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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Korean Journal of Ecology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Ecological Society of Korea
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Volume & Issues
Volume 14, Issue 4 - Aug 1991
Volume 14, Issue 3 - Jun 1991
Volume 14, Issue 2 - Apr 1991
Volume 14, Issue 1 - Feb 1991
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Ecological Studies on the Seed Production and Natural Regeneration in Hornbeam Forest
Rim, Young-Deuk ; Ho-Kam Kang ; Nobukazu Nakagoshi ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 14, issue 1, 1991, Pages 1~7
This study was carried out to estimate the seed crop of Carpinus forest in Piagol of Mt. Chiri for six years and the results obtained were as follows; Upper two layers of Capinus forest were dominated by C. tschonoskii and Subfall tree layer ranging from 15.40 to 17.20 m in height. The distribution of seed weight of C. tsconoski was skewed to light weight classes. Most seeds fall in November. The best crop was shown in 1984, while virtually no crops in 1985. Since 1985, annual seed crop increased gradually.
Development of the Short-Horned Grasshoppers, Oxya sinuosa, at the Constant Temperature
Joo, Eun-Young ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 14, issue 1, 1991, Pages 9~13
The short-horned grasshoppers, Oxya sinuosa Mistshenko, were reared in the growth cabinet exposed alternately to 16 hours of artificial light (510
240 lux) and 8 hours of darkness under the condition of constant temperature of 30
3% in relative humidity. The results obtained in this study are summarized as follows. Both female and male grasshoppers had seven instars. In the larval developmental stages of female and male, the third stage was shorter than the other stages, and the longest stage was the seventh. The total developmental period of females and males were approximately 80.17 and 63.5 days, respectively. The survivorship curve at the temperature of 30
shows straight line.
Early Begetational Recovery and Species Diversity of Pine Forest after Fire in Mt. Todok
Cho, Young-Ho ; Woen Kim ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 14, issue 1, 1991, Pages 15~23
The early vegetational recovery and species diversity were investigaed in burned pine forest of Mt. Todoksn from 1986 to 1990. The changes of vegetation in the burned site occurred Miscanthus→Miscanthus-Lespedeza→Lespedeza community. The biological spectra based on SD(%) and SP(%) of the burned site were similar to the unburned site with H---e type. The degree of succession(DS) was gradually increased with succession in burned site. The species diversity index(H') and evenness index(e) were declining successional trend, nut dominance index(C) inclining successional trend in the burned site. The domiance-diversity curves of the burned site showed gradual decrease in diversity and evenness, and then slopes of them were progressively steep in early successional stage.
Ecological Studies on the Distribution, Structure and Maintenance Mechanism of Berchemia berchemiaefolia Forest
Kang, Sang-Joon ; Hong-Eun Kim ; Chang-Seok Lee ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 14, issue 1, 1991, Pages 25~38
Berchemia berchemiaefolia is a native a native rare plant which has been designating as the Natural Monument, No. 266, since 1980. The floristic composition, population structure and maintenance mechanism of the Berchemia berchemiaefolia forest were investigated in conjunction with the habitat consisted of the block field or screes. Through the present study, the authors found a new habitat of Berchemia berchemiaefolia in the northeastern slope on Mt. Kumdansan located at Hajeok-ri, Cheongcheon-myeon, Koesan-gun, chungbuk province. Gravels consisted of the block field belonged to granule, pebble and cobble as the range of grain size,
=-1.5~6.6 values. The tree layer of Berchemia berchemiaefolia community was mainly composed of Quercus variabilis, Pinus densiflora and Q. serrata including Berchemia berchemiaefolia and of this community were similar to that of Q. variabilis. By the age distribution, it was considered that the community was a discontinued one as the pattern of distribution was a normal distribution type(N type). Phenological cycle including leafing, blooming and seed-bearing period between both sites of block field and valley or close canopy showed some differences. The seed production of Berchemia berchemiaefolia was 8, 655, 000 seeds/ha/year, but only 406, 000 seeds/ha/year of them were developed as saplings, and only 4 saplings were developed to mature trees.
Phytosociological Studies on the Vegetation in Cheju Island 1. Natural Castanopsis-Machilus Type Forest
Kim, Moon-Hong ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 14, issue 1, 1991, Pages 39~48
A phytosociological study was carried out at the Castanopsis-Machilus type forests in Cheju Island. As the result, it has become clear that the alliance Castanopsion sieboldii and Cleyero-Quercion salicinae classified into the order Ardisio-Castanopsietallia sieboldii and the class Camellietae japonicae are distributed in Cheju Island. The Castanopsion sieboldii include Quercus glauca communiy, Arisaemato ringentis-Persetum thunbergii, Castanopsis sieboldii-Machilus thunbergii community and Castanopsis sieboldii-Quercus glauca community. The Cleyero-Quercion salicinae contains Distylio-Quercetum salicinae.
Phytosociological Study on the Evergreen Broad-leaved Forest in Dadohae National Marine Park(IV) -The Vegetation of Oinarodo Island-
Kim, Chul-Soo ; Jang-Geun Oh ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 14, issue 1, 1991, Pages 49~61
Phytosociological invesstigation of the forest vegetation was carried out in Oinrodo island at the period from June 5th 1990 to June 10th 1990 by Braun-Blanquet's method. The forest vegetation was classified into 10 communities, Castanopsis cuspidata var. sieboldii, Machilus thunsbergii, Neolitsea sericea, Quercus glauca-Actinodaphne lancifolia, Pinus thunbergii, Chamaecyparis obtusa, Cryptomeria japonica, Quercus acutissima, Quercus variabilis, and Carpinus coreana community. Based on the classification of communities, the actual vegetation map was drawn in 1 : 50,000 scale.
A Study on Vascular Hydrophytes of Intertidal Area in Nakdong Estuary -Productivity of Intertidal Vascular hydrophytes before and after the Construction of Nakdong Barrage-
Yoon, Hae Soon ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 14, issue 1, 1991, Pages 63~73
Nakdong estuary provides the largest wintering grounds for migrating waterfowls in Korea, and was designated Natural Monument No. 179 in 1966. Nakdong barrage and related construction-projects finished in 1987 to increase freshwater-supply to nearby Pusan metropolitan area and to reclaim the vast intertidal areas for land development. Changes on distribution, primary productivity, and standing crop of Schoenopluctus triqueter, the dominant species in this intertidal flats, were investigated after the construciton, during the 1988-1990, and were compared to those before the construction. Total standing crop. tuber biomass and net primary productivity of S. triqueter increased in 1988 and 1989, but decreased slightly in 1990. Increase of tuber biomass means an increase in available food, thus the carrying capacity, for swans wintering in this area. Habitat environment of this estuary should be protected and managed as a wintering ground for migrating waterfowls, inspite of the construction of the barrage.
Changes in the Activities of Isocitrate Dehydrogenase and Glutamate Dehydrogenase and in Free Amino Acid Pool by Heat Shock in Saccharomyces cerevisiae
Kim, Hak-Hyeon ; Nam-Kee Chang ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 14, issue 1, 1991, Pages 75~85
Changes in the activities of isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH) and glutamate dehydrogenase (GDH) and changes in free amino acids in the cytoplasm of Saccharomyces cerevisiae have been studied under heat shock condition. Heat shock conditions led to a significant decrease of NAD-IDH and NAD-GDH, It was shown appeared that the meaningful patterns of increase of NADP-IDH and NADP-GDH. It suggested that heat shock in yeast leads to a splitting of the TCA cycle and that glutamate synthesis takes place through the coupling of the NADP-linked isocirate and glutamate dehydrogenase. It was shown that about 14% of total free amino acids of yeast cells was decreased by heat shock. Especially heat shock condition resulted in the marked decreases of serine family amino acids such as serine, glycine and cysteine, and in the considerable increases of the rates of methionine, alanine, glutamin.
Changes of PBP Quantity and FNR Activity by Light Wavelengths in Anabaena variabilis
Kim, Jung-Suk ; Chang, Nam-Kee ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 14, issue 1, 1991, Pages 87~99
Changes of phycobiliproteins(PBP) quantity and ferredoxin-NADP reductase(FNR) activity were investigated in various light illuminated cyanobacteria, Anabaena variabilis. PBP components were increased under blue light illumination, whereas decreased under red light illumination. PBP contents were twofolds in blue light than in red light. In view of the PBP composition, allophycocyanin(APC) in red light was higher 5.5% and phycoerythrocyanin(PEC) in blue light was higher 2.2% than in white light-illuminated PBP. It was suggested that PBP changes in bule light be the results of regulation of photosysthetic efficiency and protection of photosystem, whereas PBP changes in red light be effected by adaptation of adequate harvesting of light energy in photosystem. Changes of FNR activity were highest in red light, and sequenced lower to blue light and green light. It means that light-dependent production rate of NADP is the highest in red light. The difference of values was larger than that of values in comparison of red and blue light. It was suggested that increasing of FNR activity be due not to the function of isozyme, but to the synthesis of enzymes. Because of NAD/NADP regulation-effect to metabolism, it was considered that FNR activity might influence the metabolism indirectly and explain the probability of regulation in pathways of key enzyme activation. FNR activity was directly proportional to intensity of light. Optimum temperature and pH were about 25℃ and 7.5, respectively.
The Characterization and Activity Changes of Phosphatases in Amoeba sp. to the Light Stimuli and Its Response Pattern
Chang, Nam-Kee ; Chai-Seong Lim ; Jin-Ho Bae ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 14, issue 1, 1991, Pages 101~111
Amoeba sp. was cultured under the light and the dark conditions, and the activity of phosphatases was investigated. There was a linear correlation between the early reaction time and the activity of phosphatases when phosphatases were incubated at 30℃. Then the activity of acid phosphatase was about 2 times higher than that of alkaline phosphatase. The activity of phosphatase was optimal at pH 5.0 in acidic part and at pH 8.0 in alkaline part, respectively. The optimal temperature of phosphatases was near the 40℃. The isozyme patterns of cytoplasmic acid phosphatase were compared with those of membraneous one. Both the isozyme patterns were shown to bo polymorphic on the polyacyamide gel, but different band patterns were observed in the isozymes of the cytoplasmic and the membraneous acid phosphatases. The number of Amoeba sp. under the light stimulus for 48 hours decreased negative exponentially from the illumination. The activity of acid and alkaline phosphatases under the illumination of light incresed 1.7 and 1.5 times higher, respectively, than the activity of those under the dark condition. This result apperars to be related to the mechanism of the autophosphorylation.
Comparisons of Soil Properties between Earthworm Casts and Top Soil of Red Pine Forests in a Limestone Area
Mun, Hyeong-Tae ; Joon-Ho Kim ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 14, issue 1, 1991, Pages 113~117
Comparisons of the physico-chemical properties of earthworm(Lumbricus terrestris) soil casts and top soil of red pine forests in a limestone area were carried out. The casts production durign August and September in 1990 amounted to 6∼7t/ha. The particle of top soil and casts ranged 40∼50% and 10∼20% for sand , 25∼30% and 30∼35% for silt, and 20∼25% and 55∼65% clay, respectively. Significant difference in pH value was not observed between casts and top soil. The casts had 1.4times of organic matter, 1.5times of N, 1.8times of available P, 2times of exchangeable K, 1.3times of exchangeable Ca, and 1.6times of exchangeable Mg than the top 10cm of soil did. Earthworms have altered the soil texture and increased nutrient availability through production of the soil casts in this limestone area.