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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
The Korean Journal of Ecology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Ecological Society of Korea
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Volume & Issues
Volume 10, Issue 4 - Aug 1987
Volume 10, Issue 3 - Jun 1987
Volume 10, Issue 2 - Apr 1987
Volume 10, Issue 1 - Feb 1987
Selecting the target year
Actual Vegetation and Potential Natural Vegetation of Seonunsan Area, Southwestern Korea
Kim, Jeong-Un ; Yang-Jai Yim ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 10, issue 4, 1987, Pages 159~164
The potential natural vegetation of Seonunsan area, southwestern Korea, was inferred from the actual vegetation. In previous two papers the plant communities of actual vegetation of the area is grouped into nine types; Quercus variabilis, Pinus densiflora, Carpinus tschonoskii, Quercus serrata, Camellia japonica (plantation), Quercus aliena, Pinus thunbergii, Zelkova serrata and Carpinus laxiflora forest. With the analysis of species richness, age structure and various informations on vegetation changes of the plant communities, two paths of late stage succession are suggested in climatic climax starting from Pinus densiflora forest in the area. One is through Quercus variabilis forest to Carpinus laxiflora forest in upper parts of the mountain and the other through Quercus aliena forest to Carpinus tschonoskii forest in lower parts of the mountain. With analysis of actual vegetation and the examination of informations including human activities in the area, the potential natural vegetation of the area was inferred. The potential natural vegetation of the area was mainly composed of Carpinus laxiflora, Carpinus tschonoskii, Pinus densiflora and Zelkova serrata forest. The actual vegetation map and potential natural vegetation map (scale, 1:25, 000) and other results from this study might be the useful data for the protection of natural vegetation and restoration of the current vegetation.
Phytosociological Studies on the Vegetation of Odong Island, Yeosu
Kim, Chul-Soo ; Yoon-Seok Jang ; Jang-Geun Oh ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 10, issue 4, 1987, Pages 165~173
Odong Island, Yeosu, is the one of the Hallyosudo National Marine Park. The vegetation of this island was surveed from July, 1986 through April, 1987. By the Braun-Blanquet's method, the vegetation of Odong Island was classified into 7 communities and 4 afforestations; that is, Pseudosasa japonica community and Phyllostachys bambusoides afforestation (bamboo stands), Mallotus japonicus, Quercus acutissima community, Prunus serrulata var. spontanes and Celtis sinenesis afforestation (deciduous forests), Pinus densiflora, Pinus thunbergii community, Chamaecyparis pisifera afforestation (evergreen needle-leaved forests), and Castanopsis cuspidata var. sieboldii-Camellia japonica and Machilus thunbergii-Camellia japonica community (evergreen broad-leaved forests). Based on the classification, the actual vegetation map of the island was prepared in scale 1:2,600. Judging by the DBH class distribution and many other informations, ww can expect that the coniferous forests area of the island will be replaced by evergreen broad-lea ed forests after a few future.
Effects of Nitrate Gradients on Growth and Nitrogen Economy of Soybean Plant
Kim, Sung-Jun ; Yeon-Sik Choo ; Seung-Dal Song ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 10, issue 4, 1987, Pages 175~182
Soybeans(Glycine max Merr. cv. Kwanggyo), inoculated with Rhizobium japonicum 110 and then sand-cultured with nitrate gradients (0, 1, 3, 10 and 30mM KNO3). were studied on the growth analysis, nitrogen fixation and nitrogen economy during the growing period. The maxium values of total leaf area, biomass and nitrogen quantity were increased 139%, 122% and 161%, respectively with higher concentration of nitrate treatment. Nodulation showed significant linear correlation with leaf area growth for each treatment of nitrate concentration increased. The more nitrate concentration increased, the more distribution ratios of dry matter and nitrogen to nodule decreased, and the more T/R ratios, CGR and N content increased. On the other hand, F/C ratios and RGR showed little changes. The amounts of nitrogen fixation of soybean alloted to 0, 1, 3, 10 and 30mM nitrate treatments were 100, 46, 14, 0.1 and 0.004% for the total nitrogen assimilation, respectively. The nitrogen utility of soybean plant was smaller than that of other plants and ranged from 23 to 30 at varying nitrate gradients.
The Decay Map and Turnover Cycles of Litters in Korea
Chang, Nam-Kee ; Sung-Kyu Lee ; Bok-Seon Lee ; Heu-Baik Kim ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 10, issue 4, 1987, Pages 183~193
An investigation was performed to draw the decy map of litters on the floors of pine and oak forests in Korea and to reveal the turnover cycles of N, P, K, Ca and Mg in litters. Isodecay constant lines of litter organic matter, which are depended upon the altitude, latitude and orientation, were drawn on the Korean map. The decay constants of organic matter of litters were higher in the broadleaf tree forests than in the needleleaf tree forests, and in the grasslands than in the forests. The amount of mineral nutrients such as N, P, K, Ca and Mg returned annually to soils is higher in the broadleaf tree forests than in the needle leaf tree forests, and highest in the Quercus mongolica forest of the forests.
Past Vegetation of Moor in Mt. Daeam in Terms of the Pollen Analysis
Chang, Nam-Kee ; Yung-Pok Kim ; In-Hye O ; Yung-Hi Son ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 10, issue 4, 1987, Pages 195~204
Pollen analysis of moor peat of Daeam Mountain revealed vegetational history around Daeam Mountain. The pollen stratigraphy might be zoned into three, Zone I, Zone II and Zone III for the past 2, 200 years. The time required for amount of the accumulated peat in the moor was estimated in terms of the balance of the accumulation and decay of organic carbon of the deposit peat. Zone I(770~2, 200 yr BP) had Pinus and Quercus as main elements. Gramineae decreased while Typhaceae, Cyperaceae and spores such as Polypodiaceae increased. Zone II(300~770 yr BP) showed warming trend which is suggested by high pollen concentrations of Quercus, Juglans, Carpinus, Ulmus and by a more diverse flora of deciduous borad-leaved trees than Zone I. Pinus decreased in this zone. It suggests that the overall environment became milder than Zones I and III. Zone III(earlier than 300 yt BP) was predominantly Quercu and Pinus with amount of nonarboreal species such as Artemisia, Gramineae and Chenopodiaceae, that was grown under dry conditions. It suggests that overall environment vecome humid by comparison with the present time and it is surmised the course of boggy ground formation by a retrogressive succession.
Effects of Red Ginseng on Methyl Mercury Toxicities to Lipoprotein and Tissue Protein in Mouse
Chung, Hee Won ; Soo Kyoung Shin ; Choon Koo Lee ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 10, issue 4, 1987, Pages 205~213
In order to investigate the effects of red ginseng extract to methyl mercury toxicities in mice, the serum lipoproteins, tissure protein patternsm and growth rates were studied. Animals wee divided into 3 groups of the control, group I treated with methyl mercury chloride only, and group II treated together with methyl mercury chloride and red ginseng extract. In serum lipoprotein fractions of group I, beta lipoprotein fraction was increased and pre-beta lipoprotein fraction was decreased in comparision to those of the control. However, there was almost no difference in quantities of serum lipoprotein fractions between the control and group II. Total pretein contents of groups I and II were increased in liver and those of groups I and II in the kidney were decreased. However, in comparison to group I, total protein contents of group II in the liver and kidney were similar values with those of the control. Percentage of tissue protein fractions between control and group I in the liver and kindey showed considerable difference. On the other hand, the percentage of protein fractions of group II approximated to that of the control. Daily average growth rate of body weight in group II was similar to the control, but that of group I was decreased significantly in comparison to the other 2 groups.