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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal DOI :
Korea Institute of Ecological Architecture and Environment
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Volume & Issues
Volume 8, Issue 6 - Dec 2008
Volume 8, Issue 5 - Oct 2008
Volume 8, Issue 4 - Aug 2008
Volume 8, Issue 3 - Jun 2008
Volume 8, Issue 2 - Apr 2008
Volume 8, Issue 1 - Feb 2008
Selecting the target year
The History and Characteristics of Korean Traditional Ondol(Gudle) studied through Document Analysis
Kim, June Bong ; Jeong, Sang Kyu ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 8, issue 6, 2008, Pages 3~10
Since fire was founded in the world, human races have invented various heating methods. Ondol is traditional heating method in Korea. It is very the important work to trace the history and characteristics of Ondol which originated and was developed in the Korean peninsula. Especially, the study on Ondol will contribute to improving the present heating methods and predicting future ones. In this paper, we shall study through the analysis of documents such as oriental documents, the document of Choseon dynasty, European documents and American documents. In order to discover the origins of Ondol as one of the excellent heating method all over the world, This study aims at identifying the history and characteristics of Ondol in the Korean peninsula, through document analysis. Results of this study are as follows. 1) The first document about Ondol is Sookyongjoo(水經注), Chinese ancient geography book. Contents recorded in the book include the description related to Ondol at Kwankyesa temple which was located at the border land between Gogooryo(ancient Korea) and the northeast of China. 2) Ondol was popular heating method in Gogooryo(ancient Korea) and it was used in not only Gogooryo but also Silla Kingdom and Beakje Kingdom. Thereafter, it was also used widely in Goryo dynasty and Choseon dynasty. Thereby we know that Ondol has been used as a heating method for a long time in the Korean peninsula. 3) Ondol was covered with a floor paper since the beginning of Choseon dynasty. the paper made room clean and impacted on Korean life style. Because the floor was clean and warm, Koreans thus took off shoes and sat on the floor. 4) Ondol was spreaded to Jeju island in Korea before 16th century but wasn't used widely there. The reason was that Ondol was rare high class heating system and the weather was warm in Jeju island. 5) The overspreading of Ondol caused that poor people built roughly Ondol in the last of Choseon dynasty. So, the quality of Ondol gradually became lower and lower. 6) A westerner was impressed by the novelty of Ondol and Frank Lloyd Wright had played an important role to update and spread Ondol widely all over the world. Hailing Ondol as the ideal heating system, Frank Lloyd Wright began incorporating it in his buildings back in the U.S. and even invented a modified ondol system, using hot water running through pipes instead of the hot exhaust through flues.
Health Friendly House Planning Elements Demanded by Consumers
Lee, Sunmin ; Lee, Yeunsook ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 8, issue 6, 2008, Pages 11~20
Modern society is an era that demands higher standards of living, and accordingly healthier living conditions due to fast economic growth. This society is being confronted by the necessity to find strategies to promote and manage health condition in everyday living environment. The current 'wellbeing' trend which pursues holistic health including physical, psychological and social health has accelerated the demand for healthy environment. In this context, this study intended to identify health friendly planning features based on consumer's demand. Web survey technique was used as main research methodology. Stratified random sampling was used with age being used as the strata valuable. Two hundred and eleven data were analyzed using SPSS statistical package. As results, awareness about health housing and hierarchy of important planning features were empirically identified. Furthermore, significant differences in some planning features according to the age were scrutinized. Major health friendly features demanded by consumers were found ventilation, non-toxic material, view of nature, space in which family can gather, protection of their privacy. Consumers' recognitions and demands varied according to age. The older the resident was, the higher the
Comparative Luminance and Correlated Color Temperature of Work-place by a Fluorescent and LED Light Sources
Baik, Seung heon ; Jeong, In Young ; Kim, Jeong Tai ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 8, issue 6, 2008, Pages 21~26
According to the tendency of energy efficiency and environment-friendly chracteristics, demend of High-efficiency lighting using LED(Light Emitting Diode)are being increased actively and applied in various fields. However, In order to adequate application of LED light sources, it is necessary to lighting environment and luminous characteristics of LED light sources. This Study aims to characterize the work-plane lighting environment by LED light sources comparing with fluorescent light sources which are widely used. For the sake of this study, a fluorescent light source and 5 LED light sources were introduced and luminance and correlated color temperature were measured to evaluate luminance contrast. The experimental model is Mock-up which is
with a height of 2.9m. The test room was set up partition and desks. Luminance and correlated color temperature were measured work-plane on the desk which was set up local lighting by the Radiant Imaging ProMetric 1400. The optical characteristics data of LED can give a lot of advantages to design LED lighting appliances. Hereafter, the object of research will be conducted to evaluate effects of LED light sources on working performance, survey of visual performance, preference and physiology of subjects.
An Analysis on Applications of Mirror Sunlighting Systems to the Contemporary Buildings with Different Spatial Types
Jung, Joo Hee ; Lee, Jong Soo ; Kim, Jeong Tai ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 8, issue 6, 2008, Pages 27~38
Sunlighting offers the high quality of life and has potential to improve environment, economy and human comfort. Especially mirror sunlighting system has competitive power in price, saving energy and solving problems of sunshine lack. This study aims to analyze the adequate applications of mirror type sunlighting systems available in Korea to enhance the living environment. For the purpose, contemporary applications were analyzed by spatial characteristics, size and usage in Germany, Switzerland, Australia, Japan and Korea. As the results, they are being applied for the place with lack of sunshine in housings. For culture complex, they are usually applied for atrium. Nowadays, application of complex systems is increasing to solve sunshine lack and make uniform illuminance. Therefore both aesthetic and technical consideration is needed to apply the advanced mirror sunlighting systems in various spaces.
A Study on the Physical Quality Indicators and the Users' Satisfaction of Parking Space in Apartment Housing Estates, built in 1994-1998
Kim, Gi Soo ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 8, issue 6, 2008, Pages 39~46
The purpose of this research is to analyze the planning characteristics based on the physical quality indicators and the users' satisfaction of parking space in apartment housing through the case study of 36 housing estate samples which were built in 1994-1998. The contents of this research consists of three main parts. The first part is to analyze the characteristics of residential environment based on the quality indicators of parking space in apartment housing. The second part is to analyze the correlation of quality indicators of parking space and development conditions in apartment housing. The third part is to analyze the correlation of users' satisfaction and physical quality indicators of parking space, and to propose the planning methods which increase the quality of residential environment of parking space in apartment housing.
Analysis on Landscape Characteristic of Entrance Spaces in the Apartment Complex - A case study of 'Award of Good Apartment to Living' in the Capital Region -
Lee, Gyeong-Jin ; Lee, Gi-Woo ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 8, issue 6, 2008, Pages 47~55
The purpose of this study is as follows. 1) An element to organize the landscape of an apartment entrance space and setting up, a characteristic of landscape through the actual condition analysis. 2) The characteristic of the type analysis and classified the shape of the entrance as the type. 3) The degree to like the landscape analysis through the making up question. The result of this research is as follows. The entrance of the apartment complex of 71 as of 92 and set an element to organize the landscape and the characteristic of landscape through the frequency analysis and divided an entrance landscape of apartment into 4 types through the cluster analysis. An entrance landscape of apartment types of the entrance is classified as follows. 1) Type I: A model wall-fence type, 2) Type II: The side constructing a building-fence type, 3) type III: The side constructing a building-retaining wall-mixing tree type, 4) type IV: The moulding constructing a building-a retaining wall type.
A Study on the Survey of the Experts' Consciousness as to the Level in Maintenance Management of Educational Facilities
Jung, Young Han ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 8, issue 6, 2008, Pages 57~62
In case of the BTL Project for current educational faculties, the proper standards to analyze those said educational standards lack, so it is very difficult to conduct an exact analysis and those improper standards are problematic when proper management and maintenance costs are calculated. In case of such educational facilities, as students have to use them safely for a long time and the quantity of their activities and the status of their physical growth based on individual classes, as well as the features for use by facility and the regional characteristics are different, other standards for maintenance and management must be considered unlike an apartment house. Thus, in this study, to set up the standards considering the features of educational facilities, the maintenance and management level suitable for educational facilities is presented by comparing and analysing that required to maintain and manage an apartment house, targeting the experts specializing management of educational facilities.
Serviceability Evaluation of Slim Composite Floor System
Eun, Hee-Chang ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 8, issue 6, 2008, Pages 63~70
Slim floor construction is becoming used throughout many countries. It combines the advantages of flat slab construction with significant inherent resistance to fire. The slim floor system with web openings leads to the reduction of its self-weight. Although the system has enough strength and stiffness, it is necessary to evaluate and improve the effects of dynamic vibration to be able to annoy the residents. Thus, this study evaluates the serviceability of vibration effects based on the dynamic test of five slim composite beams. Based on the experimental results, the initial stiffness and natural frequency of all specimens exhibit the similar trend regardless of the opening and the shape of cross section. The decrease in natural frequency is deeply related to the reduction in the stiffness of specimens and thus, it can be concluded that the damage of slim composite floor can be detected by the measurement of natural frequency instead of the load-carrying capacity and the stiffness.
Awared and emotionally attached places of residents living in a housing improvement district of Yanglim Dong, Kwangjoo
Kim, Kyulee ; Lee, Yeunsook ; Kim, Jusuck ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 8, issue 6, 2008, Pages 71~78
Necessity of paradigm change has been awared in urban redevelopment especially, in housing regeneration from uniform scratch without serious consideration about resident's lives to holistic approach based on local culture and residents' participation. The purpose of this research was to identify community places recognized and attached by residents of a housing improvement district which was scheduled to be changed for improvement of the area, in near future. This research itself was considered as an resident participation technique. Group interview at a field site was carried as the main research methodology. As results, valuable places cherished by residents were identified. Most of them could be explained in relation to religious leadership, traditional cultural heritage and democratic movement. In regeneration process those places which have a strong tie with residents needs to be deliberately considered as a target to be preserved rather than demolished. The places also play a role in diffusing a livable village making movement. The result is expected to be used to make a cognitive and emotional community map of residents which is meaningfully differentiated from just a physical and geographical map. The places, place recognition activities and diffusion movement for common appreciation can be a basic foundation for residents participation in improving their housing neighborhood environment, and in creating value added strategies for the area.
A Study on Sustainable Design Characteristics of Community Spaces in Apartment Housing
Lee, Song Hyun ; Hwang, Yeon Sook ;
KIEAE Journal, volume 8, issue 6, 2008, Pages 79~87
The purpose of this study is to identify the planning features of apartments that are people-friendly, nature-friendly and ones that improve the quality of the apartments through sustainable design characteristics found in the apartment community space. This study found the sustainable design characteristics through the case of 8 environment-friendly apartment in the Seoul-Gyeunggi area. Sustainable design was categorized into three areas a) social sustainability b) economic sustainability c) ecological sustainability. The major findings are summarized as follows: First, socially sustainable design which included plans for various types of squares, spaces for pedestrians showed high application of universal design plans. While, plans to maximize open spaces that facilitate the social exchanges among residents showed low application. Second, economically sustainable design showed high application in terms of access to public transportation and bicycle storage facilities. However, planning factors such as alternative energy facilities, recyclable materials, reuse of rainwaterand heavy water showed low application. Third, environmentally sustainable design included high application of promenades, artificially created green space and various types of water space. On the other hand, nature study centers, biotope and environment friendly parking space showed low application.