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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Korean Journal of Ecology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Ecological Society of Korea
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Volume & Issues
Volume 14, Issue 4 - Aug 1991
Volume 14, Issue 3 - Jun 1991
Volume 14, Issue 2 - Apr 1991
Volume 14, Issue 1 - Feb 1991
Selecting the target year
Ordination Analysis on the Forest Communities of Mt. Changan , Chonbuk
Kim, Chang-Hwan ; Kil, Bong-Seop ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 14, issue 3, 1991, Pages 231~241
The analyses of correlation, enviromental gradient, continuum and polar ordination methods were used for studing on relationships between forest vegetation and their habitats in Mt. changan, chagsu-gun, korea. influencing correlation of moisture index to the main 41species from the study area they were composed of several groups by leading species of quercus mongoulica, that of carpinus tschonoskii and that of fraxinus mandshurica. On the other hand, it was found three communities in different habitats by environmental gradient i.e. each community of f. mandshurica, mangnolia sieboldii and hydrangea serrata for. acuminata have occurred in moist place, that of c. teschonoskii and q. serrata, in mesic and that of q. mongolica, q.variabilis, rhododendron schlippenbachii, in dry. in addition an occupied distribution area was investigated according to continuum index e.g. cornus controversa,betula costata,q. variabilis, q. serrata and q. mongolica over altitudinal 800m were distributed to a habitat were forming climax by q. mongolica, and/or c. controversa, f. mandshurica, q. serrata and c. tschonoskii under altitudinal 800m were done, by g. tschonoskii. while the forest vegetation of the area was classified into 6 communities such as q. mongolica community, q. variabilis community,q. serrata community, g. tschonoskii community,c. controversa community and f. mandshurica community by means of polar ordination analysis and these have come under the influence of environmental factors.
Studies on the Composition of Species and Distribution of Evergreen Forest in Haenam Peninsula , Korea
Kim, Chul-Soo ; Oh, Jang-Geun ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 14, issue 3, 1991, Pages 243~255
The vegetation of haenam peninsula(126 30e.l. and 34 30n.l ) was investigated from July, 1990 to 1991. the units of vegetatin were classified by the phytosociological method of broun- blanquet's. the forest vegetation was classified into 7 communities, sasa borealis-quercus acuta, cinnamomum japonicum, camellia japonica, rhododendron mucronulatum-pinus thunbergii, pinus densiflora community, torreya nucifera, chamaecyparis obtusa afforestatio, and the actual vegetation map was drawn in 1 : 50,00 scaie.
On the Dominance - Diversity in the Forest Vegetation of Mt. Halla National Park
Yim, Yang-Jai ; Lee, Jin-Hwa ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 14, issue 3, 1991, Pages 257~271
Two types in the species-importance, one type of carpinus laxiflora, carpinus tschonoskii, quercus serrata, quercus grosseserrata and pnus densiflora community and another type of abeies koreana community classified by zurich-montpellier method, were recognized based on the data from 81 sample plots. The forme species sequence-importance curves were coincidred with the ideal curve calculated by preston's lognormal-distribution theory(1948), with small variations among five communities, and the latter with that of motomura's niche pre-emption hypothesis(1932). It seems that plant community classified by phytosociological method based on the unit concept coincide with the vegetation type recognized by species population analyse based on the continuum concept and the dominance-diversity reflrcts on the difference in the coenocline among their plant communities.
Phytosociological Study on the Forest Vegetation in Mt. Komdan
Lee, Ho-Joon ; Ha-Song Kim ; Eun-Bu Cho ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 14, issue 3, 1991, Pages 273~303
A phytosociological study of forest vegetation was carried out in mt. komdan in the period from October 7,1985 to October 15 1989. The forst vegetation could be classified into 7 communities ; quercus monbolica,pinus densiflora, quercus dentata, pinus koraiensis, larix leptoletsis, pinus rigida,castanea creaneta. The principal forest community in mt. komdan-the quercus mongulica community- was distributed mainly at the altitude of 400~600m and the importance value was 187.1. The pinus desiflora community was 137.9. since pinus koraiensis, larix laptolepsis,pinus rigida, castanea creanata, etc. werw planted in this region, It seems that it was frequently disturbed by human interference,especilly, the destruction of the vegetation in the recreation ground of paldang, the regions around the village of hasangok-ri and the main routes for mountain climbing appeared severely.
Growth Characteristics and Demography of Polygonatum involucratum and Polygonatum humile Ramet Population
Choung, Yeon-Sook ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 14, issue 3, 1991, Pages 305~316
Growth hadit and demograph in a mature population of polygonatum and polygonatum humile in kanghwa island were studied for two growing seasons. Shoots of two species emerged early spring from the growing apices of the underdground rhizomes which had persisted for up to 1~5 year.after flowering, the ramets produced two rhizome buds at the shoot base. Bacause of the apical dominance in the rhizome system, a new rhizome was developed from only one bud, an actual bud,and the other latent buds were suppressed sothat remained dormant. The latent dud produced a new rhizome only when the actual dud was severed by the herbivores or by the physical obstacles. Therefore, the ramet number is not increased by the new rhizome from the latent bud. however, new ramets dould sometimes grow from latent buds which had been produced more than a year ago. Production of these ramets was main means increasing the ramet numbew and widening the potential zone of exploitation. Changes in size class of each ramet were noyiceable after a tear in small size-classes. Small ramets replaced themselves with larger-sized ramet, while large ramets with similar-sized or smallar-sized ramets. ramet numbers were average 0.82and 1.14 times of those fromthe previous year inp. involucratum and p. humile, though there was between-site variation. Almost all the ramets in the quadrats were alive during the growing season. when the entire rhizome systems were excavater next spring, there were many rhizomesegments without shoots, especially in p. involucratum. therefore, the drcrease of ramet number in p. involucratum in probably due to the climatic factors of winter.
Nitrogen Mineralization and Dynamics in the Forest Soil
Mun, Hyeong-Tae ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 14, issue 3, 1991, Pages 317~325
Mineral nitrogen dynamics and net mineralization of nitrogen in oak(quercus accutissima) and pine(pinus rigida) forest soils were studied. Nitrogen mineralization was determined over 8-week period by incubation method at laboratory. Initial water content of incubating soils was adjusted by applying suction(30mmhg), and lossof water during incubation was recovered with deionized water using syringe at every 3 or 4days. Temperature of incubator was maintained with 35+0.3c during the incubation period. Content of organic matter, total nitrogen, nh4-n and no3-n in soils in oak stand were significantly highter than those in pine stand. soil ph was lower in pine stand than in oak stand. initial nh4-n and no3-n of soils used in incubation experiment were 12.6 ug/g and 6.5 ug/g for oak stand, and 5.3ug/g and 5.1 ug/g for pine stand, respectively. Production of nh4-n increased from the beginning st both stands, and showed a peak at 5th week in oak stand(28.5 ug/g) and 6th week in pine stand(16.7 ug/g), and then decreased. intial no3-n of soils in oak(6.5 ug/g) and pine(5.1ug/g)stands, increased to 36.2 ug/g in soils of oak stand(5th week) and 13.4 ug/g in pine stand(4th week), respectively. The low values of no3-n of the field soil in the growing season compared with those of incubating soils at both stands indicate that considerable amount of nh4-n and no3-n produced in soils of oak and pine stands during two-months incubation were 59.7 and 141.6mg/kg soil, and 51.9 and 41.2mg/kg soil, respectively.
Studies on the population biology of some clonal plants in a coastal reclaimed land
Choung, Yeon-Sook ; Joon-Ho Kim ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 14, issue 3, 1991, Pages 327~343
Clonal growth and rhizome architecture of calmagrostis epigeios, were studied in a 15-year old coastal reclamed land. As c. epigeios patch grew from center to margin radially over time, concentric annuli were added. the radial increases of the mature patch were 80~130cm/yr. the patch ages of c. epigeios estimated by relationships between the diameter and is radial increament, were 1~6year old. There were the marked variations of density, phytomass, shoot height and inflorecence frequency with increasing age of rhizome system within the patch. the maximum performance occurred at 2-year-old concentric annuli of the patch. The growth phasic continuum with aging was divided into 5 grwth phases ; pioneer, building, matyre, senile and degenerate. The rhizome aging had a more significant effect on the inflorescence frequency than on the other attributes. new rhizomes tended to diverge from the direction of the parent ramet by sympodial growth. in a 1-year-old patch, average length of rhizome segment was 7cm, average number of internode was 6, and the tillering frequency was 27%. The tillering in the early stage resultd in the increase of shoot density and the producation of multibranching rhizome. as the result of that, circular patchwas formed in a year. The branching structure based on such facts was represented graphically in branching degree of 60 and 100. therefore, c. epigeios with clonal growth may establish and grow vigorously earlier than other glycophytes in high salt conditions such as the coastal reclaimed land.
Study on the Benthic Macroinvertebrates in the Middle Reaches of the Paenae Stream , a Tributary of the Naktong River , Korea
Oh, Yong-Nam ; Tae-Soo Dhon ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 14, issue 3, 1991, Pages 345~360
Benthic macroinvertebrates were collecte in the middle reaches of the paenae stream, a tributary of th naktong river in korea, in four seasons from August 1989. To may 1990, during the study period, 125 species, 81 genera and 41 families were collected. Overall, the most dominant species was lepidostoma sp. 1 followed by heptagenia kihada, neoperla quadrata, diamesa sp. 1, ect.. the community was most diverse in autumn, However the number of collectd individuals was highest in winter. Species of chironomids including diamesa sp. 1 and mayflies including paraleptophlebia chocorata were collected exceptionally in a large number in winter. Seasonal occurrence of funtional groups such as collectors, shredders and scrapers was related with the availadlity of food sourses in the stream. The abundance of predators was relatively stable in four seasons with 17% on average. Diversity, tbi and chandler's biotic score(bs) in the paenae strem were 3.75, 14.5, and 100 on average, respectively. Based on biological and chemical indices the paenae stream was clean in the range of xeno- and oligo- saprobity.