a result, in case of a residential-commercial building, areas such as kitchen, restroom, and entrance are relatively weak-lighting areas. In case of a traditional apartment house, restroom and entrance are relatively weak-lighting areas. For that reason, a special lighting support is needed in these areas.
A Study on the Lighting Plan for the Jung-won bridge in Chungju City
Shin, Dong In ; Chung, Yu Gun ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 8, issue 4, 2008, Pages 49~54
Chungju city with beautiful natural environments and various cultural resources recently meets the new economic revival caused by opening of Jungbu Naeruk express way and invitation of the enterprise city. Now, the out door lightings come to the major issues to improve Chungju night image and to exploit new scenic spots. this study aims to develop the lighting plan for the jung-won bridge as a representative scenic spot in Chungju city. For the study, the field surveys and computer simulations were performed. As results, the lighting concepts such as entrance and apple images and alternative lighting plans were suggested.
Study on the Consciousness about Community Facility According to Age Group of Residents in Apartment Building
Kim, Hyejin ; Lee, Yeunsook ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 8, issue 4, 2008, Pages 55~62
As the living standard of citizens are improving and the demand for the quality of life is increasing, the demand for the facilities of welfare and convenience for varied ages rises. Besides, our residential environment is faced with the need for changing into the environment of integrated function of living, which holds health, leisure, culture, education, welfare, etc. Considering the present reality requiring the augment of welfare facilities due to our aging society, community integrated facilities are needed, which can contain welfare service for home-living citizens within residential circle and can accept diverse needs of residents. Accordingly, the study began in order to suggest a better direction for community integrated facilities' plan that considers all age brackets for aging society. The study is to figure out way of thinking what community space of 3 age cluster middle-age in the 30s~40s, preparatory senior citizen in the 50s and old age brackets in the 60s~70s. As methods for attaining the aim of this study, surveys of documents and questionnaire survey were simultaneously used. The result of the study, investigating the importance of a community among the members in the residential complex, showed that all the age groups have highly perceived its importance. All the age groups responded that leisure are important to the elderly. It indicates that importance of their social relations are within the residential environment and it proves that there is lack of facilities for leisure activities of residents in apartment house.
A Study on the comparison of Infill Technology between Korea long life Apartment Mock up House and Japan KSI experimental House
Choi, Young Ho ; Kim, Shin ; Kim, Sung Wan ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 8, issue 4, 2008, Pages 63~69
The thesis is a comparative analysis of Infill Technologies between Korea's long-life Mock-up House, a study driven by 'Durability and Flexibility of Long-life Housing Technology Development' of R&D, and Japan's KSI experimental house, the major example of Japan's long-llfe housing. In terms of the domestic Mock-up House, a system of building the floor first was applied. The floor material of each housing unit required a development of dry heating component that is partially substitutable in order to avoid conflict with the finishing. Also, a development of a floor system that can counteract against the construction inaccuracy was required. In the Case of an outer wall, need to make the wall with the chassis. In the case of ceiling, need to develop the double ceiling system which is good for sound insulation. Also, in comparison to KSI experimental house in Japan, it would require to develop a wiring system of the ceiling which can react to the movement of the wall. Especially, to assure the flexible nature of an internal wall, it would desperately require the research and development of the products related to components and flexible system of mechanical/electrical/communication parts as well as supporting institutionalized system for this development. Furthermore, for KSI experimental house in Japan, it would be necessary to formulate a construction manual as well as a systematic and practical planning guide to invent a new interface rule which will secure simplicity of assembling, dismantling, installation and replacement of architectural components for which research development is quite insignificant at the moment. This effort will have to continue to give a solid direction for better application of such reference manual during construction and development of long life span apartment by public sector as well as private corporations.