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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Korean Journal of Ecology
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Journal DOI :
The Ecological Society of Korea
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Volume & Issues
Volume 15, Issue 4 - Aug 1992
Volume 15, Issue 3 - Jun 1992
Volume 15, Issue 2 - Apr 1992
Volume 15, Issue 1 - Feb 1992
Selecting the target year
Germanition, Shade Toarance and Community Characteristics on
Lee, Ho-Joon ; Kim, Tae-Sung ; Byun, Doo-Weon ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 15, issue 2, 1992, Pages 103~115
This dissertation, which has been prepared in the region of cheju(33o31'N, 126o32'E) from may,1987 to appril, 1989, is to elucidate the dominant characteristics of early stages in secondary succession, by examining the life history of erigeron annuus for the seeding depth of a seed was dependent upon the degree of shading. That is, on the area of ocm,the more tense the shading was, the more germination percentage was increased, while, in the case of 1.5cm, it was somewhat increased, when shading bwcame ess and less tense. The rosette of e. annuus, through its relative light intensity was decreased by shading, up to 5% of natural light, showed some strong shade tolerance, which had no difficulty in matter production. The species diversity of mixed-species community was the highest in the middle of April, the lowest in the last of may. The dominance index was the highest in the late may, the lowest in the middle of April. Toward the end of may, the occupation rate of dominance species was the highest. There was a neutral relationship between intraspecific and interspecific, owing to the differentiation of its niche, temporally and spatially. Productive structure of the community revealed a narrow leaf type which was concentratively distributed in the mid part of community height. The relative light intensity of community ground surface was 6.1%, the leaf inclination 60o,the extinction coefficient(k) 0.4, biomass of community 1,045.6 g.d.w./m2,T/Rratio 9.3, C/Frate 7.0 and sumgermanition, shade toarance and community characteristics on erigeron annuus l.in chejumed leaf area index 3.88. through the various life cycles o e.annuus, we can say that it decreases mortality of seeding caused by some stress and disturbance, for germination lasts for a long time at any opportunity available, and it promotes population growth. The strong shade tolerance of a rosette and the variableness of a life from differentiate the niche between intraspecific and interspecific within the community, and avoid the direct competition between them, thus poromoting community growth.
Detrended canonical correspondence analysis and polar ordination analysis on the forest communities of mudungsan.
Kim, Chang-Hwan ; Kil, Bong-Seop ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 15, issue 2, 1992, Pages 117~125
TWINSPAN(two-way indicator species analysis), DCCA(detrended canonical correspondence analysis) and polar ordination method wee used so as to analyze the the relation between forest vegetation and hibitat of mudungsan(1, 187m) located in kwangju area. Vegetationsurvey consulted 1:25, 000 topographical map, set up 41 quadrats and analyzed from April, 1990 to August, 1991. Forest vegetation of mudungsan was classifild to quercus acutissima community, fraxinus mandshurica community, quercus mongolica community, quercus serrata community, quercus dentata community, quercus variabilis community, and pinus densiflora community by TWINSPANmethod, and this almost coincide with the result of plar ordination. according to DCCA analysis, P. densiflora community was formed in xeric and low altitude region which soil nutrient was poor, compared with other communities. q. variabilis and q. acutissima community wee distributed in the region that low altitude and organic matter content was comparatively low, but q. acutissima community was formed in a damp region while q. variabilis community in a xeric region. q. mongolica and f. mandshurica formed the communities in a high altitude region, especially f. mandshurica cmmunity was distributed in a high humidity region. According to polar ordination analysis, the forest vegetation was classified to 7 communities by means of environmental gradient such as humidity, organic matter, ph, temperature, c.e.c and P2O5.
Environmental factors influencing on tuber germination in scirpus maritimus l.
Yang, Hae-Kyeng ; Kim, Ok-Kyung ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 15, issue 2, 1992, Pages 127~135
The effects of nacl concentration, temperatura, light and growth regulator(GA3, kinetin) on the tuber germination of s. maritimus were investigated. The germination percentage increased with decreasing nacl, showing salt tolerance through time, and with increasing temperature untile 20~30oC light / dark (12/12 hr) of optimal temperature. The multiplication of nacl and temperature on germination percentage and velocity, increased significantly in higher temperature than lower temperature in saline. The germination percentage showed high value in dark condition than in light condition which is the charracteristics of underground organ. and ga3 act as germination stimulator to overcome the inhibitory effect of nacl. The effect of ga3 showed significant differances on tubers of s. maritimus of germination but that of kinetin had a litter sffects on germination. Factors of nacl and temperature interacted significantly and the effects of nacl on germination percentage and velocity depended on temperature condition.
Studies on the removal of cd+2 ion in wastewater by plants I. absorption of cd+2 by dock (rumex crispus l.) plants
Cha, Young-Ⅱ ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 15, issue 2, 1992, Pages 137~145
When exposed to 1, 700 ml of 0.089, 0.445 or 0.890 mM/l cadmius solution, dock (rumex crispus L)plants from heavily polluted chungrangchon site absorbed 0.0404, 0.2244 or 0.4929 mM of cadmium per g dw during the first 4 hours, which were 5.0~30.8 times faster uptake rate than those of water hyacinth (eichhornia crassipes Solm. - laub). Zinc, with which cadmium generally occurs together, did not affect the uptake rate in the concentration range of 0.0306 ~0.0918 mM/l. rumex cripus from chungrangchon site and from less polluted shingalchon site, when exposed to 1, 700 ml of 0.089 mM/l solution for 3 days, removed 68.4% and 63.2%, repectively, of the cadmium initially present in the solution. And when exposed to cadmium solution of the same concentration for the second time after cadmium-free hydroponic culture for three days, these plants removed 76.1% and 66.8% of cadmium, respectively. These removal rates were not significantly different between collection sites or between exposures, but were about 2 times greater for the first exposure, and 2~5 times greater for the second exposure, than those of water hyacinth. these results incate that rumex cripus can absorb, and thus remove, large amount of cadmium ion in wastewater, and so can be used in wastewater treatment, e.g. soil trench method. since there was large difference among the plants in the ability to absorb cadmium, it should be possible to select for strain with greater ability.
Litterfall, decomposition, and nutrient dynamics of litter in red pine (pinus densiflora) and chinese thuja (thuja orientalis) stands in the limestone area
Mun, Hyeong-Tae ; Kim, Joon-Ho ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 15, issue 2, 1992, Pages 147~155
Litterfall, decomposition, and dynamics of n and p in decomposing litter were investigated for 2 years in red pine ( pinus densiflora) and chinese thuja( thuja orientalis)stands in the limestone area. Average litterfall in red pine and chinese thuja stands were 4, 535kgDM ha-1 yr-1 and 5, 010 kgDM ha-1 yr-1, respectively. Seasonal litterfall in red pine and chinese thuja stands showed peaks in November. concentrations of N and P in the needle litter were lowest in the winter when the greast litterfall occurred, and highest in the summer when the least litterfall occurred. However, those in chinese thuja scale leaf litter showed litter seasonal variation.amount of N and P returned to the forest floor through litterfall were 29.02kgN ha-1 yr-1 , 2.81 kg P ha-1 yr-1 for red pine stand, and 31.06 kg N ha-1 yr-1 , 2.86kgP ha-1 yr-1 for chinese thuja stand, respectively. After 21 mounts elapsed, needle and chinese thuja scale leaf litterbags lost 34.8% and 32.5% of the initial weight, respectively. N concentrations in the docomposing needle and chines thuja scale leaf litter decreased by 19% and 30%, respectively, after 1 month elapsed, and then gradually increased to exceed the initial concentration after 9 months elapsed and then gradually increased to exceed the initial concentration after 9 months elapsed in both of them, P in needle and chines thuja scale leaf litter decreased by 54% and 57% of the initial concentration, respectively, after 1 month elapsed. unlike N, P concentration in the decomposing litter did not exceed that of initial ones. Neyt immobilization period of N and P in decomposing litter did not occur over the study period.
A study of aluminum toarance of wheats
Chung, Hee-Joo ; Lee, In-Sook ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 15, issue 2, 1992, Pages 157~172
Studies were conducted to evaluate the differential al tolerance of suwon 205 and olmil wheats grown is nutrient solution and determine the impact of NH4+-N or Ca2+ nutrition of the response of the two wheat vareties to al. In various concentrations of al, olmil induced lower ph levels than suwon 205 in nutrient solutions and the reduction of root length and dry weight was greater in olmil than in suwon 205. The uptake of al was greater in root than in shoot of the two wheat varieties, but more increased in root of olimil. also the uptake of ca, mg, k and p was inhibited by al especialy decrease of ca and p uptake in roots of olmil was more pronounced than in those of suwon 205. In nutrient solutions that contained NH4+-N plus 9ppm al, the ability of both varienties to raise the ph was reduced as the level of NH4+-N in nutrient solutions was increased, and al-sensitive olimil induced lower ph than did al-tolerant suwon 205. al toxicity was intensified by increasing the concentration of NH4+-N in nurient and toxic effect was greater in olmil. al toxicity in the two wheat varieties was steadily increased as the ca level of nutrient solution was reduced, sepecialy this effect was stronger in al-sensitive olmil than in al-tolerant suwon 205.
Genetic phenomena for the pb and zu tolerance in plants
Yun, Jeoung-Ok ; Lee, In-Sook ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 15, issue 2, 1992, Pages 173~180
Pb, Zn tolerance of phaseolus multiflorus was investigated, based on the elongation of root and stem, pollen Germination and progeny quality in various pb, zn concentrations. The result obtained by water culture showed that the growth of roots and steams of phaseolus multiflorus from pb-zn mine site is less inhivited than that of the control site. The flower of phaseolus multiflorus from which pollen was taken were grown without added pb, zn and percent germination of pollen observed in a range of pb, zn concentrations. The percent germination of pollen from pb-zn mine site was higher than the control site. phaseolus multiflorus collected at a pb-zn mine site and the control site was site were grown at different pb, zn concentrations, its progeny was retreated with same concentrations of pb-zn mine site was more vigorous than the control site. thus, pb-zn tolerance was able to expressed in both pollen and sporophytes.
Cellular slime molds of mt. halla (I)-occurrence and distribution in the forests above 900m in altitude-
Hong, Jeong-Soo ; Kwon, Hye-Ryun ; Chang, Nam-Kee ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 15, issue 2, 1992, Pages 181~189
Dictyostelid cellular slime molds were quantitatibly isolated from the soils of mt.halla (above 900m in altitude), korea, according to the 'clonal isolation technique(cavender and raper, 1965a)'. Total fifteen species were found, including 1 new and 6 undescribed species.these are dictyostelium mucorodes, dictostelium minutem,polysphondylium pallidum fasciculatum, polysphondylium violaceum, dictyostelium flavidum,dictyostelium fasciculatum, polysphondylium violaceum, dictyostelium flavidum sp. n.(HL-1),dictyostelium aureo-stipes var. aureo-stipes, dictyostelium capitatum, dictyostelium giganteum,dictyostelium polycephalum,dictyostelium brefeldianum,dictyostelium macrocephalum, and dictyostelium sphaerocephalum, dictyostelium sp. (HL-2), dictyostelium sp. (CJ-9). D. mucoroides was the dominant species, and D. minutam,p.pallidum, d. fasciculatum, and p. violaceum were relatively common. d. polycephalum, d. brefeldianum, d. macrocephalum, dictyostelium sp. (HL-3), and d. sphaerocephalum were very rare. Species diversity appeared to be the highest in the deciduous broad-leaved forest from the soils of which 14 species were isolated. eight species were, including five undescribed species, isolated only from this forest soils. Number of isolates severely decrease at the forests above 1,500m in altitude.
Cellular slime molds of mt. halla(II)-occurrence and distribution in the warm temperate region-
Hong, Jeong-Soo ; Kwon, Hye-Ryun ; Chang, Nam-Kee ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 15, issue 2, 1992, Pages 191~200
Dictyostelid cellular slime molds isolated quantitatibly from the oils of evergreen broad-leaved forest and moist grassland of mt. halla in korea. nineteen species were found, including four undescribed species. species underscribed in korea are dictyostelium aureum var. aureum, d. crassicaule, d. monochasioides, and polysphondylium tenuissimum. Among these isolates, d. crassicaule and d. monochasioides were found only in evergreen broad-leaved forest, and p.tenuissimum was commonly found in moist grassland and meadow. in warn temperate regions investigated, d. mucoroides occurred rarely. It was noticeadle that d. sphaerocephalum, d. aureum var. aureum and d. purpureum were much more commonly found in warm temperate region. Species diversity in evergreen broad-leaved forest was the highest among the forests investigated until now in korea. Many isolates in mt. halla distributed differently in relation to the vegetations and altitudes. distritution patterns of isolates from mt. halla were discussed.
Population dymamics of apodemus agrarius inhabiting in the vicinity of new urbanizing at pundang area
Lee, Hai-Poong ; Sang-Hun Kim ; Meung-Hai Kim ; Chong-Ⅱ Lee ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 15, issue 2, 1992, Pages 201~208
Wild rats inhabiting pundang area where urbanized since 1989 were there species including apodemus agrarius. amoung them, a. agrarius was dominant as shown in other areas of korea. They were captured much more 85.00
9.46 per ha., 64.40
7.50 per ha. respectively in may and August than inother seasons all through the year. The proportion of female and male was in the ratio of 2 to 1 regardless of the season and habitat, and this species was inhabiting more at oak forest community in summer and at hill-upland boundary in winter than at other habitats in the same season. The change of environment by new urbanizing did not affect in density of wild rats. In general, seasonal percentage of capture in different habitats inceased in accordance with high density.