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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Korean Journal of Ecology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Ecological Society of Korea
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Volume & Issues
Volume 16, Issue 4 - Aug 1993
Volume 16, Issue 3 - Jun 1993
Volume 16, Issue 2 - Apr 1993
Volume 16, Issue 1 - Feb 1993
Selecting the target year
Classification and multidimensional analysis of plant communities mt. moak provincial park, korea
Kim, Jeong-Un ; Yang-Jai Yim ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 16, issue 1, 1993, Pages 1~15
Ordination and classification techiques were used to analyze the forest communities and to examine the integration problem of community-to-ecological species group in mt. moak provincial park of korea. phytosociological classiication based on floristic composition produced seven commuities of zelkova serrata, carpinus densiflora. These seven communities were well discriminated in the two-dimensional analyses of soil moisture, soil organic matter content and temperature(elevation), eciprocally, and in three-dimensional space of the three environmental factors also. They corresponded to seven ecological groups derived from the distribution pattern analysis of species populations in this mountain.
Plant morphological symptom caused by simulated acidic rain made by fuel gases
Chang, Nam-Kee ; Yun-Sang Lee ; Soo-Jin Yi ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 16, issue 1, 1993, Pages 17~26
We investigated the ph change of water caused by several fuel gases regarded as the main cause of the air pollution, To find out the main cause of increase of the acidity of the rain. We measured it while injrcting each fuel gas directiy to the distilled water. It was observed that bunker-c oil gas and anthracite coal gas were the main cause to make the ph of the solution lowest. We examined the effects of simulated acidic water solutions on several plant species. Simulated acidic rain made by bunker-c oil gas has significant symptom on the saxifraga stolonifera and commelina communis, while no injury was observed on plants exposed to simulated rainfall made by anthracite coal gas.
Relative estimation of air pollution by the water soluble sulfur content in the litters of plantanus orientalis
Chang, Nam-Kee ; Hye-Ryun Kwon ; Sun-Kyung Lee ; Mee-Jeong Kang ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 16, issue 1, 1993, Pages 27~37
During the autumn of 1991, the water soluble sulfur content in litters of platanus orientalis on the street sides in seoul, pusan, taegu, taejeon, kwangji, ulsan and ch'unch'on cities were determined. The relationship between the water soluble s content in litters of p. orientalis and the traffic was analysed. The average content of water soluble s in litters of p. orientalis in pusan, taegu, taejeon, seoul, ulsan, ch'unch'on and kwangju cities were 0.71%, 0.60%, 0.66%, 0.58%, 0.50%, 0.43%, 0.38%, respectively. The correlation was not statistically significant between the s content in litters of p. orientalis is related to the traffic of each studied area. consequently the water soluble s content in litters of p. orientalis is supposed to be an indirect indicator of air pollution.
Geographical variations in the seed germination response and the seedling growth of hemistepta lyrata bunge by distrbution areas
Lee, Ho-Joon ; So-Hyun Park ; Eun-Boo Cho ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 16, issue 1, 1993, Pages 39~50
The geographical variation of the germination response and the seedling growth of the seed populations of hemistepta lyrata bunge distributed in the southern area of korean peninsula (seoul, yongwol, andong,
)was investigated. Five populations were divided into two principal groups according to the phases of their seed germination. The first group consisting of the seoul and yongwol population was 62% and 64%, respectively, in the final germination percentage of 32%, 24% and 28%, respectively, were Andong,
populations. The seed populations of hemistepta lyrata bunge which hardly germination. the germination of seoul and yongwol populations located at the higher latitudes took plase synchronously in early autumn. On the other hand, andong,
populations located at the lower latitudes showed a tendency to germinata asynchronously in late autumn. the speed of the seedling growth of the populations located at the higher latitudes was greater than that of the populations at the lower latitudes. Therefore the geographical variation in the germination response and the seedling growth of the seed populations of hemistepta lyrate bunge appeared to be an important ecological strategy to maintain their existence in the extreme environmental variations.
Characterization of the Dye-degrading Bacteria in Aquatic Habitat
Kim, Do-Gyeom ; Hong-Bum Cho ; Ho-Yong Lee ; Yong-Keel Choi ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 16, issue 1, 1993, Pages 51~61
Crystal violet, a typical triphenylmenthane dye (N, N, N', N', N", N"-hexa methylparaosaniline), extensively used in textile dye, industry and research, has been suggested to cause tumor growth in botton-feeding fishes. For the isolation of crystal violet degrading bacteria, wastewaters were sampled from plants' wastewater treatment facility, textile treatment facility, textile wastewater treatment plant and etc.. The most efficient strain in crystal violet degrading bacteria was identified as Klebsiella oxytoca. Added sole carbon source in PAS minimal media was 10mg/l crystal violet, which incubated at 30。C, the degrading efficiency was maximum 12.3%. When fructose, glucose, sucrose and yeast-extract were added 0.01% in PAS media respectively, the degrading efficiency were all 96% within 24 hours.
Adaptation of Phragmites communis Trin. Population to Soil Salt Contents of Habitas
Lee, Ho-Joon ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 16, issue 1, 1993, Pages 63~74
The ecotypic variation of Phragmites communis Trin. was studied from Aug. 1989 to March 1992 in three populations of salt marsh, estuary and fresh water areas of the western coastal regions in Korea. The length growth and aboveground total dry weight of Phragmites communis Trin. From three habitates were measured monthly and the seeds from them collected. Chlorophyll contents, bud number and width of Phragmites communis Trin. populations after their seeds were sown in seedbeds, and the growth of seedlings according to salt contents were also determined. The results lare summarized as follows: The height and basal diameter of shoot, leaf length and width, and total dry weight of Phragmites communis Trin. were very different from each other according to their natural habitats. The bud number of seeds was increased as sample sites moved from estuary to fresh water areas and salt marsh. The but the bud diameter turned out to be in reverse proportion to the bud number. The chlorophyll content of the population from fresh water was
, whereas that from estuary and salt marsh was
, respectively. The average length growth and total dry weight of seedlings grown at different salt contents were compared. Those of fresh water area decreased at salt contents lower than 0.5% in culture solution and those of estuary at higher than 0.5%, but the population of salt marsh was shown to be capable of sustaining itself at 1.0%. All of these results suggested that the populations of Phragmites communis Trin. in the western coastal regions of Korea have undergone ecotypic variations: fresh water type, estuary type and salt marsh type.
Structure and Dynamics of Abies koreana Wilson Community in Mt. Gaya
Lee, Chang-Seok ; Hyun-Je Cho ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 16, issue 1, 1993, Pages 75~91
Structure and dynamics of Abies koreana community in Mt. Gaya were studied to provide the basic data for conservation of Abies koreana community, an endemic species in Korea. A. koreana community of this study site was composed of tree layer (4~7m), subtree layer (2~4m), shrub layer (1~2m), and herb layer (below 1m). The heights of tree and subtree layers were low. Floristic composition showed that this study site was subalpine and dry site. In frequency distribution diagram of diameter classes of major species consisting of A. koreana community, those of both A. koreana and other species showed reverse J-shaped types. From these results, it was estimated that A. koreana community of this site might be maintained continuously as a stable climax state like present state. In the spatal distribution diagram of major species, saplings of A. koreana were established under the canopy of A. koreana and Pinus koraiensis and under the dead tree of A. koreana. From these results, it was known that A. koreana saplings were recruited before the community was disturbed and regeneration was accomplished by advance regeneration pattern, in which these saplings established before occurrence of disturbance fill with open site originated from death of mature tree. Growth of annual rings was variable among individuals, it was estimated that such variation was originated in that growth of each individual relates to microclimatic conditions rather than macroclimatic ones. Ecological longevity of A. koreana in this study site estimated by disturbance types and age of dead trees was about 120 years.
Phytosociological Study on the Vegetation of Mt. Mudeung
Kim, Chul-Soo ; Jang-Geun Oh ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 16, issue 1, 1993, Pages 93~114
The vegetation of Mt. Mudeung was investigated from April, 1991 to September, 1992. The units of vegetation were classified 10 units by the Braun-Blanquet's phytosociological method. The forest vegetation was classified into 10 communities, Pinus densiflora, Pinus vigida, Chamaecyparis obtusa afforestation, Quercus mongolica, Q. variabilis, Q. serrata, Q. acutissima, Miscanthus sinensis var. purpurascens, Hylomecon hylomeconoides and Drosera rotundifolia community. Based on the classification, the actual vegetation map and degree of green naturality were drawn in 1:50,000 scale. The vertical distribution of the main component species was investigated based on the vegetation data of the EN slope and SW slope of Mt. Mudeung from altitude 200m to top.
Alternative Nutrient Cycles for Terrestrial Plants, Positive Feedbacks through Detrital Processes, and Nutrient Use Efficiency
Lee, Dowon ; Thomas P. Burns ;
The Korean Journal of Ecology, volume 16, issue 1, 1993, Pages 115~131
Six nutrient cycles involving terrestrial plants are identified and characterized. Plants affect biotic and abiotic cycles through their effects on soil properties. They determine their internal nutritional status and nutrient concentrations in their environment via internal and external cycles. Contributions of organic matter to mycorrhizal, trophic, and detrital mediated external cycles and alterations of nutrient concentrations by plants can promote positive feedbacks leading to increased availability and retention of soil nutrients in open systems. Recognizing alternative cycles through plants leads to a definition of nutrient use efficiency for ecosystems: the ratio of system production to nutrient content of organic matter. A simple graph model to predict changes of nutrient use efficiency during primary succession is then presented.