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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Korean Journal of Ecology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Ecological Society of Korea
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Volume & Issues
Volume 14, Issue 4 - Aug 1991
Volume 14, Issue 3 - Jun 1991
Volume 14, Issue 2 - Apr 1991
Volume 14, Issue 1 - Feb 1991
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Ecological Studies on the Estimation of Cone and Seed Production of Secondary Pitch Pine Forest
Hong, Sun-Kee ; Hae-Uk Bang ; Young-Deuk Rim ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 14, issue 4, 1991, Pages 361~370
The cone and seed production of pitch pine were investigated at two areas(songtan and yangdong) located in kyounggi province. Bymeans of formulas derived from both the regression analysis between the number of seeds and cone length, and between d2·h and number of cones, cone and seed production were estimated. The correlation coefficient value between the number of seeds and cone length was high(r=0.6134). The cone and seed production of pitch pine has a high relationship to the variables-dbh, tree aga , and height of tree. The cone production of pitchpine forest estimated by the formula log(o+s+y+c)=0.581 log(d2·h)-1.317 was 965,832/ha in 1985∼1986, 850,852/ha in 1986∼1987 at songtan, and 462,794/ha in 1985∼1986,916,965/ha in 1986∼1987 at yangdong.
Adaptative Characteristics of Some Woody Plants Growing on the Rock Faces ( 1 ) - Morphological Adaptation of Leaves
Lim, Joo-Hoon ; Zin-Suh Kim ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 14, issue 4, 1991, Pages 371~377
Some morphological characteristics were investigated on the leaves of quercus aliena, hypostomatous species, and lespedeza cyrtobotrya, amphistomatous species, that appeared dominantly on the rock faces in mt.pukhan, mt surak and mt. pulam near seoul. These characteristics were compared with those of normal sites rock faces. All two species growing on the rock faces had thickened leaves with well developed upper epidermis and palisade tissue. Quercus aliena growing on the rock faces showed the leaves with double layer of palisade cells and more regularly arranged spongy parenchyma cells to the lower epidermis. In the case of lespedeza cyrtobotrya, narrower and more lengthened palisade cells and smaller air gaps between the sponge parenchyma cells were observed on the rock faces than those growing in the normal sites. The stomater frequency of the lower epidermis of the tree leaves growing on the rock faces is higher thanthose of normal sites. However, the mean total stomata number of the tree leaves growing on the rock faces are fewer. Most of the morphological characteristics investigated indicate that the plants on the rock faces havesmaller coefficient of variation than those of the normal sites.
Ecotypic Variation of Pulsatilla koreana Nakai Distributed in Korea
Lee, Ho-Joon ; Say-Young Kim ; Change-Ho Kim ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 14, issue 4, 1991, Pages 379~398
In order to investigate the ecotypic variations of pulsatilla koreana nakai distributed in korea, 8 local populations of the plant were selected in accordance with latitude and compared on the differences of leaf shape, elongstion, stomatal distribution and dhlorophyll content. The incised angle of the plant is 38。32' in cheju, showing a great difference as compared with 23。77'-30。 32' of the other sites. as to the incised rate, mt. togyu and cheju representsed relatively high values of 49.04% and 48.21% the parted leaved individuals were only observed along the warm current coastal area including cheju, sokcho and sunchon and were 54(62.8%), 2(2.5%) and 3(3.3%) in the sites, respectively. Especially, the individuals consisting of only parted learves were 5(5.8%) in cheju alone and none of the other sites showed such individuals at all. So p. cernua distributed in cheju and p. koreana in inland area can be considered to beecotypic variations of the same species from the upper investigations. According to the elongations of leaf and rachis, the local populations could be classified into 3 types, such as warm current coastal area type(cheju,sunchon and sokcho),southern inland area type(andong, chungju and mt. togyu)and central inland ara type(mt. komdan and hongchon). The dentate numbera of 39.80-43.73 in the warm current area were also different from those of 87% in mt.togyu and 15% in hongchon, while opposite leaflets account for 100% in the other sites. The content of chlorophyll ranged from 0.609 mg/g. d.w.(cheju)to 0.924 mg/g.d.w.(hongchon), showing an increasing trends as the latitudes grow higher. 。。
A Study on the Benthic Macroinvertebrates in the Middle Reaches of Paenae Stream , a Tributary of the Naktong River , Korea 2 . Comparison of Communities and Environments at the Upper and Lower Sites of Levees
Oh, Yong-Nam ; Tae-Soo Chon ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 14, issue 4, 1991, Pages 399~413
Benthic macroinvertebrate communities and environments at the upper and lower sites of levees in the middle reaches of paenae stream, a tributary of the naktong river,were investigated in four seasons from August 1989 to may 1990. Current velocities were significantly fast at the loer sites than the upper sites of levees. Substratum compositions were also different between these two sites. Abundances of major species of benthic macroinvertebrates occurring in four seasons were primarily dtermined by temperature. in each location of levees, however, current velocities and substratum particle sizrs were important in determining species were generally higher than upper sites of levees. Biological indices were also high at the lower sites of levees. diversity, evenness and dominance indices were positively correlated with the quantity of the middle-sized large pebbles(3∼5cm in diameter) in stream bed.
Seasonal Changes in Sexual Allocation within Flowers of Chelidonium majus ( Papaveraceae )
Kang, Hye-Son ; Rihard B. Primark ; Nam-Kee Chang ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 14, issue 4, 1991, Pages 415~433
Seasonal variation in size and number of floral structures was examined in two massachusetts populations of chelidonium major, a self-compatible herb. All floral charcters except for anther number per flower declind significantly during a 3 week period. However, temporal patterns were not identical among characters or between popolations. The result indicate that floral characters varied in conjunction with flower diameter,but that the pattern of changes in floral characters in response to environments may not be easy to predict. Principal components analysis was conducted to environments may not be easy to predict. principal compenents analysis was conducted tl identify the functional relationship among floral male function, and female function, respectively, perhaps reflecting the functional distinction of floral characters. Based on this pattern, the relative allocation to sexual structures within flowers was examined: male allocation was relatively greater than female allocation eary or in the middle of flowering season, depending upon populations. Temporalvariation in relative allocation within flowers was not independent of seed tield components:; different combinations of the size and number of floral characters were correlated with different seed yield components, for example, either seed size or number per fruit, during a season. in particular, allocations to attractive and male structures were highly correlated with mean seed weight only earlier in the season. These result provide some evidence that flowering phenolgy is an important comportant to be considered in the study of sexual allocation.
Vertical Distribution of Forest Types on the North - western Slope of Mt. Paektu
Chang, Nam-Kae ; Sun-Kyung Lee ; Hye-Ryun Kwon ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 14, issue 4, 1991, Pages 435~448
Mt. paektu(altitude 2,749.6m) is ecologically important because successional processes following volcanic eurption are quite clear. We investigated plant communities with altitude know vertical distribution of plant vegetation on the north-western slope of Mt. paektu was divided into five parts; the pine-hardwood forest zone(600∼1,000m alt.), the lower coniferous forest zone (1,000∼1,500 m alt.), the upper coniferous forest and birch forest zone(1,500∼2,000 m alt.), the alpine shrub zone(2,000∼2,500 m alt.) and the alpine meadow zone(2,500∼2,749 m alt.). In particular, the alpine zone was divided into alpine shrub and alpine meadow zones and distributed up to 2,500m alt. these results reflet the adaptations of these shrubs at this altitude. But these shrubby communities disappeared on the alpinemeadow zone. In the alpine meadow zone above than 2,500m alt., some meadows, papaver radicatum var pscudoradicatum. bistorta ochotensis, chrysathemum zawadskii var. latilobum etc., were occured.
Effects of Temperature and Diet on the Development of the Water Strider , Gerris paludum insularis ( Hemiptera , Gerridae )
Park, Sang Ock ; Jin Kyung Hwng ; Eun Yung Joo ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 14, issue 4, 1991, Pages 449~455
The water striders, gerris paludum insularis larvae which were fed with the drosophila melanogaster cultured on the appli diet and artificial diet, were reared in the growth cabinet controlled as the two constant temperature regimes of 25 c and 30 c under the condition of photoperiod 16l : 8d, light intensity 510 240 lux, relative humidity 65 3%, and in the natural state. The effects of temperature and diet on the devolopment of g. paludum insularis were analyzed and the results were summarized as follows. 1. The total developmental period of the water strider larvae fed with the d. melanogaster reared on the apple diet at the natural stste was the longest 40 days, and the total devopmental periods at 25 c and 30 c were 35 days and 27 days respectively. The tolal developmental period of larvae fed with d. melanogaster reared on the artifical diet at 25 c was the longest 42 dats, and the total developmental periods at natural stste and 30 c were 32 days and 27 days, respectively. 2. In the larval developmental stages, the fifth stage was longer than that of any stage. The duration of egg stage which was not influenced by diet at 25 c was the longest. 3. The water strider larvae fed which the d. melanogaster reared on the artificial diet at 25 c did not complete their devolopment. 4. No significant difference was odserved in the developmentperiod for diet at 30 c. but, there were significant differences in developmental periods for diet at 25 c and natural state. 5. The rate of adult emergence on the apple diet was higher than that of the artificial diet was higher than of the artificial diet. 6. The shapes of the survivorship curve were convex-curve. 7. The development periods of the larval stages of water striders might be affected to temperature and diet dependently.
Occurrence and Distribution of Cellular Slime Molds in Relation to the Coastal Plant Communities of Islands near Inch`on
Hong, Jeong-Soo ; Nam-Kee Chang ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 14, issue 4, 1991, Pages 457~467
Occurrence and distribution of the celluar slime molds in relation to the coastal plant communities of svven islands near inch'on wereinvestigated. as a results, total seven species were isolated from the soils of the coastal plant communities. These are dictyostelium mucoroides, polysphodylium pallidum, dictystelium polycephalum. d. mucoroides was the most commonly found in the coastal plant communities investigated, and was dominant pecularly in the coastal mixed forests, the coastal broad-leaved forests and salt marshes. In the coastal coniferous forest and the coastal dune sand plants, hoeever, p. violaceum was the dominant species. species diversity was relatively was relatively high in the coastal coniferous ferests and the coastal mixed forests. However, agerage number of species isolated from all plant communities was very low,2.8.
Avifauna on the Areas Round the Atomic Power Plant
Kwon, Ki-Chung ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 14, issue 4, 1991, Pages 469~479
The abundance and local distribution of birds around the three atomic power plants were studied during summer in 1998 and winter 1989. It was particularly pointed out how to determine species diversity indices, rarefaction model appeared and habitat use. During the study over 2,200 birds were censused; black-tailed gull, terek sandpipper, asian wandering tattler and australian curlew accountedfor over 76% of the observed birds in summer. Black-tailed gull, black-headed gull, mallard, ancient murrelet and tree sparrow accounted for 76% of the observed birds in winter. overall, 53 species were occurred ; 23 have been observed on yonggwang-gun, 16 used on ulchin-gun, 12 used on kyungju-gun in summer. 18 on yonggwang-gun,,14 on ulchin-gun,12 on kyungju-gun in winter respectively. These three habitats in terms of their of species richness were computed as follows; yonggwang-gun has the highest richness with an expected species number of 17.5 as the same as two season. Kyungju-gun has the lowest with an expected species number of 8.2 in summer and 11.5 in winter.