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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korea Institute of Ecological Architecture and Environment
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 8, Issue 6 - Dec 2008
Volume 8, Issue 5 - Oct 2008
Volume 8, Issue 4 - Aug 2008
Volume 8, Issue 3 - Jun 2008
Volume 8, Issue 2 - Apr 2008
Volume 8, Issue 1 - Feb 2008
Selecting the target year
An experimental study on the sound insulation and sound absorption characteristics of Korean traditional windows
Lee, Tai-Kang ; Kim, Hang ; Song, Gook-Gon ; Kim, Sun-Woo ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 8, issue 5, 2008, Pages 3~10
The Korean traditional architecture has developed by adapting to the natural environment, and has successfully created a comfortable indoor settings by using the surrounding natural resources. This is reflected in the building layout, space design and even materials. Our traditional wooden windows adjusting ambient temperature and humidity have both the functions of window and door, although they are clearly divided in the West. The opening and closing method of our traditional windows is similar and their dimensions are shown not to be standardized but diverse in terms of the characteristic of wooden furniture and that of components placed between columns. Thus this study aims to research the sound insulation and absorption performance of traditional windows to be varied with thickness, finishing method of window paper and thickness of air layer. Despite increase of the thickness of window paper, sound absorption was reduced, and the same result was shown when both sides of the structure were finished with thick window paper. The sound insulation performance of the windows could be evaluated to be inappropriate with
A Geothermal Model of Pit Area Using Computational Fluid Dynamics
Min, Joon Ki ; Kim, Jeong Tai ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 8, issue 5, 2008, Pages 11~16
This research has established CFD model on pit's cool-tube system through heat and air movement simulations, of which data was based on experimental and verification. This research work verified the effectiveness of the cool-tube system by analysing temperature, humidity and air current of the actually installed case. Also, we analysed heat transfer through air current simulation and the results are as followings. Firstly, we experiment on temperature, humidity and speed of air currents of the cool tube system with pit space during the month of May (spring). The average exterior temperature was
for the pit,
for the compressor room. Secondly, based on measured data of real case, we have analysed heat transfer through air current simulation and verified our proposed model. The actual measurement of average temperature of exhaust air of the pit's area is
with tolerance of
compared to above simulations. Thirdly, having verified air current simulation model with formation of 260,000 and 1,000,000 cells, we could get reasonable near values with 260,000 cells. Lastly, the next step of research would be focused on proposing the best possible pit's cool-tube system after analysis of heat transfer of the air current simulation based on verified CFD model.
Understanding Architectural Heritage of Dosan Seowon and Assessing its Spatial Significance
Yoo, Yeong Chan ; Alfonso, Josefina B. ; Kim, Gon ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 8, issue 5, 2008, Pages 17~22
Dosan Seowon, one of the earliest and most prestigious private Confucian academies in Korea, is an example of a heritage property citizens wish to sustain for the benefit of future generations. It is recognized of its contribution to the Korean society and as an architectural and historical interest. This study conducts architectural and cultural research about Dosan Seowon by scrutinizing its evidential, historical, aesthetic and spatial values. By doing so, it is possible to recognize how appreciated qualities are vulnerable to harm through only understanding their heritage values without practical management solutions. That understanding should then provide the basis for developing and implementing management strategies (including maintenance, cyclical renewal and repair) that will best sustain the heritage values in a physical aspect. The conclusion suggests that communication about Dosan Seowon among those who are concerened is significant.
An Interpretation of the Perspectives of Sustainable Architecture
Ryu, Jeon-Hee ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 8, issue 5, 2008, Pages 23~34
This paper reviews the relationships between diverse ecological design strategies and competing conceptions of ecological approach in place making. It focuses conceptual trends of what we categorize a building "green" and outlines a social constructive perspective on the development of sustainable architecture. This study classifies seven logics of ecological design-eco-technical, eco-aesthetical, eco-social, eco-medical, eco-renewable, eco-cultural, eco-central - which have their roots in competing philosophies of environmentalism. In my analysis of the logics concerning sustainable architecture, the adapted and incorporated technology from high-tech to low-tech levels is a key issue. These points lead us to propose a way that each logic configures the technological approaches and alternative visions of sustainable places. This paper discusses the implications of the competent nature of plural ecological design perspectives for architectural education, practice, and researches.
The Practical Strategies and Developments of Soundscape Design Movement for Creation of Sound Culture in Korea
Han, Myung-Ho ; Oh, Yang-Ki ; Hwang, Hey-Zoo ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 8, issue 5, 2008, Pages 35~41
The aim of this study is to find out directions for development of soundscape design for creating a unique sound culture in a region, and to search for the practical strategies toward a soundscape design movement in Korea. For these specific aims, several components in soundscape through considering from original conception and ideology of soundscape, such as the concept of soundscape, the meaning of soundscape design, the categories of soundscape researh : keynote sounds, sound signals, and soundmarks, and the primary problems and strategies in the world soundscape project(WSP) are investigated. The result shows that it is necessary to practice several ways in our housing life, that is, the recovery of our coenesthesia, development of the residential environments considering the soundscape, revitalization of community consciousness, rehabilitation of the sensibility, and identity excavation of sound culture, and it is very important to spread out a plan for integrating the following four categories of strategies : conceptual, educational, political, and social.
A Study on Elevation Map Application for Offering Quantitative Analytic Frame of Streetscape - Focused on use GIS -
Jeong, Choon-kuk ; Kim, Ki-hwan ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 8, issue 5, 2008, Pages 43~48
This study is about offering quantitatively analytic frame of streetscape, and also about making a way to be standardized and adapt changing landscape. This allows us to manage a form of elevation map after the application to GIS. The form of elevation map is a visible and vertical arrangement method of data recognizable while walking or driving. Applying measurable traits enables us to make a quantitative control over each element of which streetscape consists. After all, it would play a great roll in organizing and maintaining fine streetscape of each city. As the basic ways to make the elevation map, this study proposes the methods of providing quantitative analytic frame of streetscape after applying elevation data, Raster Data and Vector Data, which were investigated on the basis of GIS. In addition, as a simulation for increasing reality, certain streets, where the streetscape is very important, were chosen so that they enable us to utilize quantitatively analytic data of streetscape with analyzing the +degree of opening ratio in the boundary of D/H=2, comparing between wall area and windowpane area, comparing between facade area and sign board area, and calculating both area and ratio which are applied to ecospace.
Effectiveness Assessment on the Soil Temperature of KMA as Ground Heat Source Using CFD in Pit Area
Min, Joon Ki ; Kim, Jeong Tai ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 8, issue 5, 2008, Pages 49~54
The experimental of temperature, humidity and velocity was taken from the underground pit which utilized the system of ground heat source quite similar to the cool-pit system. Also, through CFD analysis, one could review the effectiveness of analysis of future alternatives. Furthermore, the temperature range of mock up cool-pit system was analyzed by inputting the weather data of annual average soil temperature provided by KMA(Korea Meteorological Administration) into the fluid simulation of anticipated heat distribution. Firstly, the difference between the temperature of air exhaust of the pit or the temperature of air supply of the compressor room and the experimental data for the month of May from the CFD analysis came out to be
respectively with tolerance of 3.1% and 4.7%. Secondly, the difference between the temperature of air exhaust of the Pit or the temperature of air supply of the compressor room and the experimental data for the month of July from the CFD analysis came out to be
respectively with tolerance of 3.3% and 4.5%. Thirdly, for the month of May, the difference between the experimental data taken for the air exhaust of the Pit or the air supply of the compressor room and soil temperature provided by KMA for monthly and yearly average temperature of Jeonju region came out be
respectively with tolerance of 10.7% and 9.8%. Fourthly, for the month of July, the difference between the experimental data taken for the air exhaust of the Pit or the air supply of the compressor room and soil temperature provided by KMA for monthly and yearly average temperature of Jeonju region came out be
respectively with tolerance of 4.5% and 5.8%. The result of above experiments allowed us to establish CFD model set up as a verification tool that is based on experimental data collected within the Pit area. Also, one could confirm the possibility to apply weather data of soil temperature provided by KMA in order to anticipate proper value for CFD analysis.
Characteristics of Strength and Durability of Hwangto-Concrete according to its Mixing Condition
Hwang, Hey Zoo ; Roh, Tae Hak ; Kim, Jin Il ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 8, issue 5, 2008, Pages 55~60
The purpose of this study is to increase the use of Hwangto and examine the strength according to what it is compounded with. Hwangto-concrete containing Hwanto without cement nor organic chemical products were compared to the traditional cement concrete through some durability experiments. We expect to gain more knowledge on the potentials of Hwangto-concrete as an architectural source. 1) As Hwangto binder amount rises, the value of slump increases too. The reason is that the increase of the quantity of cement causes the increase of the amount of material and the decrease of the amount of aggregate. 2) When the mixed component into Hwangto-concrete remains at 2%, the compress strength is generally dispersed high along the per unit fission, in case the amount of which is at
. The highest compress strength is 39MPa. It means that it can be applied to common structures and we need to conduct a basic property test to ensure the strength and fluidness. 3) Hwangto-concrete is expected to be highly used in the ocean structure and chemical industry because it has better resistance to sulfuric acid and to hydrochloric acid than the cement-concrete has. The result of this study is as follows. It is expected that Hwangto-concrete will be widely applied and further research on its durability and tests for its basic substantial characteristics based on future component added to it.
Experimental Study of Flexural Behavior of Reinforced Concrete Beam Using WFS and Recycled Aggregate
Kim, Seong-Soo ; Lee, Dae-Kyu ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 8, issue 5, 2008, Pages 61~68
For the recycling of the resources and the preservation of the environment, this study's purpose is to measure flexural behavior of the reinforced concrete beams with the major variables like concrete strength, replacement ratio of the recycled aggregate and the waste foundry sand and the tension reinforcement ratio and to present the data of the recycled aggregate used for the structure design. The experiment on the flexural behavior resulted in the followings. The ultimate strength of recycled R/C beam was manipulated proportionate to the tension reinforcement ratio, however the strength instantly decreased after passing the ultimate load due to the destroyed concrete of the compression side. The deflection at the maximum load varied from the tension reinforcement ratio by 5.5 times. The test specimen with the tension reinforcement ratio less than
showed constant curve without change in the load from the yield to the ultimate load in contrast to the distinctive plastic region where the displacement was rising. Although the strain of main tension steel with the reinforcement ratio indicate different, the design of recycled concrete member can be applied for current design code for reinforced concrete structure as the ratio of tension reinforcement district the under the reinforcement ration in a balanced strain condition.
A Study on Sources of Construction Wastes and Recycling Strategy
Han, Kap Kyu ; Shin, Dong Wha ; Kim, Dong Hyeok ; Kim, Sun Kuk ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 8, issue 5, 2008, Pages 69~76
Recent industrial development and technological breakthroughs have made our life much more convenient, however, at the cost of environmental degradation resulting from indiscreet focus on development in combination of disregard of impact on eco system. Notably, global warming is one of the most serious environmental issues, triggering attention for environmental protection in Korea and elsewhere. To address such issues, nations around the world are beefing up environmental regulatory framework such as UNFCCC(United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change) to tackle environmental challenges from global perspective. Against the backdrop, Korea has been engaging actively in global initiatives to reduce climate change, ratifying UNFCCC in 1993 and the Kyoto Protocol in October, 2002. However, unlike the government responding to environmental degradation in earnest, construction industry is far from making efforts to reduce wastes. Construction waste is a source of environmental deterioration world wide and adds to the aggregate cost that construction companies should assume. Korean construction firms also need to develop initiative aggressively to respond to changes in environmental policies and reduce construction costs. Therefore, this study aims at examining sources of wastes in construction sites and suggest solution in order to prod local construction companies to develop countermeasures.
An Analysis of Influence Factors for the Remodeling Project Management of Apartment Buildings -Focused on Construction Phase-
Shim, Gyu-Jung ; Seo, Jong-Min ; Na, Young-Ju ; Song, Yong-Sik ; Kim, Sun-Kuk ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 8, issue 5, 2008, Pages 77~83
Housing development, particularly apartment buildings, has been increasingly growing due to the construction promotion policy of the government since the 1980s. However such a volume-oriented policy results in unfavorable side effect of substandard quality and early deterioration in line with the expansion in volume. As part of measures to deal with the problems, rebuilding and remodeling have surfaced as alternative recently. Remodeling is expected to create the more benefits, compared to the rebuilding, in cost, efficiency and duration. To come up with the solution to such a challenge, it's necessary to analyze the influence factors of remodeling. Hence, the study was intended to compare the remodeling in the aspect of influence factors. The results of this study is expected to the propose of effectual management factors of the remodeling construction.